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       ECaccess Tools (ECTools) - The ECaccess Tools gives Member States (in
       the following "Member States" (MS) includes "Co-operating States") and
       other ECMWF users batch access to the ECMWF computing and archiving
       facilities for the management of files, file transfers and jobs. Access
       is available via the Internet as well as via RMDCN.


   ECaccess Certificate
       Using the ECaccess Tools requires a valid ECaccess Certificate.

       The ECaccess Certificate is a standard X509 digital Certificate saved
       on the user's computer as a file. It identifies a user to the ECaccess
       Gateway. The ECaccess Certification Authority (ECCA) signs each
       Certificate. Therefore, when a user provides his Certificate to the
       gateway, its signature is checked using the ECCA public key for

       The ECaccess certificate is by default valid for 7 days for all

       The ECaccess Tools are also available at ECMWF. As you have already
       been validated to enter ECMWF, you will not need a Certificate when
       using these ECaccess shell commands localy.

   Creating a Certificate
       The ECaccess Certificate must be stored in the "$HOME/.eccert.crt" file
       and can be created with one of the following method (both methods
       requires an ECMWF user identifier and token PASSCODE):

       Using the "ecaccess-certificate-create" command:

       Please refer to the man page of the command for more details.

       Using the Web interface:

       Login to the Web server and in the menu click the "Get Certificate"
       option to download the new ECaccess Certificate.


       When accessing FILEs at ECMWF through the ECtools, the following
       domains are available:

          HOME: the $HOME directory (home:)
          SCRATCH: the $SCRATCH directory (scratch:)
          ECFS: the ECFS directory (ec:)
          ECTMP: the ECTMP directory (ectmp:)
          HOST: any server at ECMWF ({host-name}:)

       The format of the path is the following: "[domain:][/user-id/]path"

       If no user-id is specified then the current user-id is selected by
       default. The user-id parameter is not valid with the HOST domain.

       If no domain is specified then an absolute path will translate to an
       absolute path on the ecgate server and a relative path will translate
       to a path in the HOME directory of the current user.

          "bin/a.out"                           a.out file in the $HOME/bin directory of the current user
          "home:bin/a.out"                      a.out file in the $HOME/bin directory of the current user
          "/tmp/a.out"                          a.out file in the /tmp directory on ecgate
          "home:/xyz/bin/a.out"                 a.out file in the $HOME/bin directory of user xyz
          "ec:bin/a.out"                        a.out file in the ECFS bin directory of the current user
          "ec:/xyz/bin/a.out"                   a.out file in the ECFS bin directory of user xyz
          "c1a:/c1a/tmp/systems/xyz/a.out"      a.out file in the /c1a/tmp/systems/xyz/ directory of c1a

       In the DESCRIPTION section you will find the FILEs commands which can
       be used to manage the files at ECMWF. Whenever a parameter or an option
       refer to an ECaccess File then the "[domain:][/user-id/]path" syntax


       ECtrans refers to unattended file transfers initiated from ECMWF.

       ECtrans allows transfering files between ECMWF and remote sites. Like
       the UNIX "rcp" command, ECtrans requires no password to be specified on
       the command line for the remote host: the ECaccess gateway performs the
       security checking. Unlike standard FTP, ECtrans is suitable for
       unattended file transfers in scripts, cron jobs, etc., as it avoids the
       problems inherent in storing passwords in text files and sending
       passwords across networks.

       Even if you don't have a local gateway installed, you can benefit from
       ECtrans by using the ECMWF ECaccess gateway. Please note that in this
       case the transfer is not as secured as when a Member State ECaccess
       gateway is used.

   Target location
       Users who wish to transfer files between ECMWF and Member State servers
       need to declare one or more remote Member State users (msuser
       association) for the storage/retrieval of the remote file. This can be
       done through the ECaccess Web interface of the target gateway.  For
       every "msuser" declaration, the hostname and the login username and
       password need to be specified.

       After the ECaccess gateway installation, the Member State ECaccess
       system administrator can customise the access methods for file
       transfers. These will be displayed through the ECaccess Web interface.
       Several schemes can be implemented, such as:

       1 - The target directory for a particular destination is a sub-
       directory of a central directory configured by the administrator, with
       the sub-directory name matching the msuser name.  2 - The target
       directory for all file transfers to a given destination is a sub-
       directory of the msusers home directory.  The administrator configures
       the sub-directory name.  3 - The target directory for a given
       destination is configurable by the user. The administrator determines
       whether or not the user is allowed to include ".." in the directory

       Target directories can be located on:

       1 - Member State servers running a standard FTP service accessible from
       the ECaccess gateway. This is known as a "genericFtp" destination and
       is the most convenient way of getting the files to the system you want,
       under the specified user ID.  2 - The server running the ECaccess
       gateway. This is known as a "genericFile" destination. All users will
       share in a common directory the files transferred using this
       destination.  3 - Member State servers running a proprietary
       application. The administrator provides ectrans with the implementation
       of the access protocol. The administrator can also use more complex
       rules to define special target locations for ECMWF users, Member State
       users or groups of Member State users. The command "ectinfo" described
       in the next section can be used to get the translated URL of a target
       location, giving a Member State user identifier and a destination name
       (passwords are displayed as ***).

       In the DESCRIPTION section you will find the ECtrans Association and
       Transfer Management commands which can be used to manage the ECtrans
       Associations and associated Transfers.


       ECMWF maintains some notifications (events) which are linked to ECMWF's
       operational activity and offers the service for time-critical jobs.
       This service is also available to MS users who maintain their own
       notifications and can therefore create simple dependencies between
       different activities, at ECMWF and remote sites.

       In the DESCRIPTION section you will find the Events Management commands
       which can be used to manage such Events.


       The ECaccess Tools are organized under nine categories covering access
       to the whole computing and archiving facilities of ECMWF. Each command
       is documented with its own man page which provide explanation as well
       as examples on how to use it.

       The following options are common to all the ECtools:

       -help   Print a brief help message and exits.

       -manual Prints the manual page and exits.

       -retry count
               Number of SSL connection retries per 5s to ECMWF. This
               parameter only apply to the initial SSL connection initiated by
               the command to the ECMWF server. It does not apply to all the
               subsequent requests made afteward as it is mainly targeting
               errors that can happen from time to time during the SSL
               handshake. Default is no retry.

       -debug  Display the SOAP and SSL messages exchanged.

   Shell commands for certificate management (ecaccess-certificate-*)
          ecaccess-certificate-create  - Create Certificate for the ECtools
          ecaccess-certificate-list    - List Available Operations

   Shell commands for file management (ecaccess-file-*)
          ecaccess-file-chmod          - Change ECaccess File Mode Bits
          ecaccess-file-copy           - Copy an ECaccess File
          ecaccess-file-delete         - Remove an ECaccess File
          ecaccess-file-dir            - List ECaccess Directory Contents
          ecaccess-file-get            - Download an ECaccess File
          ecaccess-file-mdelete        - Delete Multiple ECaccess Files at once
          ecaccess-file-mget           - Download Multiple ECaccess Files at once
          ecaccess-file-mkdir          - Make a Directory on the ECaccess File System
          ecaccess-file-modtime        - Show the Last Modification Time of an ECaccess File
          ecaccess-file-move           - Move or Rename ECaccess Files
          ecaccess-file-mput           - Upload Multiple Local Files on the ECaccess File System at once
          ecaccess-file-put            - Upload a File on the ECaccess File System
          ecaccess-file-rmdir          - Remove a Directory on the ECaccess File System
          ecaccess-file-size           - Show the Size of an ECaccess File

   Shell commands for batch job management (ecaccess-job/queue-*)
          ecaccess-job-delete          - Delete an ECaccess Job
          ecaccess-job-get             - Download a Job Output/Input/Error File
          ecaccess-job-list            - List all ECaccess Jobs
          ecaccess-job-restart         - Restart an ECaccess Job
          ecaccess-job-submit          - Submit a new ECaccess Job
          ecaccess-queue-list          - List available queues

   Shell commands for management of events at ECMWF (ecaccess-event-*)
          ecaccess-event-list          - List available events
          ecaccess-event-send          - Trigger an ECaccess Event

   Shell commands for management of ECtrans Associations
          ecaccess-association-delete  - Delete Association
          ecaccess-association-get     - Get the Association Descriptive File
          ecaccess-association-list    - List your ECtrans associations
          ecaccess-association-protocol- List the supported ECtrans Protocol
          ecaccess-association-put     - Update/Create an Association

   Shell commands for management of ECtrans Transfers (ecaccess-ectrans-*)
          ecaccess-ectrans-delete      - Delete ECtrans
          ecaccess-ectrans-list        - List all ectrans transfers
          ecaccess-ectrans-request     - Request a new ECtrans transfer
          ecaccess-ectrans-restart     - Restart an existing ECtrans transfer

   Shell commands for getting ECaccess Gateways information
          ecaccess-gateway-list        - List the ECaccess Gateways
          ecaccess-gateway-name        - Display the name of the default ECaccess Gateway
          ecaccess-gateway-connected   - Display the ECaccess Gateway Connection Status

   Shell commands for general information at ECMWF
          ecaccess-cosinfo             - Display ConsInfo from ECMWF


       ecaccess-association-delete, ecaccess-association-get, ecaccess-
       association-list, ecaccess-association-protocol, ecaccess-association-
       put, ecaccess-certificate-create, ecaccess-certificate-list, ecaccess-
       cosinfo, ecaccess-ectrans-delete, ecaccess-ectrans-list, ecaccess-
       ectrans-request, ecaccess-ectrans-restart, ecaccess-event-list,
       ecaccess-event-send, ecaccess-file-chmod, ecaccess-file-copy, ecaccess-
       file-delete, ecaccess-file-dir, ecaccess-file-get, ecaccess-file-
       mdelete, ecaccess-file-mget, ecaccess-file-mkdir, ecaccess-file-
       modtime, ecaccess-file-move, ecaccess-file-mput, ecaccess-file-put,
       ecaccess-file-rmdir, ecaccess-file-size, ecaccess-gateway-list,
       ecaccess-gateway-name, ecaccess-job-delete, ecaccess-job-get, ecaccess-
       job-list, ecaccess-job-restart, ecaccess-job-submit and ecaccess-queue-

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