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       MPI_File_open - Opens a file (collective).


       C Syntax
           #include <mpi.h>
           int MPI_File_open(MPI_Comm comm, char *filename,
                  int amode, MPI_Info info,
                  MPI_File *fh)

Fortran Syntax

           INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
             CHARACTER*(*)    FILENAME

C++ Syntax

       #include <mpi.h>
       static MPI::File MPI::File::Open(const MPI::Intracomm& comm,
            const char* filename, int amode, const MPI::Info& info)


       comm      Communicator (handle).

       filename  Name of file to open (string).

       amode     File access mode (integer).

       info      Info object (handle).


       fh        New file handle (handle).

       IERROR    Fortran only: Error status (integer).


       MPI_File_open opens the file identified by the filename filename on all
       processes in the comm communicator group. MPI_File_open is a collective
       routine;  all  processes must provide the same value for amode, and all
       processes must provide filenames that reference the same file and which
       are  textually  identical.  A  process can open a file independently of
       other processes by  using  the  MPI_COMM_SELF  communicator.  The  file
       handle  returned, fh, can be subsequently used to access the file until
       the file is closed using MPI_File_close. Before  calling  MPI_Finalize,
       the  user is required to close (via MPI_File_close) all files that were
       opened  with  MPI_File_open.  Note  that  the  communicator   comm   is
       unaffected  by  MPI_File_open  and  continues  to  be usable in all MPI
       routines.  Furthermore,  use  of  comm  will  not  interfere  with  I/O

       Initially,  all  processes  view the file as a linear byte stream; that
       is, the etype and filetype are both MPI_BYTE.  The  file  view  can  be
       changed via the MPI_File_set_view routine.

       The following access modes are supported (specified in amode, in a bit-
       vector OR in one of the following integer constants):

         o  MPI_MODE_APPEND

         o  MPI_MODE_CREATE -- Create the file if it does not exist.


         o  MPI_MODE_EXCL -- Error creating a file that already exists.

         o  MPI_MODE_RDONLY -- Read only.

         o  MPI_MODE_RDWR -- Reading and writing.


         o  MPI_MODE_WRONLY -- Write only.

The  MPI_File_open  interface allows the user to pass information via the info


       The following hints can be used as values for the info argument.


       - MPI_INFO_NULL

       -  shared_file_timeout:  Amount of time (in seconds) to wait for access
       to the shared file pointer before exiting with MPI_ERR_TIMEDOUT.

       - rwlock_timeout: Amount of time (in seconds) to wait for  obtaining  a
       read  or write lock on a contiguous chunk of a UNIX file before exiting
       with MPI_ERR_TIMEDOUT.

       - noncoll_read_bufsize:  Maximum size of the buffer used by MPI I/O  to
       satisfy multiple noncontiguous read requests in the noncollective data-
       access routines. (See NOTE, below.)

       - noncoll_write_bufsize: Maximum size of the buffer used by MPI I/O  to
       satisfy  multiple  noncontiguous  write  requests  in the noncollective
       data-access routines. (See NOTE, below.)

       - coll_read_bufsize:  Maximum size of the buffer used  by  MPI  I/O  to
       satisfy  multiple  noncontiguous  read requests in the collective data-
       access routines. (See NOTE, below.)

       - coll_write_bufsize:  Maximum size of the buffer used by  MPI  I/O  to
       satisfy  multiple  noncontiguous write requests in the collective data-
       access routines. (See NOTE, below.)

       NOTE: A buffer size smaller than the distance (in bytes) in a UNIX file
       between  the  first byte and the last byte of the access request causes
       MPI I/O to iterate and perform multiple UNIX read() or  write()  calls.
       If  the request includes multiple noncontiguous chunks of data, and the
       buffer size is greater than the size of those  chunks,  then  the  UNIX
       read()  or  write()  (made  at  the MPI I/O level) will access data not
       requested by this process in  order  to  reduce  the  total  number  of
       write()  calls  made.  If  this  is  not desirable behavior, you should
       reduce this buffer size to equal the  size  of  the  contiguous  chunks
       within the aggregate request.

       -   mpiio_concurrency:   (boolean)  controls  whether  nonblocking  I/O
       routines can bind an extra thread to an LWP.

       -  mpiio_coll_contiguous:   (boolean)   controls   whether   subsequent
       collective  data  accesses will request collectively contiguous regions
       of the file.


       - filename: Access this hint to get the name of the file.


       Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the  value
       of  the  function  and  Fortran  routines  in  the  last  argument. C++
       functions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set  to
       MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism
       will be used to throw an MPI:Exception object.

       Before the error value is returned, the current MPI  error  handler  is
       called.  For  MPI I/O function errors, the default error handler is set
       to  MPI_ERRORS_RETURN.  The  error  handler   may   be   changed   with
       MPI_File_set_errhandler;      the      predefined     error     handler
       MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL may be used to make I/O errors  fatal.  Note  that
       MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

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