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NAME

       getenv, secure_getenv - get an environment variable

SYNOPSIS

       #include <stdlib.h>

       char *getenv(const char *name);

       char *secure_getenv(const char *name);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       secure_getenv(): _GNU_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

       The  getenv()  function  searches  the  environment  list  to  find the
       environment variable name, and returns a pointer to  the  corresponding
       value string.

       The  GNU-specific secure_getenv() function is just like getenv() except
       that it returns NULL in cases where  "secure  execution"  is  required.
       Secure  execution  is  required  if one of the following conditions was
       true when the program run by the calling process was loaded:

       *  the process's effective user ID did not match its real  user  ID  or
          the  process's  effective  group  ID did not match its real group ID
          (typically this is the result of executing  a  set-user-ID  or  set-
          group-ID program);

       *  the effective capability bit was set on the executable file; or

       *  the process has a nonempty permitted capability set.

       Secure  execution may also required if triggered by some Linux security
       modules.

       The secure_getenv() function is intended  for  use  in  general-purpose
       libraries  to  avoid vulnerabilities that could occur if set-user-ID or
       set-group-ID programs accidentally trusted the environment.

RETURN VALUE

       The  getenv()  function  returns  a  pointer  to  the  value   in   the
       environment, or NULL if there is no match.

VERSIONS

       secure_getenv() first appeared in glibc 2.17.

CONFORMING TO

       getenv(): SVr4, POSIX.1-2001, 4.3BSD, C89, C99.

       secure_getenv() is a GNU extension.

NOTES

       The strings in the environment list are of the form name=value.

       As typically implemented, getenv() returns a pointer to a string within
       the environment list.  The caller must take care  not  to  modify  this
       string, since that would change the environment of the process.

       The  implementation  of  getenv() is not required to be reentrant.  The
       string pointed to by the return value of  getenv()  may  be  statically
       allocated,  and  can  be  modified  by  a  subsequent call to getenv(),
       putenv(3), setenv(3), or unsetenv(3).

       The "secure execution" mode of secure_getenv()  is  controlled  by  the
       AT_SECURE flag contained in the auxiliary vector passed from the kernel
       to user space.

SEE ALSO

       clearenv(3),   getauxval(3),   putenv(3),    setenv(3),    unsetenv(3),
       capabilities(7), environ(7)

COLOPHON

       This  page  is  part of release 3.65 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



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