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HP HOWTO

Configuration Guide and Use of HP Products under Linux (Version 0.94)

[hp-howto]

Bruno Cornec

Hewlett Packard

Bruno@HyPer-Linux.org

Copyright � 1997-2001 by Bruno Cornec


[hp]

  This document describes the use of products available in the [http://
www.hp.com] Hewlett-Packard (HP) catalog with Linux and some free software.
It gives the state of the support for hardware, software to use, answers to
some frequently asked questions and gives elements of sizing. The goals are
to offer a general view of free software functions and their use at best with
HP products; as well as to make new users of HP products rapidly operational
and also to allow others to choose their products knowing facts. 

License

  This HOWTO is a free documentation thanks to Medasys and HP for whom I do
that job; you may copy, redistribute and/or modify it under the terms of the
GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by
the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, Front-Cover Texts
or Back-Cover Texts. This document is distributed hoping it will be useful,
but without any guaranty; you're completely responsible of its use, and
couldn't complain in case it doesn't work, or even if it breaks the hardware.
All the software included in it, if not already copyrighted is released under
the GPL.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Table of Contents
1. Introduction
    1.1. Presentation
        1.1.1. New versions of this document
        1.1.2. Suggestions and contributions
       
       
    1.2. Aknowledgements
   
   
2. Presentation of Linux and Free Software
    2.1. Some definitions
        2.1.1. Free Software or Open Source software
        2.1.2. Examples and counter-examples
        2.1.3. Linux
       
       
    2.2. Free software concepts
        2.2.1. Free software philosophy
        2.2.2. The choice of free software
        2.2.3. Wrong ideas on free software
        2.2.4. Real problems around free software
       
       
    2.3. Linux and other operating systems
        2.3.1. Linux and other proprietary Unix (HP-UX, Tru64, AIX, Solaris,
            Irix)
        2.3.2. Linux and SCO/Caldera
        2.3.3. Linux and Windows NT/2000/XP
       
       
   
   
3. Linux and HP products
    3.1. Informations on HP products and Linux
        3.1.1. General information
        3.1.2. Particular announces
       
       
    3.2. HP hardware supported by Linux
        3.2.1. Intel based computer range
        3.2.2. The monitors range
        3.2.3. PA-Risc based computer range
        3.2.4. The IA-64 range
        3.2.5. X Terminals
        3.2.6. The printing product range
        3.2.7. Digital imaging product range
        3.2.8. All-in-one range (OfficeJet)
        3.2.9. The Storage products range
       
       
    3.3. HP software and free software
        3.3.1. HP softwares under Linux
        3.3.2. Third party softwares linked to HP for Linux
        3.3.3. Free softwares under HP-UX
        3.3.4. Free softwares under MPE/IX
       
       
    3.4. Support of HP solutions under Linux
    3.5. Training on HP Linux solutions
    3.6. HP as an Open Source Software user and contributor
   
   
4. Solutions and Sizing
    4.1. Linux as file and print server
        4.1.1. Linux as file server
        4.1.2. Linux as print server
       
       
    4.2. Internet/Intranet Linux server
        4.2.1. Web Server
        4.2.2. Mail Server
        4.2.3. Firewall/Proxy/Web-Cache server
        4.2.4. Directory server
       
       
    4.3. Linux as computing server
    4.4. Linux as an office server
   
   
5. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
6. Customer References
7. References
8. Contributors
9. Future versions

List of Tables
2-1. Performances of Free Software
3-1. Brio and Linux
3-2. Vectra and Linux
3-3. e-PC and Linux
3-4. Kayak and Linux
3-5. Desktop computer accessories
3-6. Visualize and Linux
3-7. HP workstation and Linux
3-8. Workstations accessories
3-9. OmniBook and Linux
3-10. Mobile computer accessories
3-11. Jornada and Linux
3-12. NetServers and Linux
3-13. NetServers accessories
3-14. HP Monitors and Linux
3-15. HP IA-64 Servers and Linux
3-16. HP IA-64 Workstations and Linux
3-17. Printer Control codes
3-18. Scanners and Linux
3-19. Cameras and Linux
4-1. Sizing of a file server
4-2. Sizing of a print server
4-3. Sizing of a static Web server
4-4. Sizing of a dynamic Web server
4-5. Sizing of an e-mail server
4-6. Sizing of a Firewall/Proxy/Web-Cache server
4-7. Sizing of a LDAP server
4-8. Sizing of an office server
7-1. Web sites of HP
7-2. Other fundamental sites on Linux and Open Source Software

List of Figures
2-1. Server operating system repartition in 1998 (IDC).
2-2. Server operating system repartition in 1999 (IDC).
2-3. Web server software by Netcraft between 1995 and 2001.
2-4. Repartition of Internet servers by IOS Counter in April 1999.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chapter 1. Introduction

1.1. Presentation

  This document is a guide on the use of products proposed by the hardware
manufacturer [http://www.hp.com] Hewlett-Packard (HP) under Linux. It's a
quick reference guide, covering all what you need to know to size, install
and configure your products under Linux, or which complementary software will
be useful for their use. Frequently Asked Questions find answers, and
references are given concerning other sources of information related to HP
technologies and applications. 

  Opinions expressed here are those of the author, and don't commit both
[http://www.medasys.fr] Medasys or [http://www.hp.com] Hewlett-Packard .
Informations are provided in the aim to be useful to the readers. However,
there can't be, through this document, any warranty of any kind either from
Medasys or HP on these systems under Linux, as well as from myself. Neither
Medasys, nor HP, nor the author could be responsible for any problem caused
by the use of this information. However, software editors don't guarantee you
a lot either (re-read the contracts). 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.1.1. New versions of this document

  New versions of this document will be announced regularly on the Usenet
groups [news:fr.comp.os.linux.annonces] news:fr.comp.os.linux.annonces and
[news:comp.os.linux.annonces] news:comp.os.linux.annonces. They will also be
updated on the various anonymous ftp sites which archive such information,
mainly [ftp://ftp.ibiblio.org/pub/Linux/docs/HOWTO/] ftp://ftp.ibiblio.org/
pub/Linux/docs/HOWTO/.

  Hypertext versions of this and other Linux HOWTO are available on many web
sites, including [http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO] http://www.linuxdoc.org/
HOWTO and [http://www.freenix.org/unix/linux/HOWTO] http://www.freenix.org/
unix/linux/HOWTO. Most Linux distributions on CD-ROM include the HOWTO, often
under the /usr/share/doc, directory, and you can also buy printed copies from
several vendors. Sometimes the HOWTO available from CD-ROM vendors, ftp sites
or printed format are out of date. If the date on this HOWTO is more than 6
months in the past, then a newer copy is probably available on the Internet.
The site of reference for this HOWTO is [http://www.hyper-linux.org/HP-HOWTO/
current] http://www.hyper-linux.org/HP-HOWTO/current

  Old versions of this document are also available at

  If you make a translation of this document into another language, please
let me know so that I can include a reference to it here. The following
versions are currently available : [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/old]
http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/old

��*�[http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/current/index.html.fr] French by <
    Bruno@HyPer-Linux.org>
   
��*�[http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/current/index.html.en] English by <
    Bruno@HyPer-Linux.org>
   
��*�[http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-Howto/HP-HOWTO/jp/index.html] Japanese by
    <junichi_shimoda@hp.com>
   

 As english isn't a native language for me, I would really appreciate any
correction on the english version. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.1.2. Suggestions and contributions

  I rely on you, the reader, to make this HOWTO useful. If you have any
suggestions, corrections, or congratulations :-) don't hesitate to send them
to me <Bruno@HyPer-Linux.org>, and I will try to incorporate them in a next
revision.

  I've created a mailing-list dedicated to this document. Every person
interested to contribute can register at [mailto:
sympa@eurolinux.grenoble.hp.com?subject=subscribe%20hp-howto] mailto:
sympa@eurolinux.grenoble.hp.com?subject=subscribe%20hp-howto,

  I am also willing to answer general questions on HP hardware and software
with Linux, as best I can. Before doing so, please read all of the
information in this HOWTO, and then send me detailed information about the
problem.

  If you publish this document on a CD-ROM or in hardcopy form, a
complimentary copy would be appreciated; mail me for my postal address. Also
consider making a donation to the Linux Documentation Project to help support
free documentation for Linux. Contact the Linux HOWTO coordinator, Guylhem
AZNAR <guylhem@rrremovethis.oeil.qc.ca>.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.2. Aknowledgements

  Most of the information provided here come from research made in HP
documentations, files provided with Linux kernel sources, the FAQ of the
Usenet newsgroup [news:comp.sys.hp.hpux] news:comp.sys.hp.hpux with a [http:/
/hpux.cict.fr] HTML version available on all mirror sites like the CICT, my
own experience on HP products, a lot of tests and deployments realised, and
remarks from Linux users as well as many HP's engineers. 

  Numerous people have contributed to this document and augmented its
contents. You'll find the most complete possible list in the Chapter 8. I
would like to thank just now, without any particular order, those without
whom this document would simply not exist : 

��*�Marc Hia Bali� <Marc_Hia-Balie@hp.com>, who ordered that document and
    accepted to make it a free documentation. 
   
��*�[http://www.cs.helsinki.fi/~torvalds/] Linus Torvalds, for the Linux
    project (without it, nothing would exist). 
   
��*�[http://www.gnu.org/people/rms.html] Richard Stallman, for the GNU
    project (without it, nothing would exist either). 
   
��*�Nat Makar�vitch <nat@nataa.frmug.org>, for his work as translator and his
    advocacy conferences. 
   
��*�Xavier Cazin <xc@itp.fr>, for his talent to convince me to use DocBook. 
   
��*�Eric Dumas <dumas@Linux.EU.Org>, for the management of the french LDP. 
   
��*�R�my Card <Remy.Card@linux.org>, for ext2 and his love of electricity :-)
   
��*�Ren� Cougnenc, to have helped a lot of people to begin with Linux,
    including myself. 
   
��*�Dany Coffineau <Dany.Coffineau@alcatel.fr>, for teachnig me Unix. 
   
��*�Fran�ois Strobel <Francois.Strobel@alcatel.fr>, for his peacefulness and
    legendary patience :-) 
   
��*�Fr�d�ric Dubuy <F.Dubuy@atrid.fr>, who contributed to the writing of that
    document and took all the work I couldn't achieve, while I was writing
    it. Without saying he's also the graphist of the logo ! 
   
��*�Alain Pascal <pascal@montrouge.omnes.slb.com>, for the several tests
    made. 
   
��*�Pascal Lemonnier <Pascal.Lemonnier@medasys.fr> typography expert who
    found a lot of typos. 
   
��*�Ralf S. Engelschall <rse@engelschall.com>, who realised the [http://
    www.engelschall.com/sw/wml] wml tool set, used to manage the languages of
    this document.
   
��*�Cees de Groot <cg@sgmltools.org>, who realised the [http://
    www.sgmltools.org] SGMLTools used to generate the first version of this
    document. 
   
��*�Norman Walsh <ndw@nwalsh.com>, who realised the SGML DTD [http://
    www.docbook.org] DocBook. which allows to generate all the versions of
    this document from a single SGML source. 
   
��*�James Clark <jjc@jclark.com>, who realised the tool [http://
    www.jclark.com/jade/] Jade.
   
��*�Cornec family <cornec@victoria.frmug.org>, for his patience and his
    support. 
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chapter 2. Presentation of Linux and Free Software 

2.1. Some definitions

  Before going into more details in the presentation, it could be useful to
give some definitions of terms and software mentionned in that HOWTO. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.1.1. Free Software or Open Source software

A free software (or Open Source software) is a software distributed with its
source code, allowing its study, its transmission, its adaptation. The
problem, in english, is the use of free, which has both meanings of "at no
cost" and "without constraint". Here, it's the second use which has to be
considered, hence the use of Open Source. To remember, think of free as
speech, not beer. 

  Depending on the licenses used for its development, the constraints for
users of such a software are various. The most open licenses (like the BSD
one) allow code appropriation by third parties, including the resell of the
resulting software (with or without modification) in commercial products,
without any problem, and without owing something else to the originators than
the mention of their copyright. Other licenses (like the GNU Public License
or GPL) force every modified GPL software to be free GPL software itself ;
this doesn't allow the use of such programs in a commercial one. Many other
licenses exist, more or less open: the Artistic License (perl), the NPL one
(mozilla), the QPL one (Qt) ... 

  A vast majority of free software is today under the GPL license, even if
the BSD world takes always a great place, however less visible, mainly in the
press. Linux is placed under the GPL. To have more information on these
definitions and the licenses, please refer to the following reference sites :

[http://www.gnu.org] GNU project Web site
      You find there all information on the GNU project, including the
    licenses produced (GPL and LGPL) and various discussions on free
    software. 
   
[http://www.opensource.org] Open Source project Web site
      This site proposes a new definition, a bit less restrictive, of free
    software - called here OpenSource Software - by well-known people. 
   

[http://www.freebsd.org/] FreeBSD project Web site
      Here are explained the advantages of the very open BSD license. 
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.1.2. Examples and counter-examples

  First of all, free software and freeware shouldn't be mixed up. A freeware
is not necessarily a software provided with its sources, on the contrary of a
free software. On the other side, on the contrary of a freeware, you may be
charged to obtain a free software (it's not in contradiction with the license
used). The ambiguity, as stated before, comes from the word "free" . A
freeware is then free of charge, but not necessarily "free of sources". (As
well, the shareware has nothing to do with free software). 

  So examples of important and well-known free software are the Linux and
FreeBSD operating systems, the [http://www.apache.org] Apache Web server, the
[http://www.samba.org] SaMBa SMB server, GNU C and C++ compilers ... A
contrario, examples of well-known freeware are the Internet Explorer browser,
the Eudora Light mail reader, ... 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.1.3. Linux

Linux is a free operating system, superset of the POSIX norm. "Linux" points
out the kernel alone. By extension, the name is also given to distributions
based on that kernel plus a set of tools from the GNU project. 

  Linux is by consequence a Unix system, except that it doesn't use any
proprietary code and is furnished under the GPL license, implying the
availability of the sources. As every Unix system, Linux is multi-tasking and
multi-user. It's also extremely portable, and it is available officialy today
on processors such as Intel (i386 to Pentium IV), Alpha, Motorola (680x0 and
PowerPC), Sparc, StrongArm, Mips. Without mention of the ports, operational
or in process on PalmPilot, Itanium (ex-Merced), PA-Risc, Crusoe ...

  The system is today perfectly stable and mature. Versions "x.y.z" of the
Linux kernel, where "y" is an even number, are stable and only bug
corrections are generaly applied when "z" increases. Versions "x.y.z" of the
Linux kernel, where "y" is an odd number, are development versions which may
be instable and are reserved to developers or intrepids. 

  From time to time, when the kernel development stabilizes a "freeze" is
announced to furnish a new "stable" version (even), and the development goes
on on a new version (odd). 

  The current stable version is the version 2.4.16 (this last number may
evolve following the rythm of corrections). Development has on the other side
begun again with a 2.5 version. 

  Numerous presentations of Linux are currently available. Among them, you
should consult the one made by Michael Johnson at [http://www.linuxdoc.org/
HOWTO/INFO-SHEET.html] http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/INFO-SHEET.html 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.1.3.1. Linux technical characteristics

  The system offers the following technical characteristics : 

��*�  Multi-tasking : executes several programs in pseudo-parallel. 
   
��*�  Multi-users : many users acting on the same machine at the same time
    (without worrying on licenses). 
   
��*�  Portable and interoperable : works on several hardware architectures.
    All the sources are available. Linux supports a lot of file systems,
    outside the native ext2 : System V, BSD, Sun, MS-DOS, VFAT, NTFS, Mac,
    HPFS, EFS, ISO9660. On the network side, it supports the following
    protocols TCP/IP v4 and v6, Appletalk, Netware (client and server), Lan
    Manager SMB (client and server), X-Window, NFS, PPP, SLIP, UUCP.
   
��*�  Performant architecture : modular kernel, built at will, execution in
    protect mode on 80x86 processors, page load on demand, page share between
    executables when reading, virtual memory with swap on disk, use of a
    dynamical disk cache in memory, dynamic libraries, process management,
    pseudo terminals, virtual consoles. 
   
��*�  Security : protection of memory between processes: one user program
    can't compromise the whole system operation. The kernel may also, on the
    other hand, filter network packets. 
   
��*�  Respect of norms and standards : Posix, with System V and BSD
    extensions. Support of COFF and ELF binaries. Binary compatibility with
    SCO, SVR3/4 through the iBCS2 module. Native Language Support as well as
    national keyboards, fonts... 
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.2. Free software concepts

  Once the definitions are given, it is important to stay on at ideas
promoted by the free software movement. It's important as well to clear some
wrong ideas hawked on these software. This section gives then a various set
of elements in favour of the introduction of free software and ends on the
real problems remaining to solve. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.1. Free software philosophy

  In fact, the philosophy promoted by the free software movement is not that
different from the one proposed by the scientific movement till a long time
already: to put in common ideas and collective knowledge to allow the
progression of the research and the growth of this knowledge. The knowledge
of the human genome is one of the examples of such a collaborative work. 

  The computer engineering environment, and especially the software one,
seems to have turn away till the last 20 years from these base concepts of
the scientific world. It prefers on the contrary to keep the customer captive
instead of giving him the information needed to exploit his computing
environment the best he can. That's indeed following such a problem at the
begining of the 80's that Richard Stallman, who was doing researches in
artificial intelligence at the MIT, decided to create the GNU project. This
project is the foundation of the current free software movement. 

  The main ideas promoted by this movement and stated by Richard Stallman
himself are : 

��*�  Liberty: every user should be free to copy, diffuse, modify a program,
    either to share it with others, or to adapt it to his own needs. As well,
    he should be able to analyse it to understand, imitate, improve, verify
    its operations, as well as every scientific result is published and seen
    by the peers for verification, study, understanding and realisation of
    derived works. Could you imagine a vaccine against the liver cancer that
    another laboratory couldn't derive to make a vaccine against the pancres
    cancer. Of course, the negative impact of patents at that level is
    obvious. 
   
��*�  Equality: every person should have the same rights on the software.
    Thus the provider isn't priviledged and can't keep customers to whom he
    furnished his work captive. Could you think that only the producer of our
    vaccine could use it ? With software patents, if you don't pay, you
    cannot use them (think to discussions around RANT and W3C standards). 
   
��*�  Fraternity: this mode of working encourages the whole computer
    engineering community to cooperate and thus to produce software more and
    more reliable and useful to all. Could you imagine that a discovery like
    the vaccine above couldn't help everyone and favour other discoveries.
    Again with software patents, nothing like that is possible. 
   

  More over the utopy of these ideas, we can find other reasons which allowed
free software to spread so widely today. They are detailed in Section 2.2.2.

  The free software movement materializes itself also through a community of
people. That community, informal meeting of personnalities, is heterogeneous
in its contents, actions, ideas, even if all share the same belief in the
freedom of the software. That community created for itself the tools needed
to its communication : Internet and Usenet. And these communication tools are
based of course on a lot of free software to work. Among the outstanding
persons of this movement, we can present : 

��*�[http://www.cs.helsinki.fi/~torvalds/] Linus Torvalds, conceptor of
    Linux. 
   
��*�[http://www.gnu.org/people/rms.html] Richard Stallman, GNU project
    conceptor. 
   
��*�[http://www.tuxedo.org/~esr] Eric S. Raymond, writer of several and
    excellent articles, which inspired so many vocations. 
   
��*�[http://kiev.wall.org/~larry] Larry Wall, author of Perl and of the patch
    tool, and philosopher. 
   
��*�[] Alan Cox, mister "do everything". 
   
��*�Tim O'Reilly <ask_tim@oreilly.com>, free software advocate and editor of
    several books dedicated to them. 
   

  All these personalities are, above all, excellent computer engineers, which
allows them to be recognized as major actors of the free software movement.
Their human and communication qualities are also strong characteristics of
their nature. In any case they aren't considered for their power, but for
their knowledge. 

  Of course, the free software community is built of thousands of
programmers, whose complete list would be too tedious. All share the will of
producing useful work, free, and to be recognized for their technical
qualities above all. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.2. The choice of free software

  To use free software to bring solutions in a computing environment is a
choice. First, it is in favour of a plurality of solutions, mainly in the
personal computer world which tends to be monopolistic. Then, the choice is
made, and that's what is finally important, on the own qualities of free
software, which are detailed just below. 

Source code access
      This point is the most important of the choice, because it allows the
    undestanding, adaptation, correction, distribution, improvement of the
    software. 
   
Reliability
      That quality is derived from the previous one: the free software is the
    combined result of the experience and the intelligence of all the
    participants. Its reliability increases then as time passes, with all the
    corrections which are made. More over, no marketing pression requires the
    software's producer to deliver it to its customers before it is in a
    satisfactory state. 
   
Portability
      This quality is not intrinsic to free software, but is very often seen
    in a free software. Indeed if a softawre meets success, it will
    necessarily be adapted to other environments than those initialy
    considered. Thus by increasing its disponibility, its portability and
    reliability are also increased. linux works today on a HP Jornada or IBM
    watch, as well as on s390 or SuperDome.  
   
Universality
      One essential quality of free software is the character naturaly
    universal of the data format used. Even if they don't follow standards,
    the availibility of the source code assures the user that he will
    understand them, and more over be able to write any filter needed to
    reuse these data or exchange them with other software. This allows also
    users to stabilize their environment, because they are not required to
    migrate due to incompatibility of data formats in their applications.
    Don't forget that your data are precious ans thet it's better to archive
    them under a *ML format (HTML, XML, SGML, ...) rther than a proprietary
    one. 
   
Performance
      Resulting from a lot of examinations, the use of algorithms coming from
    advanced research works, as well as tested by various usages, free
    software have good performances by nature. Frequently large portions of
    code are rewritten to allow the reuse of the original ideas with a better
    code and thus to increase performances. Several tests made by various
    organisms tend to prove it also  
   
   
    Table 2-1. Performances of Free Software
    Subject               URL                                        
    [http://              [http://www5.zdnet.com/products/content/   
    www.apache.org]       pcmg/1709/305867.html] http://             
    Apache Web Server and www5.zdnet.com/products/content/pcmg/1709/ 
    competitors           305867.html                                
    SMB [http://          [http://www.zdnet.com/sr/stories/news/     
    www.samba.org] SaMBa  0,4538,2196106,00.html] http://            
    server vs Windows NT  www.zdnet.com/sr/stories/news/             
                          0,4538,2196106,00.html                     
   
      Once more, there is no obligation to diffuse an application whose
    performances would be bad. 
   
Interoperability
      Interoperability is a reality of today's enterprises. Historically,
    Unix environment was always a ferment for interoperability with other
    systems (big or medium size systems, as well as personal computers). The
    support in Linux, for example, of a lot of network protocols, filesystem
    formats, and even binary compatibility modes assures a good
    interoperability. By the way, interoperability requires 2 actors, and
    having only one open is generally not sufficient. That's the goal of
    having RFCs, norms, standards, ... 
   
Reactivity
      When considering the more and more longer development cycles of the
    software editors, the reactivity brought by the free software movement is
    interesting for a lot of sites, concerned by the rapid obtention of
    corrections to a given problem. Thus, during the recent discoveries of IP
    problems (ping of the death,...), patches were always available within
    the next 3 days. And above that, only the patch correcting the hole found
    was delivered. There were no functionality added, which could have create
    other instabilities. 
   
Security
      The best computing security possible is ensured by a robust
    construction, public and reknown algorithms, a quick communication around
    flaws, ... In other words by transparency. Obscurity is in this domain
    bad, useless and even dangerous. In the free software world, the
    reactivity described in the previous paragraph is a garanty of increased
    security, ... at the condition that patches are applied regularly. 
   

  Independantly of its qualities, it's possible to give other reasons of
various nature, in favor of free software, depending on the type of the
person met. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.2.1. Marketing argumentation

  Studies from IDC bring to light the irresistible rise of Linux as a server
operating system. In 1998, Linux is credited with 17% of market share, with
an increase of 212%, which is the most important in that domain. The
following graphics give the whole market share repartition. 

Figure 2-1. Server operating system repartition in 1998 (IDC). 

[idc1998]

  This was confirmed in 1999 with a market share climbing to 24% and an
ancrease of 93%, always more than four times the increase of the follower.


Figure 2-2. Server operating system repartition in 1999 (IDC). 

[idc1999]

  Dataquest [http://gartner6.gartnerweb.com/dq/static/about/press/
pr-b9939.html] estimates on its side that Linux servers will represent, with
1.1 million of units, 14% of the servers sold in 2003. 

  The Net itself produces marketing tools to demonstrate the superiority of
free software. Counters are regularly updated by [http://www.netcraft.com/
survey/] Netcraft and others, on web server software, and another was done by
[http://www.leb.net/hzo/ioscount/index.html] IOS Counter for the servers on
Internet. Results, reproduced below, show the importance taken by [http://
www.apache.org] Apache with more than 16 millions of operational sites (among
them 30% run Linux), crushing the competition, as well as the free operating
systems Linux and *BSD which dominate the world of Internet servers.


Figure 2-3. Web server software by Netcraft between 1995 and 2001. 

[netcraft]


Figure 2-4. Repartition of Internet servers by IOS Counter in April 1999. 

[ioscounter]
 

  A detailed explanation based on the most precise numbered results is also
regularly updated, showing the advantages to use free and open source
software, Cf: [http://www.dwheeler.com/oss_fs_why.html] http://
www.dwheeler.com/oss_fs_why.html.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.2.2. Financial argumentation

  Financial factors also speak for free software. And first the price to
aquire them is low. Low, because it's never zero. Even if you can find it on
the Internet, you have to consider the costs related to that link. However
costs are greatly less expensive than for commercial software. So a RedHat
7.2 Linux distribution, delivered with more than 1400 software packages,
costs about 60 USD when you have to pay more than 800 USD to obtain Windows
2000 server, delivered only with IIS. 

  On the other side, free software don't have the notion of license by user
or by supplmentary service. Thus there is no additional cost when you have to
increase the use of these software in your entity. That's of course not the
case with commercial software whose economical logic is often based on the
number of licenses. 

  Free software bring in addition a better mastering of the TCO (Total Cost
of Ownership), mentionned so frequently in the massive deployment of personal
computers. Thus administration costs are reduced because systems like Linux
or FreeBSD, as Unix, are managed completely remotely, either through command
line orders (with telnet or ssh) or in graphical mode by using X-Window. More
over, we benefit from a true multi-users mode, improving these management
operations. Always in this domain, it's also possible to do remote
management, either through the own hardware capacities of the machine (as the
Remote Assistant card integrated in most HP NetServers), or by doing a remote
connexion (through modem, ISDN adapter or a permanent link) thanks to the
native PPP protocol and secure connexion systems as tunneling or ssh. This
managemnt could even be realised by an external entity, in outsourcing. 

  At last, the costs due to the hardware themselves could be controled; on
one side, if by chance free software don't meet the needs, it's always
possible to buy then commercial software solutions to cover the rest on the
same hardware. On the other side, solutions based on free software have good
performances by nature, and can use hardware platforms which would be
considered as obsolete, if installed following the standard criterias of
other operating systems or applications. The fact to separate the graphical
interface from the rest of the working system is here key. It's so possible
to use "old" hardware, mainly to model. It's then possible to invest, with a
fine knowledge, when puting the solution in operation, if needed. The power
increase may naturaly take place progressively. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.2.3. Technical argumentation

  This argumentation was already given in the previous sections. I think
nevertheless that some notions may be explained with complementary
information. 

  So concerning the reliability aspects of free software based solutions,
it's important to note that it implies an operational running time very high
(standard characteristic of Unix systems in general). This is mesured by the
command uptime. One of Medasys and HP customers, Saint-Michel Hospital in
Paris, has a Vectra VL5 acting as router under Linux since more than 300
days. And that's not a isolated case. 

  Respect of standards and norms, as well as the extreme portability of free
software assures also to applications developed on these platforms the same
qualities. And notably, if after their use, the performances or services
brought by free software based architectures were insufficient (it may be
caused by architecture problems such as PCI bandwidth, number of processors
available, ...), it would be easy to migrate to machines offering more
performances and capacities of evolution, as the HP 9000 systems, running
HP-UX. 

  At last a development plan centered around performances implies a
modularity, such as it's possible to resize the system kernel nearest to the
capacities of the hardware or to use dynamically loaded modules following the
needs. A packages installation may vary from 40 MB for a minimal system up to
many GB for a complete distribution. The system linearity allow also the
support of multi-processors machines (SMP) (tested up to 32 processors on a
Sparc machine). The system modularity allows also to obtain an operational
system on a 1.44 MB floppy disk, either to realize a minimal repair
environment, or to provide a perfectly operational router. The world of
embedded systems shows besides more and more interest for systems such as
Linux, because above it's modularity, source availability makes communication
with dedicated peripherals easier (acquisition cards, sonde, ...). Entities
as CERN or Thomson already use such solutions. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.2.4. Solutions argumentation

  That argumentation is probably the most important of all, because it's
useless to have free software if it's not to make something useful with it or
to offer solutions to demands of entities willing to use it. In which sectors
free softawre may bring solutions today ? Well, you have to admit it's in
nearly all the sectors of enterprise computing. 

  Historically, Open Source Software were used to realise Internet/Intranet
servers, because their growth was following the one of the Net. It's so
possible to cover all aspects linked to the Internet, from the Web server (
[http://www.apache.org] Apache ), FTP server ([http://www.landfield.com/
wu-ftpd] Wu-Ftpd), DNS server ([http://www.isc.org/bind.html] Bind), the
E-Mail server ([http://www.sendmail.org] Sendmail or [http://www.postfix.org]
PostFix ), the Usenet groups server ([http://www.isc.org/inn.html] INN), the
proxy server ([http://juanjox.linuxhq.com/] IPmasqadm), the firewall ([http:/
/www.rustcorp.com/linux/ipchains/] IPChains or [http://netfilter.samba.org]
IPTables), Virtual Private Network ([http://www.openssh.com/] OpenSSH), the
Cache server for the Web ( [http://squid.nlanr.net/Squid/] Squid ) or also
the Time server ([http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~ntp] NTP) or as directory
service([http://www.openldap.org] LDAP) server, or as content management
([http://www.midgard.org] Midgard) server ... All these software are
available in standard in a Linux distribution. The client computer should be
equiped with the software corresponding to the application used (mail reader,
news reader, web browser, ...) whatever its operating system. The choice of
the client is free, as all these tools respect the standards decreed in the
[ftp://ftp.lip6.fr/pub/rfc] RFCs.

  The second preferential domain for free software is the file and print
server domain. For these services, clients may be multiple: Unix type (use of
[ftp://ftp.mathematik.th-darmstadt.de/pub/linux/okir] NFS and [ftp://
ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/devel/gcc/] KNFS or also [http://
www.coda.cs.cmu.edu] Coda and [http://www.inter-mezzo.org] Inter-Mezzo, for
file sharing and of lpd or [http://www.cups.org] CUPS for print service),
Microsoft Windows type (use of [http://www.samba.org] SaMBa , which allows
also the use of local client printers), Novell type (use of [http://
www.compu-art.de/mars_nwe] Mars_nwe) or MacIntosh type (use of [http://
www.umich.edu/~rsug/netatalk] NetAtalk). All these software are provided in
standard in a Linux distribution and don't need any modification at the
client level to work. 

  The other domains where a system such as Linux may bring solutions is the
computation one, with support of [http://www.irisa.fr/prive/mentre/smp-faq/]
multiprocessor, linked to the realisation of [http://hp-linux.cern.ch/]
clusters with multiple nodes with [http://www.mosix.org] Mosix or [http://
www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Beowulf-HOWTO.html] BeoWulf with high-speed network
interfaces (100 Mbit/s, [http://cesdis.gsfc.nasa.gov/linux/drivers/index.html
#gigabit] Gigabit or [http://lhpca.univ-lyon1.fr/myri.html] Myrinet); those
of data security with the support of HP NetRaidRem. cards, allowing Raid
level of 0, 1, 3, 5, 10, 50, and HotSpare disks, managed by the harware;
those of centralized fax server, with a free software like [http://
www.hylafax.org] HylaFAX or also as an archive/backup server with HP
SureStore DAT or DLT libraries thanks to a GPL software like [http://
www.amanda.org] Amanda or a commercial one like [http://www.arkeia.com]
Arkeia or at last as a database server with free solutions like [http://
www.postgreSQL.org/] PostgreSQL,[http://www.mysql.org/] MySQL or commercial
like [http://platforms.oracle.com/linux/index_lin.htm] Oracle, to speak only
of these three. 

  On the client side, even if it's less highlighted for the moment,
possibilities to use solutions based on free or commercial software are
numerous. Here also the Internet part is the main one, with tools like
graphical web browsers ([ftp://ftp.netscape.com/pub/communicator/] Netscape,
[http://www.mozilla.org] Mozilla or [http://www.konqueror.org] Konqueror) or
textual ([http://www.cc.ukans.edu/about_lynx/about_lynx.html] lynx or [http:/
/www.w3m.org] w3m), a lot of graphical mail readers ([http://
www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/6702/kmail.html] Kmail, [http://
burka.netvision.net.il/xfmail/xfmail.html] XFMail, ...) or textual ([http://
www.mutt.org/] mutt, [ftp://ftp.uu.net/networking/mail/elm] elm, ...). But
you also have the whole panel of indispensable tools for a personal computer
today as a PDF reader ([http://www.adobe.com/supportservice/custsupport/
LIBRARY/acrunix.htm] Acrobat Reader or [http://www.foolabs.com/xpdf/] xpdf),
image manipulation tools ([http://www.wizards.dupont.com/cristy/
ImageMagick.html] ImageMagick, [http://www.gimp.org/] the Gimp, [http://
www.real.com/products/player/downloadrealplayer.html?wp=dl0899&src=
dlbutton_all??=en#form] RealPlayer tools ...), word processors ([http://
www.lyx.org] LyX, [http://www.latex-project.org] LaTeX, [http://
www.sgmltools.org] SGMLTools, [http://linux.corel.com/linuxproducts_wp8.htm]
Wordperfect, ...), commercial office suites ([http://www.applix.com/
applixware/linux/main.cfm] ApplixWare, [http://www.stardivision.com/office/
so5linux_body.html] StarOffice), or opensource ([http://koffice.kde.org]
Koffice, [http://www.openoffice.org] OpenOffice, ...), sound management tools
([http://www.xmms.org] Xmms, [http://www.ueda.info.waseda.ac.jp/%7Esatoshi/
midi/midi-e.html] eplaymidi, [http://metalab.unc.edu/tkan/xmcd] xmcd, ...),
CD burning tools ([http://www.fokus.gmd.de/research/cc/glone/employees/
joerg.schilling/private/cdrecord.html] cdrecord, [http://sunsite.auc.dk/
BurnIT/] BurnIT, ... with complements as [http://www.ge.ucl.ac.uk/~jcpearso/
mkisofs.html] mkisofs, [http://www.xiph.org/paranoia/] cdparanoia, [http://
sourceforge.net/projects/cdrdao/] cdrdao), free and commercial emulators for
various systems ([http://www.winehq.com/] Wine, [http://www.ardi.com/]
Executor, [http://www.calderasystems.com/doc/wabi/wabi.html] WABI, [http://
www.dosemu.org] DOSEmu,[http://www.netraverse.com/products/win4lin30]
Win4Lin, [http://www.wmware.com] VmWare...), compilers and interpretors for
all the languages ([http://www.gnu.org/software/gcc/gcc.html] C, [http://
www.gnu.org/software/gcc/gcc.html] C++, [http://
agnes.dida.physik.uni-essen.de/~gnu-pascal/] Pascal, [http://www.gnu.org/
software/fortran/fortran.html] Fortran, [http://freshmeat.net/projects/
x11-basic/] Basic, [http://www.scriptics.com/products/tcltk/] Tcl/Tk, [http:/
/www.perl.com/] Perl, [http://www.python.org/] Python, [http://
www.adahome.com/Resources/Compilers/GNAT.html] Ada, [http://www.loria.fr/
projets/SmallEiffel/] Eiffel, [http://clisp.cons.org/~haible/clisp.html]
Lisp, [http://www.scheme.org/] Scheme, [http://www.gnu.org/software/prolog/
prolog.html] Prolog...), including commercial versions ( PGI, [http://
www.intel.com/software/products/compilers/] Intel...), graphical environments
([http://www.gnome.org] Gnome, [http://www.kde.org] KDE, [http://
www.opengroup.org/desktop/] Motif, [http://www.openmotif.org] OpenMotif,
...). The evolution of these last tools indicates that the 2000's may be the
years where Linux and free software will break through at their turn on the
client. 

  I want to mention that this document was realised on an HP Brio BAx, then
on a Vectra VL400 equiped only with a Linux distribution, with the help of
tools like [http://sourceforge.net/projects/docbook] DSSSL style sheet,
[http://www.netfolder.com/DSSSL/index.html] OpenJade and [http://
www.oasis-open.org/docbook/] DocBook, [http://www.vim.org] ViM which allowed
to generate from a single source the formats HTML, Txt, RTF, PostScript, and
PDF.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.2.5. Service argumentation

  This one was for a long time a blocking point to the expansion of free
software in the firms. It's not the case today. Many service providers or
hardware manufacturers, like HP, control today these solutions and propose
support around them, uoto missions critical if requested. 

  Other sources of information are also available, in abundance, through
several web sites dedicated to these solutions, specialised mailing-lists,
and various Usenet groups, such as for Linux, the international groups under 
comp.os.linux.* or for the french speaking people under fr.comp.os.linux.*.

  Concerning competences, more and more young engineers or academics finish
their learning cycle being trained to the use of free applications and
operating systems. This wealth of competences arrives now on the labour
market and will contribute to increase the movement of generalisation of
these tools. At last, many firms have internaly ignored competences. In fact,
their employees often install this software at home, and have a good
mastering, usable when arrives the deployment of the software in their
professional structure. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.3. Wrong ideas on free software

  Advocating free software consists also to mention some generally accepted
ideas concerning them and to fight them. 

"There is no support, no training"
      As seen previously, support is currently structuring itself. A firm
    like [http://www.redhat.com] RedHat provides today support for their
    solutions. Only in France, we may mention firms like [http://
    www.medasys.fr] Medasys , [http://www.atrid.fr] Atrid, [http://
    www.alcove.fr] Alcove which assure support on free software. Likewise,
    always in France, training on free software may be given by [http://
    www.france.hp.com/formation] HP France, [http://www.learningtree.com/fr/
    index.htm] Learning Tree, the [http://form-continue.iut-velizy.uvsq.fr/]
    IUT de V�lizy, without mentioning generic network and Unix trainings
    (besides proposed also by the same organizations) which represent a
    fundamental base in a training course. And at last, we should mention the
    ability of each of us to self-train, mainly thanks to the huge
    documentation available (See the Chapter 7).
   
"There is no documentation"
      There is a whole set of manuals, the [http://www.linuxdoc.org] Linux
    Documentation Project, made of FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) and
    HOWTO, counting more than 300 documents around Linux, the main being
    [http://www.traduc.org] translated in french, and [ftp://ftp.linet.gr.jp:
    /pub/howto-translations] in japanese available as free documentation.
    This documentation has a various quality, more or less up to date,
    following the subjects, certainly but it makes a corpus allowing to
    apprehend alone a Linux distribution and all its components. For myself,
    I always found in it everything I needed to do my job with free software.
    And, in case of complementary information, a lot of web sites and Usenet
    groups may again bring some of the elements needed. And without counting
    the innumerable manual pages available on line. Each distribution comes
    also with a comprehensive set of manual covering all the tasks of
    installing, handling and managing them. 
   
      On the other side, the editors [http://www.editions-oreilly.fr]
    O'Reilly and [http://www.ssc.com] SSC have specialised in providing books
    around free software, written generaly by the writers of the software
    themselves. Their books are considered as reference books in their
    respective domains. 
   
"A free or nearly free product is a toy"
      You should always make a difference between free (as speech) and free
    (as beer). Too many freeware in Microsoft environment are in fact toys
    and of poor quality. It's absolutely not the case for free software, as
    stated in the previous sections. Remember just that they are reliable by
    construction. 
   
"Linux is difficult to install"
      Linux is a professional operating system. At that title, it requires
    competences to install it, as well as any other professional operating
    system, like the other Unix or Windows NT for example. But it isn't more
    difficult to install than those either, mainly thanks to distributions as
    RedHat, Mandrake, ... You need about 30 minutes to realize a complete
    installation of such distributions, so quite the same as for HP-UX and
    noticeably less than for Windows NT Server. 
   
      On the other hand, as before installing a server with Windows NT you
    have to verify its compatibility with the [http://www.microsoft.com/HCL]
    Hardware Compatibility List of Microsoft, for Linux it's also greatly
    recommended to verify the [http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/
    Hardware-HOWTO.html] Hardware HOWTO, and for HP machines to refer to 
    Section 3.2.
   
"Free Software are not adequate for heavy tasks"
      This is less and less true and this criticism has been obsoleted with
    the latest versions of the Linux kernel which will include a journalised
    filesystem, allowing a true application cluster. But already Linux
    authorises the use of multi-processors, several nodes to realise
    computation clusters. And don't forget it's used by the portal [http://
    www.voila.fr] Voila (France Telecom) or the engine [http://
    www.google.com] Google among other prestigious references. As well,
    FreeBSD is used with success as the world biggest ftp server : [ftp://
    ftp.cdrom.com] Walnut Creek CDROM server Useful projects to consult in
    this area of high availability are [http://www.linux-vs.org] http://
    www.linux-vs.org, [http://www.opengfs.org] http://www.opengfs.org and
    [http://www.linux-ha.org] http://www.linux-ha.org
   
"What appeal do I have in case of problem with the editors ?"
      There is no appeal, because software licences deny all responsabilities
    for the writers, in case of problem. But, in reality developers are
    always ready to help in case of problem and try to correct as soon as
    possible the bugs encountered (for the F00F bug of the pentium, a patch
    for the Linux kernel was published within 3 days, for example). On the
    other side, commercial editors guarantee very badly users against
    problems other than packaging errors. Please read the notes furnished
    with your software to judge. 
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.2.4. Real problems around free software

  It would not be honest to negate certain remaining problems linked to free
software. Some have begun to disappear, other are inherent to the system,
other at last will take time to diappear. 

  The first problem, inherent to the model of free software, is the
multiplicity of tools and distributions available. So, if you want to setup a
mail server, you have to choose between Sendmail, Exim, PostFix, Qmail,
Smail. As well if you want to install Linux, you may choose between the
distributions [http://www.redhat.com] RedHat , [http://www.suse.de] SuSE,
[http://www.slackware.com] Slackware, [http://www.linux-mandrake.com/en]
Mandrake, [http://www.turbolinux.com] Turbo Linux, [http://www.debian.org]
Debian. This represents often a problem for the newcomer, but the esperienced
user will always prefer to have a large choice he will confront to his
particularities and to his experience. As long as an actor respects the rules
by freeing his code (it's the case of the rpm and deb formats for example),
there is little risk from the comunity point of view. The key point is that
the choice is made only taking in account technical criterias. 

  The second problem, inherent also to the free software birth, is the
necessity to have strong Unix and Internet competences, to manage such
solutions. The power available through these systems is proportional to the
competence of their administrators. And that will stay true even with the
growth of more and more grahical solutions to manage them. On the other side,
you capitalize the investment in time to learn their functions and that
doesn't disappear, because you don't have to re-learn eveything from one
version to the other (I use the same editor, vi, for the last 15 years).
Don't forget that systems you use daily seem to be simple, uniquely because
you passed enough time to learn them. For Internet competences, it's a
statement of the obvious to say that this investment isn't lost. At last,
even with the work of translators to provide information in french and other
languages, a good knowledge in technical english is definitively a plus. 

  The last problem met in the implementation of free software solutions is to
suceed in convincing some managers to go against the prevailing opinion. The
aim of this chapter is precisely to give all sorts of argumentations to
achieve that goal, but you need each time to show conviction to get his way
in the end. As soon as these solutions will be adopted by big firms
principaly, resistances will disappear. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.3. Linux and other operating systems

  The aim is not to examine completely or to compare the functions of the
various operating systems available. It's more upon looking at the respective
positions of Linux in comparaison with other systems. Only systems having a
sufficient representation on the market are considered. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.3.1. Linux and other proprietary Unix (HP-UX, Tru64, AIX, Solaris, Irix)

  The situation taken by all the hardware manufacturers places Linux today in
the entry level (when it's taken in account) and their own Unix system in the
middle and high level. Reality is sometimes more cruel than the situation
wanted by the marketing department :-). Technically, a Linux distribution has
no cause to be envious of the manufacturers Unix solutions, except for the
moment the set of commercial applications and some high-end hardware
configuration support. And we can often see that users dope their Unix
workstations with free software to complete their usage. 

  To be precise in the talk, we should consider manufacturers Unix solutions
as split in stations and servers. 

  On the station side, there's no doubt in my mind: for a customer, the only
reason today to buy one is linked to the availability of a software or a
hardware which wouldn't exist in the free environment, or due to intrinsic
performances of the machine. In the first case, we can see that this argument
should have a short life time, because logically every software editor
(except maybe hardware manufacturers) and every hardware manufacturer has
interest in porting their applications or allowing the use of their hardware
on all the major environments in the market. As shown by Oracle, Informix,
Sybase, ... Linux becomes today one of the major environments. In the second
case, the difference in term of performances between the Linux dominant
platform (IA-32) and the other competitors decreases and will disappear with
the generalisation of the IA-64 architecture, which seems to be adopted
largely by a majority of actors. More over, Linux is often available natively
on the processors of these actors (Sparc, Mips, PowerPC, 68xxx, Alpha,
Crusoe, PA-Risc). I think Linux may represent the famous unique and standard
Unix that everybody dreamed of from a long time, without succeeding to impose
it (the open and free characteristics brought by Linux are not without
influence on that). I think that at the end hardware manufacturer Unix
workstations will be restricted to some niches such as high end computation,
virtual reality, ... and that as long as solutions are not available on a
free environment. Linux offers all the functional qualities of the other Unix
systems, and thus of the workstation, on a more various hardware platform and
potentially at a better price, if on PCs. So it is the natural choice of
every computer engineer with a strong Unix culture (old customer of the
workstation) who will prefer that solution to the migration to a Microsoft
system typically. With IA-64, we can see that Linux was the first operating
system available (including graphical support). 

  On the server side, in addtion to the points mentionned previously for the
stations, problems are more complex. Ram, disks, processors capacities,
extensions of every kind make them difficultly repleacable by machines with a
IA-32 architecture for example. More over, certain solutions such as high
availability clusters for example have just been put in production in a Linux
environment, compared to years of operation under Unix. The other brake is
often linked to investments already done around software solutions deployed
on these servers. Whatever their natural life time is much higher than those
of the stations. Changes will thus be made more slowly in that domain. Here
we can consider rightly Linux solutions as an entry/middle level solutions,
when hardware manufacturer Unix servers are the middle/high level. The
introduction of Linux in place of these machines will begin only with a
massive availability of applications, mainly in the management sector. Again
IA-64, with increased SMP capabilities (16 processors today), higher
bandwidth, ... will make things change. 

  The advantages of the hardware manufacturer solutions, explaining why they
are so often chosen when applications are critical, are linked to the
homogeneity of the solution (hardware and software mastered by the same
entity, which can't invoke a third party in case of problem), and to the
support and maintenance guarantees furnished. 

  Finally, there is not so much antagonism between these systems, because
they are full cousins. Their association allows today to computer teams
"pro-Unix" to have solutions from start to finish, without having to lose in
functions, as it's so often the case with other operating systems available
for personal computers. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.3.2. Linux and SCO/Caldera

  The comparaison between Linux and the SCO systems seems to me quite
unbalanced. First, all the previous points are vaild here also. More over,
SCO isn't a hardware manufacturer, so the homogeneity advantage disappears.
The IA-32 Intel platform is supported by both systems, so cost is identical.
On the other hand, the software solution has a disproportionate cost (few
software provided in the base install, thus a lot of expenses to extend, as
well as to increase the number of users). Having to manage one OpenServer, I
can say that performances are far beyond those of a Linux system. More over,
its conception is older, abounds of symbolic links which makes management
complex. The hardware supported by SCO is less numerous than those Linux
supports. Only stay as an advantage the installed base and the set of
applications available. But for how long ? Caldera now owns both SCO software
(Openserver and Unixware) and its own Linux distribution. But instead of
trying to free technologies from SCO, they are proprietarizing their linux (1
license per server). 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.3.3. Linux and Windows NT/2000/XP

  The comparaison is here more difficult, because Windows NT/2000/XP isn't an
open system, as the precedings, which is already redhibitory for certain
users. An excellent [http://unix-vs-nt.org/kirch/] comparaison was made by
John Kirch between Unix and Windows NT Server. I recommend to people
searching to have an enlightened opinion on this subject to read it; it's
updated regularly and was written by a specialist of both Microsoft and Unix
operating systems. Financially, obvious advantage for the free software. And
it's more obvious, as for SCO, if you consider the set of complementary
software you need to use a server. The author evaluates the difference from 1
to 100 all the same ! Technically, either on the functions provided or on the
reliability, the administration, the performances, the hardware supported,
and more over the security, Unix systems and particularly free systems
outperform what is proposed by Windows NT/2000/XP. The fact to have a GUI non
independant from the kernel contributes greatly to the instability of NT/2000
/XP, because it's more difficult to avoid errors in a GUI (there is no
mastering possible of the user comportment in front of it) rather than in a
kernel. 

  Which are the real advantages of Windows NT ?: the marketing power of
Microsoft which persuades the world that computers equal Windows and which
leans on the enormous installed base; its office applications (a monopolistic
situation on the market) only available in this environment; the confusion
maintained between the various flavours of Windows (95/98, NT, 2000), and
between the server and client functions; its agreements with the biggest
hardware manufacturers which often require them to provide a Microsoft system
with their platforms; its technological initiatives to occupy the market in
first, based on proprietary code and that often without respect of known or
documented standards, or its policy to embrace for killing a movement
(described in the [http://www.opensource.org/halloween.html] "Haloween
documents").

  The lack of hegemony in the servers sector is the best reason to hope that
a plurality of solutions may exist in the future for computers users, also at
the desktop. The new XP licensing schema, the passport tool, the registering
mechanism during installation are real brakes for users thinking to migrate
from a current platform to a new one, as well as the hardware costs linked.
In that perspective, an opensource solution should and will be more and more
considered. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chapter 3. Linux and HP products

 To maintain such a chapter is an endless task :-).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.1. Informations on HP products and Linux

3.1.1. General information

  HP became recently concious of the importance taken by Linux and free
software in general, and on its machines particularly. Thus a web site
dedicated to Linux in HP environment is now available at [http://www.hp.com/
go/linux] http://www.hp.com/go/linux.

  In France, there is for a longer time a site on these themes, under the
responsability of Jacques Misselis <Jacques_Misselis@hp.com>, hosted by
[http://www.ec-lyon.fr] l'�cole Centrale de Lyon at the address [http://
hpwww.ec-lyon.fr/hpeduc/education] http://hpwww.ec-lyon.fr/hpeduc/education.

  On the other side, the firm Medasys for which I worked between 1996 and
2000, put at disposition of the community a certain number of information
since 1997, available at [http://www.medasys.fr/linux] http://www.medasys.fr/
linux. This HOWTO is the result of this work. 

  HP also realised a synthesis document (PDF format) concerning his position
in front of Linux, the [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Docs/
white-paper.pdf] White Paper HP Linux Strategy (1999-04).

  HP is a member or sponsor of [http://www.li.org] Linux International,[http:
//www.osdlab.org] Open Source Development Lab, and [http://www.linuxbase.org]
Linux Standard Base.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.1.2. Particular announces

  HP also communicates through its web site around Linux and free software.
You'll find some links here. 

��*�  FireHunter announce (10/06/1998) 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/communications/solutions/isp/tools/pressroom/releases/
    pr032999a.html] http://www.hp.com/communications/solutions/isp/tools/
    pressroom/releases/pr032999a.html
   
��*�  Covision program announce (01/27/1999) 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/jan99/27jan99b.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    pressrel/jan99/27jan99b.htm
   
��*�  Linux support on NetServers and IA-64 announce (01/27/1999) 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/jan99/27jan99.htm] http://www.hp.com/pressrel
    /jan99/27jan99.htm
   
��*�  PA-Risc port announce (03/01/1999) 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/mar99/01mar99e.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    pressrel/mar99/01mar99e.htm
   
��*�  Informix HP association announce (03/02/1999) 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/mar99/02mar99i.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    pressrel/mar99/02mar99i.htm
   
��*�  Kayak Linux support (03/17/1999) 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/mar99/17mar99e.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    pressrel/mar99/17mar99e.htm
   
��*�  World Linux support announce (04/20/1999) 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/apr99/20apr99a.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    pressrel/apr99/20apr99a.htm
   
��*�  HP OpenView announces (05/17/1999) 
   
    [http://www.openview.hp.com/solutions/itsm/press/press.asp?docid=314]
    http://www.openview.hp.com/solutions/itsm/press/press.asp?docid=314
   
��*�  Availability of Apache on HP 3000 (Summer/1999) 
   
    [http://www.businessservers.hp.com/falladvisor/sum99/Summer99/
    apache.html] http://www.businessservers.hp.com/falladvisor/sum99/Summer99
    /apache.html
   
��*�  Visualize Linux support announce (06/21/1999) 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/jun99/21jun99g.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    pressrel/jun99/21jun99g.htm
   
��*�  Open Source Software commitment by HP (08/09/1999) 
   
    [http://internetsolutions.enterprise.hp.com/linux/news/PRelease4.html]
    http://internetsolutions.enterprise.hp.com/linux/news/PRelease4.html
   
��*�  Aberdeen group analysis on HP position on free software (08/09/1999) 
   
    [http://internetsolutions.enterprise.hp.com/linux/news/
    aberdeen_white_paper.html] http://internetsolutions.enterprise.hp.com/
    linux/news/aberdeen_white_paper.html
   
��*�  HP Linux vision (01/01/2000)
   
    [http://www.hp.com/visualize/programs/news/archive/linuxvision.html]
    http://www.hp.com/visualize/programs/news/archive/linuxvision.html
   
��*�  HP announces the certification of its DAT and DLT products under Linux
    (02/02/2000)
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/feb00/02feb00c.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    pressrel/feb00/02feb00c.htm
   
��*�  HP Brings Award-winning 3-D VISUALIZE Graphics to Linux Desktop (02/02/
    2000)
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/feb00/02feb00b.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    pressrel/feb00/02feb00b.htm and [http://
    internetsolutions.enterprise.hp.com/linux/feb02page.html] http://
    internetsolutions.enterprise.hp.com/linux/feb02page.html
   
��*�  HP and Intel Release IA-64 Developer's Kit for Linux (06/13/2000)
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/jun00/13jun00a.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    pressrel/jun00/13jun00a.htm
   
��*�  HP Announces Linux Support for State-of-the-art 3-D Graphics
    Accelerators (07/25/2000)
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/jul00/25jul00b.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    pressrel/jul00/25jul00b.htm
   
��*�  HP Expands Commitment to Linux (08/14/2000)
   
    [http://www.hp.com/pressrel/aug00/14aug00.htm] http://www.hp.com/pressrel
    /aug00/14aug00.htm
   
��*�  HP adds Linux support for its Chai appliance platform Software (09/26/
    2000)
   
    [http://www.linux.hp.com/news_events/press_releases/linux_chai.html]
    http://www.linux.hp.com/news_events/press_releases/linux_chai.html
   
��*�  HP NetServers make Linux Hum for Solid State Design 
   
    [http://netserver.hp.com/netserver/docs/download.asp?file=cs_solid.pdf]
    http://netserver.hp.com/netserver/docs/download.asp?file=cs_solid.pdf
   
��*�Medasys chosen by Hewlett-Packard France Education/Research as Linux
    competence center 
   
    [http://hpwww.ec-lyon.fr/hpeduc/education/offre/linux/educ_linux.html]
    http://hpwww.ec-lyon.fr/hpeduc/education/offre/linux/educ_linux.html
   
��*�  Hewlett-Packard France Education/Research announces commitment to Linux
    promotion 
   
    [http://hpwww.ec-lyon.fr/hpeduc/education/offre/linux/hp_linux.html]
    http://hpwww.ec-lyon.fr/hpeduc/education/offre/linux/hp_linux.html
   
��*�  HP's open letter to the Open source Community (10/18/2000)
   
    [http://www.linux.hp.com/news_events/open_letter.html] http://
    www.linux.hp.com/news_events/open_letter.html
   
��*�  HP Ultrium Tape Drives Certified to be Linux Compatible (11/21/2000)
   
    [http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/21nov00b.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    hpinfo/newsroom/press/21nov00b.htm
   
��*�  Bruce Perens, Open Source advocate, joins HP (12/04/2000)
   
    [http://www.itworld.com/Comp/2362/LWD010404hpdrivers/:w! ] http://
    www.itworld.com/Comp/2362/LWD010404hpdrivers/:w!
   
��*�  OSDL opens today with 19 sponsors including HP (01/24/2001) 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/24jan01b.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    hpinfo/newsroom/press/24jan01b.htm
   
��*�  HP Extends Linux Support for Enterprise Solutions (01/31/2001) 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/31jan01a.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    hpinfo/newsroom/press/31jan01a.htm
   
��*�  HP's commitment for Linux during Linux-Expo Paris 2001 (02/02/2001)
   
    [http://www.france.hp.com/main/une/temoignages/linux/expo.php3] http://
    www.france.hp.com/main/une/temoignages/linux/expo.php3
   
��*�  HP opens print driver source code (04/04/2001)
   
    [http://www.linux.hp.com/news_events/perens.html] http://www.linux.hp.com
    /news_events/perens.html
   
��*�  EMEA announces around Linux (Trusted Linux, Mandrake Certification,
    ...) (08/2/2001) 
   
    [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Press/PREMEA20010822.pdf]
    http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Press/PREMEA20010822.pdf
   
��*�  B. Maillard Interview (HP France) (08/24/2001) 
   
    [http://solutions.journaldunet.com/itws/010824_it_hp_maillard.shtml]
    http://solutions.journaldunet.com/itws/010824_it_hp_maillard.shtml
   
��*�  HP Expands Open Source Offerings with Linux Security Software and
    Embedded Software Platform for Intelligent Devices (08/27/2001) 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/27aug01b.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    hpinfo/newsroom/press/27aug01b.htm
   
��*�  HP Builds Supercomputer from Off-the-Shelf Parts (Oct. 2001)
   
    [http://www.hpl.hp.com/news/2001/oct-dec/supercomputer.html] http://
    www.hpl.hp.com/news/2001/oct-dec/supercomputer.html
   
��*�  HP's Linux strat�gy 
   
    [http://www.hpbriefingroom.com/north_america/linux/index.html] http://
    www.hpbriefingroom.com/north_america/linux/index.html
   
��*�  HP, Red Hat Provide Selected Universities Worldwide with Grants of Red
    Hat Linux Software 
   
    [http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/06nov01a.htm] http://www.hp.com/
    hpinfo/newsroom/press/06nov01a.htm
   
��*�  I've participated to a conference organised by Cyperus during the
    Linux-Expo Paris 2001. You could see it at this address [rtsp://
    discovery.oleane.net:554/2001/janvier/linuxexpo/linux207.rm] rtsp://
    discovery.oleane.net:554/2001/janvier/linuxexpo/linux207.rm
   

HP France has also published an article on Linux and free software in its May
1999 issue of HP Computer News, an article on HP Linux support in the
September 1999 issue, and an article on Linux RedHat solutions on HP
Visualize workstation in the November 1999 issue. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2. HP hardware supported by Linux

  This section presents HP hardware supported today by Linux. Informations
are based on the latest stable version of the Linux kernel, which is
currently version 2.4.16. A development kernel (version 2.5) is also
available but doesn't offer any guarantee of stability. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1. Intel based computer range

  Page last updated the 2001-12-21.

  That computer range is today the main set of HP machines supported by
Linux, and that till many years. In case you didn't already do it before,
some preliminaty readings are recommended before to try to install Linux on
these platforms.

  The [http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Installation-HOWTO.html] Linux
Installation HOWTO contains a great number of information to install Linux.
If you bought linux on a CD-ROM, chances are that installation instructions
are provided with it (the little booklet inside the disk case, and/or files
on the CD). 

  The [http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Kernel-HOWTO.html] Linux Kernel HOWTO
should be read to have details on kernel construction. I will just mention
here points which are specific to HP hardware. 

  Outside particular indication, Linux support means during the installation
of a RedHat/Mandrake type distribution. In special cases, a kernel rebuild
will be necessary to support completely some hardware elements. You should
note that what is true for one distribution is generally true for another, as
these functions are linked to the kernel or the XFree86 server, and not to
the distribution itself. 

  In case of problem, the first reflex should be to update the BIOS of the HP
machine, and to verify whether the problem is always there. If yes, you may
then contact HP support, if your configuration is supported by HP (This
document focus on what is working, superset of what is supported, and has no
value in that area). On the other hand, if your machine is working correctly,
don't update the BIOS without reason, this is always a risked operation. BIOS
updates are available from [http://www.hp.com/cposupport/software.html] http:
//www.hp.com/cposupport/software.html
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.1. The desktop range (Brio, Vectra, Kayak)

  HP has a new program called "Freedom of Choice" on the whole desktop range.
Linux is thus one of the operating systems pushed by HP. Cf: [http://
www.hp.com/desktops/linux/] http://www.hp.com/desktops/linux/ and [http://
www.hp.com/pressrel/aug00/14aug00.htm] http://www.hp.com/pressrel/aug00/
14aug00.htm.

A [http://www.hp.com/desktops/linux/linuxfaq.html] FAQ is also available. 

  HP insures the support of certified Linux hardware by the following method
: all the machines have the [http://www.support.vectra.hp.com/vectrasupport/
indexes/Driver39.html] Diagtool utility. If this utility indicates a problem,
it's taken in account by HP maintenance. If it doesn't, it's considered as a
software problem and should be reported to the distribution provider.  

  The following tables indicate the state of Linux support by these platforms
: 


Table 3-1. Brio and Linux
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Machine    |Graphic   |Linux    |Network|Linux  |SCSI|Linux  |Sound |Linux   |Tested|
|           |Card      |support  |Card   |support|Card|support|Card  |support |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio       |S3 Trio   |Yes XFree|None   |N/A    |None|N/A    |???   |???     |Yes   |
|(D5522A,   |64V2 PCI  |3.3.6Rem.|       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5526A,    |          |(S3)     |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5857A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6665A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5838A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5848A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6514A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5527A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5528A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6666A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6675A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5849A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5839A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5859A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6666A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6510A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6515A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6667A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5840A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5861A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6668A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5840C,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D5841A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6516B)    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio       |ATI Rage  |Yes XFree|None   |N/A    |None|N/A    |???   |???     |No    |
|(D6810A,   |Pro ZX AGP|4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6812A)    |          |(ati)    |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio       |ATI Rage  |Yes XFree|None   |N/A    |None|N/A    |???   |???     |No    |
|(D6638A,   |Pro ZX AGP|4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6639A,    |          |(ati)    |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6640A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6644A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7901A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7902A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6645A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6646A)    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|Chipset BX |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|Rem.       |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio       |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A    |None|N/A    |???   |???     |No    |
|(D5841A,   |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6516B)    |II PCI    |(mga)    |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio       |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A    |None|N/A    |???   |???     |No    |
|(D6760A,   |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7671A,    |G100 AGP  |(mga)    |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6908A,    |Rem.      |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7930A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7672A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7925T,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6776A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6769A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6755A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6895A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6896A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D6897A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7931A)    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio BA    |Sis 5595  |Yes XFree|None   |N/A    |None|N/A    |Cirrus|Yes     |No    |
|(D7581A,   |AGP       |4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |Logic |driver  |      |
|D7584A,    |          |in Frame |       |       |    |       |CS    |AlsaRem.|      |
|D7585A,    |          |Buffer   |       |       |    |       |4614  |        |      |
|D7587A,    |          |mode     |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7586A,    |          |(FBDEV)  |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7591A,    |          |Rem.     |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7594A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8411A)    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio BAx   |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A    |None|N/A    |Cirrus|Yes     |Yes   |
|(D7600A,   |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |Logic |driver  |      |
|D7603A,    |G200 AGP  |(mga)    |       |       |    |       |CS    |AlsaRem.|      |
|D7624A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |4614  |        |      |
|D7625A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7630A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D7610A)Rem.|          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio BAx   |Matrox    |Yes XFree|???    |???    |None|N/A    |Cirrus|Yes     |No    |
|(D7605A)   |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |Logic |driver  |      |
|Rem.       |G200 AGP  |(mga)    |       |       |    |       |CS    |AlsaRem.|      |
|           |          |         |       |       |    |       |4614  |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio BA400 |Intel i810|Yes XFree|None   |N/A    |None|N/A    |???   |???     |Yes   |
|(D8760A,   |AGPRem.   |4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8761A,    |          |(i810)   |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8763A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8764A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8767A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8768A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8769A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8934A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8935A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8936A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8943A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8947A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8952A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8953A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D9720A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D9721A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D9724A)    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio BA410 |S3 Savage |Yes XFree|None   |N/A    |None|N/A    |VIA   |Yes     |Yes   |
|(P1682A,   |AGPRem.   |4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |82C686|driver  |      |
|P1683A,    |          |(savage) |       |       |    |       |      |AlsaRem.|      |
|P1686A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P1687A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P1689A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P1692A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P1694A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P1710A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P1711A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P1718A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P1719A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P1720A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P1722A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|03237A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P2738A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P2739A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P2741A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P2743A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P2745A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P2746A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3235A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3263A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3264A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3265A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3266A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3267A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3268A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3269A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3271A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3272A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3662A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3663A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3664A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3665A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3666A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P4848B,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P4849B,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P4855B,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P4869A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P4870A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P4872A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P5816B,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P5817B,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P5821B,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P5822A)    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio BA410 |S3 Savage |Yes XFree|SMC    |Yes    |None|N/A    |VIA   |Yes     |Yes   |
|(P1716A,   |AGPRem.   |4.1.0Rem.|1211 TX|driver |    |       |82C686|driver  |      |
|P1721A,    |          |(savage) |EZ Card|rtl8139|    |       |      |AlsaRem.|      |
|P1723A,    |          |         |10/100 |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3270A,    |          |         |BT     |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P3273A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|P4873A)    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio BA410 |nVidia    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A    |None|N/A    |VIA   |Yes     |No    |
|(P2744A,   |GeForce 2 |4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |82C686|driver  |      |
|P3274A,    |GTS AGP   |(nv)     |       |       |    |       |      |AlsaRem.|      |
|P3667A)    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio BA600 |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A    |None|N/A    |Cirrus|Yes     |Yes   |
|(D8770A,   |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |Logic |driver  |      |
|D8771A,    |G200 AGP  |(mga)    |       |       |    |       |CS    |AlsaRem.|      |
|D8772A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |4614  |        |      |
|D8773A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8778A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8780A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8783A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8784A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8785A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8788A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8789A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8963A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D9070A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D9072A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D9080A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D9082A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D9085A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D9091A)    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|Chipset BX |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|Rem.       |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+
|Brio BA600 |Matrox    |Yes XFree|???    |???    |None|N/A    |Cirrus|Yes     |No    |
|(D8406A,   |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|       |       |    |       |Logic |driver  |      |
|D8774A,    |G200 AGP  |(mga)    |       |       |    |       |CS    |AlsaRem.|      |
|D8781A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |4614  |        |      |
|D8787A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D8967A,    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|D9075A)    |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|Chipset BX |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
|Rem.       |          |         |       |       |    |       |      |        |      |
+-----------+----------+---------+-------+-------+----+-------+------+--------+------+


Table 3-2. Vectra and Linux
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Machine       |Graphic   |Linux    |Network|Linux    |SCSI   |Linux      |Sound   |Linux      |Tested  |
|              |Card      |support  |Card   |support  |Card   |support    |Card    |support    |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra xe310  |Intel i810|Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |Intel   |Yes driver |Mandrake|
|(P5829A,      |AGPRem.   |4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |82810   |AlsaRem.   |8.1     |
|P5833A,       |          |(i810)   |       |         |       |           |Audio   |           |        |
|P5881A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5902A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5904A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P6014B,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P6015B,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P6016A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P6138A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra xe310  |Intel i810|Yes XFree|SMC    |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Intel   |Yes driver |Mandrake|
|(P5865B,      |AGPRem.   |4.1.0Rem.|1211 TX|driver   |       |           |82810   |AlsaRem.   |8.1     |
|P5891A)       |          |(i810)   |EZ Card|rtl8139  |       |           |Audio   |           |        |
|              |          |         |10/100 |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|              |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra xe310  |Intel i810|Yes XFree|SMC    |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Intel   |Yes driver |Preload |
|(P6137A)      |AGPRem.   |4.1.0Rem.|1211 TX|driver   |       |           |82810   |AlsaRem.   |Mandrake|
|              |          |(i810)   |EZ Card|rtl8139  |       |           |Audio   |           |8.1     |
|              |          |         |10/100 |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|              |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VE5    |S3 Trio   |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |Yes     |
|(D5592A,      |64V2 PCI  |3.3.6Rem.|       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5602A,       |          |(S3)     |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5603A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5604A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5606N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5608A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5612A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5615A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5618A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5607A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5617A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VE7    |ATI Rage  |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |Yes     |
|(D6530A,      |II C AGP  |4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6531A,       |          |(ati)    |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6533A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6610A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6611A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6615A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6616A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6613A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VE7    |ATI Rage  |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |Yes     |
|(D6532A,      |II C AGP  |4.1.0Rem.|905B-TX|driver   |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6612A,       |          |(ati)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |        |           |        |
|D6617A,       |          |         |BTRem. |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6618A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VE8    |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |AZTEC   |Yes driver |Yes     |
|(D6550A,      |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |2320Rem.|AlsaRem.   |        |
|D6560A,       |G100 AGP  |(mga)    |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6570A,       |Rem.      |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6554A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6584A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6540A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6541A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6544A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6543A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6578A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6573A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6574A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6580A,D6581A,|          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6584A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6583A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6593A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6597A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6598A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset BXRem.|          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VE8    |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |AZTEC   |Yes driver |Yes     |
|(D6552N,      |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|905B-TX|driver   |       |           |2320Rem.|AlsaRem.   |        |
|D6562N,       |G100 AGP  |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |        |           |        |
|D6565N,       |Rem.      |         |BTRem. |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6542A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6572A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6575A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6582A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6595A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6582A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6585N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6599A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset BXRem.|          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VEi7   |Sis 5595  |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |Yes     |
|(D8112A,      |AGP       |4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8117A,       |          |in Frame |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8121A,       |          |Buffer   |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8123A,       |          |mode     |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8124A,       |          |(FBDEV)  |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8126A,       |          |Rem.     |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8128A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8129A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8131A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8133A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8134A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8136A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8138A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8139A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8141A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8143A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8144A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8145A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8148A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1618A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1619A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VEi7   |Sis 5595  |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |No      |
|(D8118N,      |AGP       |4.1.0Rem.|905B-TX|driver   |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8122A,       |          |in Frame |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |        |           |        |
|D8127N,       |          |Buffer   |BTRem. |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8132A,       |          |mode     |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8137A,       |          |(FBDEV)  |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1620A)       |          |Rem.     |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VEi8   |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |No      |
|(D8166A,      |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8168A,       |G200 AGP  |(mga)    |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8151A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8153A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8155A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8169A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8171A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8173A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8174A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8181A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8183A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8184A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8186A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8188A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9784A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9785A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9786A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9788A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9791A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9793A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1626A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1628A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1633A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VEi8   |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |No      |
|(D8167N,      |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|905B-TX|driver   |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8152N,       |G200 AGP  |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |        |           |        |
|D8172N,       |          |         |BTRem. |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8182N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8187N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9787N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9789A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9792N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1627A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL5    |S3 Trio   |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |Yes     |
|(D4552A,      |64V2 PCI  |3.3.6Rem.|       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4543A,       |          |(S3)     |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4554A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4555A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4556A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4557A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4558A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4559A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4560A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4567A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4562A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4563A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4572A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4574A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4576A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4579A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4577A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL6    |Cirrus    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |Yes     |
|              |Logic GD  |4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|              |5446 PCI  |(cirrus) |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL6    |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |No      |
|              |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|              |II PCI    |(mga)    |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL7    |Cirrus    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |Yes     |
|(D5710A,      |Logic GD  |4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5711N,       |5465 AGP  |(cirrus) |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5725A,       |Rem.      |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5720A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5721N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5731N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5797N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5737A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5799N)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL7    |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |No      |
|(D5734N,      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5729N,       |II PCI    |(mga)    |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5739N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5728N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5798N)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL7    |Cirrus    |Yes XFree|AMD    |Yes      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |No      |
|(D5724N,      |Logic GD  |4.1.0Rem.|79C971 |driver   |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5796N)       |5465 AGP  |(cirrus) |KC 10/ |pcnet32  |       |           |        |           |        |
|              |Rem.      |         |100 BT |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL8    |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |No      |
|(D5880A,      |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5882A,       |G100 AGP  |(mga)    |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5890A,       |Rem.      |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5891A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5893A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5896A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5898A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5900A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5902A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6945A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset BXRem.|          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL8    |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |No      |
|(D5881A,      |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|905B-TX|driver   |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5883A,       |G100 AGP  |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |        |           |        |
|D5894A,       |Rem.      |         |BTRem. |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5888A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D5892A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset BXRem.|          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL8    |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |???    |???        |???     |???        |No      |
|(D5887A)      |Productiva|4.1.0Rem.|905B-TX|driver   |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset BXRem.|G100 AGP  |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |        |           |        |
|              |Rem.      |         |BTRem. |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL8    |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |No      |
|(D6944A)      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset BXRem.|G200 AGP  |(mga)    |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL8    |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |No      |
|(D6940A,      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|905B-TX|driver   |       |           |        |           |        |
|D6941A,       |G200 AGP  |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |        |           |        |
|D6942A)       |          |         |BTRem. |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset BXRem.|          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL8    |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |Adaptec|Yes driver |???     |???        |Yes     |
|(D6943A)      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|905B-TX|driver   |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.|        |           |        |
|Chipset BXRem.|G200 AGP  |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|7880 UW|           |        |           |        |
|              |          |         |BTRem. |         |PCI    |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VLi8   |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |Cirrus  |Yes driver |Yes     |
|(D7941A,      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |Logic CS|AlsaRem.   |        |
|D7943A,       |G200 AGP  |(mga)    |       |         |       |           |4614    |           |        |
|D7945A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7948A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7951A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7953A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7955A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7961A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7963A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7965A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7958A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7968A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7969A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7973A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7976A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9459A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9460A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9463A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9467A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9774A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9810A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1894A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1898A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VLi8   |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Cirrus  |Yes driver |Yes     |
|(D7826A,      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |Logic CS|AlsaRem.   |        |
|D7836A,       |G200 AGP  |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |4614    |           |        |
|D7837A,       |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7846A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7847A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7848A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7856A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7857A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7866A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7867N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7876A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7877N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7942A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7949A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7952A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7959A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7962A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7969A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D7972A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8696A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8697A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8950A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9456A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9457N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9461A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9462A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9770N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9771N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9775A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9778A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9779N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9809A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1896A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1899A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL400  |Intel i815|Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Intel   |Yes driver |Yes     |
|(D9815A,      |AGPRem.   |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |82810   |AlsaRem.   |        |
|D9816A,       |          |(i810)   |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |Audio   |           |        |
|D9817A,       |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9818A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9819A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9820A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9821A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9822A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9824A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9826A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9828A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9829A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9830A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9831A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9833A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1555A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1556A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1557A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1558A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1560A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2260A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2261A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2266A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2265A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2778A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2779A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3351A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3353A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3389A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3390A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3391A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3394A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3614A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3615A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3616A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3618A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3687A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3691A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3694A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3697A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3698A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3699A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3700A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3702A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3704A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3728A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3730A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3732A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3733A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3734A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3735A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3736A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3737A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3738A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3739A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3740A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3743A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3744A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3745A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3746A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3747A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4110A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4116A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4119A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4120A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4121A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4128A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4129A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4130A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4134A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4136A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4137A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4138A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4140A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4352A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4354A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4355A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4368A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4369A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4370A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4371A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4745A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4746A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4747A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4748A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4752A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4753A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5060A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5069A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5075A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5120A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5121A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5123A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5125A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5126A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5133A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5144A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5598A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset i820  |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL400  |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Intel   |Yes driver |RedHat  |
|(D9825A,      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |82810   |AlsaRem.   |7.0     |
|D9827A,       |G450D AGP |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |Audio   |           |        |
|D9832A,       |Rem.      |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9834A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1554A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1559A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1561A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P1562A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3352A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3384A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3686A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3701A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3703A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3617A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3619A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3688A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3689A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3690A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3692A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3693A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3695A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3696A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4112N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4113N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4114N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4115A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4117A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4118A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4122A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4123N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4124N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4125N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4126N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4127N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4133A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4356A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4357A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4358A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4359A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4360A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4361A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4362A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4363A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4364A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4365A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4366A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P4167A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset i820  |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL400  |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Intel   |Yes driver |No      |
|(P2257A)      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |82810   |AlsaRem.   |        |
|Chipset i820  |G400D AGP |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |Audio   |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL400  |nVidia    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Intel   |Yes driver |No      |
|(P5083A)      |GeForce 2 |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |82810   |AlsaRem.   |        |
|Chipset i820  |GTS AGP   |(nv)     |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |Audio   |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL410  |Intel i810|Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Analog  |Yes driver |No      |
|(D4768A,      |AGPRem.   |4.1.0Rem.|PRO 10/|driver   |       |           |Device  |AD1885     |        |
|P5622A,       |          |(i810)   |100 BT |eepro100 |       |           |1885    |           |        |
|P5957A,       |          |         |       |or e100  |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5958A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5959A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5960A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5962A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5963A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P6096A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P6097A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P6098A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL410  |nVidia    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Analog  |Yes driver |No      |
|(P5964A)      |GeForce 2 |4.1.0Rem.|PRO 10/|driver   |       |           |Device  |AD1885     |        |
|              |GTS AGP   |(nv)     |100 BT |eepro100 |       |           |1885    |           |        |
|              |          |         |       |or e100  |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL420  |ATI Rage  |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Analog  |Yes driver |No      |
|(P5754A,      |128 AGP   |4.1.0Rem.|PRO 10/|driver   |       |           |Device  |AD1885     |        |
|P5755A,       |8MB       |(ati)    |100 BT |eepro100 |       |           |1885    |           |        |
|P5756A,       |          |         |       |or e100  |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5757A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5761A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5762A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5764A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5765A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5767A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5769A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5770A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5956A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5962A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5967A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5978A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5985A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5988A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5991A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL420  |nVidia    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Analog  |Yes driver |No      |
|(P5760A,      |GeForce 2 |4.1.0Rem.|PRO 10/|driver   |       |           |Device  |AD1885     |        |
|P5763A,       |GTS AGP   |(nv)     |100 BT |eepro100 |       |           |1885    |           |        |
|P5766A,       |          |         |       |or e100  |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5768A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5986A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P5990A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL600  |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |None   |N/A        |Cirrus  |Yes driver |No      |
|(D9733A,      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |Logic CS|AlsaRem.   |        |
|D8643A,       |G250 AGP  |(mga)    |       |         |       |           |4614    |           |        |
|D8653A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8657A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8663A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8667A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9737A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8647A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8677A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2780A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3285A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3288A)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset i820  |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL600  |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Cirrus  |Yes driver |No      |
|(D7543N,      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |Logic CS|AlsaRem.   |        |
|D8644N,       |G250 AGP  |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |4614    |           |        |
|D8648N,       |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8654N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8658N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8664N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8668N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8678A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9734N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9738N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2786A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3286N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3289N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3604N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3705N)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset i820  |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL600  |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Cirrus  |Yes driver |Yes     |
|(D8635A,      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |Logic CS|AlsaRem.   |        |
|D8645A,       |G400D AGP |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |4614    |           |        |
|D8649N,       |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8655A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8659N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8665A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8669N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D8679N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9735A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D9739N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2787A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3287A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3290N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3344N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3345N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3605N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3606N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3607N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3608N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3610N)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset i820  |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL600  |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Cirrus  |Yes driver |No      |
|(P3609N)      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |Logic CS|AlsaRem.   |        |
|Chipset i820  |G450D AGP |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |4614    |           |        |
|Rem.          |Rem.      |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL600  |Matrox    |Yes XFree|None   |N/A      |???    |???        |Cirrus  |Yes driver |No      |
|(D8656N)      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|       |         |       |           |Logic CS|AlsaRem.   |        |
|Chipset i820  |G250 AGP  |(mga)    |       |         |       |           |4614    |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL800  |Matrox    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Cirrus  |Yes driver |No      |
|(P2059A,      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |Logic CS|cs4299     |        |
|P2074A,       |G450D AGP |(mga)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |4299    |           |        |
|P2076A,       |Rem.      |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2077A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2078A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2080A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2693A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3631A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3633A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3635A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3637A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3638A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3643A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3644A) P4    |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset i850  |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL800  |nVidia    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Cirrus  |Yes driver |RedHat  |
|(P2057A,      |GeForce 2 |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |Logic CS|cs4299     |7.1     |
|P2060A,       |GTS AGP   |(nv)     |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |4299    |           |        |
|P2075A,       |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2079A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2081A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2694A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P2695A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3632A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3634A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3636A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3642A) P4    |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset i850  |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL800  |nVidia    |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Sound   |Yes driver |No      |
|(P2696A,      |GeForce 2 |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |Blaster |emu10k1Rem.|        |
|P2697A,       |GTS AGP   |(nv)     |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |Live!   |           |        |
|P3642A) P4    |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset i850  |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL800  |ATI Rage  |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Cirrus  |Yes driver |No      |
|(P2058A,      |128 AGP   |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |Logic CS|cs4299     |        |
|P3223A,       |8MB       |(ati)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |4299    |           |        |
|P3224A,       |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3225A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3226A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|P3640A) P4    |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Chipset i850  |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|Rem.          |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra VL800  |ATI Rage  |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None   |N/A        |Cirrus  |Yes driver |Preload |
|(P3639A) P4   |128 AGP   |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |       |           |Logic CS|cs4299     |Mandrake|
|Chipset i850  |8MB       |(ati)    |10/100 |3c59xRem.|       |           |4299    |           |8.0     |
|Rem.          |          |         |BT     |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra XA     |Matrox    |Yes XFree|AMD    |Yes      |None   |N/A        |???     |???        |No      |
|(D3986A,      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|79C971 |driver   |       |           |        |           |        |
|D3989A,       |II PCI    |(mga)    |KC 10/ |pcnet32  |       |           |        |           |        |
|D3990A,       |          |         |100 BT |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D3991A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D3993A,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4770N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4771N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4773N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4774N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D3994N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D3995N,       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
|D4776N)       |          |         |       |         |       |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+
|Vectra XA     |Matrox    |Yes XFree|AMD    |Yes      |Adaptec|Yes driver |???     |???        |Yes     |
|(D4777A)      |Millenium |4.1.0Rem.|79C971 |driver   |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.|        |           |        |
|              |II PCI    |(mga)    |KC 10/ |pcnet32  |7880 UW|           |        |           |        |
|              |          |         |100 BT |         |PCI    |           |        |           |        |
+--------------+----------+---------+-------+---------+-------+-----------+--------+-----------+--------+


Table 3-3. e-PC and Linux
+-----------+-------+---------+-------+---------+----+-------+-----+--------+--------+
|Machine    |Graphic|Linux    |Network|Linux    |SCSI|Linux  |Sound|Linux   |Tested  |
|           |Card   |support  |Card   |support  |Card|support|Card |support |        |
+-----------+-------+---------+-------+---------+----+-------+-----+--------+--------+
|e-Vectra   |Intel  |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None|N/A    |Intel|Yes     |Yes     |
|(D9896T,   |i810   |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |    |       |82810|driver  |        |
|D9897T,    |AGPRem.|(i810)   |10/100 |3c59xRem.|    |       |Audio|AlsaRem.|        |
|D9898T,    |       |         |BT     |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|D9899T,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2024T,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2025T,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2027T,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2706T,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2707T)    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
+-----------+-------+---------+-------+---------+----+-------+-----+--------+--------+
|e-PC       |Intel  |Yes XFree|3Com   |Yes      |None|N/A    |Intel|Yes     |RedHat  |
|(P2321A,   |i810   |4.1.0Rem.|905C-TX|driver   |    |       |82810|driver  |7.0     |
|P2760A,    |AGPRem.|(i810)   |10/100 |3c59xRem.|    |       |Audio|AlsaRem.|        |
|P2761A,    |       |         |BT     |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2763A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2765A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2791A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2792A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2793A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2794A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P2795A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P3355A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P3362A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4229A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4230A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4256A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4265A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4266A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4269A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4271A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4272A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4273A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4274A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4278A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4941A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4946A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P4949A)    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
+-----------+-------+---------+-------+---------+----+-------+-----+--------+--------+
|e-PC       |Intel  |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes      |None|N/A    |Intel|Yes     |RedHat  |
|(P4315A,   |i815   |4.1.0Rem.|PRO 10/|driver   |    |       |82810|driver  |7.1,    |
|P4327A,    |AGPRem.|(i810)   |100 BT |eepro100 |    |       |Audio|AlsaRem.|Mandrake|
|P4328A,    |       |         |       |or e100  |    |       |     |        |8.0, 8.1|
|P4329A,    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
|P5802A)    |       |         |       |         |    |       |     |        |        |
+-----------+-------+---------+-------+---------+----+-------+-----+--------+--------+


Table 3-4. Kayak and Linux
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Machine |Graphic    |Linux      |Network |Linux  |SCSI    |Linux support|Sound   |Linux     |Tested|
|        |Card       |support    |Card    |support|Card    |             |Card    |support   |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XA|Cirrus     |Yes XFree  |None    |N/A    |None    |N/A          |???     |???       |No    |
|(D4792A,|Logic GD   |4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D4795N) |5465 AGP   |(cirrus)   |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|        |Rem.       |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XA|Cirrus     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |None    |N/A          |???     |???       |Yes   |
|(D4807N,|Logic GD   |4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |        |             |        |          |      |
|D4796N, |5465 AGP   |(cirrus)   |KC 10/  |pcnet32|        |             |        |          |      |
|D6491N, |Rem.       |           |100 BT  |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6492N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D4806N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D4808N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6493N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XA|Cirrus     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Analog  |Yes driver|Yes   |
|(D4798N,|Logic GD   |4.1.0Rem.  |79C974  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Device  |AD1816Rem.|      |
|D6490N, |5465 AGP   |(cirrus)   |KC 10/  |pcnet32|8751SP  |             |1816    |          |      |
|D4799N, |Rem.       |           |100 BT +|       |with    |             |        |          |      |
|D4803N, |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|D6494N) |           |           |        |       |card    |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XA|Matrox     |Yes XFree  |None    |N/A    |None    |N/A          |???     |???       |No    |
|(D4796S,|Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6493S) |II AGP     |(mga)      |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XA|Matrox     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|(D4803S)|Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |79C974  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|        |          |      |
|        |II AGP     |(mga)      |KC 10/  |pcnet32|8751SP  |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |100 BT +|       |with    |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |card    |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XA|Matrox     |Yes XFree  |None    |N/A    |None    |N/A          |AZTEC   |Yes driver|No    |
|(D6720N,|Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |2320Rem.|AlsaRem.  |      |
|D6721N, |G200 AGP   |(mga)      |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6723N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6726N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6724N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6730N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6731N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6735N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6736N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6738N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6739N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D7994N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XA|Elsa Gloria|Yes XFree  |None    |N/A    |None    |N/A          |???     |???       |Yes   |
|(D6722N,|Synergy +  |4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6729N, |AGPRem.    |(glint)    |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6734N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XA|Matrox     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |Yes   |
|(D6725N,|Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|        |          |      |
|D6732N, |G200 AGP   |(mga)      |KC 10/  |pcnet32|53c875  |             |        |          |      |
|D6737N, |           |           |100 BT +|       |with    |             |        |          |      |
|D7993N) |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XA|Elsa Gloria|Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|(D6727N)|Synergy +  |4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|        |          |      |
|        |AGPRem.    |(glint)    |KC 10/  |pcnet32|53c875  |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |100 BT +|       |with    |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XA|Accel      |Yes XFree  |None    |N/A    |None    |N/A          |???     |???       |No    |
|(D6728N,|Galaxy AGP |4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6733N) |           |in Frame   |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |Buffer mode|        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |(FBDEV)Rem.|        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |Not        |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |interesting|        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |None    |N/A    |None    |N/A          |???     |???       |No    |
|XA-s    |Productiva |4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|(D5751N,|G100 AGP   |(mga)      |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D5752N, |Rem.       |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D5753N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D5755N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D5754N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D5756N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D5759N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|Chipset |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|BXRem.  |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |Yes   |
|XA-s    |Productiva |4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|        |          |      |
|(D5757N,|G100 AGP   |(mga)      |KC 10/  |pcnet32|53c875  |             |        |          |      |
|D5758N) |Rem.       |           |100 BT +|       |with    |             |        |          |      |
|Chipset |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|BXRem.  |           |           |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |None    |N/A    |None    |N/A          |???     |???       |Yes   |
|XA-s    |Productiva |4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|(D5765N,|G200 AGP   |(mga)      |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D5763N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D5766N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D5769N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D7982N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D7986N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D7991N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D7987N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|Chipset |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|BXRem.  |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|XA-s    |Productiva |4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|        |          |      |
|(D5768N,|G200 AGP   |(mga)      |KC 10/  |pcnet32|53c875  |             |        |          |      |
|D5767N) |           |           |100 BT +|       |with    |             |        |          |      |
|Chipset |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|BXRem.  |           |           |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Elsa Gloria|Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |Yes   |
|XA-s    |Synergy +  |4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|        |          |      |
|(D5762N,|AGPRem.    |(glint)    |KC 10/  |pcnet32|53c875  |             |        |          |      |
|D7984N, |           |           |100 BT +|       |with    |             |        |          |      |
|D7988N) |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|Chipset |           |           |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|BXRem.  |           |           |Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Accel      |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|XA-s    |Galaxy AGP |4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|        |          |      |
|(D5764N,|           |in Frame   |KC 10/  |pcnet32|53c875  |             |        |          |      |
|D7983N, |           |Buffer mode|100 BT +|       |with    |             |        |          |      |
|D7989N) |           |(FBDEV)Rem.|SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|Chipset |           |Not        |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|BXRem.  |           |interesting|Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|XA-s    |Productiva |4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|        |          |      |
|(D7990N)|G100 AGP   |(mga)      |KC 10/  |pcnet32|53c875  |             |        |          |      |
|Chipset |Rem.       |           |100 BT +|       |with    |             |        |          |      |
|BXRem.  |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Elsa Gloria|Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Analog  |Yes driver|Yes   |
|XA-s    |Synergy II |4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Device  |AD1816Rem.|      |
|(D7992N)|AGP        |(glint)    |KC 10/  |pcnet32|53c875  |             |1816    |          |      |
|Chipset |           |           |100 BT +|       |with    |             |        |          |      |
|BXRem.  |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |None    |N/A          |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XM600   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |        |             |Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D9531N,|G250 AGP   |(mga)      |Card 10/|rtl8139|        |             |4614    |          |      |
|D9533N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9535N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9541N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9549N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9552N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9553N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9555N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9556N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9557N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9559N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1642N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1645N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1653N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1655N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1658N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2055N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2191N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2202N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XM600   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(P1650N,|G250 AGP   |(mga)      |Card 10/|rtl8139|53C895  |             |4614    |          |      |
|P1652N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
|P1656N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |None    |N/A          |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XM600   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |        |             |Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D8350N,|G250 AGP   |(mga)      |Card 10/|rtl8139|        |             |4614    |          |      |
|D9554N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9558N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |None    |N/A    |None    |N/A          |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XM600   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(P2054N)|G400D AGP  |(mga)      |        |       |        |             |4614    |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |None    |N/A    |None    |N/A          |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XM600   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D9563N)|G400D AGP  |(mga)      |        |       |        |             |4614    |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |None    |N/A          |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XM600   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |        |             |Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D9536N,|G400D AGP  |(mga)      |Card 10/|rtl8139|        |             |4614    |          |      |
|D9537N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9538N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9544N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9548N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1646N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1648N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2192N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2193N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2203N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2204N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2204N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2192N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2193N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XM600   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D9539N,|G400D AGP  |(mga)      |Card 10/|rtl8139|53C895  |             |4614    |          |      |
|D9565N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
|P1651N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1657N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2190N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2194N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Elsa Gloria|Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |None    |N/A          |Cirrus  |Yes driver|Yes   |
|XM600   |Synergy II |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |        |             |Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D9550N,|AGP        |(glint)    |Card 10/|rtl8139|        |             |4614    |          |      |
|D9567N) |           |           |100 BT  |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Elsa Gloria|Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Cirrus  |Yes driver|Yes   |
|XM600   |Synergy II |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D9534N,|AGP        |(glint)    |Card 10/|rtl8139|53C895  |             |4614    |          |      |
|D9540N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
|D9543N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9546N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D9564N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1644N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1647N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1649N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2053N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2056N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2195N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2210N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P2211N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |3DLabs     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Cirrus  |Yes driver|Yes   |
|XM600   |Oxygen GVX1|4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D9545N,|AGP        |in Frame   |Card 10/|rtl8139|53C895  |             |4614    |          |      |
|D8366N) |           |Buffer mode|100 BT  |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |(FBDEV)Rem.|        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XU|Matrox     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Adaptec |Yes driver   |???     |???       |Yes   |
|(D4691N,|Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |AIC 7860|aic7xxxRem.  |        |          |      |
|D4692N, |II PCI     |(mga)      |KC 10/  |pcnet32|PCI +   |             |        |          |      |
|D4695N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |Adaptec |             |        |          |      |
|D4701N, |           |           |        |       |AIC 7880|             |        |          |      |
|D4693N, |           |           |        |       |UW PCI  |             |        |          |      |
|D4694N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D4702N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D4705N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XU|Matrox     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Adaptec |Yes driver   |Analog  |Yes driver|Yes   |
|(D5680N,|Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |AIC 7860|aic7xxxRem.  |Device  |AD1816Rem.|      |
|D5682N, |II PCI     |(mga)      |KC 10/  |pcnet32|PCI +   |             |1816    |          |      |
|D5683N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |Adaptec |             |        |          |      |
|D5684N) |           |           |        |       |AIC 7880|             |        |          |      |
|Chipset |           |           |        |       |UW PCI  |             |        |          |      |
|BXRem.  |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XU|Matrox     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |Yes   |
|(D5702, |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |79C972  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xx and|        |          |      |
|D5704,  |G200 AGP   |(mga)      |10/100  |pcnet32|53c875  |driver       |        |          |      |
|D5686N, |           |           |BT +    |       |with    |aic7xxx      |        |          |      |
|D6336N, |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|D6348N, |           |           |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|D8431N, |           |           |Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
|D8920N) |           |           |        |       |+       |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |Adaptec |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |AIC 7880|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XU|Elsa Gloria|Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|(D5687N,|Synergy +  |4.1.0Rem.  |79C972  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xx and|        |          |      |
|D6333N, |AGPRem.    |(glint)    |10/100  |pcnet32|53c875  |driver       |        |          |      |
|D6334N, |           |           |BT +    |       |with    |aic7xxx      |        |          |      |
|D8432N, |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|D6345N, |           |           |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|D8923N) |           |           |Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |+       |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |Adaptec |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |AIC 7880|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XU|Accel      |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|(D6337N,|Galaxy AGP |4.1.0Rem.  |79C972  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xx and|        |          |      |
|D6346N) |           |in Frame   |10/100  |pcnet32|53c875  |driver       |        |          |      |
|        |           |Buffer mode|BT +    |       |with    |aic7xxx      |        |          |      |
|        |           |(FBDEV)Rem.|SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |Not        |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |interesting|Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |+       |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |Adaptec |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |AIC 7880|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XU|Matrox     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|(D6347N)|Productiva |4.1.0Rem.  |79C972  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xx and|        |          |      |
|        |G100 AGP   |(mga)      |10/100  |pcnet32|53c875  |driver       |        |          |      |
|        |Rem.       |           |BT +    |       |with    |aic7xxx      |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |+       |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |Adaptec |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |AIC 7880|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XU|Matrox     |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|(D8924N)|Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |79C972  |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xx and|        |          |      |
|        |G400D AGP  |(mga)      |10/100  |pcnet32|53c875  |driver       |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |BT +    |       |with    |aic7xxx      |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |SCSI    |       |network |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |(D6692A)|       |card    |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |Rem.    |       |(D6692A)|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |+       |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |Adaptec |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |AIC 7880|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |???     |???    |None    |N/A          |???     |???       |No    |
|XU700   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|(A7185C)|G450D AGP  |(mga)      |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|        |Rem.       |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |???     |???    |???     |???          |???     |???       |No    |
|XU700   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|(A7186C)|G450D AGP  |(mga)      |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|        |Rem.       |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |None    |N/A          |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XU800   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |        |             |Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D8019N)|G250 AGP   |(mga)      |Card 10/|rtl8139|        |             |4614    |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |           |100 BT  |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |None    |N/A          |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XU800   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |        |             |Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D8021N,|G400D AGP  |(mga)      |Card 10/|rtl8139|        |             |4614    |          |      |
|P1586N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1661N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XU800   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D8000N,|G250 AGP   |(mga)      |Card 10/|rtl8139|53C895  |             |4614    |          |      |
|D8001N) |           |           |100 BT  |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XU800   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D8002N,|G250 AGP   |(mga)      |Card 10/|rtl8139|53C895  |             |4614    |          |      |
|D8010N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
|D8016N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1585N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1589N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1663N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1664N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1668N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Cirrus  |Yes driver|Yes   |
|XU800   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D8003N,|G400D AGP  |(mga)      |Card 10/|rtl8139|53C895  |             |4614    |          |      |
|D8006N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
|D8012N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1587N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1665N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1669N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Matrox     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XU800   |Millenium  |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(P1667N)|G400D AGP  |(mga)      |Card 10/|rtl8139|53C895  |             |4614    |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |           |100 BT  |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |Elsa Gloria|Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Cirrus  |Yes driver|No    |
|XU800   |Synergy II |4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D8007N,|AGP        |(glint)    |Card 10/|rtl8139|53C895  |             |4614    |          |      |
|D8013N, |           |           |100 BT  |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
|D8020N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D8022N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1588N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1590N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P1662N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P3220N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|P3221N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak   |3DLabs     |Yes XFree  |SMC 1211|Yes    |Symbios |Yes driver   |Cirrus  |Yes driver|Yes   |
|XU800   |Oxygen GVX1|4.1.0Rem.  |TX EZ   |driver |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Logic CS|AlsaRem.  |      |
|(D8009N,|AGP        |in Frame   |Card 10/|rtl8139|53C895  |             |4614    |          |      |
|D8015N) |           |Buffer mode|100 BT  |       |PCI     |             |        |          |      |
|Rem.    |           |(FBDEV)Rem.|        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XW|Elsa Gloria|Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Adaptec |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|(D6475N)|SynergyRem.|4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |AIC 7860|aic7xxxRem.  |        |          |      |
|        |           |(glint)    |KC 10/  |pcnet32|PCI +   |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |100 BT  |       |Adaptec |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |AIC 7880|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |UW PCI  |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XW|Accel      |Yes XFree  |AMD     |Yes    |Adaptec |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|(D5505N,|Eclipse PCI|4.1.0Rem.  |79C971  |driver |AIC 7860|aic7xxxRem.  |        |          |      |
|D5507N, |           |in Frame   |KC 10/  |pcnet32|PCI +   |             |        |          |      |
|D5509N) |           |Buffer mode|100 BT  |       |Adaptec |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |(FBDEV)Rem.|        |       |AIC 7880|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |Not        |        |       |UW PCI  |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |interesting|        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XW|HP Fx-4 AGP|Yes HP X   |AMD     |Yes    |Adaptec |Yes driver   |???     |???       |No    |
|(D5510N,|           |ServerRem. |79C971  |driver |AIC 7860|aic7xxxRem.  |        |          |      |
|D5514N, |           |           |KC 10/  |pcnet32|PCI +   |             |        |          |      |
|D6485N) |           |           |100 BT  |       |Adaptec |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |AIC 7880|             |        |          |      |
|        |           |           |        |       |UW PCI  |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XW|Accel      |Yes XFree  |???     |???    |???     |???          |???     |???       |No    |
|(D6480N,|Eclipse PCI|4.1.0Rem.  |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6481N, |           |in Frame   |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6482N) |           |Buffer mode|        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|Chipset |           |(FBDEV)Rem.|        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|BXRem.  |           |Not        |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|        |           |interesting|        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XW|HP Fx-6 AGP|Yes HP X   |???     |???    |???     |???          |???     |???       |No    |
|(D6797N)|           |ServerRem. |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+
|Kayak XW|HP Fx-4 AGP|Yes HP X   |???     |???    |???     |???          |???     |???       |No    |
|(D6486N,|           |ServerRem. |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6487N, |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|D6488N) |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|Chipset |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
|BXRem.  |           |           |        |       |        |             |        |          |      |
+--------+-----------+-----------+--------+-------+--------+-------------+--------+----------+------+

The health monitoring system HP Kayak Maxilife, available on the whole Kayak
range, is supported by Linux with the tool [http://www.netroedge.com/~lm78]
Lm_sensors
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.2. Desktop computer accessories

The following table provides all information on the support for this hardware
by Linux.


Table 3-5. Desktop computer accessories
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|Reference       |Card type      |Chipset         |Linux support   |Tested  |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D1553A          |Extension      |ISA Slots       |Yes             |Yes     |
|                |               |Extension kit   |                |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D5480A          |FastRaid Card  |Adaptec ARO     |No              |No      |
|                |               |Raidport        |                |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D6690A          |FastRaid Card  |Adaptec ARO     |No              |No      |
|                |               |Raidport        |                |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D6951A          |SCSI Card      |Adaptec AIC 7880|Yes driver      |Yes     |
|                |               |UW PCI          |aic7xxxRem.     |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D9528A          |SCSI Card      |Symbios Logic   |???             |No      |
|                |               |8952U Ultra2    |                |        |
|                |               |Wide PCI        |                |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D9529A          |SCSI Card      |Symbios Logic   |Yes driver      |Yes     |
|                |               |53C895 PCI      |ncr53c8xxRem.   |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D9663A          |SCSI Card      |Symbios Logic   |Yes driver      |Yes     |
|                |               |53C895 PCI      |ncr53c8xxRem.   |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D9561A          |SCSI Card      |???             |???             |No      |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|P2280A          |SCSI Card      |Adaptec AIC     |Yes driver      |No      |
|                |               |29160 PCI       |aic7xxxRem.     |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D6936A          |Network Card   |AMD 79C972 AKC  |Yes driver      |Yes     |
|                |               |10/100 BT       |pcnet32         |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D7504A          |Network Card   |3Com 905B-TX 10/|Yes driver 3c59x|Yes     |
|                |               |100 BTRem.      |Rem.            |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D7506A          |Network Card   |Intel PRO 10/100|Yes driver      |No      |
|                |               |BT              |eepro100 or e100|        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D7508A          |Network Card   |???             |???             |No      |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D7522A          |Network Card   |3Com 905C-TX 10/|Yes driver 3c59x|Yes     |
|                |               |100 BT          |Rem.            |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D7531A          |Network Card   |Carte HP chipset|Yes driver      |Yes     |
|                |               |RealTek         |RealTek         |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D6657A          |Sound Card     |???             |???             |No      |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D5183A          |Sound Card     |???             |???             |No      |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|P1552A          |Video Card     |Matrox Millenium|Yes XFree 4.1.0 |Yes     |
|                |               |G250 AGP        |Rem. (mga)      |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D9521A          |Video Card     |Matrox Millenium|Yes XFree 4.1.0 |Yes     |
|                |               |G400D AGP       |Rem. (mga)      |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D9509A, D9522A, |Video Card     |Elsa Gloria     |Yes XFree 4.1.0 |Yes     |
|D9522B          |               |Synergy II AGP  |Rem. (glint)    |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|D9523A          |Video Card     |3DLabs Oxygen   |Yes XFree 4.1.0 |Yes     |
|                |               |GVX1 AGP        |Rem. in Frame   |        |
|                |               |                |Buffer mode     |        |
|                |               |                |(FBDEV)Rem.     |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|P1971A, P2289A  |Video Card     |nVidia GeForce 2|Yes XFree 4.1.0 |No      |
|(MX)            |               |GTS AGP         |Rem. (nv)       |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+

  CD-ROM, DVD and ZIP drives are supported by Linux kernel. Read the various
HOWTO for their use, following the interface type. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.3. The workstation range (Visualize, HP workstation)

  Visualize systems come in two flavors: the p and x class systems are
preinstalled, supported, and configured with Windows; the pl and xl class
systems are preinstalled, supported, and configured with Linux. There is no
hardware difference between the base systems, but the Linux image that is
preinstalled on the pl and xl is customized so that all drivers for the
systems are preconfigured -- there's no need to specify or tune the box and
drivers. 


Table 3-6. Visualize and Linux
+---------+-------+----------+--------+--------+--------+-------------+------+----------+------+
|Machine  |Graphic|Linux     |Network |Linux   |SCSI    |Linux support|Sound |Linux     |Tested|
|         |Card   |support   |Card    |support |Card    |             |Card  |support   |      |
+---------+-------+----------+--------+--------+--------+-------------+------+----------+------+
|Visualize|Elsa   |Yes XFree |AMD     |Yes     |Symbios |Yes driver   |Analog|Yes driver|RedHat|
|P        |Gloria |4.1.0Rem. |79C971  |driver  |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Device|AD1816Rem.|6.0,  |
|(A1296A, |Synergy|(glint)   |KC 10/  |pcnet32 |53c875  |             |1816  |          |6.1   |
|A5015A)  |+ AGP  |          |100 BT +|        |with    |             |      |          |      |
|Chipset  |Rem.   |          |SCSI    |        |network |             |      |          |      |
|BXRem.   |       |          |(D6692A)|        |card    |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |Rem.    |        |(D6692A)|             |      |          |      |
+---------+-------+----------+--------+--------+--------+-------------+------+----------+------+
|Visualize|Elsa   |Yes XFree |AMD     |Yes     |Symbios |Yes driver   |Analog|Yes driver|RedHat|
|P        |Gloria |4.1.0Rem. |79C971  |driver  |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Device|AD1816Rem.|6.0,  |
|(A1296A, |Synergy|(glint)   |KC 10/  |pcnet32 |53c875  |             |1816  |          |6.1   |
|A5015A)  |II AGP |          |100 BT +|        |with    |             |      |          |      |
|Chipset  |       |          |SCSI    |        |network |             |      |          |      |
|BXRem.   |       |          |(D6692A)|        |card    |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |Rem.    |        |(D6692A)|             |      |          |      |
+---------+-------+----------+--------+--------+--------+-------------+------+----------+------+
|Visualize|Elsa   |Yes XFree |Intel   |Yes     |Adaptec |Yes driver   |Cirrus|Yes driver|RedHat|
|P        |Gloria |4.1.0Rem. |i82557 /|driver  |AIC 7892|aic7xxxRem.  |Logic |AlsaRem.  |6.2   |
|(A6034A, |Synergy|(glint)   |i82558  |eepro100|PCI     |             |CS    |          |      |
|A6038A)  |II AGP |          |10/100  |or e100 |        |             |4280  |          |      |
|         |       |          |BT      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |(D5013A/|        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |B)      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
+---------+-------+----------+--------+--------+--------+-------------+------+----------+------+
|Visualize|HP Fx-5|Yes HP X  |Intel   |Yes     |Adaptec |Yes driver   |Cirrus|Yes driver|RedHat|
|P        |AGP    |ServerRem.|i82557 /|driver  |AIC 7892|aic7xxxRem.  |Logic |AlsaRem.  |6.2   |
|(A6034A, |       |          |i82558  |eepro100|PCI     |             |CS    |          |      |
|A6038A)  |       |          |10/100  |or e100 |        |             |4280  |          |      |
|         |       |          |BT      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |(D5013A/|        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |B)      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
+---------+-------+----------+--------+--------+--------+-------------+------+----------+------+
|Visualize|HP     |Yes HP X  |Intel   |Yes     |Adaptec |Yes driver   |Cirrus|Yes driver|RedHat|
|P        |Fx-10  |ServerRem.|i82557 /|driver  |AIC 7892|aic7xxxRem.  |Logic |AlsaRem.  |6.2   |
|(A6034A, |AGP    |          |i82558  |eepro100|PCI     |             |CS    |          |      |
|A6038A)  |       |          |10/100  |or e100 |        |             |4280  |          |      |
|         |       |          |BT      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |(D5013A/|        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |B)      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
+---------+-------+----------+--------+--------+--------+-------------+------+----------+------+
|Visualize|Elsa   |Yes XFree |AMD     |Yes     |Symbios |Yes driver   |Analog|Yes driver|RedHat|
|X        |Gloria |4.1.0Rem. |79C971  |driver  |Logic   |ncr53c8xxRem.|Device|AD1816Rem.|6.0   |
|(A1297A, |Synergy|(glint)   |KC 10/  |pcnet32 |53c875  |             |1816  |          |      |
|A5014A)  |+ AGP  |          |100 BT +|        |with    |             |      |          |      |
|Chipset  |Rem.   |          |SCSI    |        |network |             |      |          |      |
|BXRem.   |       |          |(D6692A)|        |card    |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |Rem.    |        |(D6692A)|             |      |          |      |
+---------+-------+----------+--------+--------+--------+-------------+------+----------+------+
|Visualize|Elsa   |Yes XFree |Intel   |Yes     |Adaptec |Yes driver   |Cirrus|Yes driver|RedHat|
|X        |Gloria |4.1.0Rem. |i82557 /|driver  |AIC 7892|aic7xxxRem.  |Logic |AlsaRem.  |6.2   |
|(A1280A, |Synergy|(glint)   |i82558  |eepro100|PCI     |             |CS    |          |      |
|A6020A)  |II AGP |          |10/100  |or e100 |        |             |4280  |          |      |
|         |       |          |BT      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |(D5013A/|        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |B)      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
+---------+-------+----------+--------+--------+--------+-------------+------+----------+------+
|Visualize|HP Fx-5|Yes HP X  |Intel   |Yes     |Adaptec |Yes driver   |Cirrus|Yes driver|RedHat|
|X        |AGP    |ServerRem.|i82557 /|driver  |AIC 7892|aic7xxxRem.  |Logic |AlsaRem.  |6.2   |
|(A1280A, |       |          |i82558  |eepro100|PCI     |             |CS    |          |      |
|A6020A)  |       |          |10/100  |or e100 |        |             |4280  |          |      |
|         |       |          |BT      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |(D5013A/|        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |B)      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
+---------+-------+----------+--------+--------+--------+-------------+------+----------+------+
|Visualize|HP     |Yes HP X  |Intel   |Yes     |Adaptec |Yes driver   |Cirrus|Yes driver|RedHat|
|X        |Fx-10  |ServerRem.|i82557 /|driver  |AIC 7892|aic7xxxRem.  |Logic |AlsaRem.  |6.2   |
|(A1280A, |AGP    |          |i82558  |eepro100|PCI     |             |CS    |          |      |
|A6020A)  |       |          |10/100  |or e100 |        |             |4280  |          |      |
|         |       |          |BT      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |(D5013A/|        |        |             |      |          |      |
|         |       |          |B)      |        |        |             |      |          |      |
+---------+-------+----------+--------+--------+--------+-------------+------+----------+------+

  A page dedicated to these machines and their support under Linux is
available at the following address : [http://www.hp.com/workstations/products
/linux/index.html] http://www.hp.com/workstations/products/linux/index.html

  A page of questions and answers on these machines is also available at the
following address : [http://www.hp.com/visualize/programs/news/archive/
qa1.html] http://www.hp.com/visualize/programs/news/archive/qa1.html

  In particular, it's recommended to use a kernel 2.2.16 at least to support
correctly the SCSI controller of these machines. 

  A beta X server for the FX2+, FX4+ and FX6+ cards is available at the
following address : [http://www.hp.com/workstations/support/software/drivers/
linux/video/fxvideo/fx6/driver.html?] http://www.hp.com/workstations/support/
software/drivers/linux/video/fxvideo/fx6/driver.html?

  An X server for the FX5 and FX10 cards is available at the following
address : [http://www.hp.com/workstations/support/software/drivers/linux/
video/fxvideo/fx10/index.html] http://www.hp.com/workstations/support/
software/drivers/linux/video/fxvideo/fx10/index.html


Table 3-7. HP workstation and Linux
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
|Machine |Graphic  |Linux       |Network|Linux   |SCSI   |Linux support|Sound |Linux  |Tested|
|        |Card     |support     |Card   |support |Card   |             |Card  |support|      |
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
|X1000   |Matrox   |Yes XFree   |Intel  |Yes     |None   |N/A          |Cirrus|Yes    |No    |
|(A7778A)|Millenium|4.1.0Rem.   |PRO 10/|driver  |       |             |Logic |driver |      |
|        |G450D AGP|(mga)       |100 BT |eepro100|       |             |CS    |cs4299 |      |
|        |Rem.     |            |       |or e100 |       |             |4299  |       |      |
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
|X1000   |nVidia   |Yes XFree   |Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |Cirrus|Yes    |No    |
|(A7779A,|Quadro2  |4.1.0Rem.   |PRO 10/|driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |Logic |driver |      |
|A7780A) |Pro AGP  |(nv)        |100 BT |eepro100|7892   |             |CS    |cs4299 |      |
|        |         |            |       |or e100 |PCI    |             |4299  |       |      |
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
|X2000   |Matrox   |Yes XFree   |SMC    |Yes     |None   |N/A          |Cirrus|Yes    |RedHat|
|(A7236A,|Millenium|4.1.0Rem.   |1211 TX|driver  |       |             |Logic |driver |7.1   |
|A7236B) |G450D AGP|(mga)       |EZ Card|rtl8139 |       |             |CS    |cs4299 |      |
|        |Rem.     |            |10/100 |        |       |             |4299  |       |      |
|        |         |            |BT     |        |       |             |      |       |      |
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
|X2000   |nVidia   |Yes XFree   |SMC    |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |Cirrus|Yes    |RedHat|
|(A7237A)|Quadro2  |4.1.0Rem.   |1211 TX|driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |Logic |driver |7.1   |
|        |Pro AGP  |(nv)        |EZ Card|rtl8139 |7892   |             |CS    |cs4299 |      |
|        |         |            |10/100 |        |PCI    |             |4299  |       |      |
|        |         |            |BT     |        |       |             |      |       |      |
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
|X2000   |ATI      |Yes XFree   |SMC    |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |Cirrus|Yes    |RedHat|
|(A7238A,|fireGL2  |4.1.0Rem.   |1211 TX|driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |Logic |driver |7.1   |
|A7862A) |AGPRem.  |(fireglRem.)|EZ Card|rtl8139 |7892   |             |CS    |cs4299 |      |
|        |         |            |10/100 |        |PCI    |             |4299  |       |      |
|        |         |            |BT     |        |       |             |      |       |      |
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
|X2000   |None     |N/A         |SMC    |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |Cirrus|Yes    |RedHat|
|(A7805A)|         |            |1211 TX|driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |Logic |driver |7.1   |
|        |         |            |EZ Card|rtl8139 |7892   |             |CS    |cs4299 |      |
|        |         |            |10/100 |        |PCI    |             |4299  |       |      |
|        |         |            |BT     |        |       |             |      |       |      |
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
|X4000   |Matrox   |Yes XFree   |Intel  |Yes     |Symbios|Yes driver   |???   |???    |RedHat|
|(A7264A,|Millenium|4.1.0Rem.   |PRO 10/|driver  |Logic  |ncr53c8xxRem.|      |       |7.1   |
|A8034A) |G450D AGP|(mga)       |100 BT |eepro100|53C810 |             |      |       |      |
|        |Rem.     |            |       |or e100 |PCI    |             |      |       |      |
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
|X4000   |None     |N/A         |Intel  |Yes     |Symbios|Yes driver   |???   |???    |RedHat|
|(A7265A,|         |            |PRO 10/|driver  |Logic  |ncr53c8xxRem.|      |       |7.1   |
|A8037A) |         |            |100 BT |eepro100|53C810 |             |      |       |      |
|        |         |            |       |or e100 |PCI    |             |      |       |      |
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
|X4000   |nVidia   |Yes XFree   |Intel  |Yes     |Symbios|Yes driver   |???   |???    |RedHat|
|(A7266A,|Quadro2  |4.1.0Rem.   |PRO 10/|driver  |Logic  |ncr53c8xxRem.|      |       |7.1   |
|A8035A) |Pro AGP  |(nv)        |100 BT |eepro100|53C810 |             |      |       |      |
|        |         |            |       |or e100 |PCI    |             |      |       |      |
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
|X4000   |ATI      |Yes XFree   |Intel  |Yes     |Symbios|Yes driver   |???   |???    |RedHat|
|(A7267A,|fireGL2  |4.1.0Rem.   |PRO 10/|driver  |Logic  |ncr53c8xxRem.|      |       |7.1   |
|A8036A) |AGPRem.  |(fireglRem.)|100 BT |eepro100|53C810 |             |      |       |      |
|        |         |            |       |or e100 |PCI    |             |      |       |      |
+--------+---------+------------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+------+-------+------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.4. Workstations accessories

The following table provides all information on the support for this hardware
by Linux.


Table 3-8. Workstations accessories
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|Reference       |Card type      |Chipset         |Linux support   |Tested  |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|A6076A          |Video Card     |ATI fireGL2 AGP |Yes XFree 4.1.0 |No      |
|                |               |Rem.            |Rem. (fireglRem.|        |
|                |               |                |)               |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|A7192A          |Video Card     |Matrox Millenium|Yes XFree 4.1.0 |Yes     |
|                |               |G450D AGPRem.   |Rem. (mga)      |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|A6064A, A6065A  |Video Card     |nVidia Quadro2  |Yes XFree 4.1.0 |No      |
|(MXR)           |               |Pro AGP         |Rem. (nv)       |        |
+----------------+---------------+----------------+----------------+--------+

  CD-ROM, DVD and ZIP drives are supported by Linux kernel. Read the various
HOWTO for their use, following the interface type. 

  There are 4 supported graphics cards with XFree86 on HP x2000 and x40000
systems with Linux: SynergyPlus, Synergy2, Matrox G450, and FireGL2/4. There
are also 4 rpms that are associated with these cards and they must be present
on your system in order to have a supported graphics environment:
synergyplus, synergy2, firegl2 and mgag450. For example, to check for the
existence of the firegl2 rpm, run
#rpm -q firegl2                                                              

  Once you have installed the new card and rebooted, run /usr/X11R6/bin/
graphicsconfig to configure the card. If it is a recognized card supported by
your Linux system, the function will return the name of the card and it will
be configured to run. At this point you may start up your X window
environment.  

  If it returns "UNKNOWN", then your graphics card either is not one of the 4
currently supported cards, or it is a newer/older version of the card than is
supported. In either case you will need to run Xconfigurator to set it up.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.5. The mobile computer range (OmniBook)

  To suspend to disk the current session, you need to not have deleted the
hibernation partition (type a0), which size should be the size of the RAM, to
have support for APM in the kernel, and to use the key combination Fn+F12. 

  To send the video signal, either to an external screen, or through the
docking station, it is be necessary to add the following parameter to your
XFree86 configuration file /etc/X11/XF86Config:
[...]                                                                        
Section "Device"                                                             
[...]                                                                        
Options "crt_screen"                                                         
[...]                                                                        
This concerns mobile computers using ATI chipsets. The switch is done by
pressing simultaneously on Fn-F5. 

  Most of the OmniBook have in option a "Port Replicator" system allowing,
according to the model, to support PCI cards, complementary ports, ... 

  A Web page dedicated to Omnibook under Linux is available at: [http://
www.swiss.ai.mit.edu/projects/omnibook/] http://www.swiss.ai.mit.edu/projects
/omnibook/

The following table provides all information on the support for this hardware
by Linux.


Table 3-9. OmniBook and Linux
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|Machine                 |Graphic Card|Linux support  |Network|Linux   |SCSI|Linux support|Sound Card  |Linux      |Tested   |
|                        |            |               |Card   |support |Card|             |            |support    |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook Sojourn        |Neomagic    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |???         |???        |No       |
|(F1430A)                |MagicGraph  |Rem. (neomagic)|       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|                        |128XD NM2160|               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |Silicon     |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |ESS Maestro |Yes driver |Yes      |
|www.bits.bris.ac.uk/    |Motion LynxE|Rem.           |       |        |    |             |2           |maestroRem.|         |
|madmatt/laptop.shtml] XE|SM810Rem.   |(siliconmotion)|       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|(F1719W, F1720W, F1721W,|            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1722W) Rem.            |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |Silicon     |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |ESS Maestro |YesRem.    |Yes      |
|www.linuxia.de/         |Motion LynxE|Rem.           |       |        |    |             |3           |           |         |
|omnibook-xe2.en.html]   |SM810Rem.   |(siliconmotion)|       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|XE2 (F1664W, F1666W|N   |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1667W|N, F1674W,       |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1675W, F1753W, F1756W, |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1755W|N, F1772W, F1774W|            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
||N, F1775W|N, F1962W,   |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2051W, F2052W|K, F2053W|            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
||K, F2055W|K, F2065W|K, |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2068W, F2069W|K) Rem.  |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |S3 Savage   |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |ESS Maestro |YesRem.    |Yes      |
|www.math.u-bordeaux.fr/ |AGPRem.     |Rem. (savage)  |       |        |    |             |3           |           |         |
|~depouill/XE3/          |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|index.html] XE3 (F2113W||            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|K, F2114W|K, F3877W)    |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|Rem. Rem.               |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |S3 Savage   |Yes XFree 4.1.0|Accton |Yes     |None|N/A          |ESS Maestro |YesRem.    |Yes      |
|www.math.u-bordeaux.fr/ |AGPRem.     |Rem. (savage)  |EN2242 |driver  |    |             |3           |           |         |
|~depouill/XE3/          |            |               |minipci|tulip   |    |             |            |           |         |
|index.html] XE3 (F2115W||            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|K, F2116W|K, F2117W|K,  |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2302W|K, F2303W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2305W|K, F2306W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2308W|K, F2321W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2331W|K, F2334W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2335W|K, F2336W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2396W|K, F2400W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2402W|K, F3708W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F3863W|K, F3937H,       |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F3939H, F4139W) Rem.    |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|Rem.                    |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |ATI Rage    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |ESS Maestro |YesRem.    |RedHat   |
|www.obviously.com/      |Mobility    |Rem. in Frame  |       |        |    |             |3           |           |7.1,     |
|laptops/                |            |Buffer mode    |       |        |    |             |            |           |Debian   |
|OmniBook500linux.html]  |            |(FBDEV)Rem.    |       |        |    |             |            |           |2.2, SuSE|
|500 (F2158W|K, F2159W|K,|            |Rem.           |       |        |    |             |            |           |7.1, 7.3 |
|F2161W|K, F2162W|K)     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |ATI Rage    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|3Com   |Yes     |None|N/A          |ESS Maestro |YesRem.    |RedHat   |
|www.swiss.ai.mit.edu/   |Mobility    |Rem. in Frame  |3C556  |driver  |    |             |3           |           |7.1,     |
|projects/omnibook/      |            |Buffer mode    |10/100 |Rem.    |    |             |            |           |Debian   |
|details.php?MODEL=500]  |            |(FBDEV)Rem.    |BT     |        |    |             |            |           |2.2      |
|500 (F2164W|K, F2165W|K,|            |Rem.           |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2167W|K, F2168W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2974W|K, F2975W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F3477W|K, F3478W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F3483W|K, F3488W|K)     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |Chips &     |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |???         |???        |RedHat   |
|www.cs.hmc.edu/~fleck/  |Technologies|Rem. (chips)   |       |        |    |             |            |           |6.x,     |
|iowa-lab/omnibook.html] |CT65545     |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |Debian   |
|600 () Rem.             |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |2.2      |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |Neomagic    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |SCSI|Yes driver   |SoundBlaster|Yes driver |Mandrake |
|mobilix.org/hp800e.html]|MagicGraph  |Rem. (neomagic)|       |        |Card|ncr53c8xxRem.|compatible  |sb         |8.0,     |
|800 (F1360A, F1175A,    |128XD NM2160|               |       |        |    |             |            |           |Debian   |
|F1174A, F1173A, F1172A, |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |2.2      |
|F1171A)                 |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |Neomagic    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |Analog      |Yes driver |Mandrake |
|people.ne.mediaone.net/ |MagicGraph  |Rem. (neomagic)|       |        |    |             |Device 1848 |AD1848     |8.1      |
|dorscm/Linux/           |256AV NM2200|               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|HP900install.html] 900  |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|(F1711W|N, F1712W|N,    |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1760W|N)               |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |ATI Rage    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |ESS Maestro |Yes driver |Mandrake |
|www.hpl.hp.com/personal/|Mobility    |Rem. in Frame  |       |        |    |             |2           |maestroRem.|8.1      |
|Philippe_Bernadat/      |            |Buffer mode    |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|omni900/] 900 (F1769W|N||            |(FBDEV)Rem.    |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|K, F1770W|N|K, F1979W|N||            |Rem.           |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|K, F1980W|N|K, F2007W|N||            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|K)                      |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook 2000 (F1356A,  |Chips &     |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |???         |???        |No       |
|F1397A)                 |Technologies|Rem. (chips)   |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|                        |CT65554     |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook 2100 (F1584W,  |Neomagic    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |Crystal CS  |Yes        |Yes      |
|F1580W, F1581W, F1597W, |MagicGraph  |Rem. (neomagic)|       |        |    |             |4232        |           |         |
|F1598W, F1599W, F1600W, |128XD NM2160|               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1729W)                 |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |Neomagic    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |Crystal CS  |Yes        |No       |
|xenu.phys.uit.no/~tom/  |MagicGraph  |Rem. (neomagic)|       |        |    |             |4232        |           |         |
|OmniBook3000CTX.html]   |128XD NM2160|               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|3000 (F1391A, F1392A,   |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1393A)                 |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |Neomagic    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |SoundBlaster|Yes driver |No       |
|mobilix.org/            |MagicGraph  |Rem. (neomagic)|       |        |    |             |compatible  |sb         |         |
|hp3100e.html] 3100      |128XD NM2160|               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|(F1582W)                |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |WD90C24 PCI |Yes XFree 3.3.6|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |???         |???        |No       |
|www.personal.psu.edu/   |            |Rem. (SVGA)    |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|users/a/x/axg189/linux/ |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|omni4000c.html] 4000 () |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook 4100 (F1462W,  |Neomagic    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |???         |???        |Yes      |
|F1463W, F1479W, F1464W, |MagicGraph  |Rem. (neomagic)|       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1703W)                 |128XD NM2160|               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |Neomagic    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |???         |???        |Mandrake,|
|www.wien.netsurf.at/    |MagicGraph  |Rem. (neomagic)|       |        |    |             |            |           |Debian   |
|franz.fiala/            |256AV NM2200|               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|omni4150.html] 4150 Rem.|            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|(F1629W|N, F1640W|N,    |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1641W|N, F1642W|N,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1647W|N, F1648W|N,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1663W|N)               |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook 4150 (F1649W|N||ATI Rage    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |ESS Maestro |Yes driver |Yes      |
|K, F1650W|N|K, F1658W|N,|Mobility    |Rem. in Frame  |       |        |    |             |2           |maestroRem.|         |
|F1660W|N, F1662W|N|K,   |            |Buffer mode    |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F1976W|N|K, F1983W|N|K, |            |(FBDEV)Rem.    |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2000W|N|K)             |            |Rem.           |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |Chips &     |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |Crystal CS  |Yes        |Yes      |
|www.ens.fr/~dicosmo/    |Technologies|Rem. (chips)   |       |        |    |             |4232        |           |         |
|Linux/OmniBook5000.html]|CT65545     |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|5000 ()                 |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |Chips &     |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |Crystal CS  |Yes        |Yes      |
|foobar.starlab.net/     |Technologies|Rem. (chips)   |       |        |    |             |4232        |           |         |
|~soggie/                |CT65548     |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|hp-omnibook-5500ct/]    |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|5500 ()                 |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |Chips &     |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |???         |???        |RedHat   |
|www.best.com/~mcrosbie/ |Technologies|Rem. (chips)   |       |        |    |             |            |           |7.0, 7.1,|
|Linux/ob5700.html] 5700 |CT65554     |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |7.2,     |
|(F1352A, F1353A, F1396A,|            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |Mandrake |
|F1354A, F1355A)         |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |7.1      |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |ATI Rage    |Yes XFree 4.1.0|3Com   |Yes     |None|N/A          |ESS Maestro |YesRem.    |RedHat   |
|www.math.psu.edu/dna/   |Mobility    |Rem. in Frame  |3C556  |driver  |    |             |3           |           |6.2, 7.0,|
|omnibook6000-linux.html]|            |Buffer mode    |10/100 |Rem.    |    |             |            |           |7.1,     |
|6000 Rem. (F2072W|K,    |            |(FBDEV)Rem.    |BT     |        |    |             |            |           |Debian   |
|F2079W|K, F2081W|K,     |            |Rem.           |       |        |    |             |            |           |2.2,     |
|F2083W|K, F2087W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |Mandrake |
|F2090W|K, F2140W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |7.1, 8.0 |
|F2144W|K, F2148W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2150W|K, F2186W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2182W|K, F2184W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2188W|K, F2197W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2200W|K, F2202W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F2205W|K)               |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook 6100 Rem.      |ATI Radeon  |Yes XFree 4.1.0|Intel  |Yes     |None|N/A          |ESS Maestro |YesRem.    |RedHat   |
|(F3251W|K, F3253W|K,    |Mobility AGP|Rem. (ati)     |PRO 10/|driver  |    |             |3           |           |7.2,     |
|F3257W|K, F3259W|K,     |            |               |100 BT |eepro100|    |             |            |           |Mandrake |
|F3260W|K, F3262W|K,     |            |               |       |or e100 |    |             |            |           |8.1      |
|F3263W|K, F3265W|K,     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|F3266W|K, F3268W|K)     |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook [http://       |ATI Rage LT |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |SoundBlaster|Yes driver |RedHat   |
|klee.cs.depaul.edu/     |Pro         |Rem. (ati)     |       |        |    |             |compatible  |sb         |7.0      |
|ajeffrey/omnibook.html] |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
|7100 (F1441W, F1442W)   |            |               |       |        |    |             |            |           |         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
|OmniBook 7150 (F1443W)  |ATI Rage LT |Yes XFree 4.1.0|None   |N/A     |None|N/A          |ESS Maestro |Yes driver |No       |
|                        |Pro         |Rem. (ati)     |       |        |    |             |2           |maestroRem.|         |
+------------------------+------------+---------------+-------+--------+----+-------------+------------+-----------+---------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.6. Mobile computer accessories

  The cards mentionned below are PCMCIA or PC-Card cards. 

The following table provides all information on the support for this hardware
by Linux.


Table 3-10. Mobile computer accessories
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|Reference      |Card type       |Chipset         |Linux support   |Tested  |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|F1623A         |Modem/Net Card  |Xircom CEM56-100|Yes driver      |Yes     |
|               |                |56Kb 10/100 BT  |xirc2ps_cs      |        |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|F1625A         |Modem Card      |???             |???             |No      |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|F1626A         |Network Card    |3Com 3CXFE575BT |???             |No      |
|               |                |10/100 BT       |                |        |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|F1626B         |Network Card    |???             |???             |No      |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|F2136B         |Network Card    |Lucent 802.11b  |???             |No      |
|               |                |wireless        |                |        |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|F1643A         |Modem/Net Card  |???             |???             |No      |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|F1782A         |Modem/Net Card  |???             |???             |No      |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.7. The handheld range (Jornada)

The following table provides all information on the support for this hardware
by Linux.


Table 3-11. Jornada and Linux
+-------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-----+-------+-----+-------+------+
|Machine      |Graphic|Linux  |Network|Linux  |SCSI |Linux  |Sound|Linux  |Tested|
|             |Card   |support|Card   |support|Card |support|Card |support|      |
+-------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-----+-------+-----+-------+------+
|Jornada 710  |???    |???    |None   |N/A    |None |N/A    |None |N/A    |No    |
|(F1889A)     |       |       |       |       |     |       |     |       |      |
+-------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-----+-------+-----+-------+------+
|Jornada 720  |???    |???    |None   |N/A    |None |N/A    |None |N/A    |No    |
|(F1816A,     |       |       |       |       |     |       |     |       |      |
|F1430A)      |       |       |       |       |     |       |     |       |      |
+-------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-----+-------+-----+-------+------+

  For this machine look at : [http://www.arm.linux.org.uk/developer/machines
/?action=list&id=49] http://www.arm.linux.org.uk/developer/machines/?action=
list&id=49

  Models 620, 680 and 690, equiped with a superH processor are also supported
by the Linux Kernel. 

  The other models of Jornada can not run Linux. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.8. The server range (NetServer)

  A page on how Linux works on HP NetServers is available at [http://
www.netserver.hp.com/netserver/products/highlights_linux.asp] http://
www.netserver.hp.com/netserver/products/highlights_linux.asp

  An official compatibility matrix of HP NetServers with Linux and other
operating systems is available at : [http://netserver.hp.com/products/
highlights_nos.asp] http://netserver.hp.com/products/highlights_nos.asp

  Documents (in japanese) written by Junichi Shimoda concerning management of
AMI Megaraid cards and HP Instant TopTools under Linux are respectively
available at [http://www.jpn.hp.com/biz/products/pcserver/linux/document/pdf/
rh70_lp1000r_megamgr.pdf] http://www.jpn.hp.com/biz/products/pcserver/linux/
document/pdf/rh70_lp1000r_megamgr.pdf and [http://www.jpn.hp.com/biz/products
/pcserver/linux/document/pdf/instanttt-rh62.pdf] http://www.jpn.hp.com/biz/
products/pcserver/linux/document/pdf/instanttt-rh62.pdf

  Official documents to help configuring NetServers under Linux [http://
www.redhat.com] RedHat [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Docs/
netserver-rh5.2.pdf] 5.2 and [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Docs
/netserver-rh6.0.pdf] 6.0 are also available. 

The following table provides all information on the support for this hardware
by Linux.


Table 3-12. NetServers and Linux
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|Machine  |Graphic|Linux    |Network|Linux   |SCSI   |Linux support|Sound|Linux  |Tested  |
|         |Card   |support  |Card   |support |Card   |             |Card |support|        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Cirrus |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |No      |
|E45      |Logic  |4.1.0Rem.|i82557 |driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |        |
|(D4973A, |GD 5446|(cirrus) |/      |eepro100|2910bui|             |     |       |        |
|D4974A,  |PCI    |         |i82558 |or e100 |(7860) |             |     |       |        |
|D4975A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D4976A,  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D5971A)  |       |         |(D5013A|        |       |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |/B)    |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Cirrus |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Yes     |
|E50      |Logic  |4.1.0Rem.|i82557 |driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |        |
|(D6034A, |GD 5446|(cirrus) |/      |eepro100|7880 UW|             |     |       |        |
|D6033A,  |PCI    |         |i82558 |or e100 |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D6035A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6031A,  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6030A,  |       |         |(D5013A|        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6032A)  |       |         |/B)    |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |No      |
|E55      |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|S82093A|driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |        |
|(D9337A) |C AGP  |(ati)    |/      |eepro100|7895H  |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |i82559 |or e100 |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |10/100 |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Yes     |
|E60      |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|S82093A|driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |        |
|(D7140A, |C AGP  |(ati)    |/      |eepro100|7895H  |             |     |       |        |
|D7142A,  |       |         |i82559 |or e100 |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D7144A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D7146A,  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D7148A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9123A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9127A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9128A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9129A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |None   |N/A          |None |N/A    |No      |
|E200     |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|i82557 |driver  |       |             |     |       |        |
|(P4595A, |C AGP  |(ati)    |/      |eepro100|       |             |     |       |        |
|P5404A,  |       |         |i82558 |or e100 |       |             |     |       |        |
|P5447A)  |       |         |10/100 |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |(D5013A|        |       |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |/B)    |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |No      |
|E200     |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|i82557 |driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |        |
|(P1205A, |C AGP  |(ati)    |/      |eepro100|7880 UW|             |     |       |        |
|P2448A,  |       |         |i82558 |or e100 |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|P4594A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P5403A)  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |(D5013A|        |       |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |/B)    |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |RedHat  |
|E800     |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|S82093A|driver  |Symbios|sym53c8xxRem.|     |       |7.0,    |
|(D9400A, |C AGP  |(ati)    |/      |eepro100|Logic  |             |     |       |Mandrake|
|D9402A,  |       |         |i82559 |or e100 |53C896 |             |     |       |7.2     |
|D9404A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D9408A,  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9409,   |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9411A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1195A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1200A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2457A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2458A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2460A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2477A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2502A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2503A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2504A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P3428A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P3432A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P5368A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P5370A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P5372A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P5374A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P5551A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P5553A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P7655A ) |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem.     |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Trident|Yes XFree|None   |N/A     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Yes     |
|LC       |TVGA   |3.3.6Rem.|       |        |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |        |
|(D3343A) |9000i  |(SVGA)   |       |        |7770   |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |       |        |EISA   |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Cirrus |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Yes     |
|LCII     |Logic  |4.1.0Rem.|i82557 |driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |        |
|(D4907A, |GD 5446|(cirrus) |/      |eepro100|7880 UW|             |     |       |        |
|D4909A,  |PCI    |         |i82558 |or e100 |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D5014A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D5015A,  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D5016A,  |       |         |(D5013A|        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D5969A,  |       |         |/B)    |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D5970A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D5959A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D5961A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Cirrus |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Yes     |
|LC3      |Logic  |4.1.0Rem.|i82557 |driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |        |
|(D6123A, |GD 5446|(cirrus) |/      |eepro100|7880 UW|             |     |       |        |
|D7018A,  |PCI    |         |i82558 |or e100 |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D6125A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D7020A,  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D7028A,  |       |         |(D5013A|        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D7025A,  |       |         |/B)    |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D7126A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8594A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Chipset  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|BXRem.   |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |RedHat  |
|LC2000   |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|S82093A|driver  |Symbios|ncr53c8xxRem.|     |       |6.2,    |
|(D8514A, |C AGP  |(ati)    |/      |eepro100|Logic  |             |     |       |7.0,    |
|D8515A,  |       |         |i82559 |or e100 |53C897 |             |     |       |Mandrake|
|D8519A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |PCI    |             |     |       |7.2, 8.1|
|D8520A,  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8524A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8525A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9162A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9163A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9164A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9165A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1802A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1802B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1804A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1804B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2478A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2478B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2479A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2479B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P3493A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P3493B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P5364B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P5550B)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Chipset  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|i820Rem. |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem. Rem.|       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Trident|Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |No      |
|LDPro    |TVGA   |3.3.6Rem.|i82557 |driver  |AIC    |aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |        |
|(D4944A, |9000i  |(SVGA)   |/      |eepro100|7880 UW|             |     |       |        |
|D4946A,  |       |         |i82558 |or e100 |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D4961A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D4962A)  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |(D5013A|        |       |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |/B)    |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Trident|Yes XFree|None   |N/A     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Yes     |
|LHPro    |TVGA   |3.3.6Rem.|       |        |Adaptec|aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |        |
|(D4979A, |9000i  |(SVGA)   |       |        |AIC    |             |     |       |        |
|D4980A,  |       |         |       |        |7880 UW|             |     |       |        |
|D4981A,  |       |         |       |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D4982A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Trident|Yes XFree|None   |N/A     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Yes     |
|LHII     |TVGA   |3.3.6Rem.|       |        |Adaptec|aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |        |
|(D5017A, |9000i  |(SVGA)   |       |        |AIC    |             |     |       |        |
|D5953A,  |       |         |       |        |7880 UW|             |     |       |        |
|D5021A,  |       |         |       |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D5023A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6047A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6048A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Cirrus |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Yes     |
|LH3      |Logic  |4.1.0Rem.|i82557 |driver  |Symbios|ncr53c8xxRem.|     |       |        |
|(D4998A, |GD 5446|(cirrus) |/      |eepro100|Logic  |             |     |       |        |
|D5002A,  |PCI    |         |i82558 |or e100 |53C895 |             |     |       |        |
|D5000A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D5004A,  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D7033A,  |       |         |(D5013A|        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D7034A,  |       |         |/B)    |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8503A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8504A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8567A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8568A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9343A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9344A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Chipset  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|BXRem.   |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem.     |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |RedHat  |
|LH3000   |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|S82093A|driver  |AIC    |aic7xxx and  |     |       |6.2,    |
|(D8228A, |C AGP  |(ati)    |/      |eepro100|7880   |driver       |     |       |7.0,    |
|D8230A,  |       |         |i82559 |or e100 |PCI + 2|sym53c8xx    |     |       |Mandrake|
|D8236A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |Symbios|             |     |       |7.2, 8.1|
|D8238A,  |       |         |BT     |        |Logic  |             |     |       |        |
|D8244A,  |       |         |       |        |53C896 |             |     |       |        |
|D8246A,  |       |         |       |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D9176A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9178A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9180A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9182A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1794A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1794B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1796A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1796B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2482A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2482B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2483A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2483B)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Chipset  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|BXRem.   |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem. Rem.|       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Cirrus |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |RedHat  |
|LH4      |Logic  |4.1.0Rem.|i82557 |driver  |Symbios|ncr53c8xxRem.|     |       |6.0,    |
|(D7092A, |GD 5446|(cirrus) |/      |eepro100|Logic  |             |     |       |6.1,    |
|D7093A,  |PCI    |         |i82558 |or e100 |53C895 |             |     |       |6.2,    |
|D7094A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |PCI    |             |     |       |7.0, NOT|
|D7095A,  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |7.1, 7.2|
|D6971A,  |       |         |(D5013A|        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6972A,  |       |         |/B)    |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6973A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6974A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D7103A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D7104A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8552A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8553A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8556A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8557A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8560A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8561A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1225A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1227A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Chipset  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|BXRem.   |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem.Rem. |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem.     |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |RedHat  |
|LH6000   |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|S82093A|driver  |AIC    |aic7xxx and  |     |       |6.2,    |
|(D9103A, |C AGP  |(ati)    |/      |eepro100|7880   |driver       |     |       |7.0,    |
|D9104A,  |       |         |i82559 |or e100 |PCI + 2|sym53c8xx    |     |       |Mandrake|
|D9107A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |Symbios|             |     |       |7.2, 8.1|
|D9108A,  |       |         |BT     |        |Logic  |             |     |       |        |
|D9190A,  |       |         |       |        |53C896 |             |     |       |        |
|D9190B,  |       |         |       |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D9192A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9192B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9194A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9194B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9196A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9196B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1816B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1817B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2622A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2623A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Chipset  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|BXRem.   |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem. Rem.|       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem. Rem.|       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Cirrus |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Symbios|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |RedHat  |
|LPr      |Logic  |4.1.0Rem.|i82557 |driver  |Logic  |ncr53c8xxRem.|     |       |6.2     |
|(D6130A, |GD 5446|(cirrus) |/      |eepro100|53C895 |             |     |       |        |
|D6131A,  |PCI    |         |i82558 |or e100 |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D7171A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9133A,  |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9348A,  |       |         |(D5013A|        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9431A,  |       |         |/B)    |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9434A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1736A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1738A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1820A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P3417A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Chipset  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|BXRem.   |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|2 x    |Yes     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |RedHat  |
|LP1000r  |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|Intel  |driver  |Symbios|sym53c8xxRem.|     |       |6.1,    |
|(P1810A, |C AGP  |(ati)    |i82559 |eepro100|Logic  |             |     |       |6.2,    |
|P1812A,  |       |         |10/100 |or e100 |53C1010|             |     |       |7.0,    |
|P2465A,  |       |         |BT     |        |PCI    |             |     |       |7.1,    |
|P4632A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |Mandrake|
|P4634A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |7.2,    |
|Rem. Rem.|       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |8.1,    |
|         |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |SuSE 7.0|
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|2 x    |Yes     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Preload |
|LP1000r  |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|Intel  |driver  |Symbios|sym53c8xxRem.|     |       |RedHat  |
|(P3573A) |C AGP  |(ati)    |i82559 |eepro100|Logic  |             |     |       |7.0     |
|Rem. Rem.|       |         |10/100 |or e100 |53C1010|             |     |       |based   |
|Rem.     |       |         |BT     |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|2 x    |Yes     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Preload |
|LP1000r  |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|Intel  |driver  |Symbios|sym53c8xxRem.|     |       |SuSE 7.0|
|(P3574A) |C AGP  |(ati)    |i82559 |eepro100|Logic  |             |     |       |based   |
|Rem. Rem.|       |         |10/100 |or e100 |53C1010|             |     |       |        |
|Rem.     |       |         |BT     |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|2 x    |Yes     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |RedHat  |
|LP2000r  |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|Intel  |driver  |Symbios|sym53c8xxRem.|     |       |6.1,    |
|(P1824A, |C AGP  |(ati)    |i82559 |eepro100|Logic  |             |     |       |6.2,    |
|P1827A,  |       |         |10/100 |or e100 |53C1010|             |     |       |7.0,    |
|P1830A,  |       |         |BT     |        |PCI    |             |     |       |7.1,    |
|P3576A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |Mandrake|
|P4636A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |7.2,    |
|P4638A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |8.1,    |
|Rem. Rem.|       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |SuSE 7.0|
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|Cluster  |Cirrus |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Symbios|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Yes     |
|NetServer|Logic  |4.1.0Rem.|i82557 |driver  |Logic  |ncr53c8xxRem.|     |       |        |
|LPr      |GD 5446|(cirrus) |/      |eepro100|53C895 |             |     |       |        |
|(D6131A, |PCI    |         |i82558 |or e100 |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|P1133A)  |       |         |10/100 |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem.     |       |         |BT     |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |(D5013A|        |       |             |     |       |        |
|         |       |         |/B)    |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|ATI    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Adaptec|Yes driver   |None |N/A    |RedHat  |
|LT6000r  |Rage II|4.1.0Rem.|S82093A|driver  |AIC    |aic7xxx and  |     |       |6.2,    |
|(D9143A, |C AGP  |(ati)    |/      |eepro100|7880   |driver       |     |       |7.0,    |
|D9145A,  |       |         |i82559 |or e100 |PCI + 2|sym53c8xx    |     |       |Mandrake|
|P1756A,  |       |         |10/100 |        |Symbios|             |     |       |7.2, 8.1|
|P1756B,  |       |         |BT     |        |Logic  |             |     |       |        |
|P1758A,  |       |         |       |        |53C896 |             |     |       |        |
|P1758B,  |       |         |       |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|P1821B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P2621A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P3460)   |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Chipset  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|BXRem.   |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem. Rem.|       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem. Rem.|       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Cirrus |Yes XFree|None   |N/A     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |RedHat  |
|LXePro/  |Logic  |3.3.6Rem.|       |        |Adaptec|aic7xxxRem.  |     |       |7.0     |
|LXPro    |GD 5424|(SVGA)   |       |        |AIC    |             |     |       |        |
|(D4920B, |PCI    |         |       |        |7880 UW|             |     |       |        |
|D4925B,  |       |         |       |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D6036A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D4311B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D4312B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6037A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D4315B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D4958B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6014A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6015A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D4964B,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D4898A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6016A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D4899A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6017A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D4900A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D6018A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|?      |?        |None   |N/A     |Symbios|?            |None |N/A    |No      |
|LXrPro8  |       |         |       |        |logic  |             |     |       |        |
|(D5028A) |       |         |       |        |UW     |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Cirrus |Yes XFree|None   |N/A     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |Yes     |
|LXr8000  |Logic  |4.1.0Rem.|       |        |Symbios|sym53c8xxRem.|     |       |        |
|(D6021A, |GD 5446|(cirrus) |       |        |Logic  |             |     |       |        |
|D6022A,  |PCI    |         |       |        |53C896 |             |     |       |        |
|D6136A,  |       |         |       |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D6137A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D7000A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8256A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8257A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8258A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8546A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D8548A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem.     |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
|NetServer|Cirrus |Yes XFree|None   |N/A     |2      |Yes driver   |None |N/A    |No      |
|LXr8500  |Logic  |4.1.0Rem.|       |        |Symbios|sym53c8xxRem.|     |       |        |
|(D8540A, |GD 5446|(cirrus) |       |        |Logic  |             |     |       |        |
|D8542A,  |PCI    |         |       |        |53C896 |             |     |       |        |
|D9317A,  |       |         |       |        |PCI    |             |     |       |        |
|D9417A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|D9418A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1230A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P1765A,  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|P3461A)  |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
|Rem.     |       |         |       |        |       |             |     |       |        |
+---------+-------+---------+-------+--------+-------+-------------+-----+-------+--------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.9. NetServers accessories

The following table provides all information on the support for this hardware
by Linux.


Table 3-13. NetServers accessories
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|Reference      |Card type      |Chipset          |Linux support    |Tested  |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|NetRaid 1      |NetRaid Card   |AMI Megaraid     |Yes driver       |RedHat  |
|D4992A         |               |(Raid 0, 1, 3, 5,|megaraidRem.     |6.0,    |
|               |               |10, 50)          |                 |6.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |6.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |Mandrake|
|               |               |                 |                 |7.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |8.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |8.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |SuSE 7.0|
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|NetRaid 1Si    |NetRaid Card   |AMI Megaraid     |Yes driver       |RedHat  |
|D2140A         |               |(Raid 0, 1, 3, 5,|megaraidRem.     |6.0,    |
|               |               |10, 50)          |                 |6.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |6.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |Mandrake|
|               |               |                 |                 |7.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |8.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |SuSE 7.0|
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|NetRaid 1M     |NetRaid Card   |AMI Megaraid     |Yes driver       |RedHat  |
|P3410A Rem.    |               |(Raid 0, 1, 3, 5,|megaraidRem.     |6.1,    |
|               |               |10, 50)          |                 |6.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |Mandrake|
|               |               |                 |                 |8.1     |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|NetRaid 2M     |NetRaid Card   |AMI Megaraid     |Yes driver       |RedHat  |
|P3411A, P3475A |               |(Raid 0, 1, 3, 5,|megaraidRem.     |6.1,    |
|Rem.           |               |10, 50)          |                 |6.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |Mandrake|
|               |               |                 |                 |8.1     |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|NetRaid 3      |NetRaid Card   |AMI Megaraid     |Yes driver       |RedHat  |
|D4943A         |               |(Raid 0, 1, 3, 5,|megaraidRem.     |6.0,    |
|               |               |10, 50)          |                 |6.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |6.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |Mandrake|
|               |               |                 |                 |7.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |8.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |8.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |SuSE 7.0|
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|NetRaid 3Si    |NetRaid Card   |AMI Megaraid     |Yes driver       |RedHat  |
|D5955A         |               |(Raid 0, 1, 3, 5,|megaraidRem.     |6.0,    |
|               |               |10, 50)          |                 |6.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |6.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |Mandrake|
|               |               |                 |                 |7.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |8.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |8.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |SuSE 7.0|
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|NetRaid 4M     |NetRaid Card   |Strong ARM (Raid |Yes driver       |RedHat  |
|D9161A/D9351A  |               |0, 1, 3, 5, 10,  |aacraidRem.      |7.0,    |
|               |               |50)              |                 |7.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |Mandrake|
|               |               |                 |                 |8.0, 8.1|
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|C1578B         |SCSI Card      |Adaptec AIC 7895H|Yes driver       |No      |
|               |               |PCI              |aic7xxxRem.      |        |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|C7430A         |SCSI Card      |Adaptec AIC 7880 |Yes driver       |No      |
|               |               |UW PCI           |aic7xxxRem.      |        |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|D5025A         |SCSI Card      |Adaptec AIC 7880 |Yes driver       |Yes     |
|               |               |UW PCI           |aic7xxxRem.      |        |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|D5252A         |SCSI Card      |Adaptec AIC 7880 |Yes driver       |Yes     |
|               |               |UWD PCI          |aic7xxxRem.      |        |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|P3413A         |SCSI Card      |Adaptec AIC 29160|Yes driver       |RedHat  |
|               |               |PCI              |aic7xxxRem.      |6.2, 7.0|
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|D5013A, D5013B |Network Card   |Intel i82557 /   |Yes driver       |RedHat  |
|               |               |i82558 10/100 BT |eepro100 or e100 |6.2,    |
|               |               |(D5013A/B)       |                 |7.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |Mandrake|
|               |               |                 |                 |7.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |8.0, 8.1|
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|P3482A         |Network Card   |3Com ??? 10/100/ |Yes driver       |RedHat  |
|               |               |1000 BT          |bcm5700Rem.      |7.0,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.1,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |7.2,    |
|               |               |                 |                 |Mandrake|
|               |               |                 |                 |8.0, 8.1|
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|P3492          |Network Card   |???              |???              |No      |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|J2585B         |Network Card   |Carte 100VG      |Yes driver hp100 |Yes     |
|               |               |(J2585B)         |                 |        |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|D6977A         |Fibre Channel  |???              |???              |No      |
|               |Card           |                 |                 |        |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|D5246A         |Fibre Channel  |???              |???              |No      |
|               |Card           |                 |                 |        |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|D8602A         |Fibre Channel  |???              |???              |No      |
|               |Card           |                 |                 |        |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|D8602B         |Fibre Channel  |???              |???              |No      |
|               |Card           |                 |                 |        |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|D6028A         |Top Tools Card |???              |Yes              |Yes     |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|P1979A         |USB Modem      |???              |???              |No      |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
|D8384B         |USB Modem      |[http://         |[http://         |Yes     |
|               |               |www.aztech.com.sg|www.aztech.com.sg|        |
|               |               |/products/       |/driver/         |        |
|               |               |um9800.htm]      |modem_um9800.htm]|        |
|               |               |Aztech UM9800    |driver Aztech    |        |
+---------------+---------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+

  For TopTools Remote Control Cards (TTRCC), the B.02.02 firmware release
shows some strange symptoms at boot time, namely you get no data in your
browser (Netscape on Linux) until way past selftest and LILO, so it's kind of
hard to boot an alternate kernel. The fix is to 'downgrade' your firmware on
the TTRCC to B.02.00. You can see what revision you're running on the
TopTools 'Identity Screen'. You can flash the eeprom on the TTRCC anytime
(unless you really want to make a DOS floppy and reboot) by tftping the right
firmware (ttrc0200.bin) in the 'Configuration' tab -> 'Card Info' area, and
press 'Update'. It takes a minute or so to download/verify/and reset the
TTRCC. (Information from Lee Mayes)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.10. HP Server Appliances

  Information concerning these machines are available at [http://www.hp.com/
products1/servers/serverappliances/] http://www.hp.com/products1/servers/
serverappliances/

The "Web hosting" SA1100 (P4533A) and SA1120 (P4534A) machines are equiped
with a RedHat based distribution of Linux. 

The "Web caching" SA2100 (P4535A), SA2150 (P4651A), SA2200 (P4536A) and
SA2250 (P4537A) machines are equiped with a RedHat based distribution of
Linux and of the Inktomi software. The hardware base is a LP1000r. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.11. HP Blade Server

  Information concerning these machines are available at [http://www.hp.com/
products1/servers/blades/index.html] http://www.hp.com/products1/servers/
blades/index.html

 

��*�Debian: 2.2r3 kernel 2.2.19
   
��*�Red Hat: 7.0 kernel 2.2.16
   
��*�SuSE: 7.1 kernel 2.4.0
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.2.1.12. UPS

  Hp doesn't make UPS anymore, but has a world-wide agreement with APC. APC
distributes a free software (no cost, not open-source), to manage its UPS
under Linux. It's available at [http://www.apcc.com/products/management/
pcp_linux.cfm] http://www.apcc.com/products/management/pcp_linux.cfm.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.1.13. Complementary information

  Please refer to the [http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Hardware-HOWTO.html]
Hardware Howto and [http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Ethernet-HOWTO.html]
Ethernet Howto for other details concerning the support of some hardware
elements by Linux. 

For video chipsets support, a fundamental page is the one of [http://
www.xfree86.org/4.1.0/index.html] XFree86 with its supported [http://
www.xfree86.org/cardlist.html] chipsets list. 

  Commercial servers are also available, as those of [http://www.xig.com/]
X-Inside and [http://www.metrolink.com/] MetroLink

  Netvectra are not supported by Linux. 

  Driver supporting the HP GPIB cards (IEEE 488) HP 27209 (= HP 82990, HP
61062, HP 88500) and HP 82335 is available at the following address : [ftp://
ftp.llp.fu-berlin.de/pub/linux/LINUX-LAB/IEEE488] ftp://ftp.llp.fu-berlin.de/
pub/linux/LINUX-LAB/IEEE488.

  Another GPIB driver may be found at this address [http://www.inesinc.com/
linux.htm] http://www.inesinc.com/linux.htm.

XFree86
      The latest version of XFree86 is the 4.1.0, available from [http://
    www.xfree86.org/#download] this server.
   
G100 card
      To use the MGA G100 AGP card, with a version of XFree86 before the
    3.3.2 one, you have to use an option in the file XF86Config : Option
    "no_accel".
   
      Section example :
    Section "Device"                                                 
    [...]                                                            
          VendorName "Matrox"                                        
          VideoRam 4096                                              
          Option "no_accel"                                          
    EndSection                                                       
   
G450 card
      This card can support up to two displays. These displays can be
    configured in two different ways. 
   
      For uniquely independent screen operation, you can configure displays
    for "multi-screen" work. In this mode, the X server reports two
    independent screens for client connections. These are numbered using the
    "minor" display number (e.g. <hostname>:0.0 and <hostname>:0.1). There is
    no support to move client windows between the screens. 
   
      The other configuration option uses the XINERAMA extension. This
    configuration links multiple screens to behave as one logical screen. In
    this mode, the X server reports one screen for all client connections. X
    clients can move between screens and the overall screen resolution is
    doubled width or height depending upon the desired setup. 
   
      The following examples demonstrate these possibilities through the
    configuration file /etc/X11/XF86Config-4 :
      Section "Device"                                               
        Identifier   "G450_0"                                        
        Driver       "mga"                                           
        Screen       0                                               
      EndSection                                                     
                                                                     
      Section "Device"                                               
        Identifier   "G450_1"                                        
        Driver       "mga"                                           
        Screen       1                                               
      EndSection                                                     
                                                                     
      Section "Screen"                                               
        Identifier   "Screen0"                                       
        Device       "G450_0"                                        
        Monitor      "Monitor0"                                      
        DefaultDepth 24                                              
                                                                     
        SubSection "Display"                                         
          Depth    24                                                
          Modes    "1280x1024"                                       
          Viewport 0 0                                               
        EndSubsection                                                
                                                                     
      EndSection                                                     
                                                                     
      Section "Screen"                                               
        Identifier   "Screen1"                                       
        Device       "G450_1"                                        
        Monitor      "Monitor1"                                      
        DefaultDepth 24                                              
                                                                     
        SubSection "Display"                                         
          Depth    24                                                
          Modes    "1280x1024"                                       
          Viewport 0 0                                               
        EndSubsection                                                
                                                                     
      EndSection                                                     
                                                                     
      Section "ServerLayout"                                         
        Identifier  "MyLayout"                                       
        Screen      "Screen0" LeftOf "Screen1"                       
        Screen      "Screen1"                                        
        InputDevice "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard"                       
        InputDevice "Mouse0"    "CorePointer"                        
      EndSection                                                     
    To enable the XINERAMA extension, you may use one of two ways. The first
    is by adding a command-line option to the X server. This can be done as
    follows:
    #startx -- +xinerama                                             
    The second method is by adding an option to /etc/X11/XF86Config-4 :
      Section "ServerFlags"                                          
        Option "Xinerama" "on"                                       
      EndSection                                                     
   
      The Matrox driver supports several XFree86 options through the file /
    etc/X11/XF86Config-4. The example below describes two such options that
    contribute to improved graphics performance:
      Section "Device"                                                           
        Identifier "Matrox G450"                                                 
            Driver     "mga"                                                     
    # Use this option to enable AGP 2X mode                                      
    # In default mode AGP 1x, the host to graphics bandwidth is about 500 MB/sec 
    # This will increase the host to graphics bandwidth to about 1 GB/sec        
    # This mode is recommended by HP for X2000/X4000                             
            Option     "AGPMode4x"    "on"                                       
    # Use this option to enable AGP 4X mode                                      
    # This will increase the host to graphics bandwidth to about 2 GB/sec        
    # This mode is recommended by HP for X2000/X4000                             
      EndSection                                                                 
   
ATI Rage Mobility video card
      The maximum resolution supported by this chipset in frame-buffer mode
    is 800x600 in 16 bpp (vga=0x315 in /etc/lilo.conf)
   
      This chipset is also supported by XFree 3.3.6 with the Mach64 driver
    and a patch available at [http://www.staikos.on.ca/~staikos/tp1460/
    XFMa64-Rage-Thinkpad.patch] http://www.staikos.on.ca/~staikos/tp1460/
    XFMa64-Rage-Thinkpad.patch.
   
      A precompiled X server is available at this address : [http://
    www.0wned.org/XFMa64-Rage-Thinkpad.tar.gz] http://www.0wned.org/
    XFMa64-Rage-Thinkpad.tar.gz.
   
FireGL 2/4 card
      This serveur is available from the ATI site at [http://support.ati.com/
    drivers/] http://support.ati.com/drivers/
   
      To enable multi-screen with FireGL4, set the monitor resolution to a
    supported multi-screen resolution like 2560x1024 in the /etc/X11/
    XF86Config-4 file. The firegl driver recognizes this and sets up
    multi-screen when the Xserver starts. Make sure you have two monitors set
    up and connected to the two DVI ports on the FireGL4 card. 
   
      The firegl driver supports several XFree86 options through the file /
    etc/X11/XF86Config-4. Values indicated in the example correspond to the
    default values.
      Section "Device"                                                                                                                                                           
        Identifier "FIRE GL2"                                                                                                                                                    
            Driver     "firegl"                                                                                                                                                  
            Option     "Overlay"    "off"                                                                                                                                        
    # Use this option to enable limited overlay plane support.                                                                                                                   
    # NOTE: currently this is not intended to support the running of applications in the overlay planes.                                                                         
    # Number of 4k DMA buffers used per OpenGL context.                                                                                                                          
    # number of 4k DMA buffers used per OpenGL process by texture manager.                                                                                                       
    # parameter command line passed to firegl kernel module                                                                                                                      
    # Example:Option "KernelModuleParm" "maxlockedmem=64;agpgart=2"                                                                                                              
    # Option list:                                                                                                                                                               
    # maxlockedmem: Maximum locked DMA memory                                                                                                                                    
    # Maximum locked display list memory                                                                                                                                         
    # Value 0, use firegl built-in support, value 2, disable firegl built-in AGP GART support if an agpgart module is loaded, it will be used, value 3, disable AGP GART support 
    # agp_try_unsupported: try unsupported chipsets                                                                                                                              
            Option     "OffScreenPixmaps"   "no"                                                                                                                                 
    # enables the use of frame buffer memory to save/generate pixmaps.                                                                                                           
            Option     "BIOSInfo"   "no"                                                                                                                                         
    # enable BIOS version output to the XFree86.0.log file                                                                                                                       
            Option     "HW Cursor"   "yes"                                                                                                                                       
    # Enable HW Cursor                                                                                                                                                           
            Option     "enable DVI"   "no"                                                                                                                                       
    # enable DVI connector(s) (always enabled in dual mode (Fire GL3/4)                                                                                                          
            Option     "no_accel"   "no"                                                                                                                                         
    # Disable XAA hardware acceleration                                                                                                                                          
            Option     "NoDDC"   "no"                                                                                                                                            
    # disables PnP Monitor functionality such as automatic mode configuration (This important for Fire GL3/4 users who want to work with dual screen modes)                      
            Option     "AGPSpeed"   "-1"                                                                                                                                         
    # 0 for AGP off, 1 for AGP 1x, 2 for AGP 2x, 4 for AGP 4x, -1 for "Query Chipset"                                                                                            
    #                                                                                                                                                                            
      EndSection                                                                                                                                                                 
   
GD 5465 video card
      To use a Cirrus Logic GD 5465 AGP card, with a version below Xfree86
    3.3.3, you have to use an option in the file XF86Config : Option
    "xaa_no_color_exp".
   
      Section example :
    Section "Device"                                                 
    [...]                                                            
           Identifier "CL-GD5465"                                    
           VendorName "Cirrus"                                       
           BoardName  "GD5465"                                       
           VideoRam   2048                                           
           Option     "xaa_no_color_exp"                             
    EndSection                                                       
   
      Some users who had problems with the support of this chipset were more
    satisfied with the use of the "sw_cursor" option. 
   
Elsa Gloria Synergy card
      Specifications of that card should be consulted on Elsa web site. This
    card is equiped with an hardware OpenGL accelerator. Under Linux, there
    is an OpenGL compatible layer called Mesa. This layer begins to support
    hardware accelerators, and among them the 3DLabs chipset which is on Elsa
    Gloria cards.
   
    ��+�[http://www.elsa.de/EUROPE/PRODUCTS/CAD/SPECS/GLO_SYN.HTM] Elsa web
        site
       
    ��+�[http://www.sgi.com/software/opengl] OpenGL web site
       
    ��+�[http://www.mesa3d.org/] Mesa web site
       
   
Silicon Motion LynxE card
      This card is only supported by the 3.3.6 version of XFree86 and upper.
    Nevertheless, even in that version, this is a preliminary support, which
    isn't as stable as the Frame Buffer mode. 
   
      On the other hand, to be able to install a RedHat 6.1 version, you
    should do that in text mode, because the server provided (3.3.5) doesn't
    support this card. 
   
      If you have a dual-boot system, booting first on Windows, and
    initialize the card through its driver seems to improve the operations
    then under Linux (warm reboot). 
   
      Versions of XFree86 above 4.0.2 also offer the support of this chipset.
   
Intel i810/i815 card
    (Informations provided by Fr�d�ric Dubuy <F.Dubuy@atrid.fr>, Anne-Marie
    Mahfouf <a-m.mahfouf@lineone.net> and Jean-Bernard Chaffardon <
    Jean-Bernard_Chaffardon@hp.com>)
   
      These cards are only supported with a specific X server XFCom_i810/5
    downloadable in both format [ftp://download.intel.com/support/graphics/
    intel815/xfcom_i810-1.2-3.i386.rpm] RPM or [ftp://download.intel.com/
    support/graphics/intel810/xfcom_i810-1.2.patch.tar.gz] tar.gz and a
    complementary module for the kernel agpgart, downloadable in both format
    [ftp://download.intel.com/support/graphics/intel815/
    i810gtt-0.2-4.src.rpm] SRPM or [ftp://download.intel.com/support/graphics
    /intel810/i810gtt-0.1-6.src.tar.gz] tar.gz (old).
   
      Detailed documentations on the installation are provided at [http://
    www.linux-france.org/article/x/GuideIntel810/book1.html] http://
    www.linux-france.org/article/x/GuideIntel810/book1.html and [ftp://
    download.intel.com/support/graphics/intel815/release_linux.pdf] ftp://
    download.intel.com/support/graphics/intel815/release_linux.pdf
   
      To summarize, once the X server installed, the module compiled and
    installed, it's sufficient to modify with the following parameters the
    file /etc/X11/XF86Config :
    Section "Device"                                                 
    [...]                                                            
          Identifier "i810"                                          
    [...]                                                            
    EndSection                                                       
                                                                     
    [...]                                                            
    Section "Screen"                                                 
    [...]                                                            
          Driver "svga"                                              
          Device "i810"                                              
    [...]                                                            
    EndSection                                                       
   
      You have to note that the agpgart module provided by Intel should
    replace the one delivered in the kernel so that it works. You then have
    to reinstall it, particularly when a kernel update occurs. 
   
S3 Savage 4 card
      This card is only supported with a specific X server downloadable at
    [ftp://ftp.s3.com/pub/s3/desktop/395/395_xf86_1011.tar.gz] ftp://
    ftp.s3.com/pub/s3/desktop/395/395_xf86_1011.tar.gz
   
      For the installation, please read the following [ftp://ftp.s3.com/pub/
    s3/desktop/390_391/390391_xf86_1011.txt] document
   
Frame Buffer
      To use the Frame Buffer mode, please consult the following documents
    [http://www.medasys-digital-systems.fr/linux/framebuffer.html] http://
    www.medasys-digital-systems.fr/linux/framebuffer.html and [http://
    www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Framebuffer-HOWTO.html] http://www.linuxdoc.org/
    HOWTO/Framebuffer-HOWTO.html.
   
Dual head with XFree86
      It's possible to use XFree86 in dual-head mode. The following example
    of configuration is provided by S. Eranian for a Matrox G200 AGP and a
    ATI Rage 128 PCI card. "The key element is that you must specify the PCI
    id for both cards."
    # /etc/X11/XF86Config-4                                                      
                                                                                 
    # File generated by xf86config.                                              
                                                                                 
    #                                                                            
    # Copyright (c) 1999 by The XFree86 Project, Inc.                            
    #                                                                            
    # Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a    
    # copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), 
    # to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation  
    # the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,   
    # and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the      
    # Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:       
    #                                                                            
    # The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in 
    # all copies or substantial portions of the Software.                        
    #                                                                            
    # THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR 
    # IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,   
    # FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.  IN NO EVENT SHALL   
    # THE XFREE86 PROJECT BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY,   
    # WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF  
    # OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE     
    # SOFTWARE.                                                                  
    #                                                                            
    # Except as contained in this notice, the name of the XFree86 Project shall  
    # not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the sale, use or other  
    # dealings in this Software without prior written authorization from the     
    # XFree86 Project.                                                           
    #                                                                            
                                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
    # Refer to the XF86Config(4/5) man page for details about the format of      
    # this file.                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
                                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
    # Module section -- this  section  is used to specify                        
    # which dynamically loadable modules to load.                                
    # **********************************************************************     
    Section "Module"                                                             
                                                                                 
    # This loads the DBE extension module.                                       
                                                                                 
        Load        "dbe"   # Double buffer extension                            
                                                                                 
    # This loads the miscellaneous extensions module, and disables               
    # initialisation of the XFree86-DGA extension within that module.            
    #    SubSection  "extmod"                                                    
    #      Option    "omit xfree86-dga"   # don't initialise the DGA extension   
    #    EndSubSection                                                           
            Load "extmod"                                                        
                                                                                 
    # This loads the Type1 and FreeType font modules                             
        Load        "type1"                                                      
        Load        "freetype"                                                   
    # This loads the GLX module                                                  
        Load       "glx"                                                         
                                                                                 
    #    Load       "dri"                                                        
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
    Section "DRI"                                                                
            Mode 0666                                                            
    EndSection                                                                   
    # **********************************************************************     
    # Files section.  This allows default font and rgb paths to be set           
    # **********************************************************************     
                                                                                 
    Section "Files"                                                              
                                                                                 
    # The location of the RGB database.  Note, this is the name of the           
    # file minus the extension (like ".txt" or ".db").  There is normally        
    # no need to change the default.                                             
                                                                                 
        RgbPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/rgb"                                     
                                                                                 
    # Multiple FontPath entries are allowed (which are concatenated together),   
    # as well as specifying multiple comma-separated entries in one FontPath     
    # command (or a combination of both methods)                                 
    #                                                                            
    # If you don't have a floating point coprocessor and emacs, Mosaic or other  
    # programs take long to start up, try moving the Type1 and Speedo directory  
    # to the end of this list (or comment them out).                             
    #                                                                            
                                                                                 
        FontPath   "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/local/"                             
        FontPath   "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/misc/"                              
        FontPath   "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi/:unscaled"                    
        FontPath   "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/100dpi/:unscaled"                   
        FontPath   "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Type1/"                             
    #    FontPath   "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Speedo/"                           
        FontPath   "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi/"                             
        FontPath   "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/100dpi/"                            
        FontPath   "/opt/fonts"                                                  
                                                                                 
    # The module search path.  The default path is shown here.                   
                                                                                 
        ModulePath "/usr/X11R6/lib/modules"                                      
                                                                                 
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
    # Server flags section.                                                      
    # **********************************************************************     
                                                                                 
    Section "ServerFlags"                                                        
                                                                                 
    # Uncomment this to cause a core dump at the spot where a signal is          
    # received.  This may leave the console in an unusable state, but may        
    # provide a better stack trace in the core dump to aid in debugging          
                                                                                 
    #    Option "NoTrapSignals"                                                  
                                                                                 
    # Uncomment this to disable the <Ctrl><Alt><BS> server abort sequence        
    # This allows clients to receive this key event.                             
                                                                                 
    #    Option "DontZap"                                                        
                                                                                 
    # Uncomment this to disable the <Ctrl><Alt><KP_+>/<KP_-> mode switching      
    # sequences.  This allows clients to receive these key events.               
                                                                                 
    #    Option "Dont Zoom"                                                      
                                                                                 
    # Uncomment this to disable tuning with the xvidtune client. With            
    # it the client can still run and fetch card and monitor attributes,         
    # but it will not be allowed to change them. If it tries it will             
    # receive a protocol error.                                                  
                                                                                 
    #    Option "DisableVidModeExtension"                                        
                                                                                 
    # Uncomment this to enable the use of a non-local xvidtune client.           
                                                                                 
    #    Option "AllowNonLocalXvidtune"                                          
                                                                                 
    # Uncomment this to disable dynamically modifying the input device           
    # (mouse and keyboard) settings.                                             
                                                                                 
    #    Option "DisableModInDev"                                                
                                                                                 
    # Uncomment this to enable the use of a non-local client to                  
    # change the keyboard or mouse settings (currently only xset).               
                                                                                 
    #    Option "AllowNonLocalModInDev"                                          
                                                                                 
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
    # Input devices                                                              
    # **********************************************************************     
                                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
    # Core keyboard's InputDevice section                                        
    # **********************************************************************     
                                                                                 
    Section "InputDevice"                                                        
                                                                                 
        Identifier  "Keyboard1"                                                  
        Driver      "Keyboard"                                                   
    # For most OSs the protocol can be omitted (it defaults to "Standard").      
    # When using XQUEUE (only for SVR3 and SVR4, but not Solaris),               
    # uncomment the following line.                                              
                                                                                 
    #    Option     "Protocol"      "Xqueue"                                     
                                                                                 
        Option "AutoRepeat" "500 30"                                             
                                                                                 
    # Specify which keyboard LEDs can be user-controlled (eg, with xset(1))      
    #    Option     "Xleds"      "1 2 3"                                         
                                                                                 
    #    Option "LeftAlt"     "Meta"                                             
    #    Option "RightAlt"    "ModeShift"                                        
                                                                                 
    # To customise the XKB settings to suit your keyboard, modify the            
    # lines below (which are the defaults).  For example, for a non-U.S.         
    # keyboard, you will probably want to use:                                   
    #    Option "XkbModel"    "pc102"                                            
    # If you have a US Microsoft Natural keyboard, you can use:                  
    #    Option "XkbModel"    "microsoft"                                        
    #                                                                            
    # Then to change the language, change the Layout setting.                    
    # For example, a german layout can be obtained with:                         
    #    Option "XkbLayout"   "de"                                               
    # or:                                                                        
    #    Option "XkbLayout"   "de"                                               
    #    Option "XkbVariant"  "nodeadkeys"                                       
    #                                                                            
    # If you'd like to switch the positions of your capslock and                 
    # control keys, use:                                                         
    #    Option "XkbOptions"  "ctrl:swapcaps"                                    
                                                                                 
    # These are the default XKB settings for XFree86                             
    #    Option "XkbRules"    "xfree86"                                          
    #    Option "XkbModel"    "pc101"                                            
    #    Option "XkbLayout"   "us"                                               
    #    Option "XkbVariant"  ""                                                 
    #    Option "XkbOptions"  ""                                                 
                                                                                 
    #    Option "XkbDisable"                                                     
                                                                                 
        Option "XkbRules"   "xfree86"                                            
        Option "XkbModel"   "pc101"                                              
        Option "XkbLayout"  "us"                                                 
                                                                                 
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
    # Core Pointer's InputDevice section                                         
    # **********************************************************************     
                                                                                 
    Section "InputDevice"                                                        
                                                                                 
    # Identifier and driver                                                      
                                                                                 
        Identifier  "Mouse1"                                                     
        Driver      "mouse"                                                      
    #    Option "Protocol"    "PS/2"                                             
        Option "Protocol"    "imps/2"                                            
    Option "ZAxisMapping" "4 5"                                                  
        Option "Device"      "/dev/mouse"                                        
                                                                                 
    # When using XQUEUE, comment out the above two lines, and uncomment          
    # the following line.                                                        
                                                                                 
    #    Option "Protocol"  "Xqueue"                                             
                                                                                 
    # Baudrate and SampleRate are only for some Logitech mice. In                
    # almost every case these lines should be omitted.                           
                                                                                 
    #    Option "BaudRate"  "9600"                                               
    #    Option "SampleRate"        "150"                                        
                                                                                 
    # Emulate3Buttons is an option for 2-button Microsoft mice                   
    # Emulate3Timeout is the timeout in milliseconds (default is 50ms)           
                                                                                 
    #    Option "Emulate3Buttons"                                                
    #    Option "Emulate3Timeout"    "50"                                        
                                                                                 
    # ChordMiddle is an option for some 3-button Logitech mice                   
                                                                                 
    #    Option "ChordMiddle"                                                    
                                                                                 
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
    # Other input device sections                                                
    # this is optional and is required only if you                               
    # are using extended input devices.  This is for example only.  Refer        
    # to the XF86Config man page for a description of the options.               
    # **********************************************************************     
    #                                                                            
    # Section "InputDevice"                                                      
    #    Identifier  "Mouse2"                                                    
    #    Driver      "mouse"                                                     
    #    Option      "Protocol"      "MouseMan"                                  
    #    Option      "Device"        "/dev/mouse2"                               
    # EndSection                                                                 
    #                                                                            
    # Section "InputDevice"                                                      
    #    Identifier "spaceball"                                                  
    #    Driver     "magellan"                                                   
    #    Option     "Device"        "/dev/cua0"                                  
    # EndSection                                                                 
    #                                                                            
    # Section "InputDevice"                                                      
    #    Identifier "spaceball2"                                                 
    #    Driver     "spaceorb"                                                   
    #    Option     "Device"        "/dev/cua0"                                  
    # EndSection                                                                 
    #                                                                            
    # Section "InputDevice"                                                      
    #    Identifier "touchscreen0"                                               
    #    Driver     "microtouch"                                                 
    #    Option     "Device"        "/dev/ttyS0"                                 
    #    Option     "MinX"          "1412"                                       
    #    Option     "MaxX"          "15184"                                      
    #    Option     "MinY"          "15372"                                      
    #    Option     "MaxY"          "1230"                                       
    #    Option     "ScreenNumber"  "0"                                          
    #    Option     "ReportingMode" "Scaled"                                     
    #    Option     "ButtonNumber"  "1"                                          
    #    Option     "SendCoreEvents"                                             
    # EndSection                                                                 
    #                                                                            
    # Section "InputDevice"                                                      
    #    Identifier "touchscreen1"                                               
    #    Driver     "elo2300"                                                    
    #    Option     "Device"        "/dev/ttyS0"                                 
    #    Option     "MinX"          "231"                                        
    #    Option     "MaxX"          "3868"                                       
    #    Option     "MinY"          "3858"                                       
    #    Option     "MaxY"          "272"                                        
    #    Option     "ScreenNumber"  "0"                                          
    #    Option     "ReportingMode" "Scaled"                                     
    #    Option     "ButtonThreshold"       "17"                                 
    #    Option     "ButtonNumber"  "1"                                          
    #    Option     "SendCoreEvents"                                             
    # EndSection                                                                 
                                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
    # Monitor section                                                            
    # **********************************************************************     
                                                                                 
    # Any number of monitor sections may be present                              
                                                                                 
    Section "Monitor"                                                            
                                                                                 
        Identifier  "HP4331D"                                                    
                                                                                 
    # HorizSync is in kHz unless units are specified.                            
    # HorizSync may be a comma separated list of discrete values, or a           
    # comma separated list of ranges of values.                                  
    # NOTE: THE VALUES HERE ARE EXAMPLES ONLY.  REFER TO YOUR MONITOR'S          
    # USER MANUAL FOR THE CORRECT NUMBERS.                                       
                                                                                 
        HorizSync   30-82                                                        
                                                                                 
    #    HorizSync  30-64         # multisync                                    
    #    HorizSync  31.5, 35.2    # multiple fixed sync frequencies              
    #    HorizSync  15-25, 30-50  # multiple ranges of sync frequencies          
                                                                                 
    # VertRefresh is in Hz unless units are specified.                           
    # VertRefresh may be a comma separated list of discrete values, or a         
    # comma separated list of ranges of values.                                  
    # NOTE: THE VALUES HERE ARE EXAMPLES ONLY.  REFER TO YOUR MONITOR'S          
    # USER MANUAL FOR THE CORRECT NUMBERS.                                       
                                                                                 
        VertRefresh 48-150                                                       
                                                                                 
    ++vsync                                                                      
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
    # Graphics device section                                                    
    # **********************************************************************     
                                                                                 
    # Any number of graphics device sections may be present                      
                                                                                 
    # Standard VGA Device:                                                       
                                                                                 
    Section "Device"                                                             
        Identifier  "Standard VGA"                                               
        VendorName  "Unknown"                                                    
        BoardName   "Unknown"                                                    
                                                                                 
    # The chipset line is optional in most cases.  It can be used to override    
    # the driver's chipset detection, and should not normally be specified.      
                                                                                 
    #    Chipset    "generic"                                                    
                                                                                 
    # The Driver line must be present.  When using run-time loadable driver      
    # modules, this line instructs the server to load the specified driver       
    # module.  Even when not using loadable driver modules, this line            
    # indicates which driver should interpret the information in this section.   
                                                                                 
        Driver     "vga"                                                         
    # The BusID line is used to specify which of possibly multiple devices       
    # this section is intended for.  When this line isn't present, a device      
    # section can only match up with the primary video device.  For PCI          
    # devices a line like the following could be used.  This line should not     
    # normally be included unless there is more than one video device            
    # intalled.                                                                  
                                                                                 
    #    BusID      "PCI:0:10:0"                                                 
                                                                                 
    #    VideoRam   256                                                          
                                                                                 
    #    Clocks     25.2 28.3                                                    
                                                                                 
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
    # Device configured by xf86config:                                           
                                                                                 
    Section "Device"                                                             
        Identifier  "G200"                                                       
        Driver      "mga"                                                        
        BusID       "PCI:4:0:0"                                                  
        #VideoRam    8192                                                        
        VideoRam 8192                                                            
    #    Option     "SWCursor"                                                   
    #    Option      "ShadowFB"                                                  
    #    Option      "PciRetry"                                                  
        # Insert Clocks lines here if appropriate                                
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
    Section "Device"                                                             
        Identifier  "permedia2"                                                  
        Driver      "glint"                                                      
        BusID       "PCI:1:8:0"                                                  
        #VideoRam    4096                                                        
        #VideoRam 4096                                                           
        # Insert Clocks lines here if appropriate                                
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
    Section "Device"                                                             
        Identifier  "rage"                                                       
        Driver      "r128"                                                       
        BusID       "PCI:01:08:00"                                               
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
    # Screen sections                                                            
    # **********************************************************************     
                                                                                 
    # Any number of screen sections may be present.  Each describes              
    # the configuration of a single screen.  A single specific screen section    
    # may be specified from the X server command line with the "-screen"         
    # option.                                                                    
    Section "Screen"                                                             
        Identifier  "Screen 1"                                                   
        Device      "rage"                                                       
        Monitor     "HP4331D"                                                    
        DefaultDepth 16                                                          
                                                                                 
        Subsection "Display"                                                     
            Depth       8                                                        
            Modes       "640x480" "800x600" "1024x768" "1280x1024"               
            ViewPort    0 0                                                      
        EndSubsection                                                            
        Subsection "Display"                                                     
            Depth       16                                                       
    #        Modes       "800x600" "1024x768" "1280x1024"                        
            Modes        "1024x768" "1280x1024" "640x480" "800x600"              
            ViewPort    0 0                                                      
        EndSubsection                                                            
        Subsection "Display"                                                     
            Depth       24                                                       
    #        Modes       "640x480" "800x600" "1024x768" "1280x1024"              
            Modes       "1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"               
            ViewPort    0 0                                                      
        EndSubsection                                                            
                                                                                 
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
    Section "Screen"                                                             
        Identifier  "Screen 2"                                                   
        Device      "G200"                                                       
        Monitor     "HP4331D"                                                    
        DefaultDepth 16                                                          
                                                                                 
        Subsection "Display"                                                     
            Depth       8                                                        
            Modes       "640x480" "800x600" "1024x768" "1280x1024"               
            ViewPort    0 0                                                      
        EndSubsection                                                            
        Subsection "Display"                                                     
            Depth       16                                                       
    #        Modes       "800x600" "1024x768" "1280x1024"                        
            Modes      "1280x1024"  "640x480" "800x600" "1024x768"               
            ViewPort    0 0                                                      
        EndSubsection                                                            
        Subsection "Display"                                                     
            Depth       24                                                       
            Modes       "640x480" "800x600" "1024x768" "1280x1024"               
            ViewPort    0 0                                                      
        EndSubsection                                                            
    EndSection                                                                   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
    # **********************************************************************     
    # ServerLayout sections.                                                     
    # **********************************************************************     
                                                                                 
    # Any number of ServerLayout sections may be present.  Each describes        
    # the way multiple screens are organised.  A specific ServerLayout           
    # section may be specified from the X server command line with the           
    # "-layout" option.  In the absence of this, the first section is used.      
    # When now ServerLayout section is present, the first Screen section         
    # is used alone.                                                             
                                                                                 
    Section "ServerLayout"                                                       
                                                                                 
    # The Identifier line must be present                                        
        Identifier  "Simple Layout"                                              
                                                                                 
    # Each Screen line specifies a Screen section name, and optionally           
    # the relative position of other screens.  The four names after              
    # primary screen name are the screens to the top, bottom, left and right     
    # of the primary screen.  In this example, screen 2 is located to the        
    # right of screen 1.                                                         
                                                                                 
    #   Screen "Screen 1"                                                        
        Screen "Screen 1" "" "" "" "Screen 2"                                    
        Screen "Screen 2" "" "" "Screen 1" ""                                    
    #    Screen "Screen 2"                                                       
                                                                                 
    # Each InputDevice line specifies an InputDevice section name and            
    # optionally some options to specify the way the device is to be             
    # used.  Those options include "CorePointer", "CoreKeyboard" and             
    # "SendCoreEvents".                                                          
                                                                                 
        InputDevice "Mouse1" "CorePointer"                                       
        InputDevice "Keyboard1" "CoreKeyboard"                                   
                                                                                 
    EndSection                                                                   
   
Aic7xxx
      The latest version of the aic7xxx driver is available from the [http://
    people.redhat.com/dledford/aic7xxx.html] reference site.
   
Ncr53c8xx
      The latest version of the ncr53c8xx driver is available from the [ftp:/
    /ftp.tux.org/pub/roudier] reference site.
   
      A driver disk for the RedHat distribution is available at the following
    address for the versions [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/
    Drivers/dd62-sym.img] 6.2 and [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror
    /Drivers/dd70-sym.img] 7.0.
   
      To use a driver disk on a RedHat 6.2 distribution, you need to boot
    with the latest boot disk made by RedHat. Either by remaking a CD-ROM
    containing it, or by using it directly. It"s available at the following
    address [ftp://ftp.redhat.com/pub/redhat/linux/updates/6.2/en/os/images/
    i386/boot-20000407.img] ftp://ftp.redhat.com/pub/redhat/linux/updates/6.2
    /en/os/images/i386/boot-20000407.img
   
D6692A card
      To use the D6692A card, you need to use a 2.1.122 kernel at least.
    Previous kernels didn't handled correctly the shared IRQ between the
    network and SCSI parts of the card. In particular, a standard RedHat 5.2
    version doesn't allow to the network part to be supported. You have to
    update your kernel with a recent one (preferably 2.4.16) and the
    distribution with the complementary packages needed. 
   
3C59x
      The latest version of the 3c59x driver is available from the [ftp://
    ftp.scyld.com/pub/network/3c59x.c] reference site.
   
      There is also a version provided and supported by 3Com, available at
    [http://support.3com.com/infodeli/tools/nic/linuxdownload.htm] http://
    support.3com.com/infodeli/tools/nic/linuxdownload.htm.
   
      There are also other drivers available at [ftp://ftp.scyld.com/pub/
    network/test/3c59x.c] ftp://ftp.scyld.com/pub/network/test/3c59x.c and
    [http://www.uow.edu.au/~andrewm/linux/#3c59x-bc] http://www.uow.edu.au/
    ~andrewm/linux/#3c59x-bc.
   
3C556
      This card is supported by kernel 2.2.17 and upper. 
   
e100 Intel driver
      A driver is provided by Intel to support its cards based on the PRO/100
    model, in its various versions. Depending on the model, you'll have a
    better support with this one, or with the standard eepro100 provided in
    the Linux kernel. It should allow a systematic support of the latest
    models. It's available at [ftp://download.intel.com/df-support/2896/eng/
    e100-1.6.22.tar.gz] ftp://download.intel.com/df-support/2896/eng/
    e100-1.6.22.tar.gz
   
      If you use the e100 driver, you could also use the ANS tools (Advanced
    Network Services) allowing you to do AFT (Adapter Fault Tolerance), ALB
    (Adaptive Load Balancing, including AFT), FEC or 802.3ad (Link
    Aggregation). For more details on these modes, please refer to the file
    associated with the file to download called readme.txt. It's available at
    [ftp://download.intel.com/df-support/2895/eng/ians-1.4.27.tar.gz] ftp://
    download.intel.com/df-support/2895/eng/ians-1.4.27.tar.gz
   
      To use this functionality, proceed as follow: 
   
    #ifconfig ethx down # For all adapters of the team                                     
    #ianscfg -a -tTEAM # Create the team                                                   
    #ianscfg -C -tTEAM -Mmode # Determine the mode of the team                             
    #ianscfg -a -tTEAM -methx # Add the interface ethx to the team                         
    #ianscfg -a -tTEAM -vveth0 # Create the virtual interface veth0 associated to the team 
    #ianscfg -c -tTEAM # Activate the team                                                 
    #ianscfg -w -f/etc/ians.conf # Save the configuration                                  
    #ifconfig veth0 xxx.yyy.zzz.ttt ... # Configure the virtual interface as usual         
   
      Other tools around this driver may be found on Intel's web site: [http:
    //appsr.intel.com/scripts-df/filter_results.asp?strOSs=39&strTypes=
    PLU%2CDRV%2CSPH%2CUTL&ProductID=416&OSFullName=Linux*&submit=Go%21] http:
    //appsr.intel.com/scripts-df/filter_results.asp?strOSs=39&strTypes=
    PLU%2CDRV%2CSPH%2CUTL&ProductID=416&OSFullName=Linux*&submit=Go%21
   
Wake on Lan
      The Intel Pro/100 and 3Com 3C59x network cards used in majority in HP
    machines support the Wake on Lan function (WOL). All the details on
    [http://www.scyld.com/expert/wake-on-lan.html] http://www.scyld.com/
    expert/wake-on-lan.html,
   
Sound Chipset ESS Maestro
    The chipset 2EM (Vendor id: 125d - device id: 1978) is supported in
    2.2.14 kernel and upper. Version 3 (Vendor id: 125d - device id: 1998) on
    the other side is supported in 2.2.19pre5 kernel and upper. Cf : the site
    of the [http://www.zabbo.net/maestro3/] maestro3, driver, the AlsaRem.
    project (version >= 0.5.10) driver, and the commercial software [http://
    www.opensound.com] Open Sound System . The latest version of the ESS
    Maestro driver is available from the [http://www.zabbo.net/maestro/]
    reference site.
   
Sound Chipset AD1816
      The latest version of the AD1816 driver is available from the [http://
    www.student.informatik.tu-darmstadt.de/~tek/projects/linux.html]
    reference site.
   
      For Visualize workstations, it's recommended by HP to put in /etc/
    conf.modules :
    alias sound ad1816                                                
    pre-install sound /sbin/insmod sound dmabuf=1                     
    options ad1816 io=0x500 irq=5 dma=0 dma2=3 ad1816_clockfreq=33000 
    alias midi opl3                                                   
    options opl3 io=0x388                                             
    (Source : [http://www.hp.com/visualize/support/technotes/linux] http://
    www.hp.com/visualize/support/technotes/linux)
   
Sound Chipset SB Live
      The latest version of the SB Live driver is available from the [http://
    opensource.creative.com] reference site.
   
Alsa Sound Drivers
      The Alsa project has for primary goals to develop drivers to support
    sound cards in Linux, being fully compatible with current OSS drivers,
    bringing more functionalities and supporting more hardware. 
   
      All the information on this project, as well as sources under the GPL
    license, are available from their home page [http://www.alsa-project.org]
    http://www.alsa-project.org
   
      RPMs for RedHat 6.2 and Turbo Linux 6.0 distribution are available at
    the address [http://hp-linux.org/aau/alsa] http://hp-linux.org/aau/alsa
   
Sound Chipset Aztec 2320
      For machines equipped with this chipset, Chuck Slivkoff reports that it
    works when you put the following parameters in /etc/conf.modules :
    alias           char-major-116          snd                                                                              
    alias           char-major-14           soundcore                                                                        
                                                                                                                             
    post-install    snd                     /sbin/modprobe snd-card-azt2320                                                  
    pre-install     snd-card-azt2320        /sbin/modprobe isapnp                                                            
    post-remove     snd-card-azt2320        /sbin/modprobe -r isapnp                                                         
    post-install    snd-card-azt2320        bash -c '       /sbin/modprobe snd-mixer-oss;   /sbin/modprobe snd-pcm-oss;     '
   
DOS models
      These models are delivered with MS-DOS only, in order to have a Linux
    Machine at the best price. 
   
Turbo Linux models
      These models are delivered ready to be installed with Turbo Linux, in
    order to have a Linux Machine at the best price (2 CDs + 30 days of
    support). 
   
RedHat models
      These models are delivered preloaded with a improved distribution based
    on RedHat (shameless plug, as I did it :-) 
   
XU800
      On that machine, the Bios doesn't give the right amount of memory which
    is in the machine to Linux. You need to use a line such as append="mem=
    xxxM" at the begining of /etc/lilo.conf where xxx is your RAM in MB. 
   
      The support of "big size" IDE disks (for example, 27 GB disks provided
    for the XU 800) on these machines needs a kernel 2.2.15 at least. 
   
Omnibook XE
      If you intend to use both the sound chipset and a PCMCIA card in this
    laptop, in order to avoid conflicts at input/output ports level, you'll
    have to modify the file /etc/pcmcia/config.opts to change the line 6 to
    include port 0x300-0x4ff, port 0x1000-0x17ff                     
    The NSC PC87108/338 chipset controlling IrDA on this model is supported
    by the 2.4.16 kernel. (Source : [http://www.bits.bris.ac.uk/madmatt/
    laptop.shtml] http://www.bits.bris.ac.uk/madmatt/laptop.shtml)
   
      Some users had to apply the same tric for their Omnibook 4150 with
    success. 
   
Omnibook XE3
      It is recommended to not launch /sbin/halt under X11. The integrated
    modem card is not supported under Linux (ESS ES56CVM-PL).
   
      The installation of a RedHat 6.2 distribution gives a problem when
    rebooting the system, at the PCMCIA initialisation. You have to install
    the latest version of the pcmcia-cs package at [ftp://
    pcmcia-cs.sourceforge.net/pub/pcmcia-cs/] ftp://pcmcia-cs.sourceforge.net
    /pub/pcmcia-cs/
   
      To use the network with this distribution, you need a tulip driver
    modified by P. "goldpenguin" Depouilly, and available at [http://
    www.math.u-bordeaux.fr/~depouill/XE3/tulip.tar.gz] http://
    www.math.u-bordeaux.fr/~depouill/XE3/tulip.tar.gz
   
Omnibook 600
      Pop-up mouse is supported. Olivier Florent wrote the original linux
    code. Grant Grundler rewrote it and published it. See
    [obmouse.sourceforge.net] obmouse.sourceforge.net
   
Omnibook 4150
      If you use the Adaptec APA-1480 SCSI PCMCIA card, It must be in the top
    slot. If you don't put it in the top slot, the card that is in the top
    slot will not work. Also, even though the APA-1480 was supported long
    before this, the first time it worked on an Omnibook was kernel 2.2.16.
    There was some problems with the earlier cardbus drivers and the
    Omnibook. (Information from Bruce Kives)
   
Omnibook 6000
    reboot doesn't work correctly on this machine, which remains blocked
    instead of rebooting. Use the poweroff button to reset it. (Information
    from Yuthay Yean)
   
Omnibook 6100
      Soon more info ;-) 
   
B models
      B models use Ultra 3 SCSI sym53c1010 (A models use ultra 2). 
   
      To use the native SCSI bus of this machine, it"s necessary to use the
    sym53c8xx driver with a version upon 1.6c. A driver disk for RedHat
    distributions is available for versions [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/
    HP-HOWTO/mirror/Drivers/dd61-sym.img] 6.1, [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/
    HP-HOWTO/mirror/Drivers/dd62-sym.img] 6.2 and [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org
    /HP-HOWTO/mirror/Drivers/dd70-sym.img] 7.0.
   
      For the SuSE 7.0 distribution, you have to enter the manual mode to
    load the driver, as autodetection doesn"t work correctly. 
   
LC 2000
      In order to use the native SCSI controler you need to disable in the
    Bios the option "Reserve PCI Bus Numbers", in the menu PCI Device Setting
    (Indication of Gillynn Couch). Models P3493B and P5364B are equiped with
    an additional NetRaid 1M card. 
   
LP1000r/LP2000r
      To use the native SCSI bus of this machine, it"s necessary to use the
    sym53c8xx driver with a version upon 1.6c. A driver disk for RedHat
    distributions is available for versions [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/
    HP-HOWTO/mirror/Drivers/dd61-sym.img] 6.1, [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/
    HP-HOWTO/mirror/Drivers/dd62-sym.img] 6.2 and [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org
    /HP-HOWTO/mirror/Drivers/dd70-sym.img] 7.0.
   
      For the SuSE 7.0 distribution, you have to enter the manual mode to
    load the driver, as autodetection doesn"t work correctly. 
   
LH 6000
      In order to use the native SCSI controler you need to desactivate in
    the Bios the "reserver PCI Bus #s", in the menu PCI Device Setting. The
    PS/2 system doesn't work correctly with a RedHat 6.1 or 6.2 distribution.
    In order to correct that you need to either put the machine in MPS 1.1,
    in the BIOS, or use a kernel above 2.3.47 in MPS 1.4 mode. The network
    card doesn't work correctly with the kernel of the RedHat 6.2
    distribution. 
   
LT 6000r
      In order to use the native SCSI controler you need to desactivate in
    the Bios the "reserver PCI Bus #s", in the menu PCI Device Setting. 
   
BX Chipset
      Intel BX Chipset (Memory Bus at 100 MHz) is supported by [ftp://
    ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel] kernels above 2.0.34/2.1.103.
   
i820 Chipset
      Coppermine 0.18 �m technology - 256 kB synchronous cache - Intel i820
    Chipset 
   
P4 - i850 Chipset
      These machines are equiped with a Pentium IV processor, supported by
    kernels 2.2.18/2.4.0 and above. The RedHat 7.0, Mandrake 7.2 and
    TurboLinux 6.1 distributions, e.g., can be installed correctly on this
    kind of machines. 
   
BAx
      Attention, the XF86_SVGA server works correctly with this mother board
    embedded version only above XFree86 3.3.5, due to the use of different
    frequencies (In particular, use the updates for RedHat 5.2/6.0).
   
Boot disk for 3Com card
    Creation of a custom RedHat 5.1 Boot disk
   
      To be able to boot with the RedHat 5.1 boot disk, and to have the
    support of the 3C905B-TX card, you need to do the following : 
   
    Log as root. Go in the home directory  (~root)                                                                                      
    #cd ~                                                                                                                               
    Put there the 3c59x.c source module for the 3Com card                                                                               
    #ncftp ftp://ftp.scyld.com/pub/network/3c59x.c                                                                                      
    Compile it                                                                                                                          
    #gcc -DMODULE -D__KERNEL__ -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -O6 -c 3c59x.c `[ -f /usr/include/linux/modversions.h ] && echo -DMODVERSIONS` 
    put the RedHat 5.1 floppy boot disk in the drive                                                                                    
    you have to copy the initrd.img file from the floppy disk                                                                           
    #mcopy a:initrd.img /tmp                                                                                                            
    then uncompress it                                                                                                                  
    #gzip -cd /tmp/initrd.img > /tmp/initrd.ext2                                                                                        
    Mount the "file" filesystem thus obtained                                                                                           
    #mount -t ext2 /tmp/initrd.ext2 /mnt/floppy -o loop                                                                                 
    uncompress the modules provided                                                                                                     
    #gzip -cd /mnt/floppy/modules/modules.cgz > /tmp/modules.cpio                                                                       
    extract the modules                                                                                                                 
    #cd /tmp ; mkdir modules ;                                                                                                          
    cd modules ; cat /tmp/modules.cpio | cpio -i                                                                                        
    Copy the new updated module for the 3Com card                                                                                       
    #cp ~/3c59x.o .                                                                                                                     
    recreate the compressed cpio file                                                                                                   
    #ls | cpio -o | gzip -c9 > ../newmodules.cgz                                                                                        
    replace the modules by their update                                                                                                 
    #cp ../newmodules.cgz /mnt/floppy/modules/modules.cgz                                                                               
    unmount the "file" filesystem                                                                                                       
    #umount /mnt/floppy                                                                                                                 
    compress the "file" filesystem                                                                                                      
    #gzip -c9 /tmp/initrd.ext2 > /tmp/initrd.img                                                                                        
    copy it on the floppy disk                                                                                                          
    #mcopy /tmp/initrd.img a:                                                                                                           
   
3Com 996/Broadcom 5700 card (10/100/1000BT)
      This driver is provided with latest RedHat 7.1, 7.2/Mandrake 8.0, 8.1
    distributions, as kernel patches, but isn't included yet in the standard
    2.4 kernel. 
   
Boot/Driver disk for RedHat distribution
      To be able to boot with a RedHat distribution (>6.1), and to have the
    recognition of a peripheral non supported in standard in the
    distribution, you need to do the following : 
   
      Download the delopment toolkit to create driver disk for the RedHat
    distribution at the following address: [http://people.redhat.com/
    dledford] http://people.redhat.com/dledford
   
      Install the sources of the driver in a directory and follow the
    instructions of the README file of the kit to create the modules
    necessary for the various kernel of the distributions. 
   
    Log as root. (~root)                                                                                                                                                                                           
    put the RedHat floppy boot disk to modify in the drive                                                                                                                                                         
    you have to copy the initrd.img file from the floppy disk                                                                                                                                                      
    #mcopy a:initrd.img /tmp                                                                                                                                                                                       
    then uncompress it                                                                                                                                                                                             
    #gzip -cd /tmp/initrd.img > /tmp/initrd.ext2                                                                                                                                                                   
    Mount the "file" filesystem thus obtained                                                                                                                                                                      
    #mount -t ext2 /tmp/initrd.ext2 /mnt/floppy -o loop                                                                                                                                                            
    create a temporary directory                                                                                                                                                                                   
    #cd /tmp ; mkdir modules ; cd modules                                                                                                                                                                          
    uncompress and extract the modules provided                                                                                                                                                                    
    #gzip -cd /mnt/floppy/modules/modules.cgz | cpio -ivdum                                                                                                                                                        
    Copy the new updated module. In case you add it, remove also other useless modules of the same size.                                                                                                           
    #cp ~/.../mod_devel_kit/rhxx/modules/x.y.z-iBOOT/module.o x.y.z-iBOOT                                                                                                                                          
    Also in case you add it, copy the modules needed for the installed kernel during reboot, and adapt the files pcitable, module-info and modules.dep by using the information provided in the development kit.   
    #cp -a ~/.../mod_devel_kit/rhxx/modules/x.y.z-i ~/.../mod_devel_kit/rhxx/modules/x.y.z-ismp .                                                                                                                  
    #vi /mnt/floppy/modules/pcitable /mnt/floppy/modules/module-info /mnt/floppy/modules/modules.dep                                                                                                               
    recreate the compressed cpio file                                                                                                                                                                              
    #find * -print -depth | cpio -ov -H crc | gzip -c9 > /mnt/floppy/modules/modules.cgz                                                                                                                           
    unmount the "file" filesystem                                                                                                                                                                                  
    #umount /mnt/floppy                                                                                                                                                                                            
    compress the "file" filesystem                                                                                                                                                                                 
    #gzip -c9 /tmp/initrd.ext2 > /tmp/initrd.img                                                                                                                                                                   
    copy it on the floppy disk                                                                                                                                                                                     
    #mcopy /tmp/initrd.img a:                                                                                                                                                                                      
   
LH 4
      The LH4 doesn't seem to work correctly when not in Raid. Even with the
    latest Bios available at the time of the test (16.00), the problem
    remains. If you desactivate the Raid management, during the boot, the
    ncr53c8xx driver in Linux detects 4 controlers instead of 2 and boot
    doesn't end. To avoid that, you have to activate the Raid in the Bios and
    use each of the disk in Raid0 mode, which is quite the same as the
    solution without Raid at all. 
   
      This machine can not be installed correctly with RedHat 7.1 or Mandrake
    8.0 distributions. 
   
NetRaid card
      These cards are equiped with an [http://www.ami.com] AMI Megaraid
    chipset and may support the following Raid levels : 0, 1, 3, 5, 10, 30
    and 50.
   
      AMI has recently sold his Megaraid division to LSILogic and information
    is now available from [http://www.megaraid.lsilogic.com/] http://
    www.megaraid.lsilogic.com/
   
      Some NetRaid cards, as well as the chipset integrated on the LH3 and
    LH4 mother boards are supported by recent version of the Linux kernel
    (2.0.36/2.2.19/2.4.16 typically - don't use 2.0.37/38). 
   
      For the RedHat 5.2 distribution, it's not possible to install the
    system on this type of controler, because it's not detected by the
    installation program. You have to use a specific [http://
    www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Drivers/lh3.img] floppy disk . This
    floppy disk should be used as input to the rawrite tool, for example. It
    works for systems with less than 1 GB of memory. 
   
      For the RedHat 6.0 distribution, you have to manually declare the
    existence of this card as a supplementary SCSI adapter, in order to use
    it directly during the installation. The megaraid driver isn't
    automatically detected. 
   
      To avoid strange messages during the boot printed by the megaraid
    driver, it's necessary to recompile it with the option -DHP (before
    kernel 2.4.2) or -DMEGA_HP_FIX (after) or even nothing now (> 2.4.13). 
   
      For the RedHat 6.1 distribution, the megaraid driver provided by the
    kernel does support only the first logical drive. In order to obtain the
    others, please recompile a 2.2 standard kernel. 
   
      You have to note that the integrated card of the LH3/4 realises a
    software parity checks and performs thus less efficiently than the
    NetRaid daughter cards. On the other side, LH3000/6000 are equiped with
    an integrated card doing hardware checks. 
   
      In the driver provided by AMI there is a Raid management tool megamgr,
    usable within Linux, and equivalent to the tool included in the software
    embedded on the controler. It's downloadable from [http://www.ami.com/
    support/prodsearch.cfm?InpProdID=17] http://www.ami.com/support/
    prodsearch.cfm?InpProdID=17
   
      In case of problem, old versions are available there [http://
    www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/107.zip] http://
    www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/107.zip, [http://
    www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/1e08.zip] http://
    www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/1e08.zip and [http://
    www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/mega115.tgz] http://
    www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/mega115.tgz,.
   
      Kernel patches and utility to monitor logical/physical drives on
    MegaRAID (NetRAID) Adapters have been made by Katsuyuki Yumoto. "This can
    detect physical drive failure, send E-Mail and syslog it. NetRAID-1Si/
    3Si, embeded NetRAID and NetRAID-1M/2M are okay to use. Don't use this
    for NetRAID-4M." You'll find the code at this address [http://
    www.jpn.hp.com/biz/products/pcserver/linux/tech/megascan-20011113.tar.gz]
    http://www.jpn.hp.com/biz/products/pcserver/linux/tech/
    megascan-20011113.tar.gz. Use with care as the versions I tried have
    conducted to kernel panic. 
   
      The NetRaid 1Si card isn't recognized correctly by RedHat 7.2. 
   
NetRaid 1M/2M models
      In addition to what is mentionned above, these models require a 1.14
    version of the megaraid driver to work correctly. You may find a version
    of the sources of this driver at this address [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org
    /HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/ami-mr114b.tar.gz] http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/
    HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/ami-mr114b.tar.gz.
   
      A driver disk for the RedHat distribution is available at the following
    address for the versions [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/
    Drivers/dd62-ami.img] 6.2 and [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror
    /Drivers/dd70-ami.img] 7.0.
   
      To use a driver disk on a RedHat 6.2 distribution, you need to boot
    with the latest boot disk made by RedHat. Either by remaking a CD-ROM
    containing it, or by using it directly. It"s available at the following
    address [ftp://ftp.redhat.com/pub/redhat/linux/updates/6.2/en/os/images/
    i386/boot-20000407.img] ftp://ftp.redhat.com/pub/redhat/linux/updates/6.2
    /en/os/images/i386/boot-20000407.img
   
      You'll have data corruption by using these cards with the standard
    kernel of the RedHat 7.1 distribution. You necessaraly need [http://
    www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Drivers/dd71-ami.img] this driver
    disk to use it correctly. This has been seen with both H.01.07 and
    H.01.08 firmware. Sources of the patch required to make this card work
    correctly with kernels 2.4.x (x < 7) are available here [http://
    www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/mega115hp.tgz] http://
    www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/mega115hp.tgz. The same
    probl�me is true with the Mandrake 8.0, but the 8.1 has the right driver.
   
NetRaid 4M card
      These cards are equiped with a StrongARM Chipset and correspond to the
    Adaptec card AAC-3642. A driver is available at [http://domsch.com/linux]
    http://domsch.com/linux. The RedHat 7.0 includes in standard the driver
    even if that release of the kernel doesn't handle it normaly. Information
    are also available on the HP Navigator L.19.00. 
   
Second IDE bus
      On these machines, when the second ide bus is probed by the kernel,
    there is a timeout, which doesn't hurt, but is useless. To avoid it, just
    add to your lilo.conf the following line : 
   
    append="ide1=noprobe"                                            
   
Processors
      To desactivate processors on a Linux server, you need to give an option
    during the boot to the kernel such as : 
   
    Lilo boot: linux maxcpus=3                                       
   
      where the number of processors given in option is less by one of the
    number of processors wanted. For example, here we activate 4 processors. 
   
HA Cluster
      To use a High Availability Custer under Linux, you need to use
    additional software, such as :
   
    ��+�[http://www.hp.com/products1/unix/highavailability/ar/mcserviceguard/
        index.html] HP MC Service Guard (Commercial)
       
    ��+�[http://www.linux-ha.org] Linux-HA project (free) and [http://
        www.uow.edu.au/~andrewm/linux/ext3/] ext3
       
   
Multimedia keyboards
      Some of the PCs provided by HP are equiped with a multimedia keyboard.
    You may use the additional keys thanks to the HotKeys daemon (Cf: [http:/
    /freshmeat.net/projects/hotkeys/] http://freshmeat.net/projects/hotkeys/)
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.2.2. The monitors range

The following table provides all information on the support for this hardware
by XFree86.


Table 3-14. HP Monitors and Linux
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|Reference|Name          |Vert. |Hor.  |Bandwidth|Resol.    |Freq. (Hz)  |Tested|
|         |              |F.    |F.    |(MHz)    |          |            |      |
|         |              |(Hz)  |(kHz) |         |          |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2825A,  |15" HP Ultra  |50-110|31-54 |65       |640x400,  |70,         |Yes   |
|D2825S   |VGA 1024      |      |      |         |640x480,  |60-72-75-85,|      |
|         |              |      |      |         |800x600,  |60-72-75-85,|      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1024x768  |60          |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2826A,  |15" HP 50     |50-120|31-54 |65       |640x400,  |70,         |Yes   |
|D2826S   |              |      |      |         |640x480,  |60-75-85,   |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |800x600,  |60-75-85, 60|      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1024x768  |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2827A   |15" HP 51     |50-120|31-54 |???      |???       |???         |No    |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2828A   |15" HP 52     |50-120|30-54 |65       |640x400,  |70,         |No    |
|         |              |      |      |         |640x480,  |60-75-85,   |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |800x600,  |60-75-85, 60|      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1024x768  |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D8897A   |15" HP 55     |???   |30-54 |???      |???       |???         |No    |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|P4795A   |15" HP 56     |???   |30-54 |???      |???       |???         |No    |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2832A   |15" HP M500   |50-120|30-70 |110      |640x400,  |70,         |No    |
|         |              |      |      |         |640x480,  |60-75-85,   |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |800x600,  |72-75-85,   |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1024x768, |70-75-85, 60|      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1280x1024 |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2807A   |17" Ultra 1280|50-160|30-64 |???      |???       |???         |Yes   |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2837A   |17" HP70      |50-120|30-70 |110      |640x400,  |70, 75-85,  |Yes   |
|         |              |      |      |         |640x480,  |75-85,      |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |800x600,  |75-85, 60   |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1024x768, |            |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1280x1024 |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2838A   |17" HP M700   |50-160|30-86 |???      |???       |???         |No    |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D8906A   |17" HP P700   |50-160|30-86 |140      |???       |???         |No    |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D8907A   |17" HP P720   |???   |30-85 |???      |???       |???         |No    |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2840A   |17" Ergo 1280 |50-150|31-92 |160      |512x384,  |85, 100,    |Yes   |
|         |              |      |      |         |640x480,  |100, 100,   |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |800x600,  |100, 85, 72,|      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1024x768, |60          |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1152x864, |            |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1280x1024,|            |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1440x1080,|            |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1600x1200 |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D8901A,  |17" HP71      |50-120|30-60 |110      |640x400,  |70, 60,     |No    |
|D8902A   |              |      |      |         |640x480,  |75-85,      |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |800x600,  |75-85, 60   |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1024x768, |            |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1280x1024 |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D8904A,  |17" HP72      |???   |30-70 |???      |???       |???         |No    |
|D8905A   |              |      |      |         |          |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D8900A   |17" HP75      |50-160|30-86 |150      |640x400,  |70,         |Yes   |
|         |              |      |(30-64|         |640x480,  |60-75-85,   |      |
|         |              |      |real) |         |800x600,  |75-85,      |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1024x768, |75-75-85, 75|      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1280x1024 |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2842A,  |19" HP90      |50-200|30-96 |203      |640x400,  |70, 75-85,  |Yes   |
|D2842W   |              |      |      |         |640x480,  |75-85,      |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |800x600,  |75-85,      |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1024x768, |75-85, 75   |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1280x1024,|            |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1600x1200 |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D8910A   |19" HP P910   |50-150|29-107|230      |640x400,  |70, 60-85,  |No    |
|         |              |      |      |         |640x480,  |85, 75-85,  |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |800x600,  |75-85, 75-85|      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1024x768, |            |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1280x1024,|            |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1600x1200 |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D8911A   |19" HP91      |???   |30-96 |???      |???       |???         |No    |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D8912A   |19" HP P920   |???   |30-107|???      |???       |???         |No    |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|A4031A   |20"           |48-150|30-82 |???      |???       |???         |Yes   |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2846A,  |21" HP P1100  |50-160|30-107|???      |???       |???         |No    |
|A4576A   |              |      |      |         |          |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D2847A   |21" P1110     |50-180|29-121|300      |???       |???         |Yes   |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D8915A   |21" P1120     |???   |30-121|???      |???       |???         |No    |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|A4819A   |21" P1130     |???   |???   |???      |???       |???         |No    |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|A4033A   |21"           |50-120|30-80 |???      |???       |???         |Yes   |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|A1295A   |24" Wide      |50-160|30-96 |???      |???       |???         |No    |
|         |Aspect        |      |      |         |          |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D5061A   |15,1" LCD HP  |???   |???   |N/A      |???       |???         |No    |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D5062A   |15" LCD       |???   |??-75 |N/A      |???       |???         |No    |
|         |HPL1510       |      |      |         |          |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D5063A   |15" LCD       |???   |???   |N/A      |???       |???         |No    |
|         |HPL1520       |      |      |         |          |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D5064A   |17" LCD       |???   |???   |N/A      |???       |???         |No    |
|         |HPL1720       |      |      |         |          |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D5065A   |18,1" LCD HP  |56-85 |30-80 |N/A      |640x350,  |70,         |Yes   |
|         |L1800         |      |      |         |640x480,  |60-75-85,   |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |720x400,  |70,         |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |800x600,  |60-75-85,   |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |832x624,  |75,         |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1024x768, |60-75-85,   |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1152x870, |75, 66,     |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1152x900, |60-75       |      |
|         |              |      |      |         |1280x1024 |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|D5069A,  |18" LCD       |???   |??-75 |N/A      |???       |???         |No    |
|D5069C,  |HPL1810       |      |      |         |          |            |      |
|D5069J,  |              |      |      |         |          |            |      |
|D5069L   |              |      |      |         |          |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
|P4829A   |18" LCD       |???   |???   |N/A      |???       |???         |No    |
|         |HPL1820       |      |      |         |          |            |      |
+---------+--------------+------+------+---------+----------+------------+------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.3. PA-Risc based computer range

  The PA-Risc range is achitectured around a processor designed and realised
by HP. First versions were produced in 1987. Currently the versions are named
PA-8000 (8200, 8500, ...).

  The initiative to port Linux on the PA-RISC architecture was taken during
the Atlanta Linux exhibition in October 1998. HP has announced in February
1999 its sponsorship to to this port of Linux. This port is a native one,
which is different from a preceding project which used MkLinux on machines
based on PA-7200. The work is currently done with [http://
www.thepuffingroup.com] The Puffin Group bought by Linuxcare, and more
precise information on the status may be found on the [http://
www.parisc-linux.org] official Web site. In particular, interesting starting
points may be found on [http://www.parisc-linux.org/faq.html] http://
www.parisc-linux.org/faq.html and [http://www.parisc-linux.org/hw.html] http:
//www.parisc-linux.org/hw.html. Consult also ESIEE site (712 on Linux/PA)
which participates actively to the port : [http://mkhppa1.esiee.fr/en/] http:
//mkhppa1.esiee.fr/en/ The last version is 0.9.3. It supports the following
systems L1000, L2000, A500, A180, B, C, J, D, R, 742, 725, 735, 755, 705,
710, 720, 730, 750, 712, 715.

  This version supports 32 and 64 bits modes, SMP (1-4 way), RAM up to 16 GB,
HP-UX compatibility, X-Window, KDE, Gnome, 80% of Debian packages. 

  Debian has accepted PA-RISC as a supported architecture for the upcoming
Debian GNU/Linux 3.0 (woody) stable release. [http://www.debian.org/ports/
hppa/] http://www.debian.org/ports/hppa/.

Thomas Marteau has written a HOWTO on the way to boot concretely a Pa-Risc
suystem. It's available at [http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/
PA-RISC-Linux-Boot-HOWTO/index.html] http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/
PA-RISC-Linux-Boot-HOWTO/index.html.

  FAQ is also available at [http://dsportal.eservices.hp.com/dspp/tech/
tech_TechDocumentDetailPage_IDX/1,1701,276,00.html] http://
dsportal.eservices.hp.com/dspp/tech/tech_TechDocumentDetailPage_IDX/
1,1701,276,00.html.

  There is on the other side for these machines a Linux project based on the
MkLinux micro-kernel. This project as developped within OSF. The web site
mentionning information is at [http://www.gr.opengroup.org/mklinux/hppa/
mkpa-rel.html] http://www.gr.opengroup.org/mklinux/hppa/mkpa-rel.html. Links
to more parisc ports are at [http://parisc.workstations.org/] http://
parisc.workstations.org/.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.4. The IA-64 range

  HP has developed in collaboration with Intel a new generation of 64 bits
processors called Itanium (IA-64). The first processor of this new
generation, called Itanium, was born in September 2001. The initial port of
Linux on IA-64 was published the 2nd of february, 2000 and the sources of the
project are available through [ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/ports/
ia64] ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/ports/ia64. This is the place of
the latest sources for this project. More information on this topic may be
found on these pages: [http://www.hp.com/products1/linux/itanium/index.html]
http://www.hp.com/products1/linux/itanium/index.html (LSO), [http://
devresource.hp.com/devresource/Topics/IA64/IA64.html] http://
devresource.hp.com/devresource/Topics/IA64/IA64.html and [http://
www.hpl.hp.com/techreports/index.html] http://www.hpl.hp.com/techreports/
index.html (HP Labs) or on the reference site [http://www.linuxia64.org]
http://www.linuxia64.org

  HP, as a founding member of the IA-64 Linux project, works on the port of
the kernel, the initial version of gcc, gas, ld and emacs. Another major
contribution of HP to this project is the availability of the software
development kit available at [http://www.software.hp.com/ia64linux] http://
www.software.hp.com/ia64linux. It allows to develop applications as well as
kernel code on Linux/IA32 for IA64 platforms and moreover to test them
through a simulator. 

  You may find some useful tools for IA-64 architecture on the ftp site of
the [ftp://ftp.hpl.hp.com/pub/linux-ia64] HP labs.

  Debian has accepted IA-64 as a supported architecture for the upcoming
Debian GNU/Linux 3.0 (woody) stable release. Cf: [http://www.debian.org/ports
/ia64/] http://www.debian.org/ports/ia64/. The IA-64 installer CD image is
now available by either HTTP or FTP from these locations: [http://
gluck.debian.org/ia64/cd-20010810.iso.gz] http://gluck.debian.org/ia64/
cd-20010810.iso.gz and [ftp://gluck.debian.org/ia64/cd-20010810.iso.gz] ftp:/
/gluck.debian.org/ia64/cd-20010810.iso.gz.

MandrakeSoft has announced that its Mandrake 8.1 for IA-64 version supports
perfectly HP Itanium configurations as related on [http://
www.mandrakesoft.com/company/press/pr?n=/pr/products/1444en=en] http://
www.mandrakesoft.com/company/press/pr?n=/pr/products/1444en=en

  The following key features which are all unique to IA-64 are described by
St�phane Eranian: 

��*�  IA-64/EPIC goes beyond pure VLIW. Code is portable from one
    implementation to another. The timing dependencies are protected by stop
    bits. This allow unmodified code to run with no recompilation. Of course
    better performance is achieved by recompilation. 
   
��*�  Very large register set: 128 floating point, 128 general registers. 
   
��*�  Predication: a very elegant way of removing the cost of branch in
    if-then-else statments. 
   
��*�  Speculation: a elegant mechanism to hide memory access latency by
    allowing load instructions to be hoisted from the location where they are
    needed without risking unwanted faults (like NULL pointer).  
   
��*�  Register Stack Engine: a mechanism similar to the register window found
    a SPARC but much more powerful and dynamic. The window size varies on
    demand. Take advantage of the large register set and is used on function
    calls. 
   
��*�  Hardware support for software pipelined-loop: this is the most powerful
    construct which takes advantages of : predication, large registers. This
    is a renaming scheme for general, floating point or predication registers
    which allows one to unroll loops without incuring the code expansion seen
    on other architectures. 
   
��*�  All the multmedia-type instructions are support in IA-64 mode. 
   
��*�  IA-32 hardware emulation: possibility to run unmodified Linux/ia32
    applications on Linux/ia64 (requires some OS support). 
   
��*�  On the system level: full 64 bit address space. Hardware walker to TLB
    misses. 
   
��*�  Banked registers (16 of them) to help speed up interrupt processing. 
   

St�phane Eranian and David Mosberger will publish begining of 2002 a book
called 'Design and implementation of the Linux/ia64 kernel' (Prentice Hall)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.4.1. The IA64 server range

  The following tables indicate the state of Linux support by these platforms
: 


Table 3-15. HP IA-64 Servers and Linux
+-----------+-------+---------+-------+--------+------+-------+-----+-------+--------+
|Machine    |Graphic|Linux    |Network|Linux   |SCSI  |Linux  |Sound|Linux  |Tested  |
|           |Card   |support  |Card   |support |Card  |support|Card |support|        |
+-----------+-------+---------+-------+--------+------+-------+-----+-------+--------+
|rx4610     |ATI    |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Qlogic|Yes    |None |N/A    |RedHat  |
|(A6153A,   |Rage   |4.1.0Rem.|S82093A|driver  |Ultra3|driver |     |       |7.0,    |
|A6447A)    |128 AGP|(ati)    |/      |eepro100|Wide  |qla1280|     |       |7.1,    |
|           |8MB    |         |i82559 |or e100 |PCI   |       |     |       |Mandrake|
|           |       |         |10/100 |        |      |       |     |       |8.0, 8.1|
|           |       |         |BT     |        |      |       |     |       |        |
+-----------+-------+---------+-------+--------+------+-------+-----+-------+--------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.4.2. The IA64 workstation range

  The following tables indicate the state of Linux support by these platforms
: 


Table 3-16. HP IA-64 Workstations and Linux
+----------+-------+---------+-------+--------+------+-------+------+--------+--------+
|Machine   |Graphic|Linux    |Network|Linux   |SCSI  |Linux  |Sound |Linux   |Tested  |
|          |Card   |support  |Card   |support |Card  |support|Card  |support |        |
+----------+-------+---------+-------+--------+------+-------+------+--------+--------+
|i2000     |nVidia |Yes XFree|Intel  |Yes     |Qlogic|Yes    |Cirrus|Yes     |RedHat  |
|(A7202A,  |Quadro2|4.1.0Rem.|PRO 10/|driver  |Ultra3|driver |Logic |driver  |7.1,    |
|A7203A)   |Pro AGP|(nv)     |100 BT |eepro100|Wide  |qla1280|CS    |AlsaRem.|Mandrake|
|          |       |         |       |or e100 |PCI   |       |4281  |        |8.1     |
+----------+-------+---------+-------+--------+------+-------+------+--------+--------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.4.3. Complementary information

  To boot Linux on this kind of machine, you need to type in the initial
environment
Verify the correspondance between logical drives and peripherals                                                                                                                                                                        
Shell>map                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Go to the logical drive corresponding to the CD-ROM                                                                                                                                                                                     
Shell>fs1:                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Boot the system                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
fs1:>eli linux                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Install your distribution as usual                                                                                                                                                                                                      
The only difference is that you need to create a so-called 'EFI' partition of type FAT32 (Id:b) of around 128 MB. This partition will be mounted as /boot/efi later                                                                     
After the installation, reboot and redo the initial sequence, verifying again the correspondance (which may have changed because the CD-ROM isn't available anymore, the numbers indicating the order of detection of bootable devices) 
Shell>map                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Shell>fs0:                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Shell>dir                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Verify the name of the kernel to boot                                                                                                                                                                                                   
fs1:>eli linux-up                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
To automize the boot, you need to remove all options from the EFI boot except the EFI Shell and create a file in the EFI partition (/boot/efi) called startup.nsh containing:                                                           
fs0:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
eli linux-up                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
fs0:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
(From information provided by S. Eranian. Only mistakes are mine :-) 

David Mosberger reports that recent versions (7.2) of Red Hat install a GPT
partition and that you must enable the following two config options for the
kernel to recognize them:
CONFIG_PARTITION_ADVANCED=y                                                  
CONFIG_EFI_PARTITION=y                                                       
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.5. X Terminals

  HP proposes now NCD X terminals to replace the Envizex/Entria range. 

  The HP X terminal range (Entria, Envizex) is usable with a Linux server.
More over, a Linux server may be a boot server for X terminals. To do it, a
certain number of operations are mandatory. 

  We suppose we have a HP-UX machine named hpux, on which is installed
Enware, a Linux server, named linux and an X Terminal with MAC address 08:00:
09:db:8d:1c. The gateway on the network is at IP address 192.168.1.254, and
the DNS name server at 192.168.1.1. 

  Commands to do are :
Enware Home Directory                                                                                                            
hpux #cd /opt/hpxt/enware/xthome                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
Creation of a tar archive of this software                                                                                       
hpux #tar cvf ~ftp/en.tar * .??*                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
Download of the tar archive                                                                                                      
linux #ftp hpux                                                                                                                  
Connected to hpux.                                                                                                               
220 hpux  FTP server (Version wu-2.5.0(1) Wed Aug 25 12:50:08 EDT 1999) ready.                                                   
Name (ftp:Root):ftp                                                                                                              
331 Password required for  ftp.                                                                                                  
Password:(type your mail address here)                                                                                           
230-                                                                                                                             
[...]                                                                                                                            
230-                                                                                                                             
230 User ftp logged in.  Access restrictions apply.                                                                              
ftp>lcd /tmp                                                                                                                     
Local directory now /tmp                                                                                                         
ftp>get en.tar                                                                                                                   
200 PORT command successful.                                                                                                     
150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for en.tar (57638340 bytes).                                                             
226 Transfer complete.                                                                                                           
57638340 bytes received in [...]                                                                                                 
ftp>quit                                                                                                                         
[...]                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
Creation of the target directory on the linux machine                                                                            
linux #mkdir -p /tftpboot                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
Go there                                                                                                                         
linux #cd /tftpboot                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
untar the archive                                                                                                                
linux #tar xvf /tmp/en.tar                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
Launch the X Font Server working on port 7100                                                                                    
linux #/usr/X11R6/bin/xfs -port 7100                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
Creation of the bootpd configuration file                                                                                        
linux #cat >> /etc/bootptab << EOF                                                                                               
global.prof::sm=255.255.255.0::ds=192.168.1.1::gw=192.168.1.254::ht=ethernet::bf=bin/C3253A:     # Adjust to your X-terminal     
tx1:hd=/tftpboot:tc=global.prof:ha=080009db8d1c:ip=192.168.1.100:                                                                
EOF                                                                                                                              
Install bootpd say from  [http://rpmfind.net] http://rpmfind.net                                                                 
linux #rpm -Uvh bootp-2.4.3-7.i386.rpm                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
Verify the existence of such a line in  /etc/inetd.conf, and restart if needed the server by killall -1 inetd                    
linux #grep bootps /etc/inetd.conf                                                                                               
bootps dgram   udp     wait    root    /usr/sbin/tcpd  bootpd                                                                    
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
Now enkoy your X terminal by booting it                                                                                          

  For a more detailed description, as well as the software related to that
operation, consult also the page [http://www.cb3rob.net/~sven/xterm] http://
www.cb3rob.net/~sven/xterm.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.6. The printing product range

3.2.6.1. General points

  Printers may be connected directly to a machine through either a parallel
port (generally), or a serial port, or even (more recently) through a USB
port. They may also be directly wired to the network, for a global access;
this is done thanks to a card put in a slot of the printer, or through the
connexion of the parallel port of the printer to a sharing network box. 

  HP provides such boxes, called JetDirect, which allow thus to share
personnal printers on the network, directly, without going through a machine.
They exist for various network topologies (10 BT, 10/100 BT, Localtalk, 10B2)
and offer the ability to access to the printer directly from machine which
like Linux support the LPD protocol, by using a remote printer in the /etc/
printcap file. The name of the queue to use is then raw.

  An example of /etc/printcap file allowing to access to a printer, equiped
with such a box or card, named lj4000 on the network is given below : 
# REMOTE POSTSCRIPT 1200x1200 a4 {} PostScript Default {}                                      
                                                                                               
lj4000::sd=/var/spool/lpd/lj4000::rm=lj4000::rp=raw::if=/var/spool/lpd/lj4000/filter::mx#0::sh:

  The configuration access to the box is done either through the WebJetAdmin
tool provided also under Linux now, or by the telnet command. The default
address of these products is 192.0.0.192. To connect to them initially, you
just have to add an IP alias on your network interface, typically by : 
#ifconfig eth0:0 192.0.0.1                                                   

  and a route to that network (if not automatically created) typically by :
#route add -net 192.0.0.0                                                    

  The access to the equipment is thus done simply by :
#telnet 192.0.0.192                                                          

  Please pay attention to have only one such equipment on the network, at the
same time, or you'll have duplicate IP addresses, which always causes
problems. Note that HP manageable network equipments also use the same
default address. The reading of the [http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/mini/
IP-Alias.html] IP Alias mini HOWTO may be useful if you don't understand the
previous paragraph :-). 

  It is of course possible to access through the network to an HP printer
attached and declared directly on a Linux machine, thanks to the lpd service
for the other Unix clients, through [http://www.samba.org] SaMBa for the
clients of Microsoft systems (Win9x ou WinNTx) or through [http://
www.umich.edu/~rsug/netatalk] NetAtalk for the MacIntosh clients. 

  At last, [http://www.samba.org] SaMBa offers a tool, smbclient, which
allows to print from a Unix/Linux machine to a printer wired directly on a
Microsoft based PC, without any need to use a JetDirect system. All the
details useful to realize this operation are described in the example file of
smbprint provided with the [http://www.samba.org] SaMBa package and on the
page [http://www.medasys-digital-systems.fr/linux/samba-truc.html] http://
www.medasys-digital-systems.fr/linux/samba-truc.html.

  Communication between a Linux machine and a printer needs also, outside a
network dialog, a discussion with an exchange language between the two
elements. There are a lot of languages of that sort, such as PCL, Postscript
or HPGL. To be able to print correctly, the tool providing the datas to print
has to generate code known by the printer. Filters exist which allow to
easily transform an output in one given format to another one. Thus the
[http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~ghost] Ghostscript software authorizes the
transformation of Postscript source in a great variety of output formats, as
indicated by its invocation in the 'Available devices' part : 
#gs -h                                                                        
GNU Ghostscript 6.51 (2001-03-28)                                             
Copyright (C) 2001 artofcode LLC, Benicia, CA.  All rights reserved.          
Usage: gs [switches] [file1.ps file2.ps ...]                                  
Most frequently used switches: (you can use # in place of =)                  
 -dNOPAUSE           no pause after page   | -q       `quiet', fewer messages 
 -g<width>x<height>  page size in pixels   | -r<res>  pixels/inch resolution  
 -sDEVICE=<devname>  select device         | -dBATCH  exit after last file    
 -sOutputFile=<file> select output file: - for stdout, |command for pipe,     
                                         embed %d or %ld for page #           
Input formats: PostScript PostScriptLevel1 PostScriptLevel2 PDF               
Available devices:                                                            
   x11 bbox x11alpha x11cmyk x11gray2 x11gray4 x11mono bmpmono bmpgray        
   bmpsep1 bmpsep8 bmp16 bmp256 bmp16m bmp32b deskjet djet500 laserjet        
   ljetplus ljet2p ljet3 ljet3d ljet4 ljet4d lj5mono lj5gray cdeskjet         
   cdjcolor cdjmono cdj550 pj pjxl pjxl300 uniprint omni bj10e bj200 bjc600   
   bjc800 faxg3 faxg32d faxg4 pcxmono pcxgray pcx16 pcx256 pcx24b pcxcmyk     
   pbm pbmraw pgm pgmraw pgnm pgnmraw pnm pnmraw ppm ppmraw pkm pkmraw pksm   
   pksmraw tiffcrle tiffg3 tiffg32d tiffg4 tifflzw tiffpack tiff12nc          
   tiff24nc psmono psgray psrgb bit bitrgb bitcmyk pngmono pnggray png16      
   png256 png16m jpeg jpeggray pdfwrite pswrite epswrite pxlmono pxlcolor     
   dmprt cdj880 ap3250 appledmp atx23 atx24 atx38 bmpa16 bmpa16m bmpa256      
   bmpa32b bmpamono bmpasep1 bmpasep8 ccr cdj1600 cdj500 cdj670 cdj850        
   cdj890 cdj970 cfax cgm24 cgm8 cgmmono cljet5pr coslw2p coslwxl cp50        
   declj250 dfaxlow dfaxhigh djet500c dl2100 dnj650c eps9high eps9mid epson   
   epsonc escp fs600 hl1250 hl7x0 ibmpro imagen inferno iwhi iwlo iwlq        
   jetp3852 la50 la70 la75 la75plus lbp8 lj250 lj3100sw lj4dith ln03 lp2563   
   lp8000 lq850 lxm5700m m8510 mgr4 mgr8 mgrgray2 mgrgray4 mgrgray8 mgrmono   
   miff24 necp6 oce9050 oki182 okiibm paintjet photoex pjetxl plan9bm sgirgb  
   r4081 sj48 st800 stcolor sunhmono t4693d2 t4693d4 t4693d8 tek4696 xes      
   x11cmyk2 x11cmyk4 x11cmyk8 x11rg16x x11rg32x ljet4pjl lj4dithp dj505j      
   picty180 pr201 pr150 pr1000 pr1000_4 jj100 bj10v bj10vh mag16 mag256       
   mj700v2c mj500c mj6000c mj8000c fmpr fmlbp ml600 lbp310 lbp320 lips2p      
   bjc880j lips4 lips4v escpage lp2000 npdl md50Mono md50Eco md1xMono hpijs   
   DJ630 DJ6xx DJ6xxP DJ8xx DJ9xx DJ9xxVIP AP21xx hpdj md2k md5k stp lxm3200  
   lx5000 lex7000 lex5700 lex3200 lex2050 gdi epl5800 epl2050 epl2050p        
   alc8500 alc2000 cljet5 cljet5c nullpage                                    
Search path:                                                                  
   . : /usr/share/ghostscript/6.51/lib : /usr/share/ghostscript/6.51/vflib :  
   /usr/share/ghostscript/fonts : /usr/share/fonts/default/ghostscript :      
   /usr/share/fonts/default/Type1 : /usr/share/fonts/default/amspsfnt/pfb :   
   /usr/share/fonts/default/cmpsfont/pfb                                      
For more information, see /usr/share/doc/ghostscript-6.51/Use.htm.            
Report bugs to bug-gs@ghostscript.com, using the form in Bug-form.htm.        

  This represents only the output formats compiled in the program. Other are
also available. You may find a complete list of all the printers known by
this software at [http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~ghost/printer.html] http://
www.cs.wisc.edu/~ghost/printer.html.

  A ghostscript driver for supporting pcl3 is also available at [http://
home.t-online.de/home/Martin.Lottermoser/pcl3.html] http://home.t-online.de/
home/Martin.Lottermoser/pcl3.html.

  A list of HP printers supported may be found on the following pages :
[http://www.linuxprinting.org/printer_list.cgi?make=HP] http://
www.linuxprinting.org/printer_list.cgi?make=HP and [http://hp.sourceforge.net
/] http://hp.sourceforge.net/.

  HP has published in April 2001 improved drivers to support inkjet printers.
Cf: [http://hpinkjet.sourceforge.net/] http://hpinkjet.sourceforge.net/.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.6.2. Control codes

  Ink or laser printers may be controled through control codes. The following
table gives some of them :


Table 3-17. Printer Control codes
Code                      Function                                           
ESC&l1H                   Tray 2                                             
ESC&l2H                   Manual tray, sheet                                 
ESC&l3H                   Manual tray, envelope                              
ESC&l4H                   Tray 1                                             
ESC&l5H                   Tray 3                                             
ESC&l7H                   Automatic selection                                
ESC&l0O                   Portrait                                           
ESC&l1O                   Landscape                                          
ESC&l5A                   A4                                                 
ESC(8U                    HP Roman 8                                         
ESC(10U                   IBM PC-8 (CP437)                                   
ESC(12U                   IBM PC-850 (CP850)                                 

  Other control codes for PCL3 language are given on HP's Web site for [http:
//www.hp.com/cposupport/printers/support_doc/bpd05855.html] deskjet and
[http://www.hp.com/cposupport/printers/support_doc/bpl02705.html] laserjet.

  HP printers are of two kind of technologies : inkjet or laserjet which are
detailed below. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.6.2.1. Inkjet printers range (DeskJet)

  Inkjet HP printers use either an own language for page description, or the
PPA protocol, or also the Postscript or PCL language. 

  The reference site for InkJet printer is [http://hpinkjet.sourceforge.net]
http://hpinkjet.sourceforge.net

  For PPA printers, consult also [http://sourceforge.net/projects/pnm2ppa]
http://sourceforge.net/projects/pnm2ppa

  Note that most inkjet printers are limited to a 600x600 resolution when
used from Unix/Linux. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.6.2.2. The InkJet range

  LaserJet HP printers use PCL or Postscript page description language. 

  The reference site for LaserJet printer is [http://hp.sourceforge.net]
http://hp.sourceforge.net
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.7. Digital imaging product range

3.2.7.1. The scanners range (ScanJet)

  The main tool available in Linux environment to manage scanners is [http://
www.mostang.com/sane] SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy). This software provides
in particular a driver for HP scanner management: [http://
www.kirchgessner.net/sane.html] hpbackend.

The following table provides all information on the support for this hardware
by Linux.


Table 3-18. Scanners and Linux
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|Reference    |Scanner                       |Interface     |Linux support    |Tested|
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C9195A       |ScanJet Plus                  |HP Parallel   |[http://         |No    |
|             |                              |Interface Card|www.mostang.com/ |      |
|             |                              |              |sane] SANE and   |      |
|             |                              |              |[ftp://          |      |
|             |                              |              |rvs.ctrl-c.liu.se|      |
|             |                              |              |/pub/wingel/     |      |
|             |                              |              |hpscan] driver   |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C1750A       |ScanJet IIc                   |SCSI          |[http://         |No    |
|             |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|             |                              |              |sane] SANE       |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C2500A,      |ScanJet IICX                  |SCSI          |[http://         |No    |
|C2507A,      |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|C2508A,      |                              |              |sane] SANE       |      |
|C2509A       |                              |              |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C1790A,      |ScanJet IIP                   |SCSI          |[http://         |No    |
|C1797A,      |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|C1798A,      |                              |              |sane] SANE       |      |
|C1799A       |                              |              |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C2520A,      |ScanJet 3C                    |SCSI          |[http://         |No    |
|C2527A,      |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|C2528A,      |                              |              |sane] SANE       |      |
|C2529A       |                              |              |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C2570A       |ScanJet 3P                    |SCSI          |[http://         |No    |
|             |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|             |                              |              |sane] SANE       |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C2520B,      |ScanJet 4C                    |SCSI          |[http://         |No    |
|C2527B,      |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|C2527D,      |                              |              |sane] SANE       |      |
|C2528B,      |                              |              |                 |      |
|C2529B       |                              |              |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C1130B       |ScanJet 4P                    |SCSI          |[http://         |No    |
|             |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|             |                              |              |sane] SANE       |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C5110A,      |ScanJet 5P                    |SCSI          |[http://         |No    |
|C5116A,      |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|C5117A,      |                              |              |sane] SANE       |      |
|C5119A       |                              |              |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C5160A,      |ScanJet 5S                    |???           |???              |No    |
|C5167A       |                              |              |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|�            |ScanJet 2100C                 |[http://      |???              |No    |
|             |                              |www.jump.net/ |                 |      |
|             |                              |~dnelson/linux|                 |      |
|             |                              |/usb] driver  |                 |      |
|             |                              |USB           |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C8500A       |ScanJet [http://              |[http://      |???              |No    |
|             |scanjet2200c.sourceforge.net/]|www.torque.net|                 |      |
|             |2200C                         |/             |                 |      |
|             |                              |linux-pp.html]|                 |      |
|             |                              |Parallel Port |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C7167A       |ScanJet 3200C                 |[http://      |???              |No    |
|             |                              |www.torque.net|                 |      |
|             |                              |/             |                 |      |
|             |                              |linux-pp.html]|                 |      |
|             |                              |Parallel Port |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C7680A       |ScanJet [http://home.zonnet.nl|USB           |[http://         |No    |
|             |/bertrik/hp3300c/hp3300c.htm] |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|             |3300C                         |              |sane] SANE and   |      |
|             |                              |              |[http://         |      |
|             |                              |              |www.jump.net/    |      |
|             |                              |              |~dnelson/linux/  |      |
|             |                              |              |usb] driver USB  |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C7727A       |ScanJet [http://home.zonnet.nl|[http://      |[http://         |No    |
|             |/bertrik/hp3300c/hp3300c.htm] |www.torque.net|www.mostang.com/ |      |
|             |3400C                         |/             |sane] SANE and   |      |
|             |                              |linux-pp.html]|[http://         |      |
|             |                              |Parallel Port |www.torque.net/  |      |
|             |                              |or USB        |parport/         |      |
|             |                              |              |ppscsi.html]     |      |
|             |                              |              |driver PPSCSI or |      |
|             |                              |              |[http://         |      |
|             |                              |              |www.jump.net/    |      |
|             |                              |              |~dnelson/linux/  |      |
|             |                              |              |usb] driver USB  |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C6290A,      |ScanJet 4100C, Cse, Cxi       |USB           |[http://         |No    |
|C6292A,      |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|C6293A,      |                              |              |sane] SANE and   |      |
|C7297A       |                              |              |[http://         |      |
|             |                              |              |www.jump.net/    |      |
|             |                              |              |~dnelson/linux/  |      |
|             |                              |              |usb] driver USB  |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C7177A       |ScanJet [http://              |USB           |[http://         |No    |
|             |hp4200-backend.sourceforge.net|              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|             |/] 4200C                      |              |sane] SANE and   |      |
|             |                              |              |[http://         |      |
|             |                              |              |www.jump.net/    |      |
|             |                              |              |~dnelson/linux/  |      |
|             |                              |              |usb] driver USB  |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C7737A       |ScanJet [http://home.zonnet.nl|[http://      |[http://         |No    |
|             |/bertrik/hp3300c/hp3300c.htm] |www.torque.net|www.mostang.com/ |      |
|             |4300C                         |/             |sane] SANE and   |      |
|             |                              |linux-pp.html]|[http://         |      |
|             |                              |Parallel Port |www.torque.net/  |      |
|             |                              |or USB        |parport/         |      |
|             |                              |              |ppscsi.html]     |      |
|             |                              |              |driver PPSCSI or |      |
|             |                              |              |[http://         |      |
|             |                              |              |www.jump.net/    |      |
|             |                              |              |~dnelson/linux/  |      |
|             |                              |              |usb] driver USB  |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C9877A,      |ScanJet 4400C                 |???           |???              |No    |
|C9887A       |                              |              |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C5190A,      |ScanJet 5100C, Cse, Cxi       |[http://      |[http://         |No    |
|C5192A,      |                              |www.torque.net|www.mostang.com/ |      |
|C5193A,      |                              |/             |sane] SANE and   |      |
|C5197A       |                              |linux-pp.html]|[http://         |      |
|             |                              |Parallel Port |www.torque.net/  |      |
|             |                              |              |parport/         |      |
|             |                              |              |ppscsi.html]     |      |
|             |                              |              |driver PPSCSI    |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C5190A,      |ScanJet 5200C                 |[http://      |[http://         |Yes   |
|C7192A,      |                              |www.torque.net|www.mostang.com/ |      |
|C7193A       |                              |/             |sane] SANE and   |      |
|             |                              |linux-pp.html]|[http://         |      |
|             |                              |Parallel Port |www.torque.net/  |      |
|             |                              |or USB        |parport/         |      |
|             |                              |              |ppscsi.html]     |      |
|             |                              |              |driver PPSCSI or |      |
|             |                              |              |[http://         |      |
|             |                              |              |www.jump.net/    |      |
|             |                              |              |~dnelson/linux/  |      |
|             |                              |              |usb] driver USB  |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C7697A,      |ScanJet [http://              |[http://      |[http://         |No    |
|C8477A       |httpd.chello.nl/~j.schoone/   |www.torque.net|www.mostang.com/ |      |
|             |scanning.html] 5300C, 5370C   |/             |sane] SANE and   |      |
|             |                              |linux-pp.html]|[http://         |      |
|             |                              |Parallel Port |www.torque.net/  |      |
|             |                              |or USB        |parport/         |      |
|             |                              |              |ppscsi.html]     |      |
|             |                              |              |driver PPSCSI or |      |
|             |                              |              |[http://         |      |
|             |                              |              |www.jump.net/    |      |
|             |                              |              |~dnelson/linux/  |      |
|             |                              |              |usb] driver USB  |      |
|             |                              |              |(driver hp5300)  |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C8517A,      |ScanJet 5400C                 |???           |???              |Yes   |
|C9857A,      |                              |              |                 |      |
|C9867A       |                              |              |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C6260A,      |ScanJet 6100C                 |SCSI          |[http://         |No    |
|C6266A,      |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|C6267A,      |                              |              |sane] SANE       |      |
|C6269A       |                              |              |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C6270A,      |ScanJet 6200C, Cse, Cxi, 6250C|SCSI or USB   |[http://         |Yes   |
|C6272A,      |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|C6273A,      |                              |              |sane] SANE or    |      |
|C6274A,      |                              |              |[http://         |      |
|C6275A,      |                              |              |www.jump.net/    |      |
|C7277A,      |                              |              |~dnelson/linux/  |      |
|C6278A       |                              |              |usb] driver USB  |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C7677A,      |ScanJet 6300C, Cse, Cxi,      |SCSI or USB   |[http://         |Yes   |
|C7678A,      |6350C, 6390C                  |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|C7679A       |                              |              |sane] SANE or    |      |
|             |                              |              |[http://         |      |
|             |                              |              |www.jump.net/    |      |
|             |                              |              |~dnelson/linux/  |      |
|             |                              |              |usb] driver USB  |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C7717A,      |ScanJet 7400C                 |???           |???              |Yes   |
|C7718A,      |                              |              |                 |      |
|C7719A       |                              |              |                 |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+
|C5100A       |PhotoSmart PhotoScanner       |SCSI          |[http://         |Yes   |
|             |                              |              |www.mostang.com/ |      |
|             |                              |              |sane] SANE       |      |
+-------------+------------------------------+--------------+-----------------+------+

  A FAQ dedicated to HP scanners support under Linux with [http://
www.mostang.com/sane] SANE is available at the address : [http://
www.kirchgessner.net/sanehpfaq.html] http://www.kirchgessner.net/
sanehpfaq.html

  Some usefull adresses for USB scanners should be consulted : [http://
www.buzzard.org.uk/jonathan/scanners-usb.html] http://www.buzzard.org.uk/
jonathan/scanners-usb.html and [http://www.qbik.ch/usb/devices/
search_res.php3?pattern=hp] http://www.qbik.ch/usb/devices/search_res.php3?
pattern=hp
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.7.2. Digital photo cameras

  To use these peripherals, you have to compile SCSI support with your
kernel, and turn on mass storage device in USB support. Then mount the /dev/
sdxx device as usual. 

The following table provides all information on the support for this hardware
by Linux.


Table 3-19. Cameras and Linux
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|Reference      |Camera          |Interface       |Linux support   |Tested  |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|C8890A         |PhotoSmart 215  |[http://        |???             |No      |
|               |                |www.jump.net/   |                |        |
|               |                |~dnelson/linux/ |                |        |
|               |                |usb] driver USB |                |        |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|C8452A         |PhotoSmart 315  |[http://        |[http://        |Yes     |
|               |                |www.jump.net/   |www.gphoto.org] |        |
|               |                |~dnelson/linux/ |gPhoto          |        |
|               |                |usb] driver USB |                |        |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|C8908A         |PhotoSmart 612  |[http://        |???             |No      |
|               |                |www.jump.net/   |                |        |
|               |                |~dnelson/linux/ |                |        |
|               |                |usb] driver USB |                |        |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|C6324A         |PhotoSmart 618  |[http://        |[http://        |Yes     |
|               |                |www.jump.net/   |www.gphoto.org] |        |
|               |                |~dnelson/linux/ |gPhoto          |        |
|               |                |usb] driver USB |                |        |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|C8913A         |PhotoSmart 715  |[http://        |???             |No      |
|               |                |www.jump.net/   |                |        |
|               |                |~dnelson/linux/ |                |        |
|               |                |usb] driver USB |                |        |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
|C6326A         |PhotoSmart 912  |[http://        |[http://        |Yes     |
|               |                |www.jump.net/   |www.gphoto.org] |        |
|               |                |~dnelson/linux/ |gPhoto          |        |
|               |                |usb] driver USB |                |        |
+---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+--------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.7.3. The Digital Sender

  This product is a scanner, able to send the result of the digitalisation
through e-mail, by sending the digitalised document as an attachement in PDF
format. It may so well be used with a Linux (or other) mail server (sendmail,
postfix, ...), as well as with clients reading their messages under Linux,
providing they have a tool to display PDF file such as [ftp://ftp.adobe.com/
pub/adobe/acrobatreader/unix/4.x/linux-ar-405.tar.gz] Acrobat Reader or
[http://www.aimnet.com/~derekn/xpdf/] xpdf.

  The Digital Sender can also send images as black and white or colour TIFF
files. The black and white images work fine, however, there is a problem with
the coloured TIFF files. These are sent in an obsolete format which is not
supported by [http://www.libtiff.org] libtiff, which is the basis of support
for the TIFF format for nearly all Linux software. This means that you cannot
directly open colour TIFF images created by the Digital Sender using Linux
software (e.g. The GIMP, ImageMagick). 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.7.4. The CapShare

  THere is an application for the Window Maker window manager to manage the
CapShare. More information at [http://www.netjunki.org/projects/index.php]
http://www.netjunki.org/projects/index.php
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.8. All-in-one range (OfficeJet)

  These products gather many functions : printing (all), scanning (all),
copying (all), and faxing (some). 

  More information from their dedicated web site : [http://
hpoj.sourceforge.net/suplist.shtml] http://hpoj.sourceforge.net/suplist.shtml
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.9. The Storage products range

3.2.9.1. Tape based products

  Most HP SCSI tape drives (DAT 1, 2, 3, 4, DLT, LTO) work with Linux. the
driver file to use is /dev/st0 for the first drive, /dev/st1, for the
second... 

  More information may be found on the certification site [http://
www.linuxtapecert.org/] http://www.linuxtapecert.org/

  HP provides the tapeware software with its drives, including a Linux
version. 

  Colorado Trakker 250 and 350 are supported with [http://
www.instmath.rwth-aachen.de/~heine/ftape] ftape (>= 4.02) T1000 should also
work correctly. Colorado 5GB are supported with the [http://www.torque.net/
parport/paride.html] paride driver.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.9.1.1. HP libraries

  Tools to manage such drives may be found on [http://mtx.sourceforge.net/]
http://mtx.sourceforge.net/ or [http://www.arkeia.com/] http://www.arkeia.com
/ or [http://www.strusel007.de/linux/changer.html] http://www.strusel007.de/
linux/changer.html. I had the chance to test models 6x24, 418, 718, 818 with
arkeia without problem. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.9.2. HP SureStore Virtual Array

  These systems are supported in a mixed environment Windows NT/2K, HP-UX
11.0 and Linux. They are connected through Fibre Channel controlers to the
SAN. Among all FC cards supported on Linux, HP supoprts those provided by
[http://www.emulex.com/ts/fc/docs/linuxframe.htm] Emulex and [http://
www.qlogic.com/support/os_detail.asp?seriesid=57&osid=26] QLogic. HP sells a
Linux version of the management software for these arrays. Supported models
are VA7100 (A6183A), VA7400.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2.9.3. HP XP Storage Systems

  Here are the configurations supported by HP for these Storage Systems:
Redhat 6.0/6.1                                                               
Qlogic QLA2100F or QLA2200F with driver V2.23                                
Private Loop or Direct Fibre Attach                                          
No boot support                                                              
XP256 has to have firmware >= 44.14.00 Mode 00                               
For direct attach XP512/48 has to have firmware >= 11.22.00 Mode 00          
For attachment to a switch XP512/48 has to have firmware >= 12.19.00         
                                                                             
Redhat 6.2                                                                   
Emulex LP8000 with driver V4.10g                                             
Private Loop or Direct Fibre Attach                                          
No boot support                                                              
For attachment to a switch use Brocade 2400/2800 with firmware >= V2.1.9f)   
XP512/48 has to have firmware >= 12.19.00 Mode 00                            

Khalid Aziz reports that there may be a problem with XP512 support of Linux
due to a hole in LUN numbers. If the LUNs were numbered continuously, you
would see all LUNs. Some folks in HP have written patches for this.
Essentially all that is needed is to add an entry in device_list[] in
scsi_scan.c for the XP512 and set the flag BLIST_SPARSELUN. The entry would
look something like:
{ "HP", "XP512", "*", BLIST_SPARSELUN}                                       
The first field is the vendor name as reported by XP512 and second field is
the model name as reported by XP512. These two need to match what XP512
returns in Inquiry command, exactly. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.3. HP software and free software

  This section presents rapidly some HP applications which can be used under
Linux. These are either commercial applications or freeware applications. 

  It proposes also links to free software available for other operating
systems (HP-UX, MPE/IX).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.3.1. HP softwares under Linux

FireHunter
      This commercial software targetted to the ISP manages services levels
    and is available for RedHat version 5.2 distributions. [http://
    www.firehunter.com] http://www.firehunter.com.
   
HP Eloquence
      This commercial software is an IDE for management applications for
    small business firms and is available under Linux since 1997. A lot of
    distributions are supported by a third party firm to which HP has given
    the support. Complementary information exist on the site [http://
    www.hp-eloquence.com] http://www.hp-eloquence.com.
   
HP WebJetAdmin
      This freeware allows to manage HP network printers through the
    installation of a service on a Linux server, and is accessible from any
    browser running on any client machine. HP has announced the availability
    of this product the fisrt time in 5.1 version in February 1999. Then were
    released version 5.6 in December 1999, 6.0 version in June 2000, 6.1
    version in August 2000, 6.5 version in October 2001. You may download the
    latest version at [ftp://ftp.hp.com/pub/networking/software/
    hpwebjet_linux.selfx] ftp://ftp.hp.com/pub/networking/software/
    hpwebjet_linux.selfx. All information on this product are available from
    the addresses : [http://www.hp.com/go/webjetadmin] http://www.hp.com/go/
    webjetadmin and [http://www.hp.com/pond/wja/live/manual/html/
    wjacomp_linux.html] http://www.hp.com/pond/wja/live/manual/html/
    wjacomp_linux.html.
   
      The 5.6 version in RPM format is also available at [http://
    www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/hpwebjet-5.6-1.i386.rpm]
    http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/mirror/Software/
    hpwebjet-5.6-1.i386.rpm.
   
HP WebQoS
      This commercial software allows to manage Internet Quality of Service
    by stabilizing performances during high loads, by optimizing used
    resources, and by managing priorities at applications and users levels.
    HP has announced the availability of this product during summer 1999.
    Complementary information exist on the site [http://www.hp.com/go/webqos]
    http://www.hp.com/go/webqos.
   
HP OpenView
      This commercial software is a complete network management platform. An
    NNM (Network Node Manager) has been announced, as well as ITO. NNM and
    ITO agents are currently available for Linux. An Omniback client is
    available for Redhat 5.2 distributions (Cf [http://www.hp.com/storage/
    event/openview_hl.html] http://www.hp.com/storage/event/
    openview_hl.html).
   
      Precision from F. Lorrain: The Omniback II (A.03.50) client run without
    problem under debian potato (2.2r3) and Mandrake 7.2. But on debian, you
    need the libnns1-compat. 
   
HP OpenMail
      A version of this commercial mail and work group management tool is
    available since the first of september, 1999 under Linux. [http://
    www.openmail.com/cyc/om/00/showfile.cgi?100-1757] Till November the 13th,
    2001, the software has been taken over by Samsung SDS. Informations
    concerning it are available on the page : [http://www.openmail.com] http:
    //www.openmail.com.
   
HP E-Speak
      E-Speak, the open software platform for creating, composing, mediating,
    managing, and accessing Internet-based e-services. E-speak allows a
    resource (computing device, application, or data content) to be
    virtualized and re-deployed as an Internet-based e-service. All
    information concerning it are available on the page : [http://
    www.e-speak.hp.com/] http://www.e-speak.hp.com/.
   
HP MC Service Guard
      This commercial software allows to manage a high availability cluster
    of applications. HP has announced the availability of this product for
    the 15th of November 2001. Complementary information exist on the site
    [http://www.unixsolutions.hp.com/products/ha/prod/ar/mcsg.html] http://
    www.unixsolutions.hp.com/products/ha/prod/ar/mcsg.html. Reference :
    T1521A.
   
Plug-in Scheduler policies for Linux
      This patch enables you to write and use loadable kernel modules to
    change your Linux machine's scheduler policies without rebooting. It's
    available at [http://resourcemanagement.unixsolutions.hp.com/WaRM/
    schedpolicy.html] http://resourcemanagement.unixsolutions.hp.com/WaRM/
    schedpolicy.html.
   
PRM for Linux
      This commercial tool allows you to monitor CPU ressources on your
    machine by partitioning it. [http://
    resourcemanagement.unixsolutions.hp.com/WaRM/prm_linux/index.html] http:/
    /resourcemanagement.unixsolutions.hp.com/WaRM/prm_linux/index.html.
   
HP TopTools Agent for Linux
      This freeware is a DMI agent increasing the ease of management of HP
    Machines under Linux. Downlaodable from [http://hp-linux.org/toptools]
    http://hp-linux.org/toptools and [http://www.hp.com/toptools/download/
    server_agents.html] http://www.hp.com/toptools/download/
    server_agents.html.
   
dummynet
      This free software is FTP server perf measurement tool. Downloadable at
    [ftp://ftp.cup.hp.com/dist/networking/tools/dummynet/] ftp://
    ftp.cup.hp.com/dist/networking/tools/dummynet/.
   
netperf
      This free software is a perf measurement tool for benchmarks.
    Downlaodable from [ftp://ftp.cup.hp.com/dist/networking/benchmarks/
    netperf] ftp://ftp.cup.hp.com/dist/networking/benchmarks/netperf.
   
hp-lx (aka Trusted Linux aka Secure Linux)
      This commercial software is a modified version of a RedHat
    distribution, containing kernel patches and daemons (GPL), as well as a
    set of management commands (commercial) allowing you to create jail
    compartments to execute applications, running so in an absolute secure
    environment. The software also controls file access, inter-process and
    network communications, ... More information on [http://www.hp.com/
    security/products/linux/] http://www.hp.com/security/products/linux/.
   
Chai Server
      This free software is an embedded Web-based application server. More
    information on [https://devnet.hp.com/projects/csopen/] https://
    devnet.hp.com/projects/csopen/.
   
Jupiter/Kelvin
      Kelvin is an application programming interface (API) project dedicated
    for the interactive visualization of large geometric models. [http://
    www.gris.uni-tuebingen.de/~bartz/kelvin/] http://
    www.gris.uni-tuebingen.de/~bartz/kelvin/.
   
Service Control Manager
      This commercial software is a secure single-point of adminstration for
    both Linux and HP-UX multi-system environments. [http://www.hp.com/
    products1/linux/software/scm.html] http://www.hp.com/products1/linux/
    software/scm.html.
   
HP AS (Bluestone)
      This commercial software is a service-oriented application server.
    [http://www.bluestone.com] http://www.bluestone.com.
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.3.2. Third party softwares linked to HP for Linux

GNUPro
    HP and [http://www.cygnus.com] Cygnus Solutions have announced the 8th of
    March, 1999 a partnership to provide the GNUPro tools on all the HP
    machines, including Linux. 
   
Arkeia
    [http://www.arkeia.com] Arkeia is a network backup solution supporting
    perfectly all HP storage peripherals (autoloader, libraries, ...) 
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.3.3. Free softwares under HP-UX

  Numerous free software for HP-UX are available at [http://hpux.cs.utah.edu
/] http://hpux.cs.utah.edu/. HP hosts also a certain number of free software
tools for HP-UX at [http://h21007.www2.hp.com/dspp/tech/
tech_TechTypeListingPage_IDX/1,1704,10312,00.html] http://h21007.www2.hp.com/
dspp/tech/tech_TechTypeListingPage_IDX/1,1704,10312,00.html

  Hp proposes also tools to help porting Linux applications to HP-UX. Cf:
[http://devresource.hp.com/LPK/] http://devresource.hp.com/LPK/ and [http://
devresource.hp.com/STKL/index.html] http://devresource.hp.com/STKL/
index.html.

  An open source version of hpterm may be found on [http://sourceforge.net/
projects/hpterm/] http://sourceforge.net/projects/hpterm/.

[ftp://ftp.kde.org/pub/kde/stable/2.1/distribution/tar/hpux/] KDE 2.1 s also
available for HP-UX. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.3.4. Free softwares under MPE/IX

  Numerous free software for MPE/IX are available at [http://
jazz.external.hp.com/src] http://jazz.external.hp.com/src

  An HP700/92 terminal emulator is available at [http://www.aics-research.com
/qcterm/] http://www.aics-research.com/qcterm/
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.4. Support of HP solutions under Linux

HP proposes since May 1999 a [http://www.hp.com/hps/support/h_linux.htm]
worldwide support offer on Linux. This offer includes up to the possibility
to answer 24x7, in a delay of 2 hours after taking the call. The reference of
this product is : HP LNXIA32A 

  HP proposes since 2001 a "Mission Critical support" contract for his Linux
customers. 

  HP has also online ressources to help people using Linux with its products
: 

Online Linux incidents
    [http://hp3.m0.net/m/s.asp?H1409133998X725229] http://hp3.m0.net/m/s.asp?
    H1409133998X725229
   
Linux training courses
    [http://hp3.m0.net/m/s.asp?H1409133998X725230] http://hp3.m0.net/m/s.asp?
    H1409133998X725230
   
Linux discussion Forum
    [http://hp3.m0.net/m/s.asp?H1409133998X725231] http://hp3.m0.net/m/s.asp?
    H1409133998X725231
   

  Third party firms also propose Linux and free software support on HP
platforms : 

[http://www.medasys.fr] Medasys
    Contact : Sylvain Berg� <Sylvain.Berge@medasys.fr>
   
[http://www.atrid.fr] Atrid
    Contact : Bruno Deschandelliers <B.Deschandelliers@atrid.fr>
   
[http://www.alcove.fr] Alcove
    Contact : Lucien Petit <Lucien.Petit@alcove.fr>
   
[http://www.andago.es] Andago
    Contact : <info@andago.com>
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.5. Training on HP Linux solutions

  HP proposes since June 1999 a worldwide training offer on Linux. It's
detailed on the page [http://education.hp.com/curr-linux.htm] http://
education.hp.com/curr-linux.htm. The detail of all the training courses for
France is available at : [http://www.france.hp.com/formation/f_linux_00.html]
http://www.france.hp.com/formation/f_linux_00.html.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.6. HP as an Open Source Software user and contributor

  HP doesn't make a lot of noise in the free software world, even if it is an
actor and also a user for its own IT infrastructure. For example, all the
incoming mail in HP goes through [http://www.postfix.org] PostFix servers
#dig hp.com -t mx | grep MX                                                  
;;      hp.com, type = MX, class = IN                                        
hp.com.                 21m28s IN MX    50 cossmtp.hp.com.                   
hp.com.                 21m28s IN MX    50 palsmtp.hp.com.                   
hp.com.                 21m28s IN MX    20 postal.agilent.com.               
hp.com.                 21m28s IN MX    10 envelope.hp.com.                  
hp.com.                 21m28s IN MX    10 letter.hp.com.                    
hp.com.                 21m28s IN MX    20 stamp.agilent.com.                
hp.com.                 21m28s IN MX    30 cossmtpx.hp.com.                  
hp.com.                 21m28s IN MX    50 atlsmtp.hp.com.                   
#telnet envelope.hp.com 25                                                   
Trying 192.151.10.4...                                                       
Connected to envelope.hp.com.                                                
Escape character is '^]'.                                                    
220 envelope.hp.com ESMTP Postfix                                            
QUIT                                                                         
221 Bye                                                                      
Connection closed by foreign host.                                           
#telnet letter.hp.com 25                                                     
Trying 192.151.10.3...                                                       
Connected to letter.hp.com.                                                  
Escape character is '^]'.                                                    
220 letter.hp.com ESMTP Postfix                                              
QUIT                                                                         
221 Bye                                                                      
Connection closed by foreign host.                                           
#telnet postal.agilent.com 25                                                
Trying 192.6.9.3...                                                          
Connected to postal.agilent.com.                                             
Escape character is '^]'.                                                    
220 postal.agilent.com ESMTP Postfix                                         
QUIT                                                                         
221 Bye                                                                      
Connection closed by foreign host.                                           

  Identically, for its institutional Web server, HP uses [http://
www.apache.org] Apache as more than 15 millions of other sites.
#wget -S http://www.hp.com/                                                  
--15:09:45--  http://www.hp.com:80/                                          
           => `index.html.1'                                                 
Connecting to www.hp.com:80... connected!                                    
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK                               
2 Date: Fri, 05 May 2000 13:12:25 GMT                                        
3 Server: Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) mod_fastcgi/2.2.2                              
[...]                                                                        

[http://www.agilent.com] Agilent (old-HP branch) uses also the free software
[http://www.perl.org] Perl for CAD as related at [http://perl.oreilly.com/
news/agilent_0300.html] http://perl.oreilly.com/news/agilent_0300.html

  HP also worked on the improvement of the proxy-cache [http://
squid.nlanr.net/Squid/] Squid , as related at [http://www.hpl.hp.com/
techreports/1999/HPL-1999-142.html] http://www.hpl.hp.com/techreports/1999/
HPL-1999-142.html

  In another domain, HP produces also documents to help convincing to the use
of Open Soure Software, as this HP Labs report available on [http://
lib.hpl.hp.com/techpubs/2001/HPL-2001-233.html] http://lib.hpl.hp.com/
techpubs/2001/HPL-2001-233.html

  A lot of HP people work on open source projects. They deserve a particular
notice because, as in every open source project, their tenacious and constant
comportment make these projects alive. Among them: 

David Mosberger and St�phane Eranian
      Port of the Linux kernel on IA-64 [http://www.linuxia64.org/] http://
    www.linuxia64.org/.
   
Grant Grundler, John S. Marvin and Paul Bame
      Major contributor of the Linux kernel port on Pa-Risc [http://
    www.parisc-linux.org/] http://www.parisc-linux.org/.
   
Jean Tourrilhes
      Wireless Tools for Linux [http://www.hpl.hp.com/personal/
    Jean_Tourrilhes/Linux/Tools.html] http://www.hpl.hp.com/personal/
    Jean_Tourrilhes/Linux/Tools.html.
   
John H. Oleinik and David Suffield
      Projet HP imprimante jet d'encre [http://hpinkjet.sourceforge.net/]
    http://hpinkjet.sourceforge.net/.
   
Dann Frazier
    System Imager [http://www.systemimager.org] http://www.systemimager.org.
   
Peter Mellquist
    SNMP++ [http://rosegarden.external.hp.com/snmp++] http://
    rosegarden.external.hp.com/snmp++.
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chapter 4. Solutions and Sizing 

  This chapter proposes an help for sizing NetServers under Linux, depending
on the different kind of use. 

  You have to consider that exercise as a bit perilous. Indeed, only the
reality allows to test such previsions. Nevertheless, using the experience
acquired by deploying solutions in the past, we can give some useful rules. 

  We may apply a certain number of rules valid for the sizing of classical
Unix servers, considering that CISC systems (the majority in Linux
environment) need 2.5 less times resources in memory than RISC systems, due
to the fact that binaries used are smaller (Intel platforms are for the
moment 32 bits architectures). This has also influences on disk and swap
space. 

  It's obvious you have to consider, whatever the system, bottlenecks of the
solution put in place, because they will determine the weakest link in the
chain. 

  You have to look particularly at the following points : 

��*�  The number and the speed of disks (the I/O rate of 10.000 rpm disks may
    go up to 20 MB/s, and 25 for 15.000 rpm disks),  
   
��*�  The number and the speed of SCSI controlers (the I/O rate of Ultra2 LVD
    of the LC2000 - LH3/4/3000/6000 may go up to 80 MB/s, and latest B model
    up to 160 MB/s),  
   
��*�  The addition of a supplementary SCSI card supported, when adding slow
    peripherals (DAT, DLT, CD writer ...) in order to avoid that the
    controler slow down in compatible mode, and that I/O performances drop
    significantly. 
   

  You have also to be suspicious of the extensible functions of machines.
Indeed, it's often better for a customer to add a new server, rather than to
increase the capacities of the one in place. The first reason is a financial
one, on one side, because the costs of add-ons on an already old system may
be near those of a new system, whose prices are becoming cheaper and cheaper.
And the same for maintenance. On the other hand, technically, it could be
more interesting to benefit from the latest technologies to obtain a machine
more equilibrate, powerful and to reuse the old one for secondary tasks
(secondary DNS, ...) or to split processes from the other one. For example,
when Ultra2 LVD was introduced, it was more interesting to buy a new server
to benefit from the 80 MB/s SCSI bus speed, rather than to update a server
which had 40 MB/s Ultra Wide SCSI. This implies that it's interesting to size
correctly the server, from the begining, for the whole forseeable period of
life of its use (typically 3 years nowadays). 

  In the same kind of ideas, you have to examine closely the choice between a
bi-processors and two mono-processors machines. 2 different systems imply 2
disk controlers, 2 disks set, 2 separate RAM busses thus better performances,
but more administration. On the other hand, a unique system renders it
easier, allows for a quicker communication between processors, which could be
necessary for certain applications, but makes the environment more fragile
(more downtime in case of an hardware problem). In fact, there are more
losses intrinsically on a multi-processor model, in communications at the
system level. This question should mainly be considered for the addition of a
processor (necesseraly obsolete) on a machine a posteriori, rather than to
add a new server. 

  On memory aspects, Linux can manage today up to 64 GB in stable kernels.
Linux takes the maximum from the memory you give to it, mainly by the
constitution of a cache disk which improves greatly system performances. You
may thus oversize the quantity of RAM installed, because it's preferable to a
situation where the server would be forced to swap (which drop performances
dramatically). The minimum RAM size provided on the NetServers (128 ou 256
MB) matches perfectly a normal use of a system, and doesn't need any
particular addition. You have to take in account that there is no graphical
environment used on production servers. Concerning the swap, under Linux, it
comes in addition to the RAM to give the complete virtual memory available
for the server. As a base rule, it's recommanded to give the same amount of
swap space as the amount of RAM, to allow the system to put on disk nearly
all the running processes in case of need. But the rule which exists for
System V Unix (such as HP-UX) consisting of reserving twice the amount of RAM
for swap isn't useful under Linux. You may note that Linux may swap certain
inactive processes to free the maximum RAM possible. So having a system whose
swap is partially used isn't necesseraly a proof of lack of memory, nor lack
of performances. 

  You'll find below recommandations depending of the type of use made by the
HP NetServer under Linux. It's possible to cumulate several functions on the
same server. You'll take care to add at least in that case the resources
needed to give the services. 

  Some generic rules have to be considered :

��*�  We consider that the number of simultaneous users is the same as half
    the whole number of users on the server. 
   
��*�  The minimal RAM size needed for a usable Linux server is 32 MB, which
    is less than the minimum amount of RAM available on the NetServers (128
    MB). In case you use X-Window with KDE or Gnome on this machine, you need
    to have 64 MB in supplement, thus 96 MB as a minimum. 
   
��*�  The minimal disk size needed for a usable Linux server is 2 GB, which
    is less than the minimum amount of disk available on the NetServers (9
    GB). 
   
��*�  In case of use of Raid 1, you have to double the amount of disk space
    useful to obtain the disk space needed. In case of use of Raid 5, you
    need to add 1 disk to obtain the disk space needed (up to 8 disks). 
   
��*�  Except in particular cases (computing server), the amount of swap is
    the same as the amount of RAM. 
   
��*�  The minimal processor needed for a usable Linux server is a Pentium
    133, which is less than the minimum processor available on the NetServers
    (Pentium III 933).
   
��*�  Each X-Window user excuting a client on the server uses in average 2
    MB. 
   
��*�  It may be useful to add network cards in this type of machine to smooth
    the traffic, depending on the number of clients. Using the bonding option
    provided by the Linux kernel may also be very useful. 
   

  You may also consult the linux performance tuning document provided by
[http://people.redhat.com/alikins/system_tuning.html] Adrian Likins
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.1. Linux as file and print server

4.1.1. Linux as file server

  The sharing service uses 2 MB of RAM, and 2 more MB per share. In case of a
unique share (users space for example), it leads to a 2 MB consumption per
user. In the proposed case, we estimate that each user has 100 MB of disk
space on the server, with an evolution to 200 MB 3 years later. Processor
resources used are relativeley small, an entry level model will be sufficient
from that point of view. We will priviledge the I/O speed with Ultra 3 LVD
SCSI at 160 MB/s, if the budget allows it, and 15.000 RPM disks. 


Table 4-1. Sizing of a file server
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|Simultaneous users           |RAM size      |Disk size     |Machine example|
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|1 - 100                      |312 MB        |27 GB         |E800           |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|100 - 500                    |1 GB          |117 GB        |LC2000         |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|500 - 1000                   |2 GB          |216 GB        |LH3000         |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.1.2. Linux as print server

  The sharing service uses 2 MB of RAM, and 2 more MB per printer shared. In
case of a unique share (One printer per user typically), it leads to a 2 MB
consumption per user. In the proposed case, we estimate that each user prints
simultaneously files of 5 MB in average, thus we need to have that space
available on the server. Processor resources used are relativeley small, an
entry level model will be sufficient from that point of view. 


Table 4-2. Sizing of a print server
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|Simultaneous users           |RAM size      |Disk size     |Machine example|
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|1 - 100                      |312 MB        |9 GB          |E800           |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|100 - 500                    |1 GB          |9 GB          |E800           |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|500 - 1000                   |2 GB          |9 GB          |LC2000         |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2. Internet/Intranet Linux server

4.2.1. Web Server

  The Web service uses 2.5 MB of RAM, in static mode (simple HTML pages) and
5 MB of RAM in dynamic mode (HTML pages generated from perl, PHP, ...) per
user. The disk space needed is function of the nature of the server, knowing
that most of the consumption comes from images. Processor resources used are
important, thus it could be useful to consider the increase in frequency and
the addition of processors, because this type of traffic could be quite well
done in parallel. With Apache 2.0 and the support of threads, it will become
even more obvious. We will priviledge also the I/O speed with Ultra 2 LVD
SCSI at 80 MB/s, if the budget allows it, and 10.000 RPM disks. 


Table 4-3. Sizing of a static Web server
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|Simultaneous users          |RAM size      |Disk size     |Machine example |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|1 - 100                     |256 MB        |9 GB          |E800            |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|100 - 500                   |1 GB          |9 GB          |LC2000          |
|                            |              |              |Bi-processor    |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|500 - 1000                  |2 GB          |9 GB          |LH6000          |
|                            |              |              |Quadri-processor|
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+


Table 4-4. Sizing of a dynamic Web server
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|Simultaneous users          |RAM size      |Disk size     |Machine example |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|1 - 100                     |512 MB        |9 GB          |E800            |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|100 - 500                   |2 GB          |9 GB          |LC2000          |
|                            |              |              |Bi-processor    |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|500 - 1000                  |4 GB          |18 GB         |LH6000          |
|                            |              |              |Quadri-processor|
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2.2. Mail Server

  Generally, this machine is used as both SMTP (sending and reception of
messages) and POP/IMAP server (keeper of messages and manager of client
accesses). The SMTP Mail service uses 2 MB of RAM per user. The POP/IMAP Mail
service uses 2 MB of RAM per user. The disk space needed becomes more and
more important as long as attachments (images, various documents) take the
greatest place in exchanges via e-mail. We consider in that case that an
average mail box size is 50 MB. Processor resources used are important, thus
it could be useful to consider the increase in frequency and the addition of
processors, because this type of traffic could be quite well done in
parallel. 


Table 4-5. Sizing of an e-mail server
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|Simultaneous users          |RAM size      |Disk size     |Machine example |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|1 - 100                     |400 MB        |9 GB          |E800            |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|100 - 500                   |2 GB          |27 GB         |LC2000          |
|                            |              |              |Bi-processor    |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|500 - 1000                  |4 GB          |54 GB         |LH6000          |
|                            |              |              |Quadri-processor|
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2.3. Firewall/Proxy/Web-Cache server

  Generally, this machine is both a Firewall server, a proxy (in both
directions) and a cache for the Web because all requests go through it. The
Firewall service uses 1 MB of RAM. The Proxy service uses 0.3 MB per incoming
relay. The Web cache service uses 0.5 MB per user. The disk space needed is
function of the parameters of the cache Web server. In that case, we consider
20 MB per user. Processor resources used are important, due to the analysis
of IP packets. Thus it could be useful to consider the increase in frequency.


Table 4-6. Sizing of a Firewall/Proxy/Web-Cache server
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|Simultaneous users           |RAM size      |Disk size     |Machine example|
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|1 - 100                      |128 MB        |9 GB          |E800           |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|100 - 500                    |512 MB        |18 GB         |E800           |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|500 - 1000                   |1 GB          |27 GB         |E800           |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2.4. Directory server

  Generally, this machine use a software like [http://www.openldap.org]
OpenLDAP to fulfill its goals. The LDAP service uses 1 MB of RAM and 10 kB of
RAM per user. The disk space needed is of the same kind, so 10 kB per user.
Processor resources used are moderated. 


Table 4-7. Sizing of a LDAP server
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|Simultaneous users           |RAM size      |Disk size     |Machine example|
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|1 - 100                      |64 MB         |9 GB          |E800           |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|100 - 500                    |64 MB         |9 GB          |E800           |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
|500 - 1000                   |128 MB        |9 GB          |E800           |
+-----------------------------+--------------+--------------+---------------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.3. Linux as computing server

  Generally, this machine is extremely stressed, mainly on the processor and
RAM aspects. Sometimes this is combined with intensive I/O needs. We thus
equip such a machine with high-end processors (nowadays Pentium III Xeon)
with the greatest level 2 cache possible (nowadays 2 MB). In RAM, we would
tend to reach the maximum possible, thus 4 GB. For this type of server, we
should adapt the swap such as it covers all the needs in memory required by
the computing codes to execute. There is often no specific constraint on
network performances, except in case of a computing cluster, in which case we
may consider to equip the machines with 100 Mb/s cards with a switch between
them, even with Myrinet, Dolphin or Gigabit products. Typically, a LP1000 2*
PIII 1.4GHz 1 GB/2*9GB is the target of this type of server. The choice is
extremely variable depending on the nature of the computation to do. We
should underline that there are processors, such as PA-Risc, much more
performant in floating point computation than today Intel processors (up to 6
times). The new IA-64 Itanium family seems also to bring a better compromise
for price/performances for that environment. 

  This is by the way not the only approach as shown by the i-cluster project.
Cf: [http://www.hpl.hp.com/techreports/2001/HPL-2001-206.html] http://
www.hpl.hp.com/techreports/2001/HPL-2001-206.html
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.4. Linux as an office server

  This kind of server is for the moment rare in the free software world. It's
more frequent in Microsoft world, by association with [http://www.citrix.com/
products/metaframe.asp] Metaframe solutions of [http://www.citrix.com/]
Citrix. An office server needs 50 MB of RAM per user. Intrinsically, this
machine has no requirements in term of disk, if it's not at the same time a
file server. Processor resources used are important, thus it could be useful
to consider the increase in frequency and the addition of processors, because
this type of traffic could be quite well done in parallel. 


Table 4-8. Sizing of an office server
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|Simultaneous users          |RAM size      |Disk size     |Machine example |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|1 - 10                      |512 MB        |9 GB          |E800            |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|10 - 50                     |2 GB          |9 GB          |LC2000          |
|                            |              |              |Bi-processor    |
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
|50 - 100                    |4 GB          |18 GB         |LH6000          |
|                            |              |              |Quadri-processor|
+----------------------------+--------------+--------------+----------------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chapter 5. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

5.1. "What's new in kernel 2.2 ?"
5.2. "What's new in kernel 2.4 ?"
5.3. "How to have more than 1 GB of RAM on my NetServer ?"
5.4. "How to have more than 128 MB of swap on my NetServer ?"
5.5. "How to use the other procesors of my NetServer ?"
5.6. "Is Linux Y2K compatible ?"
5.7. "How to increase the number of processes managed by the kernel ?"
5.8. "How to increase the number of loopback devices managed by the kernel ?"
5.9. "How to have files bigger than 2 GB on ext2 ?"

5.1. "What's new in kernel 2.2 ?"

Read [http://linuxtoday.com/news_story.php3?ltsn=1999-01-26-015-05-NW-SM]
Wonderful World of Linux 2.2 or [http://www.linux-france.org/article/sys/
linux-2.2/Linux-2.2.html] the same in french.

5.2. "What's new in kernel 2.4 ?"

Read [http://linuxtoday.com/news_story.php3?ltsn=2001-01-05-007-04-NW-LF-KN]
Wonderful World of Linux 2.4.

5.3. "How to have more than 1 GB of RAM on my NetServer ?"

The following information are adapted from the [http://humbolt.geo.uu.nl/
Linux-MM/more_than_1GB.shtml] page of Rik van Riel. They concern 2.0.x as
well as 2.2.x kernels, and 2.4.x. 

  First of all, the IA32 Intel architecture is limited by construction in its
memory management to 4 GB. Space which should be divided into virtual memory
and physical memory. Which means that if you choose to recognize more RAM,
the maximum size for a program decreases. 

  But Linux can't manage more than 1 GB by default. To go above that, in fact
up to 2 GB today, because Linux can't manage more memory for the moment, you
need to modify 2 files provided with kernel sources and recompile it. Those 2
sources are /usr/src/linux/include/asm-i386/page.h and /usr/src/linux/arch/
i386/vmlinux.lds.

  From 2.0.37 and 2.2.12 kernels on, the patch was integrated in the kernel
and may be activated when doing a make {menu,x}config.

  The maximum Ram managed in the i386 version was ported to 64 GB after
2.3.23. 

5.4. "How to have more than 128 MB of swap on my NetServer ?"

Up to the version 2.8x of the util-linux package, the mkswap command could
create swap partitions only up to 128 MB maximum. You then had to create as
much partitions as necessary. Till the 2.9 version, included in standard in
RedHat 6.0 and following distributions, it's possible to create directly swap
partitions up to 2 GB and to 8 partitions. 

5.5. "How to use the other procesors of my NetServer ?"

Multi-processing is supported by Linux operationnaly till the 2.0 version of
the kernel. For a 2.0.x kernel, you have to recompile it and set up the SMP
variable in the Makefile to 1. For a 2.2.x or 2.4.x kernel, you have to set
it up during the make {menu,x}config. For more details, please consult the
[http://www.irisa.fr/prive/mentre/smp-howto] SMP-HOWTO.

5.6. "Is Linux Y2K compatible ?"

Generally, Linux is Y2K compatible. For more information please consult the
[http://www.linux.org/help/beginner/year2000.html] FAQ.

5.7. "How to increase the number of processes managed by the kernel ?"

For 2.2.x kernels, you need to edit the file /usr/src/linux/include/linux/
tasks.h, modify the value of the constant NR_TASKS (512 by default) and set
it to a value which doesn't exceed 4092 or 4090 if APM is configured. It
could be useful to set MAX_TASKS_PER_USER at the same time to an appropriate
value. Then recompile the kernel as usual. 

5.8. "How to increase the number of loopback devices managed by the kernel ?"

You need to edit the file /usr/src/linux/drivers/block/loop.c, For 2.2.x
kernels, you need to modify the value of the constant MAXLOOP (8 by default).
For 2.4.x kernels, you need to modify the value of the static int max_loop
variable. Then recompile the kernel as usual. 

5.9. "How to have files bigger than 2 GB on ext2 ?"

You need to have a kernel 2.4.x, glibc 2.1.3 at least and that all necessary
tools have been recompiled. Look at [http://www.suse.de/~aj/linux_lfs.html]
http://www.suse.de/~aj/linux_lfs.html  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chapter 6. Customer References

  Here is a list of HP/Linux references: 

��*�[http://www.amazon.com] Amazon: Mix of HP-UX and Linux solutions as
    related on [http://www.zdnetindia.com/techzone/linuxcentre/stories/
    42345.html] http://www.zdnetindia.com/techzone/linuxcentre/stories/
    42345.html.
   
��*�[http://www.checkpoint.de] Checkpoint: HP Secure OS for Linux (aka
    Trusted linux).
   
��*�[http://www.sidefx.com] Side Effects: Port of their software [http://
    industryclick.com//magazinearticle.asp?magazinearticleid=122151&
    magazineid=124&mode=print] Houdini on Linux.
   
��*�[http://www.nothingreal.com] Nothing Real: Port of their software [http:/
    /industryclick.com//magazinearticle.asp?magazinearticleid=122151&
    magazineid=124&mode=print] Shake on Linux.
   
��*�[http://www.boeing.com] Boeing: Linux and HP clusters help Boeing R&D
    reduce costs as related on [http://www.hp.com/products1/linux/infolibrary
    /boeing.html] http://www.hp.com/products1/linux/infolibrary/boeing.html.
   
��*�[http://www.viawest.net] ViaWest: a hp/Linux ISP as related on [http://
    www.hp.com/products1/linux/infolibrary/viawest.html] http://www.hp.com/
    products1/linux/infolibrary/viawest.html.
   
��*�[http://www.iai.co.il/] Israel Aircraft Industry: a hp/Linux performance
    cluster user as related on [http://www.hp.com/products1/linux/infolibrary
    /israel.html] http://www.hp.com/products1/linux/infolibrary/israel.html.
   
��*�[http://www.speedera.com/] SpeedEra: a hp/Linux ISP as related on [http:/
    /www.hp.com/products1/linux/infolibrary/speedera.html] http://www.hp.com/
    products1/linux/infolibrary/speedera.html.
   
��*�[http://www.dreamworks.com] Dreamworks: The Shreck movie realised on HP
    netserver/Linux as related on [http://www.zdnet.com/zdnn/stories/news/
    0,4586,2761566,00.html] http://www.zdnet.com/zdnn/stories/news/
    0,4586,2761566,00.html.
   
��*�[http://www.cern.ch] Cern: Performance cluster realised with HP netserver
    /Linux as related on [http://hp-linux.cern.ch] http://hp-linux.cern.ch.
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chapter 7. References

  I already mentioned the documentation files, installed typically under the
directory /usr/src/linux/Documentation. They are a real gold mine of useful
information. 

  The following FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) are periodically posted in
the group [news:news.answers] news:news.answers and archived on FTP servers
like [ftp://rtfm.mit.edu] ftp://rtfm.mit.edu :

��*�FAQ of the group [news:comp.os.linux.announce] news:
    comp.os.linux.announce
   
��*�FAQ of the group [news:comp.sys.hp.hpux] news:comp.sys.hp.hpux
   

  A lot of other Linux HOWTO contain information useful related to our
subject : 

��*�[http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/SCSI-HOWTO.html] Linux SCSI HOWTO
   
��*�[http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/CD-Writing-HOWTO.html] Linux CD-Writing
    HOWTO
   
��*�[http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Hardware-HOWTO.html] Linux Hardware HOWTO
   
��*�[http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Distribution-HOWTO.html] Linux
    Distribution HOWTO
   
��*�[http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Kernel-HOWTO.html] Linux Kernel HOWTO
   
��*�[http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Sound-HOWTO.html] Linux Sound HOWTO
   
��*�[http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/PCMCIA-HOWTO.html] Linux PCMCIA HOWTO
   
��*�[http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/SMP-HOWTO.html] Linux SMP HOWTO
   
��*�[http://www.linux-usb.org/howtos.html] USB under Linux
   
��*�[http://mobilix.org/howtos.html] Linux Laptop Guide
   
��*�[http://www.linux-laptop.net/hp.html] Linux on HP Laptops
   

  The following Usenet groups cover subjects related to HP : 

��*�[news:comp.sys.hp.hardware] news:comp.sys.hp.hardware
   
��*�[news:comp.sys.hp.misc] news:comp.sys.hp.misc
   

  You may also consult the groups mentioned in Section 2.2.2.5.

  On Internet, you may consult with a great benefit the following sites :


Table 7-1. Web sites of HP
Subject                   URL                                                
HP Linux Portal           [http://www.hp.com/go/linux] http://www.hp.com/go/ 
                          linux                                              
HP and Linux              [http://www.hp-linux.org] http://www.hp-linux.org  
HP France Education Linux [http://hpwww.ec-lyon.fr/hpeduc/education/offre/   
                          linux/educ_linux.html] http://hpwww.ec-lyon.fr/    
                          hpeduc/education/offre/linux/educ_linux.html       
HP Support                [http://www.hp.com/hps/support/h_linux.htm] http://
                          www.hp.com/hps/support/h_linux.htm                 
HP HOWTO                  [http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/current/      
                          index.html] http://www.HyPer-Linux.org/HP-HOWTO/   
                          current/index.html                                 
Linux Pa-Risc (Puffin     [http://www.parisc-linux.org] http://              
Group)                    www.parisc-linux.org                               
Linux Pa-Risc (ESIEE)     [http://mkhppa1.esiee.fr/en/] http://              
                          mkhppa1.esiee.fr/en/                               
PA-RISC/Linux Boot HOWTO  [http://mkhppa1.esiee.fr/parisc-linux-boot/        
                          parisc-linux-boot/index.html] http://              
                          mkhppa1.esiee.fr/parisc-linux-boot/                
                          parisc-linux-boot/index.html                       
Linux and HP Labs         [http://www.hpl.hp.com/research/comp_systems.html# 
                          Linux Technology] http://www.hpl.hp.com/research/  
                          comp_systems.html#Linux Technology                 
Linux IA64                [http://www.linuxia64.org] http://www.linuxia64.org
Linux IA64 (HP Labs)      [http://dtf.external.hp.com/dtf/swdev/1999/08/     
                          feature1_a.html] http://dtf.external.hp.com/dtf/   
                          swdev/1999/08/feature1_a.html                      
HP embedded software      [http://devnet.hp.com] http://devnet.hp.com        
developer's network                                                          
HP printer drivers        [http://hp.sourceforge.net/] http://               
                          hp.sourceforge.net/                                
HP RedHat certification   [http://bugzilla.redhat.com/certification/         
                          cert-report.php3?mod_company=Hewlett+Packard] http:
                          //bugzilla.redhat.com/certification/               
                          cert-report.php3?mod_company=Hewlett+Packard       
HP Linuxcare              [http://www.linuxcare.com/labs/certs/C1F5.epl]     
certification             http://www.linuxcare.com/labs/certs/C1F5.epl       
SAP HP Netserver          [http://www.sap.com/solutions/technology/linux/    
certification             hp-hw.htm] http://www.sap.com/solutions/technology/
                          linux/hp-hw.htm                                    
HP Utigroup               [http://www.hputigroup.com] http://                
                          www.hputigroup.com                                 


Table 7-2. Other fundamental sites on Linux and Open Source Software
Subject                   URL                                                
Linux Documentation       [http://www.linuxdoc.org] http://www.linuxdoc.org  
Project                                                                      
Linux Weekly News -       [http://lwn.net/1999/features/1998timeline/] http:/
Summary of 1998           /lwn.net/1999/features/1998timeline/               
Linux Weekly News -       [http://lwn.net/1999/features/Timeline/] http://   
Summary of 1999           lwn.net/1999/features/Timeline/                    
Linux Weekly News -       [http://lwn.net/2000/features/Timeline/] http://   
Summary of 2000           lwn.net/2000/features/Timeline/                    
IOS Counter               [http://www.leb.net/hzo/ioscount/index.html] http:/
                          /www.leb.net/hzo/ioscount/index.html               
Comparaison MS-Windows NT [http://www.linux-france.com/article/these/        
Server 4.0 -- Unix        unix-vs-nt/unix-vs-nt.html] http://                
                          www.linux-france.com/article/these/unix-vs-nt/     
                          unix-vs-nt.html                                    
Netcraft studies          [http://www.netcraft.com/survey/] http://          
                          www.netcraft.com/survey/                           
L'AFUL (Association)      [http://www.aful.org] http://www.aful.org          
APRIL (Association)       [http://www.april.org] http://www.april.org        
Linux Center              [http://www.linux-center.org] http://              
                          www.linux-center.org                               
Linux France              [http://www.linux-france.com/] http://             
                          www.linux-france.com/                              
Linux Journal             [http://www.linuxjournal.com] http://              
                          www.linuxjournal.com                               
Linux Gazette             [http://www.linuxgazette.com/] http://             
                          www.linuxgazette.com/                              
Linux Magazine France     [http://www.linuxmag-france.com/] http://          
                          www.linuxmag-france.com/                           
Linux Start               [http://linuxstart.com/index.html] http://         
                          linuxstart.com/index.html                          
Da Linux French Page      [http://linuxfr.org/news/] http://linuxfr.org/news/
RedHat Hardware support   [http://www.redhat.com/cgi-bin/support] http://    
                          www.redhat.com/cgi-bin/support                     
Mandrake Hardware support [http://www.linux-mandrake.com/fr/hardware.php3?   
for HP                    F_FAMILY=all&F_MANUFACTURER=HP&F_STATUS=all&       
                          F_SEARCH=TRUE] http://www.linux-mandrake.com/fr/   
                          hardware.php3?F_FAMILY=all&F_MANUFACTURER=HP&      
                          F_STATUS=all&F_SEARCH=TRUE                         
Mobilix : Linux Mobile    [http://mobilix.org/] http://mobilix.org/          
Linmodems                 [http://linmodems.org/] http://linmodems.org/      
Notebook HQ : Linux       [http://www.linux-notebook.org/laptops/] http://   
Mobile                    www.linux-notebook.org/laptops/                    
Developers Servers        [http://www.linuxmama.com/dev-server.html] http:// 
                          www.linuxmama.com/dev-server.html                  
IA-64 project leader Web  [http://sverre.home.cern.ch/sverre/SJ.html] http://
site at Cern              sverre.home.cern.ch/sverre/SJ.html                 
IA-64 Intel Web site      [http://developer.intel.com/design/itanium/        
                          index.htm] http://developer.intel.com/design/      
                          itanium/index.htm                                  
Medasys Linux             [http://www.medasys-digital-systems.fr/linux] http:
                          //www.medasys-digital-systems.fr/linux             
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chapter 8. Contributors

  I would like to thank especially all the people who contributed in any way
to improve this HOWTO :

��*�Pierre-Antoine Angelini <angelini@ifsic.univ-rennes1.fr>
   
��*�Khalid Aziz <Khalid_Aziz@hp.com>
   
��*�Sarah Barclay <Sarah_Barclay@hp.com>
   
��*�Tim Bell <bhat@trinity.unimelb.edu.au>
   
��*�Jeroen ten Berge <j.ten.berge@getexo.nl>
   
��*�Sylvain Berg� <Sylvain.Berge@medasys-digital-systems.fr>
   
��*�Nancy Blachman <nancy@blachman.org>
   
��*�St�phane Bortzmeyer <bortzmeyer@debian.org>
   
��*�Brendan Burns<bburns@wso.williams.edu>
   
��*�Emmanuel Carras<emmanuel_carras@hp.com>
   
��*�Kevin Carson<kevin_carson@hp.com>
   
��*�Jean-Bernard Chaffardon <Jean-Bernard_Chaffardon@hp.com>
   
��*�Khalil Chawoshi <chawoshi@subatech.in2p3.fr>
   
��*�B�atrice Cornec <beatrice@victoria.frmug.org>
   
��*�S�bastien Cottalorda <sebastien.cottalorda@mageos.com>
   
��*�Nug Csigas <nug@sch.bme.hu>
   
��*�Philippe Depouilly <Philippe.Depouilly@math.u-bordeaux.fr> - his site :
    [http://www.math.u-bordeaux.fr/~depouill] http://www.math.u-bordeaux.fr/
    ~depouill
   
��*�Ludovic Didierlaurent <ludovic_didierlaurent@hp.com>
   
��*�Fr�d�ric Dubuy <F.Dubuy@atrid.fr>
   
��*�Michael Dwyer <mdwyer@alumbre-tech.com>
   
��*�St�phane Eranian <Stephane_Eranian@hp.com>
   
��*�Mark Eve <Mark_Eve@hp.com>
   
��*�Greg Ferguson <gferg@hoop.timonium.sgi.com>
   
��*�Laurent Frey <laurent.frey@iota.u-psud.fr>
   
��*�Bertrand Gambier <Bertrand.Gambier@medasys-digital-systems.fr>
   
��*�Bdale Garbee <Bdale_Garbee@hp.com>
   
��*�Wilson Gardiner <Wilson_Gardiner@hp.com>
   
��*�Stein Roar Gj�en <stein.roar.gjoen@ks-t.no>
   
��*�Grant Grundler <grundler@cup.hp.com>
   
��*�J�r�mie Guillaume <jno@sasi.fr>
   
��*�Yann Guillemot <Yann_Guillemot@hp.com>
   
��*�Werner Heuser <wehe@snafu.de>
   
��*�Marc Hia Bali� <Marc_Hia-Balie@hp.com>
   
��*�Jesse Don Hickson III <theme@montana.com>
   
��*�Chris Holden <chris.holden@gte.net>
   
��*�Keith Hopkins <keith_hopkins@hp.com>
   
��*�Masanari Iida <Masanari_Iida@hp.com>
   
��*�Markus Kuhn <Markus.Kuhn@cl.cam.ac.uk>
   
��*�Bruce Kives <Bruce_Kives@hp.com>
   
��*�Fabrice Lorrain <Fabrice.Lorrain@univ-mlv.fr>
   
��*�Pascal Lemonnier <Pascal.Lemonnier@medasys.fr>
   
��*�Qing Liu <qliu@club-internet.fr>
   
��*�Maciej Macowicz <Maciej.Macowicz@epfl.ch>
   
��*�Olivier Martinet <Olivier_Martinet@hp.com>
   
��*�Mad Matt <madmatt@bits.bris.ac.uk> - his site : [http://
    www.bits.bris.ac.uk/madmatt/laptop.shtml] http://www.bits.bris.ac.uk/
    madmatt/laptop.shtml
   
��*�Lee Mayes <Lee_Mayes@hp.com>
   
��*�Craig McCluskey <mccluskey@nospam.mail.utexas.edu>
   
��*�David Mentr� <David.Mentre@irisa.fr>
   
��*�Jacques Misselis <Jacques.Misselis@hp.com>
   
��*�Oliver Neukum <520047054719-0001@t-online.de>
   
��*�Andreas Nierula <A.Nierula@t-online.de>
   
��*�Robert J. Niland <robert_niland@hp.com>
   
��*�Gilles Noisette <Gilles_Noisette@hp.com>
   
��*�Harry Page <HARRY_PAGE@HP-NewZealand-om1.om.hp.com>
   
��*�Luis Pais <Luis_Pais@hp.com>
   
��*�Alain Pascal <pascal@montrouge.omnes.slb.com>
   
��*�David Paschal <paschal@rcsis.com>
   
��*�Luis Peromarta <Luis_Peromarta@hp.com>
   
��*�Daryl Poe <Daryl_Poe@hp.com>
   
��*�Thomas Pornin <Thomas.Pornin@ens.fr>
   
��*�Karthik Prabhakar <karthik_prabhakar@hp.com>
   
��*�Fons Rademakers <Fons.Rademakers@cern.ch> - his site : [http://
    hp-linux.cern.ch] http://hp-linux.cern.ch
   
��*�Gallig Renaud<Gallig_Renaud@hp.com>
   
��*�Valerie Rice<Valerie_Rice@hp.com>
   
��*�Lane Rollins <laner@teleport.com>
   
��*�Hester van Rooyen <reception@geo.co.za>
   
��*�Eric Rueda <Eric_Rueda@hp.com>
   
��*�Klamer Schutte <Schutte@fel.tno.nl>
   
��*�Thierry Simonnet <t.simonnet@esiee.fr>
   
��*�Chuck Slivkoff <charles_slivkoff@hp.com>
   
��*�Junichi Shimoda <junichi_shimoda@hp.com>
   
��*�Tech Support <support@ami.com>
   
��*�Nicolas Thomas <Nicolas_Thomas@hp.com>
   
��*�Dirk De Wachter <Dirk.DeWachter@rug.ac.be>
   
��*�Norman Walsh <ndw@nwalsh.com>
   
��*�Hans Witvliet <Hans.Witvliet@Alcatel.nl>
   
��*�Tony White <tony@ycs.com.au>
   
��*�Yuthay Yean <Yuthay.Yean@medasys.fr>
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chapter 9. Future versions

  This chapter gives indications on elements which should be taken in account
in future versions of this document. It should be taken more as a reminder
for the author, than as an engagement of what he will really do !

Version 0.95
    Images path.
   
    Better management of the size of tables (PS).
   
    Place of the footer (PS).
   
    One line paragraph management.
   
    Management of the size of papers, margins and images (PS).
   
    Paragraph on TX/e-vectra management
   
    Rework the printer paragraph
   
    Info script to pass on machines and create a new entry
   
    Integrate LinuxCare certif
   
Version 0.96
    URLs verification in function of the language. Use of official addresses
    and paragraph on mirrors.
   
    Rework the cluster part
   
    Paragraph on APM for mobiles computer
   
    Linux as a backup server (Arkeia)
   
    Remote Assistant - Remote Control. Management
   
    Put the Argumementations in the TOC (HTML).
   
    Avoid titles in end of page (PS).
   
    Paragraph on network products
   
Version 0.97
    Detail limitations of evolution from Unix to Linux
   
    Rework the example of the vaccine :-)
   
    Rework chapter 1 (put there history and new versions)
   
    Glossary/Abbreviations
   





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