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  Ray Van Dolson,
  v0.91, 5 April 2000

  Details the installation of an Apache based webserver suite configured
  to handle DSO, and various useful modules including mod_perl, mod_ssl
  and php.

  Table of Contents

  1. Legal Stuff

  2. Introduction

     2.1 Description of the Components
     2.2 History

  3. Component Installation

     3.1 Preparations
     3.2 mod_ssl
        3.2.1 Installing and Compiling OpenSSL
        3.2.2 Installing and Compiling RSAREF 2.0
        3.2.3 Installing and Compiling MM
        3.2.4 Installing and Compiling mod_ssl (at last!)
     3.3 Apache
     3.4 MySQL
     3.5 PHP 3.0.15
        3.5.1 GD
        3.5.2 IMAP
        3.5.3 OpenLDAP
        3.5.4 Installing and Compiling PHP 3.0.15
     3.6 mod_perl
        3.6.1 Required Perl Modules
        3.6.2 Installing and Compiling mod_perl 1.2x
     3.7 mod_auth_mysql
     3.8 mod_auth_nds
        3.8.1 ncpfs
        3.8.2 Compiling and Installing mod_auth_nds
     3.9 mod_fastcgi

  4. Final Words

     4.1 Credits
     4.2 Contact Information
     4.3 Anything Else


  1.  Legal Stuff

  Apache+mods mini-HOWTO for Linux Systems

  Copyright (C)2000 Ray Van Dolson.

  This document is free; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
  the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
  Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
  option) any later version.

  This document is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  General Public License for more details.

  You can get a copy of the GNU GPL at at

  2.  Introduction

  This document outlines the process used to install Apache & modules
  onto the web-server at Walla Walla College (  While it
  will be, for the most part, system specific--hopefully it can serve as
  a useful reference for performing other installations.

  This document will attempt to outline the exact process used to
  install the server.  Notes will be made when things should have been
  gone about differently, but the original steps will be given (assuming
  they worked).

  2.1.  Description of the Components

  The platform on which the web-server was set up is a Red Hat 6.1 based
  system.  Linux kernel 2.2.14 (compiled from scratch) running on a Dual
  PIII 600 based system with RAID5 and lots of other goodies.

  The web-server software is Apache 1.3.12.  The following modules were
  added to the server:

  �  mod_fastcgi SNAP (also mod_rewrite), for use with Zope.

  �  Auth-MySQL 2.20

  �  mod_ssl 2.6.2 (Open-SSL 0.9.5)

  �  mod_perl 1.21

  �  PHP 3.0.15

  �  mod_auth_nds 0.3a

  2.2.  History

  v0.91 (April 5, 2000)

  �  Updated mod_fastcgi to correct version.

  v0.9 (April 4, 2000)

  �  Completed first draft

  �  Spelling/Grammar errors

  v0.1 (March 2000)

  �  Initial draft

  3.  Component Installation

  3.1.  Preparations

  You will need the following software:

  �  Apache 1.3.12 <>

  �  PHP 3.0.15 <>

  �  GD 1.3 (to make use of GIF files)

  �  Source <>

  �  RPM

  �  RPM-devel

  �  GD 1.8.1 (to make use of PNG files)

  �  Source <>

  �  RPM

  �  RPM-devel <

  �  IMAP 4.5+

  �  Source <>

  �  RPM

  �  OpenLDAP 1.2.9+

  �  Source <

  �  RPM

  �  RPM-devel

  �  mod_perl 1.22+ <>

  �  Perl5 Modules Required

  �  MIME::Base64 <

  �  URI <

  �  HTML-Parser <

  �  Digest-MD5 <

  �  libnet <

  �  libwww <

  �  mod_ssl 2.6.2+

  �  OpenSSL 0.9.5

  �  Source <>

  �  RPM

  �  RPM-devel <

  �  RSAREF 2.0

  �  MM 1.0.12 <>

  �  MySQL 3.22.32

  �  mod_auth_nds 0.4

  �  ncpfs
     Note: the kernel must also be compiled with IPX support.

  �  mod_auth_mysql 2.20

  �  mod_fastcgi SNAP Oct06

  This is the directory layout scheme I use and recommend:

  + /usr/src
  +-+ apache
    +-+ apache-1.3.12
    +-+ modules
    | |
    | +-+ mod_perl
    | | |
    | | +- mod_perl-1.21
    | | |
    | | +-+ depend
    | |   |
    | |   +- <perl modules here>
    | |
    | +-+ mod_ssl
    | | |
    | | +- mod_ssl-2.6.2-1.3.12
    | | |
    | | +-+ depend
    | |   |
    | |   +- openssl-0.9.5
    | |   |
    | |   +- rsaref-2.0
    | |   |
    | |   +- mm-1.0.12
    | |
    | +-+ mod_fastcgi_SNAP
    | |
    | +-+ php
    | | |
    | | +- php-3.0.15
    | | |
    | | +-+ depend
    | |   |
    | |   +- gd-1.3
    | |   |
    | |   +- imap-4.5
    | |   |
    | |   +- openldap-1.2.9
    | |
    | +-+ mod_auth_nds
    | | |
    | | +- mod_auth_nds-0.4
    | | |
    | | +-+ depend
    | |   |
    | |   +- ncpfs-
    | |
    | +-+ mod_auth_mysql
    +-+ mysql

  Check to see if some of the above modules/software packages are
  already installed on your system.  It usually doesn't hurt, however,
  to download everything and install it just in case.  You might have an
  older version installed on your system.

  3.2.  mod_ssl

  3.2.1.  Installing and Compiling OpenSSL

  mod_ssl requires some sort of SSL engine be installed.  OpenSSL is the
  natural choice for the Linux environment.  You can either install it
  via RPM (as I did), or compile it from source.  Since I did not
  compile it from source, you're on your own, although I would think it
  pretty straightforward.  Most likely you'll either install it on the
  system (into /usr/local or something) or leave it in its directory and
  simply point whichever applications need OpenSSL to its directory.

  RPM will install OpenSSL into system directories.

  3.2.2.  Installing and Compiling RSAREF 2.0

  Create the rsaref-2.0 directory wherever you like.  For me this is in
  /usr/src/apache/modules/mod_ssl-blah/depend/.  Change to this

  cd rsaref-2.0
  cp -rp install/unix local
  cd local
  mv rsaref librsaref.a

  These commands should build you the rsaref library!  Just leave the
  stuff here and when you need to link against it, just point the
  appropriate configure script to this location.

  3.2.3.  Installing and Compiling MM

  Extract mm-1.0.12 (or whichever version is most current) to the depend
  directory of the mod_ssl-blah subdirectory.  Perform the following

  cd mm-1.0.12
  ./configure --disable-shared

  This should build your mm libraries.  As above, reference this path
  when needed.  You're on your own if you want to install this library
  to the system.

  3.2.4.  Installing and Compiling mod_ssl (at last!)

  The normal procedure with apxs is to compile Apache first, and then,
  using apxs, compile the modules you want to use and insert them into
  the server.  However, mod_ssl needs to be compiled into the server the
  normal way before you can use it via apxs.  Once mod_ssl is in the
  server for the first time, you can then upgrade it via apxs without
  having to completely recompile Apache.

  Enter the directory where you are compiling mod_ssl and execute the
  following configuration directive (here is the file I use) for the
  initial compile:


  ./configure \
          --with-apache=/usr/src/apache/apache_1.3.12 \
          --with-ssl \
          --with-rsa=../depend/rsaref-2.0/local \
          --with-mm=../depend/mm-1.0.12 \

  You don't need to run 'make' or anything here.  When we compile
  Apache, it will do it all for us.

  This configuration line gives two examples of how your system could be
  set up.  In my case, OpenSSL was already installed somewhere in the
  system (probably in /usr/lib, /usr/include).  Therefore, I didn't need
  to pass it any location parameters.  However, rsa and mm were -not- on
  the system, and I compiled them myself and left them within their
  source trees (didn't run make install, et al).  In that case, you need
  to point configure to the appropriate directory so it can find the

  From this point on, unless you upgrade Apache (in which case you'd
  need to perform the above step again for the new version of Apache),
  you can use apxs to upgrade and recompile mod_ssl.  Here is the
  configure script I use for this:

  ./configure \
          --with-apxs=/apps/apache-1.3.12/bin/apxs \
          --with-ssl=../depend/openssl-0.9.4 \
          --with-rsa=../depend/rsaref-2.0/local \

  Or some combination of the above.  Then run:

  make install
  make distclean

  to complete the installation.

  Notes: MM is -not- required to compile mod_ssl.  If you're having
  problems getting it to work, simply omit compiling it and also from
  the ./configure line(s).

  When I compiled mod_ssl, I had errors regarding DBM.  To fix this, I
  had to add -lndbm to the Makefile:

  �  Run the above configure script.

  �  cd to pkg.sslmod

  �  Edit the makefile and add -lndbm to LIBS_SHLIB.  It should look

  �  LIBS_SHLIB=-lm -lcrypt -lndbdm

  Hopefully that will save you some grief.

  3.3.  Apache

  Extract apache-1.3.12.tar.gz to /usr/src/apache or wherever.  Next we
  want to compile Apache enabling the following options:

  �  mod_ssl (In order to compile mod_ssl as a DSO, it has to be first
     compiled into the server normally.  After doing this, the module
     can then be upgraded via apxs.)

  �  mod_proxy

  �  mod_so

  �  mod_rewrite (For use with Zope)

  Here is the configuration file I used to initially compile Apache:


  SSL_BASE=../depend/openssl-0.9.4 \
  RSA_BASE=../depend/rsaref-2.0/local \
  EAPI_MM=../depend/mm-1.0.12 \
  ./configure \
          --enable-module=ssl \
          --enable-module=rewrite \
          --enable-shared=rewrite \
          --prefix=/apps/apache-1.3.12 \
          --enable-shared=ssl \
          --enable-rule=SHARED_CORE \
          --enable-rule=SHARED_CHAIN \

  Then run

  make certificate
  make install

  Apache should now be compiled and installed into whicever directory
  you specified with --prefix.  Test it out and make sure it starts up.

  /path/to/apache/bin/apachectl start


  /path/to/apache/bin/apachectl startssl

  Hopefully it all runs smoothly.  If not, trace back over your steps
  and ensure you didn't forget anything.

  3.4.  MySQL

  php as well as mod_auth_mysql and possibly mod_perl will require that
  MySQL be installed and running on your system.  It is beyond the scope
  of this document to go into the details of installing MySQL, but
  download the archive and follow the directions in the INSTALL file(s).
  It is a fairly straight-forward procedure to get MySQL up and running.
  Something like:

  make install

  Should get everything installed so that you can compile the other
  Apache modules.

  3.5.  PHP 3.0.15

  We will compile php-3.0.15 as a DSO which means that it is a separate
  module that can be loaded and unloaded from the server.  This makes it
  easy to upgrade php without having to recompile everything (which can
  be a pain if you use a lot of modules with Apache).

  3.5.1.  GD

  In our installation of Apache, php uses gd to create images, and such.
  I used an older version of gd (installed via RPM) to link php against.
  This way we can use output GIF files.  This probably isn't too
  desirable do to copyright issues, and thus you may wish to use a
  version later than 1.3 which only supports PNG files.

  Either install via RPM (rpm -i gd*.rpm) or compile from source and
  install to the system.

  3.5.2.  IMAP

  If you want IMAP support, the procedure is similar to that of gd.  I
  used the RPM since I'm on a Red Hat system, but installing from source
  should be a relatively simple procedure of ./configure;make;make

  3.5.3.  OpenLDAP

  Once again you can install OpenLDAP either via RPM or source.  I chose
  to do it via source since the latest version was not yet available via
  RPM at the time we were setting things up.

  make install

  should do the trick!  (Or rpm -i openldap*.rpm)

  3.5.4.  Installing and Compiling PHP 3.0.15

  Once the above items are installed and working, we can go ahead and
  compile PHP as a DSO.  The process is very straightforward and simple.

  cd /usr/src/apache/modules/php/php-3.0.15

  ./configure \
          --with-apxs=/apps/apache/bin/apxs \
          --with-config-file-path=/apps/etc \
          --with-gd \
          --with-imap \
          --with-mysql=/apps/mysql \
          --with-ldap=/apps \
          --with-zlib \

  Make sure that if any of your --with libraries are not installed in
  /usr/local or /usr, that you tack on an =/location/ line so that
  configure can find the stuff it needs!

  make install

  If everything completes properly, 'make install' will use apxs to
  install to /apache/libexec/ and add the proper
  entries into httpd.conf and activate php3.  Pretty slick.

  3.6.  mod_perl

  This section documents the installation of mod_perl as a DSO for
  Apache.  There are a number of perl modules (in addition, of course,
  to perl5, which I will assume you already have installed) that must be
  added before mod_perl will compile without complaining.  If you don't
  install these modules, mod_perl should complain and tell you which
  ones you are missing.

  There is a certain order in which the modules must be installed.  Some
  depend on others and thus I've listed the install order that I used
  without any problems.

  3.6.1.  Required Perl Modules

  The perl modules can be obtained from locations detailed further up in
  this document.  Download them and put them wherever you like or in the
  location I used as depicted in the directory map (also above).
  Installing a module is fairly simple.  After extracting the module to
  a directory (usually with tar xvfz), you simply change to that
  directory and execute the following commands:

  perl Makefile.PL
  make install

  If everything goes as it should, this will configure, build and
  install the perl module for you.  Of course, check the README for each
  module if things don't work quite as expected.

  Here is the order I used to install the modules necessary for

  1. MIME::Base64

  2. URI

  3. HTML::Parser

  4. Digest-MD5

  5. libnet

  6. libwww

  3.6.2.  Installing and Compiling mod_perl 1.2x

  After installing the perl modules, we're ready to compile and install
  mod_perl into Apache.  Change to the directory where you extracted
  mod_perl to, and run the following script:

  perl Makefile.PL \
          USE_APXS=1 \
          WITH_APXS=/path/to/apache/bin/apxs \

  This will set up your Makefile and tell mod_perl to compile itself as
  a DSO using apxs (the location of which you must specify).  After this
  step, simply run

  make install

  And mod_perl will be moved to the appropriate directory and lines
  added to your httpd.conf file.

  3.7.  mod_auth_mysql

  mod_auth_mysql lets the Apache web-server authorize against a MySQL
  user database.  Installation of the module as a DSO isn't exactly
  documented in the README file, but it can be done.

  First, change to the directory you extracted mod_auth_mysql to.  I
  assume that you have MySQL installed somewhere (along with the
  headers, etc).  Make sure you know the location of the MySQL libraries
  and header files.  If in doubt, check /usr/lib/mysql and

  In order to compile mod_auth_mysql, we'll first have to rename the
  'config.h' file to 'auth_mysql_config.h'.  I'm not sure why this file
  wasn't named correctly, but simply execute the following command:

  cp config.h auth_mysql_config.h

  Now for the final step:

  /path/to/apache/bin/apxs -i -a -I/usr/include/mysql -L/usr/lib/mysql \
          -lmysqlclient -c mod_auth_mysql.c

  You may need to run as root if you do not have read/write access to
  the Apache directory.

  3.8.  mod_auth_nds

  At my school, the Windows network of choice is Netware.  It's been in
  place for a long time, and although hopefully someday it will be
  retired, for now it is still the main network on campus for
  filesharing and email.  Every student has a Netware account on which
  their personal files--including their webpages are stored.  We mount
  these directories on our linux server and it's nice to be able to
  password protect certain ones with the Netware username and password
  information.  With this module, Apache can authenticate straight to
  the Netware server itself.

  3.8.1.  ncpfs

  In order to compile mod_auth_nds, we need to have ncpfs installed
  (along with its headers of course).  Before compiling ncpfs, you must
  ensure that your kernel has IPX support compiled in.  If this is the
  case, simply running

  make install (optional)

  will compile (and install) the libraries.

  3.8.2.  Compiling and Installing mod_auth_nds

  With ncpfs installed, running the following command should compile
  mod_auth_nds as a DSO:

  /path/to/apache/bin/apxs -c -lncp -L/usr/lib -I/usr/include mod_auth_nds.c
  /path/to/apache/bin/apxs -i

  Then add the following lines to your httpd.conf (by hand):

  LoadModule nds_auth_module libexec/
  AddModule mod_auth_nds.c

  Then, restart Apache!

  3.9.  mod_fastcgi

  Installing mod_fastcgi is necessary if you want to allow access to
  your Zope server through Apache.  This might be useful simply because
  Apache is inherently more secure and much more configurable than the
  Zope server itself.

  The current stable version of mod_fastcgi is 2.2.2, however, this
  version does not work properly with Zope.  You must get the SNAP
  release which is dated Oct 06.  The link is provided above.

  Change to the mod_fastcgi directory and run the following commands:

  /path/to/apache/bin/apxs -o -c *.c
  /path/to/apache/bin/apxs -i -a -n fastcgi

  See the mod_fastcgi documentation for a description of its use.

  4.  Final Words

  Much of this information can be obtained by reading the README and
  INSTALL files included with the various modules.  However, this
  document is useful in the cases which didn't work as expected for me,
  or else for which the installation procedure was not as well defined
  as I would have liked.  It also has the added benefit of being one,
  sequential document, which should hopefully be easier to follow and
  understand than a slew of README files.

  4.1.  Credits

  Phillip R. Wilson <>, author of mod_auth_nds, for helping me get
   mod_auth_nds to compile and install with apxs.

  John Ash <>, my boss, for all sorts of help and of course, a job.

  Marcus Faure <>, author of the Apache SSL PHP/FI frontpage mini-
   HOWTO, whose document this one is loosely based on.

  4.2.  Contact Information

  If you find any blatant errors in this document, spelling,
  grammatical, content or otherwise, please don't hesitate to drop me an
  email.  You can get ahold of me via a number of means.

  Ray Van Dolson
  Email: <url url="" name="">
  IRC: DALnet, #Bludgeon (nick Variant)

  4.3.  Anything Else

  Everything mentioned in this document will eventually be available for
  ftp from  I will have everything laid out as
  described above, and hopefully installation scripts to install
  everything from scratch.  (A very dumb script mind you).

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