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       locate - list files in databases that match a pattern


       locate  [-d  path | --database=path] [-e | -E | --[non-]existing] [-i |
       --ignore-case] [-0 | --null] [-c | --count] [-w |  --wholename]  |-b  |
       --basename]  [-l  N  |  --limit=N]  [-S | --statistics] [-r | --regex ]
       [--max-database-age  D]  [-P  |  -H  |  --nofollow]  [-L  |   --follow]
       [--version] [-A | --all] [-p | --print] [--help] pattern...


       This  manual  page documents the GNU version of locate.  For each given
       pattern, locate searches one  or  more  databases  of  file  names  and
       displays the file names that contain the pattern.  Patterns can contain
       shell-style metacharacters: `*', `?', and `[]'.  The metacharacters  do
       not  treat  `/'  or `.'  specially.  Therefore, a pattern `foo*bar' can
       match a file name that contains `foo3/bar', and a pattern `*duck*'  can
       match  a  file name that contains `lake/.ducky'.  Patterns that contain
       metacharacters should be quoted to protect them from expansion  by  the

       If a pattern is a plain string — it contains no metacharacters — locate
       displays all file names  in  the  database  that  contain  that  string
       anywhere.   If  a  pattern  does  contain  metacharacters,  locate only
       displays file names that match  the  pattern  exactly.   As  a  result,
       patterns  that  contain metacharacters should usually begin with a `*',
       and will most often end with one as well.  The exceptions are  patterns
       that  are  intended  to explicitly match the beginning or end of a file

       The file name databases contain lists of files that were on the  system
       when  the  databases  were  last updated.  The system administrator can
       choose the file name of the default database, the frequency with  which
       the  databases  are updated, and the directories for which they contain
       entries; see updatedb(1).

       If locate's output is going to a terminal, unusual  characters  in  the
       output are escaped in the same way as for the -print action of the find
       command.  If the output is not going to  a  terminal,  file  names  are
       printed exactly as-is.


       -0, --null
              Use ASCII NUL as a separator, instead of newline.

       -A, --all
              Print only names which match all non-option arguments, not those
              matching one or more non-option arguments.

       -b, --basename
              Results are considered to match if the pattern specified matches
              the  final  component  of  the  name  of a file as listed in the
              database.  This final component is usually referred  to  as  the
              `base name'.

       -c, --count
              Instead  of printing the matched filenames, just print the total
              number of matches we found, unless --print (-p) is also present.

       -d path, --database=path
              Instead of searching the default file name database, search  the
              file  name databases in path, which is a colon-separated list of
              database file names.  You can also use the environment  variable
              LOCATE_PATH  to  set  the list of database files to search.  The
              option overrides the environment  variable  if  both  are  used.
              Empty elements in the path are taken to be synonyms for the file
              name of the default database.  A database  can  be  supplied  on
              stdin, using `-' as an element of path. If more than one element
              of path is `-', later  instances  are  ignored  (and  a  warning
              message is printed).

              The file name database format changed starting with GNU find and
              locate  version  4.0  to  allow  machines  with  different  byte
              orderings  to  share  the databases.  This version of locate can
              automatically recognize and read databases  produced  for  older
              versions  of  GNU  locate  or  Unix  versions of locate or find.
              Support for the old locate database format will be  discontinued
              in a future release.

       -e, --existing
              Only  print out such names that currently exist (instead of such
              names that existed when the database was  created).   Note  that
              this  may slow down the program a lot, if there are many matches
              in the database.  If you are using this option within a program,
              please note that it is possible for the file to be deleted after
              locate has checked that it exists, but before you use it.

       -E, --non-existing
              Only print out such names that currently do not  exist  (instead
              of such names that existed when the database was created).  Note
              that this may slow down the program a lot,  if  there  are  many
              matches in the database.

       --help Print a summary of the options to locate and exit.

       -i, --ignore-case
              Ignore case distinctions in both the pattern and the file names.

       -l N, --limit=N
              Limit  the  number  of matches to N.  If a limit is set via this
              option, the number of results printed for  the  -c  option  will
              never be larger than this number.

       -L, --follow
              If  testing  for  the  existence  of  files  (with  the -e or -E
              options), consider broken symbolic  links  to  be  non-existing.
              This is the default.

       --max-database-age D
              Normally, locate will issue a warning message when it searches a
              database which is more than 8 days  old.   This  option  changes
              that  value to something other than 8.  The effect of specifying
              a negative value is undefined.

       -m, --mmap
              Accepted but does nothing, for compatibility with BSD locate.

       -P, -H, --nofollow
              If testing for the  existence  of  files  (with  the  -e  or  -E
              options),  treat  broken symbolic links as if they were existing
              files.  The -H form  of  this  option  is  provided  purely  for
              similarity with find; the use of -P is recommended over -H.

       -p, --print
              Print  search  results  when they normally would not, because of
              the presence of --statistics (-S) or --count (-c).

       -r, --regex
              The pattern specified on the command line is understood to be  a
              regular  expression,  as opposed to a glob pattern.  The Regular
              expressions work in the same was as in emacs  and  find,  except
              for  the  fact  that  "." will match a newline.  Filenames whose
              full paths match the specified regular  expression  are  printed
              (or,  in  the  case  of the -c option, counted).  If you wish to
              anchor your regular expression at the  ends  of  the  full  path
              name,  then as is usual with regular expressions, you should use
              the characters ^ and $ to signify this.

       -s, --stdio
              Accepted but does nothing, for compatibility with BSD locate.

       -S, --statistics
              Print various statistics about each  locate  database  and  then
              exit  without  performing  a search, unless non-option arguments
              are given.  For compatibility with BSD,  -S  is  accepted  as  a
              synonym  for  --statistics.  However, the ouptut of locate -S is
              different for the GNU and BSD implementations of locate.

              Print the version number of locate and exit.

       -w, --wholename
              Match against the whole name  of  the  file  as  listed  in  the
              database.  This is the default.


              Colon-separated list of databases to search.  If the value has a
              leading or trailing colon, or has two colons in a row,  you  may
              get results that vary between different versions of locate.


       find(1),  locatedb(5),  updatedb(1),  xargs(1),  glob(3), Finding Files
       (on-line in Info, or printed)


       The  locate  program  started  life  as  the  BSD  fast  find  program,
       contributed  to BSD by James A. Woods.  This was described by his paper
       Finding Files Fast which was published in Usenix ;login:, Vol 8, No  1,
       February/March, 1983, pp. 8-10.   When the find program began to assume
       a default -print action if no action was specified,  this  changed  the
       interpretation of find pattern.  The BSD developers therefore moved the
       fast find functionality into locate.  The GNU implementation of  locate
       appears to be derived from the same code.

       Significant changes to locate in reverse order:

       4.3.7     Byte-order independent support for old database format
       4.3.3     locate -i supports multi-byte characters correctly
                 Introduced --max_db_age
       4.3.2     Support for the slocate database format
       4.2.22    Introduced the --all option
       4.2.15    Introduced the --regex option
       4.2.14    Introduced options -L, -P, -H
       4.2.12    Empty items in LOCATE_PATH now indicate the default database
       4.2.11    Introduced the --statistics option
       4.2.4     Introduced --count and --limit
       4.2.0     Glob characters cause matching against the whole file name
       4.0       Introduced the LOCATE02 database format
       3.7       Locate can search multiple databases


       The  locate  database  correctly handles filenames containing newlines,
       but only if the system's sort command has a working -z option.  If  you
       suspect  that  locate may need to return filenames containing newlines,
       consider using its --null option.

       The  best  way  to   report   a   bug   is   to   use   the   form   at   The reason for this is
       that you will then be able to track progress  in  fixing  the  problem.
       Other  comments  about  locate(1)  and  about  the findutils package in
       general can be sent to the bug-findutils mailing  list.   To  join  the
       list, send email to


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