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       vncserver - start or stop a VNC server


       vncserver  [:display#]  [-name  desktop-name]  [-geometry widthxheight]
       [-depth depth] [-pixelformat format] [Xvnc-options...]
       vncserver -kill :display#


       vncserver is used to start a VNC (Virtual Network  Computing)  desktop.
       vncserver  is a Perl script which simplifies the process of starting an
       Xvnc server.  It runs Xvnc with appropriate options and starts  some  X
       applications to be displayed in the VNC desktop.

       vncserver  can  be  run  with  no  options at all. In this case it will
       choose the first available display number (usually :1), start  Xvnc  as
       that  display,  and  run  a  couple  of  basic  applications to get you
       started. You can also specify the display number, in which case it will
       use that number if it is available and exit if not, eg:

              vncserver :13

       Editing   the   file  $HOME/.vnc/xstartup  allows  you  to  change  the
       applications run at startup (but note that  this  will  not  affect  an
       existing desktop).


       You  can  get a list of options by giving -h as an option to vncserver.
       In addition to the options listed below, any unrecognised options  will
       be passed to Xvnc - see the Xvnc man page, or "Xvnc -help" for details.

       -name desktop-name
              Each desktop has a name which may be displayed by the viewer. It
              defaults to "host:display# (username)" but  you  can  change  it
              with  this  option.   It is passed in to the xstartup script via
              the $VNCDESKTOP environment variable,  allowing  you  to  run  a
              different  set  of  applications  according  to  the name of the

       -geometry widthxheight
              Specify the size of  the  desktop  to  be  created.  Default  is
              1024x768.  Can be specified as an array or scalar for geometry.

       -depth depth
              Specify  the  pixel  depth in bits of the desktop to be created.
              Default is 16, other possible values are 8, 15 and 24 - anything
              else is likely to cause strange behaviour by applications.

       -pixelformat format
              Specify  pixel format for server to use (BGRnnn or RGBnnn).  The
              default for depth 8 is BGR233 (meaning the most significant  two
              bits  represent  blue,  the  next  three  green,  and  the least
              significant three represent red), the default for  depth  16  is
              RGB565 and for depth 24 is RGB888.

       -cc 3  As  an  alternative to the default TrueColor visual, this allows
              you to run an Xvnc server with a PseudoColor  visual  (i.e.  one
              which  uses  a  colour  map or palette), which can be useful for
              running some old X  applications  which  only  work  on  such  a
              display.   Values  other  than 3 (PseudoColor) and 4 (TrueColor)
              for  the  -cc  option  may  result  in  strange  behaviour,  and
              PseudoColor desktops must be 8 bits deep.

       -kill :display#
              This  kills a VNC desktop previously started with vncserver.  It
              does this by killing the  Xvnc  process,  whose  process  ID  is
              stored  in the file "$HOME/.vnc/".  It actually
              ignores anything preceding a ":" in its argument.  This  can  be
              useful  so you can write "vncserver -kill $DISPLAY", for example
              at the end of your xstartup file after a particular  application


       Several VNC-related files are found in the directory $HOME/.vnc:

              A  shell  script  specifying X applications to be run when a VNC
              desktop is started.  If it doesn't exist, vncserver will  create
              a new one which runs a couple of basic applications.

              The VNC password file.

              The log file for Xvnc and applications started in xstartup.

              Identifies the Xvnc process ID, used by the -kill option.


       vncviewer(1), vncpasswd(1), vncconfig(1), Xvnc(1)


       Tristan Richardson, RealVNC Ltd.

       VNC  was  originally  developed  by  the RealVNC team while at Olivetti
       Research Ltd / AT&T Laboratories Cambridge.  It is now being maintained
       by RealVNC Ltd.  See for details.

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