GNU.WIKI: The GNU/Linux Knowledge Base

  [HOME] [PHP Manual] [HowTo] [ABS] [MAN1] [MAN2] [MAN3] [MAN4] [MAN5] [MAN6] [MAN7] [MAN8] [MAN9]

  [0-9] [Aa] [Bb] [Cc] [Dd] [Ee] [Ff] [Gg] [Hh] [Ii] [Jj] [Kk] [Ll] [Mm] [Nn] [Oo] [Pp] [Qq] [Rr] [Ss] [Tt] [Uu] [Vv] [Ww] [Xx] [Yy] [Zz]


       X11::Protocol::Ext::RENDER - Perl module for the X Rendering Extension


         use X11::Protocol;
         $x = X11::Protocol->new($ENV{'DISPLAY'});
         $x->init_extension('RENDER') or die;


       The RENDER extension adds a new set of drawing primitives which
       effectively represent a replacement of the drawing routines in the core
       protocol, redesigned based on the needs of more modern clients. It adds
       long-desired features such as subpixel positioning, alpha compositing,
       direct specification of colors, and multicolored or animated cursors.
       On the other hand, it omits features that are no longer commonly used:
       wide lines, arbitrary polygons (only triangles and horizontally-aligned
       trapezoids are supported), ellipses, bitwise rendering operations, and
       server-side fonts (in favor of "glyphs" that are rendered on the client
       side and transmitted once).

       As of this writing (early 2004), the specification and implementation
       both have rough edges, but there are relatively few alternatives for
       offloading fancy graphics processing to the server, as is necessary
       over slow links or if the client is written in a slow language. Another
       possibility you might consider is the 2D subset of OpenGL, though it
       doesn't yet have an X11::Protocol-compatible interface.


       This extension adds the constant types 'PictType', 'PictOp',
       'SubPixel', 'PolyEdge', and 'PolyMode', with values as defined in the


       This extension adds several requests, called as shown below:

         $x->RenderQueryVersion($major, $minor)
         ($major, $minor)

         ([[$id, $type, $depth,
            $red, $red_m, $green, $green_m, $blue, $blue_m,
            $alpha, $alpha_m, $cmap], ...],
          [[$fallback, [$depth, [$visual, $format], ...], ...], ...],
          [$subpixel, ...])

         ([$index, $red, $green, $blue, $alpha], ...)

         ([@filters], [@aliases])

         $x->RenderCreatePicture($picture, $drawable, $format,
                                 'attribute' => $value, ...)

         $x->RenderChangePicture($picture, 'attribute' => $value, ...)

         $x->RenderSetPictureClipRectangles($pic, $x_origin, $y_origin,
                                            [$x, $y, $width, $height], ...)

         $x->RenderSetPictureTransform($pict, $m11, $m12, $m13,
                                              $m21, $m22, $m23,
                                              $m31, $m32, $m33);

         $x->RenderSetPictureFilter($pict, $filter, @args)

         $x->RenderComposite($op, $src, $mask, $dst, $src_x, $src_y,
                             $mask_x, $mask_y, $dst_x, $dst_y,
                             $width, $height)

         $x->RenderFillRectangles($op, $dst, [$red, $green, $blue, $alpha],
                                  [$x, $y, $width, $height], ...)

         $x->RenderTrapezoids($op, $src, $src_x, $src_y, $dst, $mask_format,
                              [$top, $bottom, $lx1, $ly1, $lx2, $ly2,
                                              $rx1, $ry1, $rx2, $ry2] ,...)

         $x->RenderTriangles($op, $src, $src_x, $src_y, $dst, $mask_format,
                             [$x1, $y1, $x2, $y2, $x3, $y3])

         $x->RenderTriStrip($op, $src, $src_x, $src_y, $dst, $mask_format,
                             [$x, $y], [$x, $y], [$x, $y], [$x, $y], ...)

         $x->RenderTriFan($op, $src, $src_x, $src_y, $dst, $mask_format,
                          [$x, $y], [$x, $y], [$x, $y], [$x, $y], ...)

         $x->RenderCreateGlyphSet($gsid, $format)

         $x->RenderReferenceGlyphSet($gsid, $existing)


         $x->RenderAddGlyphs($gsid, [$glyph, $width, $height,
                                     $x, $y, $x_off, $y_off, $data], ...)

       Warning: with some server implementations (including XFree86 through
       4.4) passing more than one glyph to AddGlyphs can hang or crash the
       server.  So don't do that.

         $x->RenderFreeGylphs($gsid, @glyphs)

         $x->RenderCompositeGlyphs8($op, $src, $dst, $mask_format, $gsid,
                                    $src_x, $src_y,
                                    [$delta_x, $delta_y, $str], ...)

         $x->RenderCompositeGlyphs16($op, $src, $dst, $mask_format, $gsid,
                                     $src_x, $src_y,
                                     [$delta_x, $delta_y, $str], ...)

         $x->RenderCompositeGlyphs32($op, $src, $dst, $mask_format, $gsid,
                                     $src_x, $src_y,
                                     [$delta_x, $delta_y, $str], ...)

       In these three requests, new GlyphSetIDs can also be interspersed with
       the array references.

         $x->RenderCreateCursor($cid, $source, $hot_x, $hot_y)

         $x->RenderCreateAnimCursor($cid, [$cursor, $delay], ...)


       Stephen McCamant <>.


       perl(1), X11::Protocol, The X Rendering Extension (XFree86 draft

  All copyrights belong to their respective owners. Other content (c) 2014-2018, GNU.WIKI. Please report site errors to
Page load time: 0.116 seconds. Last modified: November 04 2018 12:49:43.