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Qmail VMailMgr and Courier-Imap HOWTO

Dan Kuykendall <dan@kuykendall.org>

v1.5, 12 March 2002


This document is about building a mail server that will support virtual
domain hosting and provide smtp, pop3 and imap services, using a powerful
alternative to sendmail.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Table of Contents
1. Introduction
    1.1. What is Qmail and why should I use it?
    1.2. What is VMailMgr and why should I use it?
    1.3. What is Courier-imap and why should I use it?
    1.4. Description of the components
    1.5. Working configurations
    1.6. History
    1.7. New versions
    1.8. Comments
    1.9. Version History
    1.10. Copyrights and Trademarks
    1.11. Acknowledgements and Thanks
   
   
2. Component installation
    2.1. Preparations
    2.2. Install support packages
    2.3. Install Qmail
    2.4. Install Courier-imap
    2.5. Install VMailMgr
   
   
3. Putting it all together
    3.1. Basic Qmail config
    3.2. Tell Qmail to use VMailMgr for authentication
    3.3. Setup Courier-imap for VMailMgr
    3.4. Setup virtual domain with VMailMgr
    3.5. Starting the daemons
    3.6. Some considerations left
    3.7. Mail clients
    3.8. Known bugs
    3.9. The final word
   
   

1. Introduction

Qmail, VMailMgr and Courier-IMAP are a very powerful and easy to use
solution, but they are not what I would consider easy to setup. I hope this
document helps with that.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.1. What is Qmail and why should I use it?

Here is the authors (Dan Bernstein) blurb:

Qmail is a secure, reliable, efficient, simple message transfer agent. It is
meant as a replacement for the entire sendmail-binmail system on typical
Internet-connected UNIX hosts.

It offers POP3, and IMAP (with the help of Courier-IMAP) so that you can use
any mail client you prefer.

Secure: Security isn't just a goal, but an absolute requirement. Mail
delivery is critical for users; it cannot be turned off, so it must be
completely secure. (This is why I started writing qmail: I was sick of the
security holes in sendmail and other MTAs.)

Reliable: qmail's straight-paper-path philosophy guarantees that a message,
once accepted into the system, will never be lost. qmail also supports
maildir, a new, super-reliable user mailbox format. Maildirs, unlike mbox
files and mh folders, won't be corrupted if the system crashes during
delivery. Even better, not only can a user safely read his mail over NFS, but
any number of NFS clients can deliver mail to him at the same time.

Efficient: On a Pentium under BSD/OS, qmail can easily sustain 200000 local
messages per day---that's separate messages injected and delivered to
mailboxes in a real test! Although remote deliveries are inherently limited
by the slowness of DNS and SMTP, qmail overlaps 20 simultaneous deliveries by
default, so it zooms quickly through mailing lists. (This is why I finished
qmail: I had to get a big mailing list set up.)

Simple: qmail is vastly smaller than any other Internet MTA. Some reasons
why: (1) Other MTAs have separate forwarding, aliasing, and mailing list
mechanisms. qmail has one simple forwarding mechanism that lets users handle
their own mailing lists. (2) Other MTAs offer a spectrum of delivery modes,
from fast+unsafe to slow+queued. qmail- send is instantly triggered by new
items in the queue, so the qmail system has just one delivery mode:
fast+queued. (3) Other MTAs include, in effect, a specialized version of
inetd that watches the load average. qmail's design inherently limits the
machine load, so qmail-smtpd can safely run from your system's inetd.

Replacement for sendmail: qmail supports host and user masquerading, full
host hiding, virtual domains, null clients, list-owner rewriting, relay
control, double-bounce recording, arbitrary RFC 822 address lists, cross-host
mailing list loop detection, per-recipient checkpointing, downed host
backoffs, independent message retry schedules, etc. In short, it's up to
speed on modern MTA features. qmail also includes a drop-in ``sendmail''
wrapper so that it will be used transparently by your current UAs.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.2. What is VMailMgr and why should I use it?

VMailMgr is:

A password checking interface between qmail-popup and qmail-pop3d which
replaces the usual checkpassword, as well as an authentication module for
Courier IMAP, that provide access to the virtual mailboxes by one of three
methods:

��*�IP-based virtual server access (invisible to the POP3 user)
   
��*�username-based access (username-virtualuser)
   
��*�hostname-based access (virtualuser@virtual.host or virtualuser:
    virtual.host)
   

You should use it if:

You prefer to have the users manage their own domains email accounts, and
store their email in their own home dir. (This makes setting up disk space
quotas much easier)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.3. What is Courier-imap and why should I use it?

Courier-IMAP is:

A server that provides IMAP access to Maildir mailboxes. This IMAP server
does NOT handle traditional mailbox files (/var/spool/mail, and derivatives),
it was written for the specific purpose of providing IMAP access to Maildirs.

You should use it because:

By default Qmail uses the newer more efficient Maildir format for storing
email, and Courier-imap is the only imap server I am aware of that supports
Maildir. So in short, if you use Qmail, and want imap support, you have to
use it.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.4. Description of the components

The email system you hopefully will get after having read this HOWTO is
composed of several parts, the patched Qmail rpms are key to using this
document. I recommend using the software versions I tried, they will probably
compile without many problems and result in a fairly stable daemon. If you
are courageous, you can try to compile all the
latest-stuff-with-tons-of-new-features, but don't blame me if something fails
;-). However, you may report other working configurations to be included in
future versions of this document. All of the steps were tested on a RedHat
Linux 7.2 box, so the HOWTO is somewhat specific, but you should be able to
use it for other linux distributions as well.

You do not necessarily have to install in all components. I tried to
structure this HOWTO so that you can skip the parts you are not interested
in.

The document is neither a user manual to Qmail, VMailMgr nor Courier-imap.
Its prime intention is to save email admins some headaches when installing
their server and to do my little contribution to the linux community.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.5. Working configurations

Though this document is only able to cover a snapshot in time on a limited
number of setups, I am pretty confident that it can help you get your email
system up and running. Combinations that work for me are:

��*�RedHat 7.2, Qmail 1.03+patches-18, VMailMgr 0.96.9, Courier-imap 1.4.3
   
��*�RedHat 6.2, Linux 2.2.14, Qmail 1.03+patches-12, VMailMgr 0.96.6,
    Courier-imap 0.31
   
��*�Mandrake 7.0, Linux 2.2.13, Qmail 1.03+patches-12, VMailMgr 0.96.6,
    Courier-imap 0.31
   
��*�Debian Potato, Qmail 1.03, VMailMgr 0.96.9, Courier-imap 1.4.3
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.6. History

This document was started on April 18, 2000 by Dan Kuykendall after several
installs of Qmail and VMailMgr. Then even more setups when Courier-imap
support was ready.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.7. New versions

The newest version of this can be found on my homepage [http://
www.clearrivertech.com/linux/HOWTO] http://www.clearrivertech.com/linux/HOWTO
as SGML source, as HTML and as TEXT. Other versions may be found in different
formats at the LDP homepage [http://www.linuxdoc.org/] http://
www.linuxdoc.org/.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.8. Comments

Comments on this HOWTO may be directed to the author Dan Kuykendall ([mailto:
dan@kuykendall.org] dan@kuykendall.org).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.9. Version History

v0.1 (April 18, 2000)

��*�Preview version, wasn't in HOWTO format.
   

v1.0 (April 18, 2000)

��*�Minor corrections.
   
��*�Added details and put into HOWTO format.
   

v1.1 (April 19, 2000)

��*�Minor corrections.
   
��*�Restructured RPM install step.
   
��*�Added source compile and install steps.
   

v1.2 (April 19, 2000)

��*�Minor corrections.
   
��*�Fixed source compile locations and install steps.
   
��*�Added source compile and install steps.
   

v1.3 (April 19, 2000)

��*�Minor corrections.
   
��*�Built proper SGML version (using LinuxDoc DTD).
   

v1.4 (April 23, 2000)

��*�Updated the Courier-IMAP setup information for new VMailMgr version.
   
��*�Switched the license to the GNU FDL.
   
��*�Other minor additions and corrections.
   

v1.5 (March 11, 2002)

��*�Updated the Courier-IMAP setup information for new VMailMgr version.
   
��*�Updated links to various websites.
   
��*�Other minor additions and corrections.
   
��*�Switched SGML from LinuxDOC to DocBook.
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.10. Copyrights and Trademarks

Copyright (c) Dan Kuykendall. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/
or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation
License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software
Foundation

A copy of the license is available at [http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.txt]
GNU Free Documentation License.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.11. Acknowledgements and Thanks

Thanks to everyone that gave comments as I was writing this. This includes
Bruce Guenter and other members of the vmailmgr-discuss list.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. Component installation

2.1. Preparations

You have two options

��*�Get and compile source rpms. This has the benefit of being able to review
    the source before compiling, and compiling for your specific setup.
   
��*�Or simply get the binary rpms. This has the benefit of simplicity, and
    not having to worry about having the necessary libraries installed.
   

I recommend using Bruce Guenter's rpm releases, since they are well patched,
and its what I used for building my systems.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.1.1. Get source rpms

You will need:

��*�ucspi-tcp-0.88-1.src.rpm - [http://untroubled.org/rpms/ucspi-tcp/] http:/
    /untroubled.org/rpms/ucspi-tcp/
   
��*�ucspi-unix-0.34-1.src.rpm - [http://untroubled.org/ucspi-unix/] http://
    untroubled.org/ucspi-unix/
   
��*�daemontools-0.70-3.src.rpm - [http://untroubled.org/rpms/daemontools/]
    http://untroubled.org/rpms/daemontools/
   
��*�supervise-scripts-3.3-1.src.rpm - [http://untroubled.org/
    supervise-scripts/] http://untroubled.org/supervise-scripts/
   
��*�qmail-1.03+patches-18.src.rpm - [http://untroubled.org/qmail+patches/
    current/] http://untroubled.org/qmail+patches/current/
   
��*�vmailmgr-0.96.9-1.src.rpm - [http://www.vmailmgr.org/current/] http://
    www.vmailmgr.org/current/
   
��*�courier-imap-1.4.3.tar.gz - [http://www.inter7.com/courierimap/] http://
    www.inter7.com/courierimap/
   

For Courier-imap you must build the source rpm from the tar file
(instructions will follow).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.1.2. Get binary rpms

Qmail does not come in binary form. Such packages are explicitly disallowed
by the author of Qmail, and frustrating as it may be, I understand his
reasoning.

Courier-imap does not come in binary form, unless you want to use the one I
built. If you want mine, visit [http://www.clearrivertech.com/linux/HOWTO/
supportfiles/] http://www.clearrivertech.com/linux/HOWTO/supportfiles/.

VMailMgr does not come in binary form that supports Courier-imap, unless you
want to use the one I built. If you want mine, email me, and I will send it.

��*�ucspi-tcp-0.88-1.i386.rpm - [http://untroubled.org/rpms/ucspi-tcp/] http:
    //untroubled.org/rpms/ucspi-tcp/
   
��*�ucspi-unix-0.34-1.i386.rpm - [http://untroubled.org/ucspi-unix/] http://
    untroubled.org/ucspi-unix/
   
��*�daemontools-0.70-1.i386.rpm - [http://untroubled.org/rpms/daemontools/]
    http://untroubled.org/rpms/daemontools/
   
��*�supervise-scripts-3.3-1.noarch.rpm - [http://untroubled.org/
    supervise-scripts/] http://untroubled.org/supervise-scripts/
   
��*�qmail-1.03+patches-18.src.rpm - [http://untroubled.org/qmail+patches/
    current/] http://untroubled.org/qmail+patches/current/(*)
   
��*�vmailmgr-0.96.9-2.i386.rpm - [http://www.vmailmgr.org/current/] http://
    www.vmailmgr.org/current/
   
��*�vmailmgr-courier-imap-0.96.9-2.i386.rpm - [http://www.vmailmgr.org/
    current/] http://www.vmailmgr.org/current/
   
��*�courier-imap-1.4.3.tar.gz - [http://www.inter7.com/courierimap/] http://
    www.inter7.com/courierimap/ (**)
   

* For qmail, you must always compile yourself due to the license
restrictions. ** For Courier-imap you must build the binary rpm from the tar
file (instructions will follow) or email me for my binary rpm.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.1.3. Get deb packages

There are multiple locations for qmail and vmailmgr deb packages.
Courier-imap is part of the normal debian applications.

You can get them in the following locations:

��*�[http://bagic.net/~billy/debs/] http://bagic.net/~billy/debs/ - by Hon
    [mailto:billy@bagic.net] billy@bagic.net
   
��*�[http://www.tet.dk/] http://www.tet.dk/ - by Ole Barnkob Kaas [mailto:
    admin@tet.dk] admin@tet.dk
   
��*�[http://smarden.org/pape/Debian/] http://smarden.org/pape/Debian/ - by
    Gerrit Pape [mailto:pape@smarden.org] pape@smarden.org
   

The packages by Hon are current and even include support for courier-imap,
which was a great help for me, so I am going to use a combination of them for
my examples. You can of course choose the ones you want for yourself, but
your results may vary.

You will need:

��*�ucspi-tcp_0.88-3_i386.deb - [http://bagic.net/~billy/debs/ucspi-tcp/
    0.88-3/] http://bagic.net/~billy/debs/ucspi-tcp/0.88-3/
   
��*�ucspi-unix_0.34-1_i386.deb - [http://bagic.net/~billy/debs/ucspi-unix/]
    http://bagic.net/~billy/debs/ucspi-unix/
   
��*�The latest daemontools from - [http://smarden.org/pape/Debian/
    daemontools.html] http://smarden.org/pape/Debian/daemontools.html
   
��*�supervise-scripts_3.3-6_i386.deb - [http://share.runtime-collective.com/
    ~berkan/debian/dists/woody/misc/binary-i386/] http://
    share.runtime-collective.com/~berkan/debian/dists/woody/misc/binary-i386/
   
��*�qmail_1.03-17_i386.deb - [http://bagic.net/~billy/debs/qmail/1.03-17/]
    http://bagic.net/~billy/debs/qmail/1.03-17/(*)
   
��*�vmailmgr_0.96.9-3_i386.deb - [http://bagic.net/~billy/debs/vmailmgr/]
    http://bagic.net/~billy/debs/vmailmgr/
   
��*�courier-imap - apt-get courier-imap
   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.1.4. Get tarred sources (for non-RPM users)

If your system does not have, or you do not use RPMS, you can install from
source.

��*�ucspi-tcp-0.88.tar.gz - [http://cr.yp.to/ucspi-tcp/] http://cr.yp.to/
    ucspi-tcp/
   
��*�ucspi-unix-0.34.tar.gz - [http://untroubled.org/ucspi-unix/] http://
    untroubled.org/ucspi-unix/
   
��*�daemontools-0.70.tar.gz - [http://cr.yp.to/daemontools] http://cr.yp.to/
    daemontools
   
��*�supervise-scripts-3.3.tar.gz - [http://untroubled.org/supervise-scripts/]
    http://untroubled.org/supervise-scripts/
   
��*�(qmail) release-18.tar.gz - [http://untroubled.org/qmail+patches/current
    /] http://untroubled.org/qmail+patches/current/ (*)
   
��*�vmailmgr-0.96.9.tar.gz - [http://www.vmailmgr.org/current/] http://
    www.vmailmgr.org/current/
   
��*�courier-imap-1.4.3.tar.gz - [http://www.inter7.com/courierimap/] http://
    www.inter7.com/courierimap/
   

+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|(*) There may be minor differences in these instructions due to the use of the standard |
|Qmail package. Please review the documentation for Qmail and VMailMgr if any of         |
|the files deviates from my instructions.                                                |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2. Install support packages

2.2.1. Install with RPMS

2.2.1.1. Compiling SRC.RPM's

Simply run the following command for each package rpm --rebuild <
package.src.rpm> -Example-
  rpm --rebuild ucspi-tcp-0.88-1.src.rpm                                     
  rpm --rebuild ucspi-unix-0.34-1.src.rpm                                    
  rpm --rebuild daemontools-0.70-3.src.rpm                                   
  rpm --rebuild supervise-scripts-3.3-1.src.rpm                              
You may get dependancy errors. If you do then install the package that is
being requested using the steps below. This may happen when you compile
daemontools before installing ucspi-tcp.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.1.2. Installing RPM's

If you compiled the source rpms, the binaries will be located in /usr/src/
redhat/RPMS/i386/ or something similar.

Simply run the following command for each package rpm -ivh <location>/<
package.i386.rpm>

-Example-
  rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/i386/ucspi-tcp-0.88-1.i386.rpm               
  rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/i386/ucspi-unix-0.34-1.i386.rpm              
  rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/i386/daemontools-0.70-3.i386.rpm             
  rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/i386/supervise-scripts-3.3-1.i386.rpm        
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.2. Install with debs

Run the following commands for each package (as root) dpkg -i <package.deb>

-Example-
  dpkg -i ucspi-tcp_0.88-3_i386.deb                                          
  dpkg -i ucspi-unix_0.34-1_i386.deb                                         
  dpkg -i daemontools_0.70-1_i386.deb                                        
  dpkg -i supervise-scripts_3.3-6_i386.deb                                   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.3. Install with source

Run the following commands for each package (As non-root user) tar zxf <
package.tar.gz> cd <newly created dir> ./configure make (As root) make setup
check (for ucspi-tcp and daemontools) or make install (for ucspi-unix and
supervise-scripts)

-Example-
  (As non-root user)                                                         
  tar zxf supervise-scripts-2.4.tar.gz                                       
  cd supervise-scripts-2.4                                                   
  ./configure                                                                
  make                                                                       
  (As root)                                                                  
  make setup check or  make install                                          
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.3. Install Qmail

2.3.1. Install with RPMS

2.3.1.1. Compiling SRC.RPM's

After installing the support packages, Simply run the following command: rpm
--rebuild <package.src.rpm>

-Example-
  rpm --rebuild qmail-1.03+patches-18.src.rpm                                
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.3.1.2. Installing RPM's

After compiling the source rpms, the binaries will be located in /usr/src/
redhat/RPMS/i386/ or something similar.

Simply run the following command for the qmail package rpm -ivh <location>/<
package.i386.rpm>

-Example-
  rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/i386/qmail-1.03+patches-18.i386.rpm          

* note start * - Remove sendmail and any dependant applications prior to
installing Qmail - by running the following command for each package - rpm -e
<packagename>* - - On my system I had to remove sendmail, so I typed - rpm -e
sendmail * note end *
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.3.2. Install with debs

Run the following commands for each package (as root) dpkg -i <package.deb>

-Example-
  dpkg -i qmail_1.03-17_i386.deb                                             
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.3.3. Install with source

Run the following command (As non-root user) tar zxf <package.tar.gz> cd <
newly created dir> (Now read the INSTALL file and follow the steps to install
Qmail) -Example-
  (As non-root user)                                                         
  tar zxf release-18.tar.gz                                                  
  cd release-1.03                                                            
  vi INSTALL (Read and follow steps)                                         
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.4. Install Courier-imap

2.4.1. Install with RPMS

2.4.1.1. Compiling SRC.RPM's

Build the courier-imap rpms from the tar file rpm -ta
courier-imap-1.4.3.tar.gz

* note start * - This errors out if you compile as root, but if your not root
you - wont have permissions to /usr/src/redhat. You will want to build as a -
non-root user, so create a ".rpmmacros" file (for rpm v3 and later) in - your
home directory containing the line "%_topdir /path/to/home/redhat". - Then
create your own "redhat" directory containing all the subdirs that - /usr/src
/redhat contains. - You should never build RPMs as root unless you have to. *
note end *

* I will mention again, that I have built the binaries, and you can get them
at * * [http://www.clearrivertech.com/linux/HOWTO/supportfiles/] http://
www.clearrivertech.com/linux/HOWTO/supportfiles/. *
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.4.1.2. Installing RPM's

After compiling the source rpms, the binary will be located in /usr/src/
redhat/RPMS/i386/ or something similar.

Simply run the following command for each package rpm -ivh <location>/<
package.i386.rpm>

-Example-
  rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/i386/courier-imap-1.4.3.i386.rpm             
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.4.2. Install with debs

Run the following commands for each package (as root) apt-get <package.deb>

-Example-
  apt-get courier-imap                                                       
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.4.3. Install with source

Run the following command (As non-root user) tar zxf <package.tar.gz> cd <
newly created dir> ./configure make (As root) make install

-Example-
  (As non-root user)                                                         
  tar zxf courier-imap-1.4.3.tar.gz                                          
  cd courier-imap-1.4.3                                                      
  ./configure                                                                
  make                                                                       
  (As root)                                                                  
  make install                                                               
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.5. Install VMailMgr

2.5.1. Install with RPMS

2.5.1.1. Compiling SRC.RPM's

There is a problem compliling VMailMGR on RedHat 7.x distros (and maybe other
new ones as well). To solve this you must edit the source files These files
need to have an #include <string.h> added
lib/misc/exec.cc                                                             
lib/misc/keystrlist.cc                                                       
lib/misc/strlist.cc                                                          
lib/mystring/append.cc                                                       
authenticate/authvmailmgr.cc                                                 
The following needs to have an #include <stdlib.h>:
authenticate/vauthenticate.cc                                                
authenticate/checkvpw.cc                                                     
The copies I have on [http://www.clearrivertech.com/linux/HOWTO/supportfiles/
rh72/] http://www.clearrivertech.com/linux/HOWTO/supportfiles/rh72/ are
already patched.

Simply run the following command rpm --rebuild <package.src.rpm> -Example-
  rpm --rebuild vmailmgr-0.96.9-1.src.rpm                                    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.5.1.2. Installing RPM's

If you compiled the source rpm, the binaries will be located in /usr/src/
redhat/RPMS/i386/ or something similar.

Simply run the following command for each package rpm -ivh <location>/<
package.i386.rpm>

-Example-
  rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/i386/vmailmgr-0.96.9-1.i386.rpm              
  rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/i386/VMailMgr-daemon-0.96.6-1.i386.rpm       
  rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/i386/vmailmgr-courier-imap-0.96.9-2.i386.rpm 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.5.2. Install with debs

Run the following commands for each package (as root) dpkg -i <package.deb>

-Example-
  dpkg -i vmailmgr_0.96.9-3_i386.deb                                         
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.5.3. Install with source

There is a problem compliling VMailMGR on RedHat 7.x distros (and maybe other
new ones as well). To solve this you must edit the source files These files
need to have an #include <string.h> added
lib/misc/exec.cc                                                             
lib/misc/keystrlist.cc                                                       
lib/misc/strlist.cc                                                          
lib/mystring/append.cc                                                       
authenticate/authvmailmgr.cc                                                 
The following needs to have an #include <stdlib.h>:
authenticate/vauthenticate.cc                                                
authenticate/checkvpw.cc                                                     
The copies I have on [http://www.clearrivertech.com/linux/HOWTO/supportfiles/
rh72/] http://www.clearrivertech.com/linux/HOWTO/supportfiles/rh72/ are
already patched.

Run the following commands (As non-root user) tar zxf <package.tar.gz> cd <
newly created dir> ./configure make (As root) make install -Example-
  (As non-root user)                                                         
  tar zxf vmailmgr-0.96.9.tar.gz                                             
  cd vmailmgr-0.96.9                                                         
  ./configure                                                                
  make                                                                       
  (As root)                                                                  
  make setup check or  make install                                          
That should do it.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. Putting it all together

3.1. Basic Qmail config

You will need to add your domains to the /var/qmail/control/virtualdomains
file in the following format as is normal with qmail and VMailMgr.
domain1.com:user1 For more detailed setup and config documentation visit the
Qmail website [http://www.qmail.org] http://www.qmail.org and the VMailMgr
website [http://www.vmailmgr.org] http://www.vmailmgr.org
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2. Tell Qmail to use VMailMgr for authentication

By default qmail uses checkpassword for authentication, to tell Qmail to use
VMailMgr for authentication type the following command:
  echo checkvpw > /var/qmail/control/checkpassword                           
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.3. Setup Courier-imap for VMailMgr

Copy the VMailMgr auth libs to courier's directory. If you installed from
RPM, then the vmailmgr-courier-imap RPM will have done this for you.
Otherwise use this command:
  cp /usr/bin/authvmailmgr /usr/lib/courier-imap/libexec/authlib/            

Edit /usr/lib/courier-imap/etc/imapd and add authvmailmgr as the only entry
in AUTHMODULES

For more detailed setup and config documentation visit the Courier-imap
website [http://www.inter7.com/courierimap/] http://www.inter7.com/
courierimap/
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.4. Setup virtual domain with VMailMgr

With the user account that will be managing the domain go to their home dir
and type:
  vsetup                                                                     

This will setup the users home dir with the necessary structure to handle
incoming email. You will probably want to create a email account by typing

  vadduser emailuser                                                         

For more detailed setup and config documentation visit the VMailMgr website
[http://www.vmailmgr.org] http://www.vmailmgr.org
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.5. Starting the daemons

Starting the Qmail daemon. Qmail installs itself to autostart by some
mysterious (to me) way. If you like init scripts you can get Larry
Doolittle's ([ldoolitta@ajlab.org] ldoolitta@ajlab.org) init.d script at
[http://qmail.area.com/init.d-script] http://qmail.area.com/init.d-script If
you have the Larry's init.d script just do this.
  /etc/rc.d/init.d/qmail start                                               

Start VMailMgr daemon
  /etc/rc.d/init.d/vmailmgrd start                                           

Start Courier-imap damon
  /etc/rc.d/init.d/courier-imap start                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.6. Some considerations left

Qmail and the Maildirs may cause some email apps that run locally to not
work. Visit the Qmail website [http://www.qmail.org] http://www.qmail.org for
details on email apps that have been patched to work with Maildirs.

Courier-imap is not as widely used as Cyrus or UWash imap servers. As such,
you may suffer from minor incompatibilities. Courier-imap is extremely well
written, and tries to comply with the imap definition even if it means some
imap clients wont work well. For details visit the Courier-imap website
[http://www.inter7.com/courierimap/] http://www.inter7.com/courierimap/.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.7. Mail clients

With the solution you should now have setup you will need to know that user
accounts will be user@domain.com Netscape does not like this, so for netscape
use user:domain.com

I would like to suggest that you also checkout phpGroupWare at [http://
www.phpgroupware.org] http://www.phpgroupware.org. I have built in support
for vmailmgr into it already and it can give you an end result of a full
Groupware solution to fend of MS Exchange/Outlook or Lotus Domino.

If you decide to use a web based mail client, you will probably want to
adjust courier-imaps MAXPERIP setting. By default it is 4, which is a bit
low. Bump it up to something more sensible, like 10 - 50. Otherwise our
webmail users will have problems connecting. This setting is in /usr/lib/
courier-imap/etc/imapd.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.8. Known bugs

None yet.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.9. The final word

Im tired, and wonder if anyone will ever use this, but I'm happy its done.
I'm sure if you have read this far your tired too. Well, all I can hope is
that you have Qmail, VMailMgr and Courier-imap working. If so, Enjoy! If not,
bummer!

O.K. readers, you're done for today. Feel free to send me your feedback,
eternal gratitude, flowers, ecash, cars, oil sources etc.





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