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NAME

       xapt - convert Debian packages to cross versions on-the-fly

Synopsis

        $ sudo xapt foo bar baz

        $ sudo xapt -M http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ foo bar baz

        $ sudo xapt --clean-cache

Description

       Downloading the Packages files can take a reasonable amount of time, so
       to grip a number of packages, either specify all packages in one
       command or use the "--keep-cache" option for each run and use the
       "--clean-cache" option at the end.

       Note also that, in common with the rest of Emdebian processing,
       Install-Recommends is always turned off, so if you need a package that
       is only recommended by packages in the list given to "xapt", that
       package will need to be added to the list explicitly.

Limitations

       Installing any package from repositories outside the normal apt sources
       (especially if those packages are subsequently modified by dpkg-cross)
       will list those packages as "local or obsolete" in package managers.
       Converted packages cannot be upgraded without repeating the call to
       "xapt" because "apt-get" does not know about the renaming of the
       package by "dpkg-cross" when downloading the packages. This can cause
       problems if dependencies of such packages need to be upgraded. It is
       possible that the main system "apt" will try to remove these local
       packages in order to proceed with the main system upgrade.

       The best option is to use "xapt" inside a disposable chroot.

Checking existing cross packages

       "xapt", by default, will not check to see if a particular cross package
       is already installed at a newer or equal version which can cause cross
       packages to be downgraded. To turn on this check, either use the
       "--check-newer" option or set "checknewer" to true in the vendor
       configuration file in /etc/xapt.d/.

Using SecureApt

       If your apt sources include a repository which does not use SecureApt,
       disable authentication in the vendor configuration file in /etc/xapt.d/
       Set noauth=true.

Multiarch behaviour

       By default <dpkg-cross> does nothing with packages from Debian which
       already support Multi-Arch - the package is simply copied to the
       current work directory, if it does not already exist. Any package
       containing a Multi-Arch: field in DEBIAN/control is skipped in this
       manner.

       "xapt" uses the --multiarch option can pass the --convert-multiarch
       option down to dpkg-cross to instead force the generation of a
       -<arch>-cross package with the files moved into the conventional dpkg-
       cross locations.

       "xapt" will check for dpkg-cross version 2.6.3 or higher when this
       option is set and report an error (unsetting the option) if a suitable
       version is not found.

       If you are using apt sources which specify an arch option, the
       architecture list will need to include the architecture you wish to use
       with "xapt". If you have dpkg (>= 1.16.2) installed, then you need to
       ensure that the requested architecture is listed in your foreign dpkg
       architectures and that you have at least one mirror which can provide
       packages of that architecture.

        dpkg --print-foreign-architectures

Commands

       Commands:
        -c|--clean-cache:        Remove any downloaded cache files and exit.

       Options:
        -b|--build-only:         Get and process the packages, do not install
                                  (implies -k)
        -M|--mirror:             A Debian mirror with the requested package(s)
        -S|--suite:              Which suite to use for the package(s)
        -k|--keep-cache:         Preserve the downloaded cache files to use
       again.
        -a|--arch ARCHITECTURE:  Specify the architecture to download or
       install.
           --ignore-status:      Ignore currently installed packages (native)
           --check-newer:        Check if the same or newer version of the
       cross
                                 package is installed and skip installation.
        -m|--multiarch:          Convert Multi-Arch packages to old dpkg-cross
                                  paths. Requires dpkg-cross (>= %s)

       xapt tidies up after itself by removing all temporary data and packages
       after installation, unless the --keep-cache option is used.  (Converted
       packages are not preserved.)

       The archives will be downloaded into /var/lib/xapt/archives/ before
       being converted with dpkg-cross and installed using dpkg. Using
       "--build-only" implies "--keep-cache". Converted packages are created
       in /var/lib/xapt/output/



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