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  The Winmodems-and-Linux HOWTO
  Alexandre J., alexandre12@mageos.com
  v1.2, 29 April 2001

  This document helps users who have a Winmodem for getting it working
  under Linux.
  ______________________________________________________________________

  Table of Contents


  1. What are Winmodems ?

     1.1 They are modems...
     1.2 ...not as real modems are !
     1.3 How to know I have a Winmodem ?

  2. ISA or PCI ?

     2.1 PCI ?
     2.2 or ISA ?
     2.3 ISA and 2.4 kernels

  3. Installing a modem driver

     3.1 ltmodem 5.78
     3.2 The LT WinModem (from Lucent) 5.68 (OBSOLETE)
     3.3 The LTMODEM program (OpenSource driver)

  4. The end...

     4.1 Licence, Copyright
     4.2 Contact
     4.3 Resources


  ______________________________________________________________________

  1.  What are Winmodems ?


  1.1.  They are modems...

  A Winmodem, like other modems, is used for accessing to phone
  services, as BBS, Internet, Voice Phone, Fax, etc. It is raccorded to
  a phone line and is caracterized by its speed. If you want to learn
  more about modems, I report you to the Modems-HOWTO.

  1.2.  ...not as real modems are !

  But they are WINmodems. That is, they need Windows to work. Why ?
  Simply because they are stupid. They need a special software, a
  driver, to accomplice their complete task. Who says software says OS,
  and the drivers included with the modem are, at 99%, exclusively for
  the MS-Windows platform. But with the democratization of Linux, some
  manufacturers, like LT or Motorola, decided to create a linux driver
  for their modems. But they have not understand linux philosophy: the
  drivers they provide works, of course, but they are 'Closed Source'.
  They are free, at the sense of the price, but not under the GPL. It
  means that the sources are not available.

  So, some 'hackers' decided to make an Open Source driver, but they do
  not know a lot about their modems, because manufacturers don't want to
  communicate the specifications of their modems, so the OpenSource
  drivers are often in the alpha or beta status.

  1.3.  ?  How to know I have a Winmodem

  1. Try to get the name of the serial port where your modem is
  connected (under Windows or MSDOS, example: COM1 COM2, ...).

  The name of your modem under Linux is /dev/ttySx, where x is the
  number of the serial port under DOS, - 1. < Example: Under DOS: COM1,
  under Linux ttySx, with x=1-1, so ttyS0

  2nd example: Under DOS: COM3, under Linux ttyS2

  and so on

  2. Make a symlink from /dev/ttySx to /dev/modem, by typing

  ______________________________________________________________________
  rm -f /dev/modem<p>
  ln -s /dev/ttySx /dev/modem
  ______________________________________________________________________



  3. Download and install the minicom package. Then run 'minicom -s'.

  Choose 'Serial Port Setup', type 'A' for setting 'Serial Device',
  delete all the line, and type '/dev/modem'. Then validate by [Enter].
  Type [Esc], and choose 'save setup as dfl, then choose 'Exit'.

  Wait a little time, then type 'AT' if the modem answers 'OK' then you
  have NOT a Winmodem, you have a standard modem...

  If the initialisation time takes too long, then you have a Winmodem.
  Use this document for try making it useful. Log in as root.


  4. Exit from Minicom by typing CTRL+A, then X.



  2.  ISA or PCI ?


  2.1.  PCI ?

  Ok, now we have a Winmodem... But there are two types of Winmodems:
  ISA or PCI. For making the things harder, the two interfaces are
  pretty different. So, we'll now test if we have a PCI or ISA modem.
  First, you must configure your kernel. During the make *config, you
  must answer 'yes' to the following questions:



  �  In Loadable module support: 'Enable loadable module support
     (CONFIG_MODULES)', and 'Set version information on all modules for
     symbols (CONFIG_MODVERSIONS)' (note that you must have the modutils
     package installed ; See the Kerneld-HOWTO)

  �  In General setup:


     Choose 'Any' in 'PCI Access Mode' (CONFIG_PCI_GOBIOS)



  �  If you can config PCI Device Name Database (maybe with a 2.4+
     kernel), your can say Y, this will make your /proc/pci file easier
     to understand (CONFIG_PCI_NAMES).

  �  In Filesystems



     If you have never recompiled your kernel, maybe the kernel of your
     distribution will contains this. If you want to recompile it and
     you have never done it, read the Kernel-HOWTO.


  Now, we assume that your new kernel is installed.


  Now run 'cat /proc/pci'. If you see the name of your modem in the
  lines returned by the command then you have a PCI Winmodem. Jump to
  'Installing the driver'



  2.2.  or ISA ?

  If you don't find it, maybe you have an ISA modem. How to be sure ?

  ISA support is not assumed by the Kernel (UPDATED: if you have a 2.4.x
  kernel, the kernel can do it automagically for you, if so, skip this
  section and read the next). It is a third-party software, named
  isapnp, who does it. First you must be sure that you have this package
  installed. If not install it by downloading the isapnptools package.

  Once isapnptools is installed, we'll run a special program, pnpdump,
  who inspects your computer for finding ISA devices. Then it tries to
  guess the resources used by the devices and prints them to a file,
  /etc/isapnp.conf. Then you edit this file and run an other program,
  isapnp, which reads the isapnp.conf file and auto configure your
  devices.



  Eh ? It sounds hard ? Then follow these steps:



  1. Run 'pnpdump > /etc/isapnp.conf'.

  2. Edit it with your favourite text editor

  3. Locate the section where your modem is described.

  4. Uncomment some lines in the file (Remove the # at the beginning of
  the line. You need:

  1 line

  1 line '(INT 0 ...)'

  1 line '(DMA 0 ...)'

  1 line '(DMA 1 ...)'

  1 line '(IO 1...)'

  5.  Remove the '(CHECK)' in all uncommented IO lines

  6. Run isapnp.conf and try changing parameters, help you with the
  error message. If you get no errors, edit isapnp.conf and uncomment
  the '(ACT Y)' line in the secton of your modem.  Then re-run 'isapnp
  /etc/isapnp.conf'. It must answer you " [[Name of your modem]] Enabled
  OK"

  7. Add 'isapnp /etc/isapnp.conf' to your /etc/rc.d/rc.local, by typing
  is useful for auto-configuring your devices at each startup



  If it can help , here is an extract of my /etc/isapnp.conf file (I
  have commented this file, and original file comments are preceded by
  ##)



  ______________________________________________________________________

  # Snip details ...
  ## (DEBUG)
  (READPORT 0x0203)
  (ISOLATE PRESERVE)
  (IDENTIFY *)
  (VERBOSITY 2)
  (CONFLICT (IO FATAL)(IRQ FATAL)(DMA FATAL)(MEM FATAL)) # or WARNING

  # Identification of my modem card

  ## Card 1: (serial identifier e2 00 00 01 00 05 50 c3 1e)
  ## Vendor Id GVC5005, Serial Number 256, checksum 0xE2.
  ## Version 1.0, Vendor version 0.1
  ## ANSI string -->LT Win Modem<--
  ##
  ## Logical device id HSM0140
  ##     Device support I/O range check register
  #

  # We want to configure the GVC5005/256 card

  (CONFIGURE GVC5005/256 (LD 0

  # I/O Base address 0x03f8, with a range of 8
  (IO 0 (SIZE 8) (BASE 0x03f8) )
  # IRQ 4
  (INT 0 (IRQ 4 (MODE +E)))
  # DMA 5
  (DMA 0 (CHANNEL 5))
  # DMA 7
  (DMA 1 (CHANNEL 7))
  # I/O Base Address 2  0x0100, range 8
  (IO 1 (SIZE 8) (BASE 0x0100) )
  # Name of the card
   (NAME "GVC5005/256[0]{LT Win Modem        }")
  # Activate it
  (ACT Y)
  # End configuration
  ))

  ######## The parameters for my other ISA devices ##############

  ## Returns all cards to the "Wait for Key" state
  (WAITFORKEY)
  ______________________________________________________________________


  2.3.  ISA and 2.4 kernels

  If you have a 2.4 kernel (launch 'uname -r' to get your kernel
  version), you don't have to do this tricky textfile-based and third-
  party package installation, since 2.4 series introduce a method
  similar to the PCI, and obsoletes the isapnptools package. To get this
  feature, you have to say 'Y' or 'M' to the 'Plug and Play support'
  (CONFIG_PNP) and 'ISA Plug and Play support' (CONFIG_ISAPNP) during
  kernel configuration (it is in 'Plug and Play configuration' section).
  Again, recompile your kernel and install it. If you said 'M' to ISA
  Plug-and-Play support, it should be good  to do a 'modprobe isapnp'.
  You have to have a driver compliant with this new device access method
  (eg. the ltmodem 5.78, read the next section).



  3.  Installing a modem driver

  You have not to read this section entirely; just read one matching
  with your modem. For the moment, it just describes how to install a LT
  Modem, using the Lucent and OpenSource driver. If you have written or
  used an other Winmodem driver, Open or Closed Source, you can email me
  (alexandre12@mageos.com), and I will include it in this section.



  3.1.  ltmodem 5.78

  URL: http://www.tux.org/pub/dclug/marvin/ltmodem-5.78e.tar.gz

  Author: Lucent

  License: Non-GPL

  Supports: ISA/PCI modem, with a Lucent chipset (Mars family)

  Features: Kernel module; simulate a serial port. Does PPP, Fax and
  Voice

  Current Version: 5.78e

  Documentation: README-1ST

  Requires: 2.2.x or 2.4.x; ISA PNP Support; Loadable module support; C
  Compiler

  How-to-use: Read README-1ST. It is very clear.

  Problems:


  �  Unresolved symbols: xxx_isapnp_xxxx: run modprobe isapnp.

  �  Device or ressource busy: your modem is not compliant with the
     driver

     Comments: Lucent, this time, avoid kernel version and distribution
     problems by providing the source for some elements.


  3.2.  The LT WinModem (from Lucent) 5.68 (OBSOLETE)

  URL: http://www.linmodems.org/linux568.zip


  Author: Lucent Technologies

  License: Non-GPL

  Supports: ISA/PCI modems, with a Lucent chipset (Mars family)

  Features: Kernel module; simulate a serial port. Does PPP, Fax and
  Voice

  Current version (as far as I know): 5.68

  Documentation: README

  Requires: A 2.2.12 or higher RedHat kernel; loadable module support

  How-to-use: Unzip the package ('unzip linux568.zip'), and run
  ./ltinst. That's all !

  Problems:


  �


  �

  �

  �

  �  You have no lt modem or compliant installed

  �  If you have a ISA modem, it is not configured by isapnp

  �  If you have a PCI modem, the PCI support in the kernel was not
     configured


  3.3.  The LTMODEM program (OpenSource driver)

  URL: http://www.close.u-net.com

  Authors: Richard Close and Pavel Machek

  License: GPL

  Supports: ISA/PCI modems, with Lucent chipsets (Mars family)

  Feature: User-space driver; does Voice calls; does not PPP (V90)

  Current version (as far as I know): 0.99

  Documentation: README

  Requires: GNU C Compiler, automake

  How-to-use:


  �


  �  PCI: make ; make install - Then use the 'ltmodem' program to
     communicate with the modem


  �  ISA: (read the README.ISA file) mv Makefile Makefile.PCI ; mv
     Makefile.ISA Makefile ; edit config.h and change for the correct
     values for your modem (I/O Address, DMA, IRQ) ; make ; make install
     - The use 'ltmodem' program to communicate with the modem.


     Problems:


  �  "Sorry, I can't found any modem...":


  �  You have not LT modem

  �  You have an ISA modem not configured by isapnp

  �  You have an ISA modem configured ; but ltmodem was not compiled as
     ISA

  �  You have a PCI modem with no PCI support included in the kernel

  �  You have a PCI modem and a compliant kernel, but ltmodem was not
     compiled as PCI


  4.  The end...


  4.1.  Licence, Copyright

  Copyright (C) 2000, 2001  Alexandre J.

  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify

  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by

  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or

  (at your option) any later version.


  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,

  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of

  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the

  GNU General Public License for more details.


  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License

  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software

  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307
  USA



  4.2.  Contact

  If you have any ideas about this document, please email me:
  alexandre12@mageos.com.



  4.3.  Resources


  �  The Linmodems project home page: http://www.linmodems.org


  �  The LTModem project home page: http://www.close.u-net.com


  �  The Lucent Technologies home page: http://www.lucent.com


  �  The Linux Kernel: http://www.kernel.org


  �  The isapnptools home page:
     http://www.roestock.demon.co.uk/isapnptools


  �  The LDP Home Page (for getting HOWTOs):
     http://www.redhat.com/mirrors/LDP







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