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NAME

       dpa - DNS Packet Analyzer. Analyze DNS packets in ip trace files

SYNOPSIS

       dpa [ OPTION ] TRACEFILE

DESCRIPTION

       dpa  is  used  to  analyze  dns  packets  in trace files. It has 3 main
       options: count, filter, and count uniques  (i.e.  count  all  different
       occurences).

OPTIONS

       -c expressionlist
              Count occurrences of matching expressions

       -f expression
              Filter: only process packets that match the expression

       -h     Show usage

       -p     Show  the total number of correct DNS packets, and percentage of
              -u and -c values  (of the total of matching on the -f filter. if
              no filter is given, percentages are on all correct dns packets)

       -of file
              Write all packets that match the -f flag to file, as pcap data.

       -ofh file
              Write all packets that match the -f flag to file, in hexadecimal
              format, readable by drill.

       -s     Show possible match names

       -s matchname
              show possible match operators and values for name

       -sf    Only evaluate packets (in representation format) that match  the
              -f  filter.   If  no  -f  was  given,  evaluate  all correct dns
              packets.

       -u matchnamelist
              Count every occurence of  every  value  of  the  matchname  (for
              instance, count all packetsizes, see EXAMPLES in ldns-dpa(1) ).

       -ua    For  every  matchname  in  -u,  show  the  average  value of all
              matches. Behaviour for match types that do not have  an  integer
              value is undefined.

       -uac   For every matchname in -u, show the average number of times this
              value was encountered.

       -um number
              Only show the results from -u for values that occurred more than
              <number> times.

       -v level
              Set  verbosity  to level (1-5, 5 being the highest). Mostly used
              for debugging.

       -notip file
              Write packets that were not recognized as IP packets to file (as
              pcap data).

       -baddns file
              Write  dns  packets  that  were too mangled to parse to file (as
              pcap data).

       -version
              Show version and exit

LIST AND MATCHES

       A <matchnamelist> is a comma separated list of match names (use  -s  to
       see  possible  match  names).   A <expressionlist> is a comma separated
       list of expressions.

       An expression has the following form: <expr>: (<expr>)
               <expr> | <expr>
               <expr> & <expr>
               <match>

       <match>:        <matchname> <operator> <value>

       <operator>:      =    equal to <value>      !=   not equal  to  <value>
            >    greater    than   <value>        <    lesser   than   <value>
            >=   greater than or equal to  <value>       <=   lesser  than  or
       equal to <value>      ~=   contains <value>

       See the -s option for possible matchnames, operators and values.

EXAMPLES

       ldns-dpa -u packetsize -p test.tr
              Count   all  different  packetsizes  in  test.tr  and  show  the
              precentages.

       ldns-dpa -f "edns=1&qr=0" -of edns.tr test.tr
              Filter out all edns enable queries in test.tr and  put  them  in
              edns.tr

       ldns-dpa -f edns=1 -c tc=1 -u rcode test.tr
              For  all edns packets, count the number of truncated packets and
              all their rcodes in test.tr.

       ldns-dpa -c tc=1,qr=0,qr=1,opcode=QUERY test.tr
              For all packets, count the  number  of  truncated  packets,  the
              number of packets with qr=0, the number of packets with qr=1 and
              the number of queries in test.tr.

       ldns-dpa -u packetsize -ua test.tr
              Show all packet sizes and the average packet size per packet.

       ldns-dpa -u srcaddress -uac test.tr
              Show all packet source  addresses  and  the  average  number  of
              packets sent from this address.

       sudo tcpdump -i eth0 -s 0 -U -w - port 53 | ldns-dpa -f qr=0 -sf
              Print all query packets seen on the specified interface.

AUTHOR

       Written by Jelte Jansen for NLnetLabs.

REPORTING BUGS

       Report bugs to <jelte@nlnetlabs.nl>.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright  (C)  2005  NLnet  Labs.  This  is free software. There is NO
       warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY  or  FITNESS  FOR  A  PARTICULAR
       PURPOSE.

                                  1 Nov 2005                            dpa(1)



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