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NAME

       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses - Fields with e-mail addresses

INHERITANCE

        Mail::Message::Field::Addresses
          is a Mail::Message::Field::Structured
          is a Mail::Message::Field::Full
          is a Mail::Message::Field
          is a Mail::Reporter

SYNOPSIS

         my $cc = Mail::Message::Field::Full->new('Cc');
         my $me = Mail::Message::Field::Address->parse('"Test" <test@mail.box>')
            or die;

         my $other = Mail::Message::Field::Address->new(phrase => 'Other'
            , address => 'other@example.com')
            or die;

         $cc->addAddress($me);
         $cc->addAddress($other, group => 'them');
         $cc->addAddress(phrase => 'third', address => 'more@any.museum'
           , group => 'them');

         my $group = $cc->addGroup(name => 'collegues');
         $group->addAddress($me);
         $group->addAddress(phrase => "You", address => 'you@example.com');

         my $msg = Mail::Message->build(Cc => $cc);
         print $msg->string;

         my $g  = Mail::Message::Field::AddrGroup->new(...);
         $cc->addGroup($g);

DESCRIPTION

       All header fields which contain e-mail addresses only.  Not all address
       fields have the same possibilities, but they are all parsed the same:
       you never know how broken the applications are which produce those
       messages.

       When you try to create constructs which are not allowed for a certain
       kind of field, you will be warned.

       Extends "DESCRIPTION" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

OVERLOADED

       Extends "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

       overload: ""
           Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field

       overload: 0+
           Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field

       overload: <=>
           Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field

       overload: bool
           Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field

       overload: cmp
           Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field

       overload: stringification
           Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

METHODS

       Extends "METHODS" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

   Constructors
       Extends "Constructors" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

       $obj->clone()
           Inherited, see "Constructors" in Mail::Message::Field

       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->from($field, %options)
           Inherited, see "Constructors" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->new()
            -Option    --Defined in                      --Default
             attributes  Mail::Message::Field::Structured  <ignored>
             charset     Mail::Message::Field::Full        undef
             datum       Mail::Message::Field::Structured  undef
             encoding    Mail::Message::Field::Full        'q'
             force       Mail::Message::Field::Full        false
             language    Mail::Message::Field::Full        undef
             log         Mail::Reporter                    'WARNINGS'
             trace       Mail::Reporter                    'WARNINGS'

           attributes => ATTRS
           charset => STRING
           datum => STRING
           encoding => 'q'|'Q'|'b'|'B'
           force => BOOLEAN
           language => STRING
           log => LEVEL
           trace => LEVEL

   The field
       Extends "The field" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

       $obj->isStructured()
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->isStructured()
           Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->length()
           Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->nrLines()
           Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->print( [$fh] )
           Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->size()
           Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->string( [$wrap] )
           Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->toDisclose()
           Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

   Access to the name
       Extends "Access to the name" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

       $obj->Name()
           Inherited, see "Access to the name" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->name()
           Inherited, see "Access to the name" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->wellformedName( [STRING] )
           Inherited, see "Access to the name" in Mail::Message::Field

   Access to the body
       Extends "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

       $obj->body()
           Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->decodedBody(%options)
           Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

       $obj->folded()
           Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->foldedBody( [$body] )
           Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->stripCFWS( [STRING] )
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->stripCFWS( [STRING] )
           Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->unfoldedBody( [$body, [$wrap]] )
           Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field

   Access to the content
       Extends "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

       $obj->addAddress( [$address], %options )
           Add an $address to the field.  The addresses are organized in
           groups.  If no group is specified, the default group is taken to
           store the address in.  If no $address is specified, the option must
           be sufficient to create a Mail::Message::Field::Address from.  See
           the %options of Mail::Message::Field::Address::new().

            -Option--Default
             group   ''

           group => STRING
       $obj->addAttribute(...)
           Attributes are not supported for address fields.

       $obj->addGroup($group|%options)
           Add a group of addresses to this field.  A $group can be specified,
           which is a Mail::Message::Field::AddrGroup object, or one is
           created for you using the %options.  The group is returned.

            -Option--Default
             name    ''

           name => STRING
       $obj->addresses()
           Returns a list with all addresses defined in any group of
           addresses: all addresses which are specified on the line.  The
           addresses are Mail::Message::Field::Address objects.

           example:

            my @addr = $field->addresses;

       $obj->attrPairs()
           Inherited, see "Access to the content" in
           Mail::Message::Field::Structured

       $obj->attribute( $object|<STRING, %options>|<$name,$value,%options> )
           Inherited, see "Access to the content" in
           Mail::Message::Field::Structured

       $obj->attributes()
           Inherited, see "Access to the content" in
           Mail::Message::Field::Structured

       $obj->beautify()
           Inherited, see "Access to the content" in
           Mail::Message::Field::Full

       $obj->comment( [STRING] )
           Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->createComment(STRING, %options)
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->createComment(STRING, %options)
           Inherited, see "Access to the content" in
           Mail::Message::Field::Full

       $obj->createPhrase(STRING, %options)
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->createPhrase(STRING, %options)
           Inherited, see "Access to the content" in
           Mail::Message::Field::Full

       $obj->group($name)
           Returns the group of addresses with the specified $name, or "undef"
           if it does not exist.  If $name is "undef", then the default groep
           is returned.

       $obj->groupNames()
           Returns a list with all group names which are defined.

       $obj->groups()
           Returns all address groups which are defined in this field.  Each
           element is a Mail::Message::Field::AddrGroup object.

       $obj->study()
           Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->toDate( [$time] )
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->toDate( [$time] )
           Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->toInt()
           Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field

   Other methods
       Extends "Other methods" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

       $obj->dateToTimestamp(STRING)
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->dateToTimestamp(STRING)
           Inherited, see "Other methods" in Mail::Message::Field

   Internals
       Extends "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

       $obj->consume( $line | <$name,<$body|$objects>> )
           Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->decode(STRING, %options)
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->decode(STRING, %options)
           Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

       $obj->defaultWrapLength( [$length] )
           Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->encode(STRING, %options)
           Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

       $obj->fold( $name, $body, [$maxchars] )
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->fold( $name, $body, [$maxchars] )
           Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->setWrapLength( [$length] )
           Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->stringifyData(STRING|ARRAY|$objects)
           Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

       $obj->unfold(STRING)
           Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

   Parsing
       Extends "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

       $obj->consumeAddress(STRING, %options)
           Try to destilate address information from the STRING.   Returned
           are an address object and the left-over string.  If no address was
           found, the first returned value is "undef".

       $obj->consumeComment(STRING)
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->consumeComment(STRING)
           Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

       $obj->consumeDomain(STRING)
           Try to get a valid domain representation from STRING.  Returned are
           the domain string as found (or "undef") and the rest of the string.

       $obj->consumeDotAtom(STRING)
           Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

       $obj->consumePhrase(STRING)
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->consumePhrase(STRING)
           Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

       $obj->datum( [$value] )
           Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured

       $obj->parse(STRING)
           Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

       $obj->produceBody()
           Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

   Error handling
       Extends "Error handling" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

       $obj->AUTOLOAD()
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->addReport($object)
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->defaultTrace( [$level]|[$loglevel, $tracelevel]|[$level,
       $callback] )
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->defaultTrace( [$level]|[$loglevel,
       $tracelevel]|[$level, $callback] )
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->errors()
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->log( [$level, [$strings]] )
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->log( [$level, [$strings]] )
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->logPriority($level)
       Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->logPriority($level)
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->logSettings()
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->notImplemented()
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->report( [$level] )
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->reportAll( [$level] )
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->trace( [$level] )
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->warnings()
           Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

   Cleanup
       Extends "Cleanup" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

       $obj->DESTROY()
           Inherited, see "Cleanup" in Mail::Reporter

DETAILS

       Extends "DETAILS" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

DIAGNOSTICS

       Warning: Field content is not numerical: $content
           The numeric value of a field is requested (for instance the "Lines"
           or "Content-Length" fields should be numerical), however the data
           contains weird characters.

       Warning: Illegal character in charset '$charset'
           The field is created with an utf8 string which only contains data
           from the specified character set.  However, that character set can
           never be a valid name because it contains characters which are not
           permitted.

       Warning: Illegal character in field name $name
           A new field is being created which does contain characters not
           permitted by the RFCs.  Using this field in messages may break
           other e-mail clients or transfer agents, and therefore mutulate or
           extinguish your message.

       Warning: Illegal character in language '$lang'
           The field is created with data which is specified to be in a
           certain language, however, the name of the language cannot be
           valid: it contains characters which are not permitted by the RFCs.

       Warning: Illegal encoding '$encoding', used 'q'
           The RFCs only permit base64 ("b " or "B ") or quoted-printable ("q"
           or "Q") encoding.  Other than these four options are illegal.

       Error: No attributes for address fields.
           Is is not possible to add attributes to address fields: it is not
           permitted by the RFCs.

       Error: Package $package does not implement $method.
           Fatal error: the specific package (or one of its superclasses) does
           not implement this method where it should. This message means that
           some other related classes do implement this method however the
           class at hand does not.  Probably you should investigate this and
           probably inform the author of the package.

SEE ALSO

       This module is part of Mail-Box distribution version 2.115, built on
       May 28, 2014. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/mailbox/

LICENSE

       Copyrights 2001-2014 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see
       ChangeLog.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.  See
       http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.php

perl v5.18.2                      2014-05-Mail::Message::Field::Addresses(3pm)



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