ninja - Privilege escalation detection system for GNU/Linux
Ninja is a privilege escalation detection and prevention system for
GNU/Linux hosts. While running, it will monitor process activity on the
local host, and keep track of all processes running as root. If a
process is spawned with UID or GID zero (root), ninja will log
necessary information about this process, and optionally kill the
process if it was spawned by an unauthorized user.
A "magic" group can be specified, allowing members of this group to run
any setuid/setgid root executable.
Individual executables can be whitelisted. Ninja uses a fine grained
whitelist that lets you whitelist executables on a group and/or user
basis. This can be used to allow specific groups or individual users
access to setuid/setgid root programs, such as su(1) and passwd(1).
Ninja requires a configuration file to run. For more information about
the configuration, please refer to the "default.conf" file, located at
"/usr/share/doc/ninja/examples/" in the source tree. There, all the
available options are explained in detail.
The whitelist is a plain text file, containing new-line separated
entries. Entries consists of three fields, separated by colons. The
first field is the full path to the executable you wish to whitelist.
The second field is a comma separated list of groups that should be
granted access to the executable. The third field is a comma separated
list of users.
The second or third field can be left empty. Please refer to the
example whitlist located in "/usr/share/doc/ninja/examples/".
Remember that it is a good idea to whitelist programs such as passwd(1)
and other regular setuid applications that users require access to.
The goal of this application is to be able to detect and stop local,
and possibly also remote exploits. It is important to note that ninja
cannot prevent attackers from running exploits, as a successful
exploitation only will be detected AFTER the attacker has gained root.
However, when ninja is running with a short scanning cycle, this
detection happens nearly immediately. The security lies in the fact
that we stop the attacker before he/she has time to do anything nasty
to the system, and it gives us the opportunity to disable the
attacker's shell access, and lock him/her out of the system.
In an ideal environment, ninja should be run together with kernel
hardening systems such as grsecurity (www.grsecurity.net) as this will
allow for some protection of the ninja process.
This is not a complete security system. Do not rely on it to keep your
Please let me know if you should stumble across any bugs or other
weirdness. I greatly appreciate all bug reports, patches, ideas,
suggestions and comments.
Ninja is released under the General Public License (GPL) version 2 or
Tom Rune Flo <firstname.lastname@example.org>
August 2005 NINJA(8)