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       Mail::Box::Tie::ARRAY - access an existing message folder as array


        use Mail::Box::Manager;
        my $mgr    = Mail::Box::Manager->new;
        my $folder = $mgr->open(folder => 'inbox');

        use Mail::Box::Tie::ARRAY;
        tie my(@inbox), 'Mail::Box::Tie::ARRAY', $folder;

        # deprecated, but works too
        use Mail::Box::Tie;
        tie my(@inbox), 'Mail::Box::Tie', $folder;

        foreach (@inbox) {print $_->short}
        print $_->print foreach @inbox;
        my $emails = @inbox;

        print $inbox[3];
        print scalar @inbox;
        push @inbox, Mail::Box::Message->new(...);
        delete $inbox[6];
        print $inbox[0]->head->get('status');

        my $folder = tied @inbox;
        untie @inbox;


       Certainly when you look at a folder as a list of messages, it is
       logical to access the folder through an array.

       Not all operations on arrays are supported.  Actually, most functions
       which would reduce the size of the array are modified instead to mark
       messages for deletion.

       Examples what you cannot do:

        shift/unshift/pop/splice @inbox;


       TIEARRAY('Mail::Box::Tie::ARRAY', FOLDER)
           Create the tie on an existing folder.

           example: tie an array to a folder

            my $mgr   = Mail::Box::Manager->new;
            my $inbox = $mgr->new(folder => $ENV{MAIL});
            tie my(@inbox), 'Mail::Box::Tie::Array', ref $inbox, $inbox;

   Tied Interface
           Flag a message to be removed.  Be warned that the message stays in
           the folder, and is not removed before the folder is written.


            delete $inbox[5];
            $inbox[5]->delete;   #same

           Get the message which is at the indicated location in the list of
           messages contained in this folder.  Deleted messages will be
           returned as "undef".


            print $inbox[3];     # 4th message in the folder
            print @inbox[3,0];   # 4th and first of the folder
            print $inbox[-1];    # last message

           Return the total number of messages in a folder.  This is called
           when the folder-array is used in scalar context, for instance.


            if(@inbox > 10)    # contains more than 10 messages?
            my $nrmsgs = @inbox;

           Add @messages to the end of the folder.


               push @inbox, $newmsg;

       $obj->STORE($index, $message)
           Random message replacement is not permitted --doing so would
           disturb threads etc.  An error occurs if you try to do this. The
           only thing which is allowed is to store a message at the first free
           index at the end of the folder (which is also achievable with


            $inbox[8] = $add;
            $inbox[-1] = $add;
            push @inbox, $add;

           Sets all messages behind from $length to the end of folder to be


   Folder tied as array

       This module implements "TIEARRAY", "FETCH", "STORE", "FETCHSIZE",
       "STORESIZE", "DELETE", "PUSH", and "DESTROY".

       This module does not implement all other methods as described in the
       Tie::Array documentation, because the real array of messages is not
       permitted to shrink or be mutilated.


       This module is part of Mail-Box distribution version 2.115, built on
       May 28, 2014. Website:


       Copyrights 2001-2014 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.  See

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