samba - A Windows AD and SMB/CIFS fileserver for UNIX
The Samba software suite is a collection of programs that implements
the Server Message Block (commonly abbreviated as SMB) protocol for
UNIX systems and provides Active Directory services. This protocol is
sometimes also referred to as the Common Internet File System (CIFS).
For a more thorough description, see http://www.ubiqx.org/cifs/. Samba
also implements the NetBIOS protocol in nmbd.
The samba daemon provides the Active Directory services and file
and print services to SMB clients. The configuration file for this
daemon is described in smb.conf(5).
The smbd daemon provides the file and print services to SMB
clients, such as Windows 95/98, Windows NT, Windows for Workgroups
or LanManager. The configuration file for this daemon is described
The nmbd daemon provides NetBIOS nameservice and browsing support.
The configuration file for this daemon is described in smb.conf(5).
winbindd is a daemon that is used for integrating authentication
and the user database into unix.
The smbclient program implements a simple ftp-like client. This is
useful for accessing SMB shares on other compatible servers (such
as Windows NT), and can also be used to allow a UNIX box to print
to a printer attached to any SMB server (such as a PC running
The samba-tool is the main Samba Administration tool regarding
Active Directory services.
The testparm utility is a simple syntax checker for Samba's
smb.conf(5) configuration file.
The smbstatus tool provides access to information about the current
connections to smbd.
The nmblookup tools allows NetBIOS name queries to be made from a
The smbpasswd command is a tool for changing LanMan and Windows NT
password hashes on Samba and Windows NT servers.
The smbcacls command is a tool to set ACL's on remote CIFS servers.
The smbtree command is a text-based network neighborhood tool.
The smbtar can make backups of data on CIFS/SMB servers.
smbspool is a helper utility for printing on printers connected to
smbcontrol is a utility that can change the behaviour of running
smbd, nmbd and winbindd daemons.
rpcclient is a utility that can be used to execute RPC commands on
remote CIFS servers.
The pdbedit command can be used to maintain the local user database
on a samba server.
The findsmb command can be used to find SMB servers on the local
The net command is supposed to work similar to the DOS/Windows
wbinfo is a utility that retrieves and stores information related
profiles is a command-line utility that can be used to replace all
occurrences of a certain SID with another SID.
log2pcap is a utility for generating pcap trace files from Samba
vfstest is a utility that can be used to test vfs modules.
ntlm_auth is a helper-utility for external programs wanting to do
smbcquotas is a tool that can set remote QUOTA's on server with
The Samba suite is made up of several components. Each component is
described in a separate manual page. It is strongly recommended that
you read the documentation that comes with Samba and the manual pages
of those components that you use. If the manual pages and documents
aren't clear enough then please visit http://devel.samba.org for
information on how to file a bug report or submit a patch.
If you require help, visit the Samba webpage at http://www.samba.org/
and explore the many option available to you.
The Samba software suite is licensed under the GNU Public License(GPL).
A copy of that license should have come with the package in the file
COPYING. You are encouraged to distribute copies of the Samba suite,
but please obey the terms of this license.
The latest version of the Samba suite can be obtained via anonymous ftp
from samba.org in the directory pub/samba/. It is also available on
several mirror sites worldwide.
You may also find useful information about Samba on the newsgroup
comp.protocol.smb and the Samba mailing list. Details on how to join
the mailing list are given in the README file that comes with Samba.
If you have access to a WWW viewer (such as Mozilla or Konqueror) then
you will also find lots of useful information, including back issues of
the Samba mailing list, at http://lists.samba.org.
This man page is correct for version 4 of the Samba suite.
If you wish to contribute to the Samba project, then I suggest you join
the Samba mailing list at http://lists.samba.org.
If you have patches to submit, visit http://devel.samba.org/ for
information on how to do it properly. We prefer patches in git
Contributors to the project are now too numerous to mention here but
all deserve the thanks of all Samba users. To see a full list, look at
the change-log in the source package for the pre-CVS changes and at
http://git.samba.org/ for the contributors to Samba post-GIT. GIT is
the Open Source source code control system used by the Samba Team to
develop Samba. The project would have been unmanageable without it.
The original Samba software and related utilities were created by
Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open
Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.
The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer. The man page
sources were converted to YODL format (another excellent piece of Open
Source software, available at ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/) and
updated for the Samba 2.0 release by Jeremy Allison. The conversion to
DocBook for Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter. The conversion to
DocBook XML 4.2 for Samba 3.0 was done by Alexander Bokovoy.