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  Oracle 8i on Linux RH7.X Installation HOWTO
  Krastio Atanassov <> , and Luca
  Roversi <>
  v0.1, 2002-07-15

  Following this HOWTO you should be able to get "Oracle 8i, version
  8.1.7, Enterprise Edition for Linux" installed on a RedHat 7.X distri�
  bution (and, we hope, on distributions based/derived from it.) You
  will also have some few hints at how to create a database.  We decide
  to write this notes because we did not manage to get through the
  installation, simply following the already existing "Oracle 8 for
  Linux" HOWTOs, and Oracle documentation and we found people on the net
  experiencing our problems.

  Table of Contents

  1. Introduction

     1.1 What's in here?
     1.2 Who is this HOWTO for?
     1.3 Current versions of this document
     1.4 Disclaimer
     1.5 Credits and Thanks
     1.6 License

  2. Starting off

     2.1 Prerequisites
        2.1.1 Hardware
     2.2 Linux setup
        2.2.1 Distribution
        2.2.2 Distribution Setup
        2.2.3 Setting users and groups
        2.2.4 Installing the right Java Virtual Machine
        2.2.5 Kernel parameters
        2.2.6 Setting up some libraries
        2.2.7 Final step

  3. Installing Oracle 8i, version 8.1.7

     3.1 Setting up oracle's shell
     3.2 Starting the installer

  4. Creating a database

  5. Final Words

     5.1 Some Internet Resources


  1.  Introduction

  1.1.  What's in here?

  A sequence of steps that brought us to let Oracle 8i, and Linux RedHat
  7.2 working together.

  1.2.  Who is this HOWTO for?

  This document is for people who want to install Oracle 8i version
  8.1.7 Enterprise edition on Linux RedHat 7.2. At the time Luca Roversi
  tried to combine the twos, he could only find people on the net who
  was wandering why previous HOWTOs could not lead them to a successful

  We have not yet realized the points where this HOWTO substantially
  differs from previous HOWTOs on the same subject; however, it lists
  operations that seems to be correct.

  1.3.  Current versions of this document

  The web site where this document can be found is: author's web site

  1.4.  Disclaimer

  You get what you pay for. We offer no warranty of any kind, implied or
  otherwise.  May be we shall help you where we can, but, legally, you
  are on your own.

  1.5.  Credits and Thanks

  This HOWTO has been written by Krastio Atanassov and Luca Roversi.
  The very first version could not have been created without the initial
  support the second author obtained from various mailing lists.

  Also, the very first revision was written exploiting Stephen
  Darlington's <> "Oracle for Linux Installation
  HOWTO" sgml source as a template.

  We welcome any constructive feedback on this HOWTO and any general
  Linux or Oracle issues. Email us at
  <> or/and

  1.6.  License

  This document is copyright 2002 Krastio Atanassov and Luca Roversi.

  Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
  under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
  <>, Version 1.1 or any later
  version published by the Free Software Foundation.

  2.  Starting off

  2.1.  Prerequisites

  At least 800M free on your hard disk. Type:

  bash$ df -h
  Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
  /dev/hda2             5.3G  3.6G  1.4G  72% /

  and read the field Avail.

  2.1.1.  Hardware

  The steps we are going to describe allow to have Oracle 8i, version
  8.1.7 running on:

  �  a laptop Toshiba Satellite 2800-100 with 128Mb RAM and a 600 Mhz
     Intel Celeron;

  �  others ....

  In any case, never underestimate Oracle's system prerequisites.

  2.2.  Linux setup

  2.2.1.  Distribution

  We focus on a Linux RedHat 7.2 distribution, since we had problems
  with it and we wanted to use it. The steps we are going to describe
  should work on any Red Hat 7.2 based Linux distribution.

  2.2.2.  Distribution Setup

  We assume you have your Linux RedHat 7.2 box installed and working in
  a reasonable way for you. In any case, 'base' packages, X Windows (the
  installation routine is a Java GUI) and the development tools
  regardless of whether you intend doing any coding or not is what you

  2.2.3.  Setting users and groups

  Login as root:

  $ su - root

  and type whatever password you decided root must have.

  Create groups:

  bash# groupadd oinstall
  bash# groupadd dba
  bash# groupadd oper

  Create oracle user and set its password:

  bash# useradd oracle -g oinstall -G dba,oper
  bash# passwd oracle (to change password)

  2.2.4.  Installing the right Java Virtual Machine

  The only Java Virtual Machine compatible with Oracle 8i, version
  8.1.7, is: <
  Do not think: "newer versions will be less buggy", as the installer
  probably won't work. And don't think.

  Once downloaded it, move it:

  bash# mv jdk118_v3-glibc-2.1.3.tar.bz2 /usr/local

  untar it:

  bash# tar xvIf jdk118_v3-glibc-2.1.3.tar.bz2

  and create a symbolic link to the folder the command here above has
  just created:

  bash# ln -s /usr/local/jdk118_v3 /usr/local/java

  2.2.5.  Kernel parameters

  Oracle documentation suggests that you make changes to the Linux
  kernel so you can get more shared memory.  If you decide to follow
  that way, keep the instructions in the Oracle documentation  and the
  Linux Kernel HOWTO <>
  at hand to build your new kernel.

  In fact, the required changes can be made by setting some parameter in
  a suitable initialization file. Just follow some steps:


     bash# cd /etc

  and create a new file rc.config, if it does not exists.  Inside
  rc.config copy the following four lines:

  cd /proc/sys/kernel
  echo 250 32000 100 128 > sem
  echo 4294967295 > shmmax
  echo 4096 > shmmni

  �  Edit the file /etc/rc and add the line:


  In any case, if you want just to start playing with Oracle 8i, version
  8.1.7, Linux RedHat 7.2 default settings can work fine, and you do not
  need to set any kernel parameter, as just described.

  2.2.6.  Setting up some libraries

  There may be some compatibility problems between Oracle 8i and gcc
  versions >= 2.1. If you experience them, download these rpms:

  compat-libs-6.2-3.i386.rpm <

  install them, as usual, by:

  $ rpm -Uvh compat-egcs-6.2- compat-glibc-6.2- compat-libs-6.2-3.i386.rpm

  and, finally set a symbolic link because there is a small installation
  bug in one of the packages just installed:

  bash# ln -s /bin/id /usr/bin/id

  2.2.7.  Final step

  Reboot your machine and keep reading...

  3.  Installing Oracle 8i, version 8.1.7

  3.1.  Setting up oracle's shell

  Login as oracle user, edit the file .bash_profile and copy the
  following  lines into it:

  # +------------------------------------------------------------+
  # | FILE          : .bash_profile                              |
  # +------------------------------------------------------------+

  umask 022
  EDITOR=vi;                   export EDITOR
  TERM=xterm;                  export TERM
  TMPDIR=/tmp;                 export TMPDIR

  # +--------------------------+
  # +--------------------------+

  export ORACLE_SID=O817DB
  export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
  export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/8.1.7

  export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib:/usr/local/lib
  export TNS_ADMIN=$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin

  export ORA_NLS33=$ORACLE_HOME/ocommon/nls/admin/data

  export ORACLE_OWNER=oracle
  export ORACLE_TERM=xterm

  # +--------------------------+
  # | LINUX STUFF              |
  # +--------------------------+

  export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=2.2.5
  source /usr/i386-glibc21-linux/bin/

  # +--------------------------+
  # | SETUP SEARCH PATH        |
  # +--------------------------+

  export PATH

  # +--------------------------+
  # +--------------------------+

  export JAVA_HOME=/usr/local/java

  export CLASSPATH=/u01/app/oracle/product/8.1.7/jdbc/lib/

  # +-------------+
  # | "GREETINGS" |
  # +-------------+
  echo ".bash_profile executed"

  Save the new version of .bash_profile and re-read it, by issuing:

  bash$ source .bash_profile

  Finally, if you have not any window manager running, it is time to let
  it running.

  3.2.  Starting the installer

  We shall work under the hypothesis that you want to install cdrom
  Oracle distribution. Mount the cdrom with:

  bash$ mount /mnt/cdrom

  and move to the directory that contains the installer:

  bash$ cd /mnt/cdrom/install/linux

  Then, launch the installer by:

  bash$ ./runInstaller

  and follow the steps on the GUI it should appear:

  1. after a first click on NEXT verify that the proposed path is:


  and click NEXT again;

  2. fill in the filed Unix Group Name with the value:


  If, for any reasons, this is not your first attempt to install Oracle,
  you will not be prompted for the Unix Group Name. In this case jump to
  step 4, below.

  3. A pop-up window will ask you to run a script as root user, so, open
     a terminal emulator and type in:

     bash$ su
     bash# cd $ORACLE_HOME
     bash# ./

  When you're done click Retry on the pop-up window.

  4. You are now given the option of what to install. Choose Oracle
     Enterprise Edition, and click Next.

     It should now allow you to choose what you install with much finer
     granularity. Unless you're particularly constrained by disk space
     or know exactly what you need,  choose Typical and click Next.

  5. When it asks you the Global database name, if you do not have any
     particular needs you can type in oracle.localdomain.  Also, verify
     that the values of SID is set to:


  Then, click Next.

  6. The next step is to set the location of the database. Type in:


  and click Next.

  7. Finally, you are asked to indicate the location where you put java.
     If you followed our suggestions the path is already:


  Since it is fine, click Next, and, then Install.

  8. The installation completes by a pop-up windows that asks you to run
     a script as root. If you closed the previously opened terminal open
     one again and type:

     bash$  su
     bash# cd $ORACLE_HOME
     bash# ./

  After the script completes, click OK on the pop-up window.

  9. Oracle Net8 Configuration starts.  Choose  Perform typical
     configuration and click Next.

     The configuration tool that starts is the Database Configuration

     It may signal errors like:

     ORA-03114: not connected to  ORACLE

  The temporary solution is to just click on Abort.  These kinds of
  errors will be recovered in a few!!

  When the Database Configuration Assistant concludes its tasks, just
  click on Next and the installation concludes.

  If you needed to click on Abort, you must:

  �  Download the patch: glibc-2.1.3-stubs.tar.gz

  �  move it into ORACLE_HOME by:

             bash$ mv ./glibc-2.1.3-stubs.tar.gz $ORACLE_HOME

  and let ORACLE_HOME your working directory:

          bash$ cd  $ORACLE_HOME

  �  uncompress and untar the patch:

             bash$ gunzip glibc-2.1.3-stubs.tar.gz
             bash$ tar xvf glibc-2.1.3-stubs.tar

  �  run the patch script:

             bash$ ./

  When it stops you are done!

  4.  Creating a database

  We just typed:

  bash$ dbassist

  and we played around with the default options. This allowed us to gen�
  erate an instance of Oracle 8i we could use for teaching purposes,
  during an undergraduate course on the foundational principles of data
  bases. If you need more professional-oriented instances, consult other
  HOWTOs or read Oracle documentation.

  In any case, at this point, what you should be able to do is to let
  interactive Oracle sql interpreter SQL*Plus run, by issuing:

  bash$ sqlplus

  and by choosing one of the following two default account/passwd pairs
  that Oracle creates by default. The first pair is:


  while the second is:


  However, if you, just for example,  want to connect from/to another
  machine we  address you to other HOWTOs; for example, Stephen
  Darlington's "Oracle for Linux Installation HOWTO" covers this
  subjects and gives other useful hints in its final sections.

  5.  Final Words

  Our goal was to write a short list of steps to have Oracle 8i, version
  8.1.7, running on RedHat 7.2. We think we have gotten to our goal, so
  we stop here.

  We think that it would be nice merge all HOWTOs, related to some
  Oracle installation on some Linux distribution could be very helpful.
  This is not in our coming projects. Any volunteer?

  5.1.  Some Internet Resources

  To conclude, we have copied here, with some minor changes, the list of
  Internet resources Stephen Darlington's "Oracle for Linux Installation
  HOWTO" lists, just for easy of use:

  �  Oracle Technet <>. This is Oracle's public
     and free support website. Lot's of very useful information there.

  �  Oracle Metalink <>. Oracle's private (you
     need a support contract) support website. Only slightly more useful
     than Technet!

  �  Oracle Fans <>. Editorials and support
     forums. No official connection to Oracle.

  �  OraFaq <>. A site full of questions and
     answers regarding Oracle on all platforms.

  �  Oracle Linux mailing list (Send a mail to
     <> with the words 'SUBSCRIBE ORACLE-
     LINUX-L' in the body.

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