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Qmail-Scanner and ClamAV HowTo

Steve Peace

Gregory L. Porter -

version 1.0�Edition

Edited by

Todd Hawley

09/19/2004
Revision History                                                             
Revision 1.0           09/19/2004            Revised by: glp                 
Initial Release, reviewed by TLDP                                            
Revision 0.9           08/01/2004            Revised by: glp                 
Converted to DocBook                                                         
Revision 0.4           07/01/2004            Revised by: srp                 
First public draft in html                                                   


This HOWTO describes how to integrate ClamAV, an anti-virus attachment
scanner and Qmail-Scanner, an anti-virus message content scanner, with an
existing installation of a qmail email server.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Table of Contents
1. Introduction
    1.1. What This Document Is:
    1.2. What This Document Is Not:
    1.3. Acknowledgments
    1.4. Copyright
    1.5. Disclaimer
    1.6. News
   
   
2. Prerequisites
3. ClamAV
    3.1. What is ClamAV?
    3.2. Installing ClamAV
    3.3. Testing
    3.4. Updating Defs
    3.5. Setting up Clamd and Using With Daemontools
   
   
4. Qmail-Scanner
    4.1. What Is Qmail-Scanner?
    4.2. Installing Qmail-Scanner Prerequisites
    4.3. Installing Qmail-Scanner
    4.4. Ownership
    4.5. Testing
   
   
5. Configuring qmail to Use qmail-scanner-queue.pl
    5.1. Changing Your Tcp Rules
    5.2. Increasing Your Softlimit
   
   
6. Conclusion
A. Recommended Reading and Other Resources
B. Scripts
C. Software
D. GNU Free Documentation License
    D.1. PREAMBLE
    D.2. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS
    D.3. VERBATIM COPYING
    D.4. COPYING IN QUANTITY
    D.5. MODIFICATIONS
    D.6. COMBINING DOCUMENTS
    D.7. COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS
    D.8. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS
    D.9. TRANSLATION
    D.10. TERMINATION
    D.11. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE
    D.12. ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents
   
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chapter 1. Introduction

1.1. What This Document Is:

This document started out as a way for me to document the procedure and
required readings for re-creating the deployment of Qmail-Scanner and ClamAV
for my employer's email system. I am not a writer, or a programmer. I am a
lowly little systems administrator that got frustrated looking online for all
of the information to make Qmail-Scanner work with ClamAV. This HOWTO will
document the steps that I took to get Qmail-Scanner and ClamAV to work
together. Is this the right way to do it? Who knows, it worked for me. There
are plenty of snippets of information that I "liberated" from many sources.
Please see the Acknowledgments. The most current version of this document can
be found at   http://stevepeace.no-ip.org.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.2. What This Document Is Not:

This document is not a comprehensive source of information for ClamAV,
Qmail-Scanner, qmail, daemontools, Linux, Un*x, FreeBSD, Perl, etc. I do not
pretend to know everything about everything. Like I said before, this worked
for me it may not work for you. If you don't know how to use a particular OS,
tool, or piece of software, THIS HOWTO WILL NOT HELP YOU! I am a firm
believer in RTFM. So please make sure that you check out Appendix A, and the
Disclaimer before following this HOWTO.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.3. Acknowledgments

I would like to acknowledge the following people and groups:

Jason Haar (for Qmail-Scanner)                       
Jesse D. Guardiani (original clamd+daemontools HOWTO)
The entire ClamAV group (for ClamAV)                 
Dan Bernstein (for qmail and daemontools)            
Dave Sill (for lfwq)                                 
Bruce Guenter (qmailqueue patch)                     
Mark Simpson (TNEF unpacker)                         
Double Precision Inc. (maildrop)                     
CPAN.org (Perl modules)                              

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.4. Copyright

Copyright (c) 2004 Steven R. Peace.

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under
the terms of the   GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later
version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant
Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the
license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

This HOWTO is free documentation; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. This document is
distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but without any warranty;
without even the implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a
particular purpose.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.5. Disclaimer

I disavow any potential liability for the contents of this document. Use of
the concepts, examples, and/or any other information or content of this
document is entirely at your own risk.

All copyrights are owned by their owners, unless specifically noted
otherwise. Use of a term in this document should not be regarded as affecting
the validity of any trademark or service mark.

Naming of particular products or brands should not be seen as endorsements.

You are strongly recommended to take a backup of your system before major
installation and backups at regular intervals.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.6. News

The document home page can be found at   http://stevepeace.no-ip.org. Check
here for the most current versions.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chapter 2. Prerequisites

You should already have a working qmail server with daemontools installed.
Your server will also need:

ClamAV Prerequisites:

Zlib and zlib-devel packages
Gcc compiler (2.9x or 3.x)  
Bzip2 library (recommended) 

Qmail-Scanner Prerequisites:

qmail 1.03                      
Reformmime from Maildrop 1.3.8+ 
Perl 5.005_03+                  
Perl module Time::HiRes         
Perl module DB_File             
Perl module Sys::Syslog         
Mark Simpson's TNEF Unpacker    
Bruce Guenter's QMAILQUEUE patch

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chapter 3. ClamAV

3.1. What is ClamAV?

From the ClamAV website:

"Clam AntiVirus is a   GPL anti-virus toolkit for UNIX. The main purpose of
this software is the integration with mail servers (attachment scanning). The
package provides a flexible and scalable multi-threaded daemon, a command
line scanner, and a tool for automatic updating via Internet. The programs
are based on a shared library distributed with the Clam AntiVirus package,
which you can use with your own software. Most importantly, the virus
database is kept up to date."
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2. Installing ClamAV

Download the ClamAV source at   http://www.clamav.net. As of the writing of
this HOWTO, the latest version is 0.65.
#tar -xvzf clamav-0.65.tar.gz                                                
#cd clamav-0.65 #groupadd clamav                                             
#useradd clamav -g clamav -c "Clam AntiVirus" -s /nonexistent .              
#/configure                                                                  
#make                                                                        
#make install                                                                
#cd ..                                                                       
                                                                             
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.3. Testing

As long as make and make install have finished without errors, you are now
ready to test your installation (If you did experience errors, please review
the ClamAV documentation that was included in the tar ball. You may also try
the ClamAV website for some helpful tips). To test your installation type:
#clamscan -r -l scan.txt clamav-0.65                                         

Clamscan should find a test virus (This is NOT a real virus) in the
clamav-0.65/test directory and log it to the scan.txt log file.

Now you need to configure the ClamAV daemon, clamd, for testing.
#vi /usr/local/etc/clamav.conf                                               

Comment out "Example" line in clamav.conf and save.
#clamdscan -l scan.txt clamav-0.65                                           

This should provide output that is similar to the clamscan command you
entered above.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.4. Updating Defs

Now we need to update our virus definitions. Clamscan includes a utility,
freshclam, to take care of this. Freshclam automatically changes from root to
the clamav user that you created during the installation. First, create a log
file that freshclam can log to.
#touch /var/log/clam-update.log                                              
#chmod 600 /var/log/clamupdate.log                                           
#chown clamav /var/log/clamupdate.log                                        

Now start freshclam:
#freshclam -d -c 6 -l /var/log/clam-update.log                               
                                                                             

This checks for a new virus definition database six (6) times a day. Check
the /var/log/clam-update.log file. It should look something like this:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
ClamAV update process started at Wed Jan 28 17:49:48 2004                                              
main.cvd is up to date (version: 19, sigs: 19987, f-level: 1, builder: ddm)                            
daily.cvd updated (version: 111, sigs: 597, f-level: 1, builder: tomek)                                
Database updated (20584 signatures) from database.clamav.net (81.4.91.185).                            
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
                                                                                                       

Now add the freshclam -d -c 6 -l /var/log/clam-update.log to your startup
scripts.

You can also setup a cronjob to update the Defs every 6 hours, if you like.
#vi /etc/crontab                                                             
                                                                             
0 6 * * * root /usr/local/bin/clamscan                                       
                                                                             
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.5. Setting up Clamd and Using With Daemontools

Edit /etc/clamd.conf and make the following changes.
#vi /etc/clamd.conf                                                          

Uncomment "LogSyslog"                          
Uncomment "StreamSaveToDisk"                   
Uncomment "MaxThreads" and change value to "30"
Uncomment "User" and change value to "qscand"  
Uncomment "Foreground"                         
Uncomment "ScanMail"                           

Create the clamav directory.
#mkdir -p /usr/local/clamav/bin                                              

Now create a startup/shutdown script for clamd. Copy and paste the script
shown below. This script was written by Jesse D. Guardiani.
                                                                             
#vi /usr/local/clamav/bin/clamdctl                                           
                                                                             
#!/bin/sh                                                                    
                                                                             
# For Red Hat chkconfig                                                      
# chkconfig: - 80 30                                                         
# description: the ClamAV clamd daemon                                       
                                                                             
PATH=/usr/local/clamav/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin      
export PATH                                                                  
                                                                             
case "$1" in                                                                 
  start)                                                                     
    echo "Starting clamd"                                                    
    if svok /service/clamd ; then                                            
      svc -u /service/clamd                                                  
    else                                                                     
      echo clamd supervise not running                                       
    fi                                                                       
    if [ -d /var/lock/subsys ]; then                                         
      touch /var/lock/subsys/clamd                                           
    fi                                                                       
    ;;                                                                       
  stop)                                                                      
    echo "Stopping clamd..."                                                 
    echo "  clamd"                                                           
    svc -d /service/clamd                                                    
    if [ -f /var/lock/subsys/clamd ]; then                                   
      rm /var/lock/subsys/clamd                                              
    fi                                                                       
    ;;                                                                       
  stat)                                                                      
    svstat /service/clamd                                                    
    svstat /service/clamd/log                                                
    ;;                                                                       
  restart)                                                                   
    echo "Restarting clamd:"                                                 
    echo "* Stopping clamd."                                                 
    svc -d /service/clamd                                                    
    echo "* Sending clamd SIGTERM and restarting."                           
    svc -t /service/clamd                                                    
    echo "* Restarting clamd."                                               
    svc -u /service/clamd                                                    
    ;;                                                                       
  hup)                                                                       
    echo "Sending HUP signal to clamd."                                      
    svc -h /service/clamd                                                    
    ;;                                                                       
  help)                                                                      
    cat <<HELP                                                               
   stop -- stops clamd service (smtp connections refused, nothing goes out)  
  start -- starts clamd service (smtp connection accepted, mail can go out)  
   stat -- displays status of clamd service                                  
restart -- stops and restarts the clamd service                              
    hup -- same as reload                                                    
HELP                                                                         
    ;;                                                                       
  *)                                                                         
    echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|stat|restart|hup|help}"                      
    exit 1                                                                   
    ;;                                                                       
esac                                                                         
                                                                             
exit 0                                                                       
                                                                             
                                                                             
                                                                             

Make clamdctl an executable and link to path:
#chmod 755 /usr/local/clamav/bin/clamdctl                                    
#chown clamav /usr/local/clamav/bin/clamdctl                                 
#ln -s /usr/local/clamav/bin/clamdctl /usr/local/bin                         

Create the supervise directories for the clamd service:
#mkdir -p /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/log                              

Now you must create the /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/run file, or just
copy and paste the script shown below. This script was also created by Jesse
D. Guardiani:
vi /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/run                                                         
                                                                                                 
#!/bin/sh                                                                                        
#                                                                                                
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
# run                                                                                            
#                                                                                                
# Purpose     - Start the clamd daemon/service.                                                  
#                                                                                                
# Author      - Jesse D. Guardiani                                                               
# Created     - 09/10/03                                                                         
# Modified    - 09/25/03                                                                         
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
# This script is designed to be run under DJB's                                                  
# daemontools package.                                                                           
#                                                                                                
#  ChangeLog                                                                                     
#  ---------                                                                                     
#                                                                                                
#  09/25/03 - JDG                                                                                
#  --------------                                                                                
#  - Changed clamd user to qscand in compliance with                                             
#    the change to qmail-scanner-1.20rc3                                                         
#                                                                                                
#  09/10/03 - JDG                                                                                
#  --------------                                                                                
#  - Created                                                                                     
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
# Copyright (C) 2003 WingNET Internet Services                                                   
# Contact: Jesse D. Guardiani (jesse at wingnet dot net)                                         
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
                                                                                                 
lockfile="/tmp/clamd"   # Location of clamd lock file                                            
path_to_clamd="/usr/local/sbin/clamd"                                                            
                        # Location of the clamd binary                                           
BAD_EXIT_CODE=1         # The exit code we use to announce that something bad has happened       
                                                                                                 
# The following pipeline is designed to return the pid of each                                   
# clamd process currently running.                                                               
get_clam_pids_pipeline=`ps -ax | grep -E "${path_to_clamd}\$" | grep -v grep | awk '{print $1}'` 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
# Generic helper functions                                                                       
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
                                                                                                 
# Basic return code error message function                                                       
die_rcode() {                                                                                    
        EXIT_CODE=$1                                                                             
        ERROR_MSG=$2                                                                             
                                                                                                 
        if [ $EXIT_CODE -ne '0' ]; then                                                          
                echo "$ERROR_MSG" 1>&2                                                           
                echo "Exiting!" 1>&2                                                             
                exit "$BAD_EXIT_CODE"                                                            
        fi                                                                                       
}                                                                                                
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
# Main                                                                                           
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
                                                                                                 
ps_clamd=""                                                                                      
ps_clamd="$get_clam_pids_pipeline"                                                               
                                                                                                 
if [ -n "$ps_clamd" ]; then                                                                      
        pid_count="0"                                                                            
        for pid in $ps_clamd                                                                     
        do                                                                                       
                pid_count=`expr $pid_count + 1`                                                  
        done                                                                                     
                                                                                                 
        die_rcode $BAD_EXIT_CODE "Error: $pid_count clamd process(es) already running!"          
                                                                                                 
fi                                                                                               
                                                                                                 
if [ -e "$lockfile" ]; then                                                                      
        rm "$lockfile"                                                                           
        exit_code="$?"                                                                           
        die_rcode $exit_code "Error: 'rm $lockfile' call failed."                                
fi                                                                                               
                                                                                                 
exec /usr/local/bin/setuidgid qscand $path_to_clamd                                              
                                                                                                 
# --                                                                                             
# END /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/run file.                                                
# --                                                                                             
                                                                                                 
Create the /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/log/run file:                                       
                                                                                                 
#vi /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/log/run                                                    
                                                                                                 
#!/bin/sh                                                                                        
exec /usr/local/bin/setuidgid qscand /usr/local/bin/multilog t /var/log/clamd                    
                                                                                                 

Make the run files executable:
#chmod 755 /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/run                             
#chmod 755 /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/log/run                         

Now set up the log directories:
#mkdir -p /var/log/clamd                                                     
chown qscand /var/log/clamd                                                  

Finally, link the supervise directory into /service:
#ln -s /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd /service                            

* Note: The clamd script will start automatically shortly after these links
are created. If you don't want it running, do the following:
#clamdctl stop                                                               

To start clamd backup, do the following
#clamdctl start                                                              
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chapter 4. Qmail-Scanner

4.1. What Is Qmail-Scanner?

From the Qmail-Scanner website: "Qmail-Scanner is an addon that enables a
qmail email server to scan all gateway-ed email for certain characteristics
(i.e. a content scanner). It is typically used for its anti-virus protection
functions, in which case it is used in conjunction with commercial virus
scanners, but also enables a site (at a server/site level) to react to email
that contains specific strings in particular headers, or particular
attachment filenames or types (e.g. *.VBS attachments). It also can be used
as an archiving tool for auditing or backup purposes. Qmail-Scanner is
integrated into the mail server at a lower level than some other Unix-based
virus scanners, resulting in better performance. It is capable of scanning
not only locally sent/received email, but also email that crosses the server
in a relay capacity."
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2. Installing Qmail-Scanner Prerequisites

4.2.1. Maildrop

What is Maildrop:

From the maildrop web site:

"maildrop is the mail filter/mail delivery agent that's used by the   Courier
Mail Server."

You will not be using Maildrop or the Courier Mail Server for this
installation. However, Qmail-Scanner requires reformmime, which is included
in Maildrop. This is the only reason Maildrop is mentioned in this HOWTO.

Download and unpack the latest version of Maildrop. Please read the INSTALL
file included in the tar ball.
#./configure                                                                 
#make                                                                        
#make install-strip                                                          
#make install-man                                                            
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2.2. Perl Modules

Time::HiRes Perl module:

From the README file in the tar ball:

Time::HiRes module: High resolution time, sleep, and alarm. "Implement
usleep, ualarm, and gettimeofday for Perl, as well as wrappers to implement
time, sleep, and alarm that know about non-integral seconds."

DB_File Perl module:

From the README file in the tar ball:

"DB_File is a module which allows Perl programs to make use of the facilities
provided by Berkeley DB version 1. (DB_File can be built version 2, 3 or 4 of
Berkeley DB, but it will only support the 1.x features),"

Download Time::HiRes and DB_File Perl Modules. The modules can be obtained at
www.cpan.org (See Appendix C). There is a HOWTO there as well that will
explain the installation procedure of Perl modules. Once again, please read
the instructions included in the tar balls and review the README information
before installing.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2.3. Mark Simpson's TNEF Unpacker

What is TNEF Unpacker:

This utility unpacks ms-tnef type MIME attachments. For a better explanation
of MIME type attachments, please review   http://www.ietf.org/rfc/
rfc1521.txt?number=1521 .

Download the package, and uncompress the tar ball. As with the Maildrop
install, you should read the INSTALL file included in the tar ball.
#./configure                                                                 
#./make check                                                                
#./make install                                                              
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2.4. Patching qmail

If you have not already done so, please install Bruce Guenter?s QMAILQUEUE
patch.

To patch qmail, download the patch to your qmail source directory.
#patch -p1<qmailqueue.patch                                                  
#./make setup check                                                          
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.3. Installing Qmail-Scanner

We are now ready to install Qmail-Scanner. Download the latest source of
Qmail-Scanner. As of the writing of this HOWTO, it is 1.20.

Create a user for Qmail-Scanner to run as.
#groupadd qscand                                                             
#useradd qscand -g qscand -c "qmail scanner" -s /nonexistent                 

Unpack the tar ball and change to the Qmail-Scanner directory.
#tar -zxvf qmail-scanner-1.20.tar.gz                                         
#cd qmail-scanner-1.20                                                       

Run Configure to autodetect what software is installed on your system. Review
the output to make sure it is correct. It should look similar to this:
#./configure                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                      
This script will search your system for the virus scanners it knows                                                   
about, and will ensure that all external programs                                                                     
qmail-scanner-queue.pl uses are explicitly pathed for performance                                                     
reasons.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                      
It will then generate qmail-scanner-queue.pl - it is up to you to install it                                          
correctly.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                      
Continue? ([Y]/N) <PRESS ENTER>                                                                                       
                                                                                                                      
Found tnef on your system! That means we'll be able to decode stupid                                                  
M$ attachments :-)                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
The following binaries and scanners were found on your system:                                                        
                                                                                                                      
mimeunpacker=/usr/local/bin/reformime                                                                                 
unzip=/usr/bin/unzip                                                                                                  
tnef=/usr/local/bin/tnef                                                                                              
                                                                                                                      
Content/Virus Scanners installed on your System                                                                       
                                                                                                                      
clamuko=/usr/local/bin/clamdscan (which means clamscan won't be used as clamdscan is better)                          
                                                                                                                      
Qmail-Scanner details.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                      
log-details=0                                                                                                         
fix-mime=1                                                                                                            
debug=1                                                                                                               
notify=sender,admin                                                                                                   
redundant-scanning=no                                                                                                 
virus-admin=root@mail  --substitute you domain here                                                                   
local-domains='mail' --substitute your domain here                                                                    
silent-viruses='klez','bugbear','hybris','yaha','braid','nimda','tanatos','sobig','winevar','palyh','fizzer','gibe',' 
cailont','lovelorn','swen','dumaru','sober','hawaii','holar-i'                                                        
scanners="clamuko_scanner"                                                                                            
                                                                                                                      
If that looks correct, I will now generate qmail-scanner-queue.pl                                                     
for your system...                                                                                                    
Continue? ([Y]/N)<PRESS ENTER>                                                                                        
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      

Now type:
# ./configure ?install                                                       

This installs qmail-scanner-queue.pl and creates the necessary directory
structures. You should see similar messages as before. Once again, read the
output of the script to make sure everything is correct. If it is press ENTER
to install Qmail-scanner.

If qmail has been installed successfully, qmail-scanner-queue.pl should now
be installed. You should see qmail-scanner-queue.pl in /var/qmail/bin.
#ls /var/qmail/bin                                                           
/var/qmail/bin/qmail-scanner-queue.pl                                        

If you do not see qmail-scanner-queue.pl in /var/qmail/bin, then execute the
configure script again. Please pay attention to the output of the script and
verify that all of the settings are correct. You can also visit the
Qmail-scanner mail-archives at   http://lists.sourceforge.net/mailman/
listinfo/qmail-scanner-general .
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.4. Ownership

In order for Qmail-Scanner to be able to use ClamAV, some of the ClamAV
ownerships must be changed. If you recall, we made a clamav user to run
ClamAV, and then changed the permissions so only the clamav user could run
it. Now we need to provide the qscand user privledges to use ClamAV First,
change the ownership of the clamd supervise directories.
#chown -R qscand /usr/local/clamav/supervise                                 

Now change the ownership of the ClamAV log file:
#chown -R qscand /var/log/clamd                                              
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.5. Testing

Now test Qmail-Scanner:
#./contrib./test_instaltion.sh -doit                                         
Sending standard test message - no viruses...done!                           
Sending eicar test virus - should be caught by perlscanner module...         
                                done!                                        
Sending eicar test virus with altered filename - should only be caught               
                                by commercial anti-virus modules (if you have any)...
Sending bad spam message for anti-spam testing - In case you are using       
                                SpamAssassin... Done!                        

Now check the e-mail for your postmaster alias account.

You should now have 4 email messages in your postmaster?s mailbox

If you do not have the 4 messages in the postmaster's mailbox, then: Verify
that you are checking the proper mailbox.

Re-execute the configure script for qmail-scanner-queue.pl. Verify that the
'virus-admin' from the script output is the same as your qmail postmaster
alias.

Check qmail to see if the messages are in the queue. If they are try issuing
a 'qmailctl' flush command to force delivery.

If all else fails check the Qmail-Scanner mailing list archives at   http://
lists.sourceforge.net/mailman/listinfo/qmail-scanner-general.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chapter 5. Configuring qmail to Use qmail-scanner-queue.pl

5.1. Changing Your Tcp Rules

Once everything is installed, configured, and successfully tested, configure
qmail to utilize Qmail-Scanner and ClamAV. If you have followed the
instructions found in Dave Sills Life With qmail (see Appendix A: Reading
Resources), you should have a tcp.smtp file in your /etc directory. You must
edit tcp.smtp file to include the QMAILQUEUE variable.
                                                                             
#vi /etc/tcp.smtp                                                            
                                                                             
127.:allow,RELAYCLIENT="",QMAILQUEUE="/var/qmail/bin/qmail-queue"            
10.:allow,RELAYCLIENT="",QMAILQUEUE="/var/qmail/bin/qmail-scanner-queue.pl"  
:allow.QMAILQUEUE="/var/qmail/bin/qmail-scanner-queue.pl"                    
                                                                             

As you can see, we use qmail-queue for all local deliveries by setting the
QMAILQUEUE variable to be the original qmail-queue. We then changed the local
subnet mail deliveries to use qmail-scanner-queue.pl. This causes all local
subnet SMTP traffic to be scanned by Qmail-Scanner and ClamAV. The last line
of this file scans all inbound emails.

After adding the QMAILQUEUE variables, you must rebuild the cdb file for
Qmail.
#qmailctl cdb                                                                
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

5.2. Increasing Your Softlimit

If you try to send an email message, you will most likely receive an error
from your client. The error message will say something that includes this:
451 qq temporary problem (#4.3.0)                                            

If you followed Life with qmail, you then have a memory limit set in the /var
/qmail/supervise/qmail-smtpd/run file. Look for the line that contains
softlimit. It should look similar to this:
exec /usr/local/bin/softlimit -m 2000000 \                                   

This example sets the memory limit for qmail-smtpd to 2M. After all of your
changes qmail-smtpd is now running the entire Perl interpreter, and ClamAV.
2M will never be enough.

Each system is different, and has different requirements. It will take some
experimenting on your part to find the correct value for your system's
softlimit. Do not set softlimit to some high value! You are asking for
trouble if you do this. To find the minimal value for your system, I
recommend the following steps:

��*�Increase softlimit by 1M
   
��*�#qmailctl restart
   
��*�Send a message
   
��*�Repeat until you can successfully send an email
   

Once you have found the minimum, I recommend increasing that by 1.5M, just
for times that your email server has a heavy load.

After that just create a daily cronjob that runs /var/qmail/bin/
qmail-scan-queue.pl -z to cleanup any dropped SMTP sessions that may be lying
around in /var/spool/qmailscan.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chapter 6. Conclusion

After following the instructions in this HOWTO, now you can feel confident
about your email messages being more secure. By implementing Qmail-Scanner
and clamav, you have successfully added another layer of security to your
email system and overall anti-virus protection. Of course, there is no such
thing as 100% secure email messages. Nor will this installation replace sound
anti-virus practices, but it should make those practices a little easier to
implement and manage.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Appendix A. Recommended Reading and Other Resources

Life with qmail written by Dave Sills http://www.lifewithqmail.org           
qmail FAQ Written by D.J. Bernstein http://cr.yp.to/qmail/faq                
SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol written by Dan Bernstein http://cr.yp.to/
smtp.html                                                                    
Daemontools FAQ written by D.J. Bernstein http://cr.yp.to/daemontools/faq    
ClamAV FAQ http://www.clamav.net/faq.html#pagestart                          
ClamAV User Manual Written by Thomasz Kojm http://www.clamav.net/doc         
Qmail-Scanner: Content Scanner for qmail written by Jason Haar http://       
qmail-scanner.sourceforge.net                                                
Qmail-Scanner FAQ http://qmail-scanner.sourceforge.net/FAQ.php               
Clamd+daemontools howto written by Jesse D. Guardiani http://                
clamav.elektrapro.com/doc/clamd_supervised/clamd-daemontools-guide.txt       
qmail mailing list archive http://www-archive.ornl.gov:8000/                 
Qmail-Scanner list archive http://sourceforge.net/mailarchive/forum.php?forum
=qmail-scanner-general                                                       
ClamAV users list archive http://news.gmane.org/                             
gmane.comp.security.virus.clamav.user                                        
ClamAV Virus DB list archive http://news.gmane.org/                          
gmane.comp.security.virus.clamav.virusdb                                     
Maildrop http://www.flounder.net/~mrsam/maildrop/                            
Perl module installation HOWTO http://www.cpan.org/modules/INSTALL.html      
Mime type RFC http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1521.txt?number=1521                

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appendix B. Scripts

These are the scripts contained in this HOWTO. They were created by Jesse D.
Guardiani, and can be found in his clamd+daemontools HOWTO.

  Clamdctl
#!/bin/sh                                                                    
                                                                             
# For Red Hat chkconfig                                                      
# chkconfig: - 80 30                                                         
# description: the ClamAV clamd daemon                                       
                                                                             
PATH=/usr/local/clamav/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin      
export PATH                                                                  
                                                                             
case "$1" in                                                                 
  start)                                                                     
    echo "Starting clamd"                                                    
    if svok /service/clamd ; then                                            
      svc -u /service/clamd                                                  
    else                                                                     
      echo clamd supervise not running                                       
    fi                                                                       
    if [ -d /var/lock/subsys ]; then                                         
      touch /var/lock/subsys/clamd                                           
    fi                                                                       
    ;;                                                                       
  stop)                                                                      
    echo "Stopping clamd..."                                                 
    echo "  clamd"                                                           
    svc -d /service/clamd                                                    
    if [ -f /var/lock/subsys/clamd ]; then                                   
      rm /var/lock/subsys/clamd                                              
    fi                                                                       
    ;;                                                                       
  stat)                                                                      
    svstat /service/clamd                                                    
    svstat /service/clamd/log                                                
    ;;                                                                       
  restart)                                                                   
    echo "Restarting clamd:"                                                 
    echo "* Stopping clamd."                                                 
    svc -d /service/clamd                                                    
    echo "* Sending clamd SIGTERM and restarting."                           
    svc -t /service/clamd                                                    
    echo "* Restarting clamd."                                               
    svc -u /service/clamd                                                    
    ;;                                                                       
  hup)                                                                       
    echo "Sending HUP signal to clamd."                                      
    svc -h /service/clamd                                                    
    ;;                                                                       
  help)                                                                      
    cat <<HELP                                                               
   stop -- stops clamd service (smtp connections refused, nothing goes out)  
  start -- starts clamd service (smtp connection accepted, mail can go out)  
   stat -- displays status of clamd service                                  
restart -- stops and restarts the clamd service                              
    hup -- same as reload                                                    
HELP                                                                         
    ;;                                                                       
  *)                                                                         
    echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|stat|restart|hup|help}"                      
    exit 1                                                                   
    ;;                                                                       
esac                                                                         
                                                                             
exit 0                                                                       

  /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/run
vi /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/run                                                         
                                                                                                 
#!/bin/sh                                                                                        
#                                                                                                
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
# run                                                                                            
#                                                                                                
# Purpose     - Start the clamd daemon/service.                                                  
#                                                                                                
# Author      - Jesse D. Guardiani                                                               
# Created     - 09/10/03                                                                         
# Modified    - 09/25/03                                                                         
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
# This script is designed to be run under DJB's                                                  
# daemontools package.                                                                           
#                                                                                                
#  ChangeLog                                                                                     
#  ---------                                                                                     
#                                                                                                
#  09/25/03 - JDG                                                                                
#  --------------                                                                                
#  - Changed clamd user to qscand in compliance with                                             
#    the change to qmail-scanner-1.20rc3                                                         
#                                                                                                
#  09/10/03 - JDG                                                                                
#  --------------                                                                                
#  - Created                                                                                     
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
# Copyright (C) 2003 WingNET Internet Services                                                   
# Contact: Jesse D. Guardiani (jesse at wingnet dot net)                                         
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
                                                                                                 
lockfile="/tmp/clamd"   # Location of clamd lock file                                            
path_to_clamd="/usr/local/sbin/clamd"                                                            
                        # Location of the clamd binary                                           
BAD_EXIT_CODE=1         # The exit code we use to announce that something bad has happened       
                                                                                                 
# The following pipeline is designed to return the pid of each                                   
# clamd process currently running.                                                               
get_clam_pids_pipeline=`ps -ax | grep -E "${path_to_clamd}\$" | grep -v grep | awk '{print $1}'` 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
# Generic helper functions                                                                       
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
                                                                                                 
# Basic return code error message function                                                       
die_rcode() {                                                                                    
        EXIT_CODE=$1                                                                             
        ERROR_MSG=$2                                                                             
                                                                                                 
        if [ $EXIT_CODE -ne '0' ]; then                                                          
                echo "$ERROR_MSG" 1>&2                                                           
                echo "Exiting!" 1>&2                                                             
                exit "$BAD_EXIT_CODE"                                                            
        fi                                                                                       
}                                                                                                
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
# Main                                                                                           
# --------------------------------------------------                                             
                                                                                                 
ps_clamd=""                                                                                      
ps_clamd="$get_clam_pids_pipeline"                                                               
                                                                                                 
if [ -n "$ps_clamd" ]; then                                                                      
        pid_count="0"                                                                            
        for pid in $ps_clamd                                                                     
        do                                                                                       
                pid_count=`expr $pid_count + 1`                                                  
        done                                                                                     
                                                                                                 
        die_rcode $BAD_EXIT_CODE "Error: $pid_count clamd process(es) already running!"          
                                                                                                 
fi                                                                                               
                                                                                                 
if [ -e "$lockfile" ]; then                                                                      
        rm "$lockfile"                                                                           
        exit_code="$?"                                                                           
        die_rcode $exit_code "Error: 'rm $lockfile' call failed."                                
fi                                                                                               
                                                                                                 
exec /usr/local/bin/setuidgid qscand $path_to_clamd                                              
                                                                                                 
# --                                                                                             
# END /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/run file.                                                
# --                                                                                             
                                                                                                 
Create the /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/log/run file:                                       
                                                                                                 
#vi /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/log/run                                                    
                                                                                                 
#!/bin/sh                                                                                        
exec /usr/local/bin/setuidgid qscand /usr/local/bin/multilog t /var/log/clamd                    
                                                                                                 

  /usr/local/clamav/supervise/clamd/log/run
#!/bin/sh                                                                     
exec /usr/local/bin/setuidgid qscand /usr/local/bin/multilog t /var/log/clamd 
                                                                              
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Appendix C. Software

qmail- http://www.qmail.org/netqmail-1.05.tar.gz                             
Daemontools- ftp://cr.yp.to/daemontools/daemontools-0.76.tar.gz              
ClamAV- http://prodownloads.sourceforge.net/clamav/clamav-0.65.tar.gz        
QMAILQUEUE Patch- http://www.qmail.org/top.html#qmailqueue                   
MailDrop- http://download.sourceforge.net/courier                            
Time::HiRes - http://search.cpan.org/search?module=Time::HiRes               
DB_File- http://search.cpan.org/search?module=DB_File                        
TNEF unpacker- http://sourcforge.net/projects/tnef                           
Qmail-Scanner- http://prodownloads.sourceforge.net/qmail-scanner/            
qmail-scanner-1.20.tgz?download                                              
MIME type RFC- http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1521.txt?number=1521               

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appendix D. GNU Free Documentation License

Version 1.2, November 2002

   
    FSF Copyright note
   
    Copyright (C) 2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 59 Temple
    Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy
    and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it
    is not allowed.
   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
D.1. PREAMBLE

The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
functional and useful document "free" in the sense of freedom: to assure
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others.

This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative works of
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GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft license designed for free
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We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free
software, because free software needs free documentation: a free program
should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the software does.
But this License is not limited to software manuals; it can be used for any
textual work, regardless of subject matter or whether it is published as a
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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

D.2. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS

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D.3. VERBATIM COPYING

You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either commercially
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It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the
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GNU FDL Modification Conditions

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 D. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.
   
 E. Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications adjacent to
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D.6. COMBINING DOCUMENTS

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

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You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents
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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

D.10. TERMINATION

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

D.11. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE

The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions of the GNU
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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

D.12. ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents

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    Sample Invariant Sections list
   
    Copyright (c) YEAR YOUR NAME. Permission is granted to copy, distribute
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    License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software
    Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no
    Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section
    entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".
   
If you have Invariant Sections, Front-Cover Texts and Back-Cover Texts,
replace the "with...Texts." line with this:

   
    Sample Invariant Sections list
   
    with the Invariant Sections being LIST THEIR TITLES, with the Front-Cover
    Texts being LIST, and with the Back-Cover Texts being LIST.
   
If you have Invariant Sections without Cover Texts, or some other combination
of the three, merge those two alternatives to suit the situation.

If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we recommend
releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of free software
license, such as the GNU General Public License, to permit their use in free
software.





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