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DocBook XML/SGML Processing Using OpenJade

Saqib Ali

�<saqib@seagate.com>�
Revision History                                                             
Revision v2.2.8            2003-07-16           Revised by: es               
Added info about keeping JREs up-to-date forCocoon                           
Revision v2.2.7            2003-07-09           Revised by: es               
Fixed broken links to LDP XSL and other LDP XSL spefic filenames.            
Revision v2.2.6            2003-06-16           Revised by: sa               
Verified the instruction against docbook XSL 1.57.                           
Revision v2.2.5            2003-05-16           Revised by: sa               
Fixed the broken links in the external resources section.                    
Revision v2.2.4            2003-04-20           Revised by: sa               
Updated links to the new Demo Site. Added new links to the resources section.
Revision v2.2.3            2002-11-22           Revised by: sa               
Added the suggestion made by users. Added new links to the resources section.
Revision v2.2.2            2002-10-09           Revised by: as               
This update fixes a few more typos, removes a couple of spaces that make the 
HTML rendering look odd.                                                     
Revision v2.2.1            2002-10-09           Revised by: sa               
Fixed the URL to the Sample Files.                                           
Revision v2.2              2002-09-29           Revised by: as               
Minor corrections to the Cocoon section.                                     
Revision v2.1              2002-09-15           Revised by: sa               
Minor corrections to the Cocoon section.                                     
Revision v2.0              2002-09-10           Revised by: sa               
Added the section on serving DocBook XML 4.1.2 content using Tomcat + Cocoon.
Revision v1.5              2002-08-11           Revised by: sa               
Added the XML section and the sample XML file.                               
Revision v1.4              2002-08-08           Revised by: sa               
Many valuable modifications/corrections suggested by Lloyd D Budd. Thanks    
Lloyd. :)                                                                    
Revision v1.3              2002-08-02           Revised by: sa               
Added the "Additional Resources" section.                                    
Revision v1.2              2002-07-23           Revised by: sa               
Added the section on converting HTML -> PDF using HTMLDOC. Thanks to Luc De  
Louw for the suggestion.                                                     
Revision v1.1              2002-07-19           Revised by: KET              
Fixed grammatical errors, numbered processes.                                
Revision v1.0              2002-06-29           Revised by: sa               
Initial public release.                                                      


This HOWTO explains setting up OpenJade to process SGML/XML DocBook
documents.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Table of Contents
1. Introduction
    1.1. Copyright and License
    1.2. Credits
    1.3. What is DocBook?
    1.4. What is DSSSL?
    1.5. What do we need?
    1.6. Assumptions
   
   
2. Requirements
    2.1. Pre-requirements
    2.2. OpenJade
    2.3. DocBook DTDs
    2.4. ISO Entities
    2.5. Norman Walsh's DSSSL
    2.6. LDP customized DSL stylesheets
    2.7. HTMLDOC (Optional)
    2.8. Norman Walsh's XSL (Optional)
    2.9. LDP Customized XSL (Optional)
   
   
3. Installing Processing Tools - OpenJade
    3.1. Installing OpenJade
    3.2. Installing Norman Walsh's DSSSL
    3.3. Installing DocBook DTDs
    3.4. Installing the ISO Entities
    3.5. Installing the LDP DSL
    3.6. Installing HTMLDOC
   
   
4. Using OpenJade
    4.1. Processing SGML
    4.2. Processing XML
    4.3. HTML to PDF (optional)
   
   
5. Serving DocBook 4.1.2 XML
    5.1. Tomcat + Cocoon
    5.2. Installing Norman Walsh's XSL
    5.3. Installing LDP XSL
    5.4. Setting up sitemap.xmap
    5.5. Accessing DocBook 4.1.2 XML Content from a Web Browser
   
   
6. Further Information
    6.1. News groups
    6.2. Mailing Lists
    6.3. IRC
    6.4. Web Sites
    6.5. XML Authoring / Modeling Applications
   
   

1. Introduction

Some Acronyms:

 1. SGML - Standard Generalized Markup Language
   
 2. XML - Extensible Markup Language
   
 3. RTF - Rich Text Format
   
 4. HTML - HyperText Markup Language
   
 5. PDF - Portable Document Format
   

The objective of this document is to setup OpenJade to convert DocBook 3.2
and 4.2 Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and Extensible Markup
Language (XML) documents to HyperText Markup Language (HTML), Rich Text
Format (RTF), and Portable Document Format (PDF).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.1. Copyright and License

This document is Copyright 2001 by Saqib Ali. Permission is granted to copy,
distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free
Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free
Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts,
and with no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is available at [http://
www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html] http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.2. Credits

All praise is due to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. All credits go to Allah.
Any mistake in this document is my own fault.

Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the following people for their
valuable contributions to this document:

 1. Eric Safern <esafern (at) lrn.com> - For updates related to Cocoon and
    JRE. [http://www.timebytes.com/] http://www.timebytes.com/
   
 2. Greg Ferguson <gferg (at) hoop.timonium.sgi.com> - for very helpful hints
    /suggestions on the docbook mailing list
   
 3. Kristin Thomas <kristint (at) us.ibm.com> - For the initial review of
    this document.
   
 4. Luc de Louw <luc (@) delouw.ch> - For suggesting the HTMLDOC (PDF ->
    HTML) section.
   
 5. Lloyd D Budd <ldp (@) foolswisdom.org> - For suggestions on improving
    most of the sections of the document.
   
 6. Andrew Shugg <andrew (@) neep.com.au> - For fixing errors in the ver 2.0
    of this document. [http://www.neep.com.au/] Neep Consulting
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.3. What is DocBook?

DocBook is a document type definition (DTD). A DTD defines the syntax of a
document. DocBook describes the types of structure and formats to use in
technical documents. It is commonly used because of its simplicity and
completeness.

A DTD defines the syntax of a document - essentially it is a 'rule book' that
describes the sets of tags and attributes that will be used to describe
specific kinds of content. So DocBook is a "rule book" that is used for
writing documents. Every tag that is used in writing the document, must be
defined very specifically and formally in the DTD.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.4. What is DSSSL?

A Document Style Semantics and Specification Language (DSSSL) defines how to
convert an Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) document into a
human-readable viewing format such as HTML, RTF and PDF.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.5. What do we need?

The tools needed to set up OpenJade for converting SGML and XML are:

��*�OpenJade
   
��*�DocBook DTDs
   
��*�ISO Entities
   
��*�Norman Walsh's DSSSL
   
��*�LDP DSL
   
��*�HTMLDOC (optional)
   
��*�Norman Walsh's XSL (optional)
   
��*�LDP XSL (optional)
   

Note Note                                                                    
�    All of these packages are free and available for download on the net.   
     The next chapter explains how to download these packages.               
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.6. Assumptions

This document assumes that you have the following already installed on your
system.

��*�gzip - available from [http://www.gnu.org/directory/] http://www.gnu.org/
    directory/
   
��*�gcc and GNU make - available from [http://www.gnu.org/directory/] http://
    www.gnu.org/directory/
   
��*�unzip - available from [http://www.info-zip.org/pub/infozip/] http://
    www.info-zip.org/pub/infozip/
   
��*�Standard Unix utilities - tar, mkdir, mv ...
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. Requirements

You'll have to download and compile only one package (OpenJade). This HOWTO
will explain the compilation process, but you should be familiar with
installing from source code.

Most of the packages that we need are located at [http://www.tldp.org/authors
/index.html#resources] The Linux Documentation Project (TLDP) website.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.1. Pre-requirements

Create a directory /tmp/downloads. We will use this directory to store the
downloaded source code.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2. OpenJade

OpenJade will be used to process DocBook documents. OpenJade can be
downloaded from: [http://openjade.sourceforge.net/] http://
openjade.sourceforge.net/.

At the time of writing this document OpenJade 1.3.1 was available. Download
the openjade-1.3.x.tar.gz file.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.3. DocBook DTDs

All the DocBook DTDs are available from The Linux Documentation Project
website at [http://www.tldp.org/authors/index.html#resources] http://
www.tldp.org/authors/index.html#resources

Please download [http://www.tldp.org/authors/tools/docbk41.zip] DocBook SGML
v4.1, [http://www.tldp.org/authors/tools/docbk31.zip] DocBook SGML v3.1, and
[http://www.tldp.org/authors/tools/docbkx412.zip] DocBook XML v4.1.2.

Note Note                                                                    
�    Please download all the zip archives.                                   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.4. ISO Entities

[http://www.tldp.org] The Linux Documentation Project has packaged all the
Entities into one big tar file and placed it at [http://www.tldp.org/authors/
tools/entities.tar.gz] http://www.tldp.org/authors/tools/entities.tar.gz for
the convenience of the users. Thanks to TLDP for this.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.5. Norman Walsh's DSSSL

Norman Walsh's DSSSL can be downloaded from the DocBook project website at
[http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=21935] http://
sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=21935.

At the time of writing this document docbook-dsssl-1.7.6 was available.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.6. LDP customized DSL stylesheets

LDP DSL is a customized style sheet used by [http://www.tldp.org] The Linux
Documentation Project (TLDP). It is an extension to Norman Walsh's DSSSL. It
add things like background and Table of Contents. It can be downloaded from
[http://www.tldp.org/authors/tools/ldp.dsl] http://www.tldp.org/authors/tools
/ldp.dsl.

ldp.dsl requires Normal Walsh's DSSSL
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.7. HTMLDOC (Optional)

HTMLDOC can be used for converting the HTML to PDF. If you would like to
produce PDF documents, please download HTMLDOC from [http://www.easysw.com/
htmldoc/software.php] http://www.easysw.com/htmldoc/software.php
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.8. Norman Walsh's XSL (Optional)

This is not necessary. But if you would like to serve DocBook 4.1.2 XML
content using Tomcat + Cocoon, you will need Norman Walsh's XML Style Sheets.

The Style Sheets are available for download at [http://sourceforge.net/
projects/docbook/] http://sourceforge.net/projects/docbook/.

Please download the package called docbook-xsl.

Note Note                                                                    
�    Recently docbook-xsl ver. 1.57.0 was released. This document is verified
     with the latest version, and appropriate modifications have been made.  
     If you still encounter any errors please email me @ <saqib@seagate.com> 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.9. LDP Customized XSL (Optional)

Also download the LDP Customized XSL from [http://my.core.com/~dhorton/
docbook/tldp-xsl/] http://my.core.com/~dhorton/docbook/tldp-xsl/
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. Installing Processing Tools - OpenJade

In this section we will install all the tools in the appropriate directories.
All the tools go in the /usr/local/dbtools/ directory. Create this directory
using the following command:
# mkdir /usr/local/dbtools                                                   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.1. Installing OpenJade

This process is the easy part, but the most time consuming one too. Keep in
mind that OpenJade take a long time to compile. To install OpenJade, complete
the following steps:

 1. Change directories to /tmp/downloads.
            # cd /tmp/downloads                                              
                                                                             
   
 2. Unzip the file.
            # gzip -d openjade-1.3.x.tar.gz                                  
                                                                             
   
 3. Untar the file.
            # tar -xvf openjade-1.3.x.tar                                    
                                                                             
   
 4. Change directories to openjade-1.3
            # cd openjade-1.3.x                                              
                                                                             
   
 5. Run the ./configure command.
            # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/dbtools/openjade               
                                                                             
   
 6. Run the make command.
            # make                                                           
                                                                             
   
 7. Run the make install command. After this step the OpenJade binaries will
    be installed under /usr/local/dbtools/openjade.
            # make install                                                   
                                                                             
   
 8. Copy the dsssl directory from /tmp/downloads/openjade-1.3.x to /usr/local
    /dbtools/openjade
            # cp -dpR dsssl /usr/local/dbtools/openjade/                     
                                                                             
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.2. Installing Norman Walsh's DSSSL

In this step we will install Norman Walsh's DSSSL in an appropriate place.
The DSSSL does not have to be compiled.

 1. Change directories to /tmp/downloads
            # cd /tmp/downloads                                              
                                                                             
   
 2. Unzip the file.
            # gzip -d docbook-dsssl-1.76.tar.gz                              
                                                                             
   
 3. Untar the file.
            # tar -xvf docbook-dsssl-1.76.tar                                
                                                                             
   
 4. Move the file to the /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl.
            # mv docbook-dsssl-1.76 /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl         
                                                                             
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.3. Installing DocBook DTDs

In this section we will install the DocBook DTDs.

 1. Change directories to /usr/local/dbtools.
            # cd /usr/local/dbtools                                          
                                                                             
   
 2. Create three new directories called dtd3.1, dtd4.1, and dtd4.1.2.
            # mkdir dtd3.1                                                   
            # mkdir dtd4.1                                                   
            # mkdir dtd4.1.2                                                 
                                                                             
   
 3. Change directories to the dtd3.1.
                    # cd dtd3.1                                              
                                                                             
   
 4. Unzip the file DocBook SGML v3.1 in this directory.
                    # unzip /tmp/downloads/docbk31.zip                       
                                                                             
   
 5. Change directories to the dtd4.1.
                    # cd ../dtd4.1                                           
                                                                             
   
 6. Unzip the file DocBook SGML v4.1 in this directory.
                    # unzip /tmp/downloads/docbk41.zip                       
                                                                             
   
 7. Change directories to the dtd4.1.2.
                    # cd ../dtd4.1.2                                         
                                                                             
   
 8. Unzip the file DocBook XML v4.1.2 in this directory.
                    # unzip /tmp/downloads/docbk412.zip                      
                                                                             
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.4. Installing the ISO Entities

In this section we will install the ISO entities that we downloaded from the
LDP website.

First we install the ISO Entities for the 3.1 SGML DTD.

 1. Change directories to the /usr/local/dbtools/dtd3.1 directory.
            # cd /usr/local/dbtools/dtd3.1                                   
                                                                             
   
 2. Copy /tmp/download/entities.tar.gz to this directory.
            # cp /tmp/download/entities.tar.gz .                             
                                                                             
   
 3. Unzip the file.
            # gzip -d entities.tar.gz                                        
                                                                             
   
 4. Untar the file.
            # tar -xvf entities.tar                                          
                                                                             
   

Next we install the ISO Entities for the 4.1 SGML DTD.

 1. Change directories to the /usr/local/dbtools/dtd4.1 directory.
            # cd /usr/local/dbtools/dtd4.1                                   
                                                                             
   
 2. Copy /tmp/download/entities.tar.gz to this directory.
            # cp /tmp/download/entities.tar.gz .                             
                                                                             
   
 3. Unzip the file.
            # gzip -d entities.tar.gz                                        
                                                                             
   
 4. Untar the file.
            # tar -xvf entities.tar                                          
                                                                             
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.5. Installing the LDP DSL

Finally we install the customised LDP stylesheet.

 1. Change directories to the /tmp/download directory.
            # cd /tmp/download                                               
                                                                             
   
 2. Copy the ldp.dsl file to the /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/print/
    ldp.dsl directory.
            # cp ldp.dsl /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/print/ldp.dsl      
                                                                             
   
 3. Copy the ldp.dsl file to the /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/html/
    ldp.dsl directory.
            # cp ldp.dsl /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/html/ldp.dsl       
                                                                             
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.6. Installing HTMLDOC

This step is optional. It is only required if you want to produce PDF
documents from HTML.

Change back to the downloads directory.
        # Change to /tmp/download directory                                  

Untar the source code for HTMLDOC.
        # gzip -d htmldoc-1.8.xx-source.tar.gz                               
        # tar -xvf htmldoc-1.8.xx-source.tar                                 
        # cd htmldoc-1.8.xx-1                                                

Run configure to set the installation location.
        # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/dbtools/htmldoc                    
        # make                                                               

At the time of writing this document HTMLDOC ver 1.8.20-1 was available. This
version had a little problem in the fonts Makefile. It would complain while
installing the fonts, because the correct fonts were not available on the
system.

Here is the error you will get while running make install:
        # make install                                                       
Making all in htmldoc...                                                     
Making all in doc...                                                         
Installing in fonts...                                                       
Installing font files in /usr/local/dbtools/htmldoc/share/htmldoc/fonts...   
/bin/cp: cannot stat `ZapfChancery.afm': No such file or directory           
/bin/cp: cannot stat `ZapfChancery.pfa': No such file or directory           
/bin/cp: cannot stat `ZapfDingbats.afm': No such file or directory           
/bin/cp: cannot stat `ZapfDingbats.pfa': No such file or directory           
make[1]: *** [install] Error 1                                               
                                                                             

To fix this installation issue, please edit fonts/Makefile and comment out
the lines with references to ZapfChancery and ZapfDingbats fonts.

Then execute the install:
# make install                                                               
Making all in htmldoc...                                                     
Making all in doc...                                                         
Installing in fonts...                                                       
Installing font files in /usr/local/dbtools/htmldoc/share/htmldoc/fonts...   
Installing in data...                                                        
Installing in doc...                                                         
Installing in htmldoc...                                                     
                                                                             
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4. Using OpenJade

In this section we will use OpenJade to convert DocBook SGML/XML documents to
HTML, RTF, and PDF.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.1. Processing SGML

4.1.1. Setting the SGML_CATALOG_FILES Environmental Variable for SGML

The SGML_CATALOG_FILES variable must be set to point to appropriate catalog
files. To set the variable, use the following command for the Bourne shell:
# export SGML_CATALOG_FILES=/usr/local/dbtools/openjade/dsssl/catalog:/usr/local/dbtools/dtd3.1/docbook.cat:/usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/catalog 

Use the following command for the C shell:
# setenv SGML_CATALOG_FILES /usr/local/dbtools/openjade/dsssl/catalog:/usr/local/dbtools/dtd3.1/docbook.cat:/usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/catalog 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.1.2. SGML to HTML

To convert from SGML to HTML, use the following command:
# /usr/local/dbtools/openjade/bin/openjade -t sgml -d /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/html/ldp.dsl#html DocBook-OpenJade-SGML-XML-HOWTO.sgml  

To create a non-chunked (all in one) output:
# /usr/local/dbtools/openjade/bin/openjade -V nochunks -t sgml -d /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/html/ldp.dsl#html DocBook-OpenJade-SGML-XML-HOWTO.sgml  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.1.3. SGML to RTF

To convert from SGML to RTF, use the following command:
# /usr/local/dbtools/openjade/bin/openjade -t rtf -d /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/print/ldp.dsl#print DocBook-OpenJade-SGML-XML-HOWTO.sgml  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2. Processing XML

You can download a sample DocBook 4.1.2 XML file from [http://
www.xml-dev.com:8080/cocoon/mount/docbook/openjade.xml] http://
www.xml-dev.com:8080/cocoon/mount/docbook/openjade.xml
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2.1. Setting the SGML_CATALOG_FILES Environmental Variable for XML

The SGML_CATALOG_FILES variable must be set to point to appropriate catalog
files. To set the variable, use the following command for the Bourne shell:
# export SGML_CATALOG_FILES=/usr/local/dbtools/openjade/dsssl/catalog:/usr/local/dbtools/dtd4.1.2/docbook.cat:/usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/catalog 

Use the following command for the C shell:
# setenv SGML_CATALOG_FILES /usr/local/dbtools/openjade/dsssl/catalog:/usr/local/dbtools/dtd4.1.2/docbook.cat:/usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/catalog 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2.2. XML to HTML

To convert from XML to HTML, use the following command:
# /usr/local/dbtools/openjade/bin/openjade -t xml -d /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/html/ldp.dsl#html /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/dtds/decls/xml.dcl DocBook-OpenJade-SGML-XML-HOWTO.xml 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2.3. XML to RTF

To convert from XML to HTML, use the following command:
# /usr/local/dbtools/openjade/bin/openjade -t rtf -d /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/print/ldp.dsl#print /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/dtds/decls/xml.dcl DocBook-OpenJade-SGML-XML-HOWTO.xml 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.3. HTML to PDF (optional)

To convert HTML to PDF we must use HTMLDOC. First create non-chunked HTML
output of the SGML:
# /usr/local/dbtools/openjade/bin/openjade -V nochunks -t sgml -d /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-dsssl/html/ldp.dsl#html DocBook-OpenJade-SGML-XML-HOWTO.sgml  

Then run HTMLDOC to produce PDF.
# /usr/local/dbtools/htmldoc/bin/htmldoc -f outfile.pdf input.html           
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

5. Serving DocBook 4.1.2 XML

There are 3 ways to serve DocBook 4.1.2 XML from a web server:

��*�Command line Pre-processed Open Jade, XSLT
   
��*�Scripting - PHP, Perl, Python
   
��*�Application server - Tomcat + Cocoon
   

Using an application server like Cocoon is the best the option.

Note Cocoon in Action                                                        
�    To see an example of web server running Tomcat + Cocoon serving DocBook 
     4.1.2 XML content, please visit [http://www.xml-dev.com:8080/cocoon/    
     mount/docbook/] http://www.xml-dev.com:8080/cocoon/mount/docbook/       

In this section we will see how to serve DocBook 4.1.2 XML content using
Tomcat + Cocoon.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

5.1. Tomcat + Cocoon

Tomcat is the Java Servlet Container. For more information please visit
[http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/index.html] http://jakarta.apache.org/
tomcat/index.html.

Apache Cocoon is an XML publishing framework. For more information please
visit [http://xml.apache.org/cocoon/index.html] http://xml.apache.org/cocoon/
index.html.

This HOWTO will not go into details of setting up Tomcat + Cocoon, since it
is already explained in the document [http://xml.apache.org/cocoon/installing
/index.html] http://xml.apache.org/cocoon/installing/index.html. Setting up
Tomcat + Cocoon is an easy process and should take less than five minutes.

Once you have the Cocoon + Tomcat setup and working, please follow the next
the sections to server DocBook 4.1.2 XML content.

Note One important caveat: users in the field have experienced compatibility 
     issues with the DocBook stylesheets and some versions of the Xalan XML  
     parser. Xalan is the parser bundled with Sun's JRE, so that's what      
     you're using by default.                                                

At the very least, make sure you're using the latest JRE from Sun (at this
writing, 1.4.2).

Also consider upgrading the Xalan parser to the latest release. At this
writing, the latest Sun JRE, 1.4.2, is bundled with Xalan 2.4.1, while Xalan
itself is up to version 2.5.1.

To check the version currently installed, type
 # java org.apache.xalan.xslt.EnvironmentCheck                               

For more info, visit [http://xml.apache.org/xalan-j/faq.html] http://
xml.apache.org/xalan-j/faq.html .
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

5.2. Installing Norman Walsh's XSL

In this step we will install the Norman Walsh's XSL under the /usr/local/
dbtools/ directory.

Change to the /tmp/downloads directory and untar the docbook-xsl file.
# cd /tmp/downloads/                                                         
# gzip -d docbook-xsl-1.53.0.tar.gz                                          
# tar -xvf docbook-xsl-1.53.0.tar                                            

To install the docbook-xsl please move the files to the /usr/local/dbtools.
# mv docbook-xsl-1.53.0 /usr/local/dbtool/docbook-xsl                        

Next install the LDP XSL.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

5.3. Installing LDP XSL

Unzip the tldp-xsl-xxxxx.tar.gz and the copy all the files to the /usr/local/
dbtools/docbook-xsl/html directory.
# cd /tmp/downloads                                                          
# gzip tldp-xsl-xxxxx.tar.gz                                                 
# gzip tldp-xsl-xxxxx.tar                                                    
# mv tldp-html*.xsl /usr/local/dbtools/docbook-xsl/html                      
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

5.4. Setting up sitemap.xmap

$COCOON_HOME points to the Cocoon Web Application Directory. This directory
is typically /usr/local/jakarta-tomcat-4.1.9/webapps/cocoon/

Create a directory named docbook under the $COCOON_HOME/mount. This is where
we will put all our DocBook XML 4.1.2 content.
# mkdir $COCOON_HOME/mount/docbook                                           

Create a file name sitemap.xmap in the $COCOON_HOME/mount/docbook with the
following content:
# cd $COCOON_HOME/mount/docbook                                              
# vi sitemap.xmap                                                            
<map:sitemap xmlns:map="http://apache.org/cocoon/sitemap/1.0">                                                          
                                                                                                                        
    <!-- use the standard components -->                                                                                
    <map:components>                                                                                                    
        <map:generators default="file"/>                                                                                
        <map:transformers default="xslt"/>                                                                              
        <map:readers default="resource"/>                                                                               
        <map:serializers default="html"/>                                                                               
        <map:selectors default="browser"/>                                                                              
        <map:matchers default="wildcard"/>                                                                              
        <map:transformers default="xslt"/>                                                                              
    </map:components>                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                        
    <map:pipelines>                                                                                                     
        <map:pipeline>                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                        
   <map:match pattern="">                                                                                               
    <map:generate src="samples.xml"/>                                                                                   
    <map:transform src="/usr/local/jakarta-tomcat-4.1.9/webapps/cocoon/mount/editor/stylesheets/simple-page2html.xsl"/> 
    <map:serialize/>                                                                                                    
   </map:match>                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                        
            <!-- respond to *.html requests with                                                                        
                 our docs processed by .xsl -->                                                                         
            <map:match pattern="*.html">                                                                                
                <map:generate src="{1}.xml"/>                                                                           
                <map:transform src="/usr/local/dbtools/docbook-xsl/html/tldp-html.xsl"/>                                
                <map:serialize type="html"/>                                                                            
            </map:match>                                                                                                
                                                                                                                        
            <!-- later, respond to *.pdf requests with                                                                  
                 our docs processed by doc2pdf.xsl -->                                                                  
            <map:match pattern="*.pdf">                                                                                 
                <map:generate src="{1}.xml"/>                                                                           
                <map:transform src="/usr/local/dbtools/docbook-xsl/fo/docbook.xsl"/>                                    
                <map:serialize type="fo2pdf"/>                                                                          
            </map:match>                                                                                                
                                                                                                                        
            <map:match pattern="*.xml">                                                                                 
                <map:generate src="{1}.xml"/>                                                                           
                <map:serialize type="xml"/>                                                                             
            </map:match>                                                                                                
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
        </map:pipeline>                                                                                                 
    </map:pipelines>                                                                                                    
</map:sitemap>                                                                                                          
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

5.5. Accessing DocBook 4.1.2 XML Content from a Web Browser

Place a DocBook 4.1.2 XML file in the $COCOON_HOME/mount/docbook/ directory.

A sample file is available from [http://www.xml-dev.com:8080/cocoon/mount/
docbook/openjade.xml] http://www.xml-dev.com:8080/cocoon/mount/docbook/
openjade.xml.

Now you can access the document using a browser at http://localhost:8080/
cocoon/mount/sample.html (HTML) or http://localhost:8080/cocoon/mount/
sample.pdf (PDF).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

6. Further Information

This section has some pointers to related resources on the Internet.

If you would like to suggest additional resources for this section, please
email me at <saqib@seagate.com>. Thanks.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

6.1. News groups

Some of the news groups of interest are:

 1. comp.text.sgml (easily accessible from [http://groups.google.com/groups?
    group=comp.text.sgml] Google! Groups)
   
 2. comp.text.xml (easily accessible from [http://groups.google.com/groups?
    group=comp.text.xml] Google! Groups)
   
 3. htmldoc.general (server - [nttp://news.easysw.com] news.easysw.com)
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.2. Mailing Lists

Here are some relevant mailing lists.

 1. DocBook mailing list @ OASIS. Visit [http://www.oasis-open.org/committees
    /docbook/mailinglist/index.shtml] http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/
    docbook/mailinglist/index.shtml for more info.
   
 2. DocBook mailing list @ TLDP. Visit [http://www.tldp.org/mailinfo.html]
    http://www.tldp.org/mailinfo.html for more info.
   
 3. xml-doc @ Yahoo Groups. Visit [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/xml-doc/]
    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/xml-doc/ for more info.
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.3. IRC

 1. DocBook IRC Channel. #docbook on [irc://irc.openprojects.net] irc://
    irc.openprojects.net
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.4. Web Sites

 1. [http://www.oasis-open.org/] http://www.oasis-open.org/ OASIS maintains
    various DocBook DTDs
   
 2. [http://www.xml-dev.com/blog/] http://www.xml-dev.com/blog/ XML / XHTML
    WebLog
   
 3. [http://docbook.org/wiki/moin.cgi/] http://docbook.org/wiki/moin.cgi/ The
    DocBook Wiki
   
 4. [http://www.docbook.org/tdg/en/] http://www.docbook.org/tdg/en/ Online
    version of DocBook: The Definitive Guide
   
 5. [http://www.bureau-cornavin.com/opensource/crash-course/index.html] http:
    //www.bureau-cornavin.com/opensource/crash-course/index.html Writing
    Documentation Using DocBook: A Crash Course
   
 6. [http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/library/l-docbk.html] http://
    www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/library/l-docbk.html A gentle guide to
    DocBook (very good introduction).
   
 7. [http://www.tldp.org/LDP/LDP-Author-Guide/index.html] http://www.tldp.org
    /LDP/LDP-Author-Guide/index.html The Linux Documentation Project (TLDP)
    Author Guide
   
 8. [http://www.tldp.org/authors/index.html#resources] http://www.tldp.org/
    authors/index.html#resources DocBook resources provided by TLDP
   
 9. [http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/DocBook-Demystification-HOWTO/] http://
    www.tldp.org/HOWTO/DocBook-Demystification-HOWTO/ Eric Raymond's DocBook
    Demystification HOWTO
   
10. [http://www.xml-dev.com:8080/cocoon/mount/docbook/] http://
    www.xml-dev.com:8080/cocoon/mount/docbook/Tomcat + Cocoon + DocBook Setup
    Sample Site
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.5. XML Authoring / Modeling Applications

Note Note                                                                    
�    A comprehensive list of XML editors can be found at [http://            
     www.xml-dev.com/blog/#19] http://www.xml-dev.com/blog/#19               

 1. eXchaNGeR - The XML Browser (and XML Editor)[http://xngr.org/] http://
    xngr.org/
   
 2. XERLIN - XML Modeling Application[http://www.xerlin.org/] http://
    www.xerlin.org/
   
 3. DocPro by Command Prompt, INC. [http://www.commandprompt.com/entry.lxp?
    lxpe=2] http://www.commandprompt.com/entry.lxp?lxpe=2
   
 4. YAWC Pro by XML Workshop LTD. [http://www.yawcpro.com/] http://
    www.yawcpro.com/. Can be used for converting MS Word to Simple DocBook
    XML.
   
 5. Logictran RTF Converter. [http://www.logictran.com/] http://
    www.logictran.com/. Word/RTF to HTML/XML.
   
 6. MajiX - Word to XML converter. [http://tetrasys.dhs.org/] http://
    tetrasys.dhs.org/
   
 7. XMETAL by SoftQuad [http://www.softquad.com/] http://www.softquad.com/
   
 8. Tagless Editor by i4i (DocBook DTD not supported) [http://www.i4i.com/]
    http://www.i4i.com/
   
 9. XML Editor by XMLmind [http://www.xmlmind.com/xmleditor/] http://
    www.xmlmind.com/xmleditor/
   
10. upCast and downCast by Inifinity Loop [http://www.infinity-loop.de/en/
    products.html] http://www.infinity-loop.de/en/products.html
   
11. W2XML by DocSoft[http://www.docsoft.com/w2xmlv2.htm] http://
    www.docsoft.com/w2xmlv2.htm
   
12. XMLWrite by Wattle Software[http://xmlwriter.net/] http://xmlwriter.net/
   
13. oXygen XML Editor - Java Based[http://www.oxygenxml.com/] http://
    www.oxygenxml.com/
   
14. Xeena by IBM[http://www.alphaworks.ibm.com/tech/xeena] http://
    www.alphaworks.ibm.com/tech/xeena
   
15. Excosoft XML Client[http://www.excosoft.se/eweb/site/exc_pd.html] http://
    www.excosoft.se/eweb/site/exc_pd.html
   
16. Timelux Xpress[http://www.timelux.lu/html/Xpress2001.html] http://
    www.timelux.lu/html/Xpress2001.html
   
17. Morphon[http://www.morphon.com/] http://www.morphon.com/
   
18. Conglomerate[http://conglomerate.org/] http://conglomerate.org/
   





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