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       xmotd  -  message-of-the-day  browser for X (and dumb terminals, VT100,


       xmotd [X-toolkit options] [xmotd-options] file [file2 ... ]

       xmotd [X-toolkit options] [xmotd-options] directory

       or (in text-mode)

       xmotd [-stampfile stamp-file] [-wakeup sleep-period] file [file2 ...]


       xmotd is a utility program (for X11 and dumb  terminals)  that  can  be
       executed  during  the login process to display pertinent messages (i.e.
       the message of the day) or to periodically check,  while  the  user  is
       logged  in,  whether  one  or more message files have been modified and
       display them if they have. Under X11, it displays a customizable bitmap
       in  the  top-left  corner.  It provides for up to 3 lines of title-text
       (the length of the text depends on the size of the font chosen). It has
       a  "Dismiss"  button  below the bitmap and a read-only text-widget that
       displays the message (or messages) of the day. The date of the  message
       (and optionally, the filename) is displayed just above the text.

       xmotd can be configured to run in various modes: to always pop-up after
       login  or  to  pop-up  only  when  the  motd   changes;   to   pop-down
       automatically  (without  user-intervention) after a specified delay; to
       run in the background and periodically check if the  motd  has  changed
       and  display  it.  By  default,  xmotd  displays  a message only if the
       file(s) was updated since the last time the user read it.

       If xmotd has to display more than one file,  the  user  is  obliged  to
       press  the  "Next Message" button to view subsequent messages; the text
       of the button changes to "Dismiss" when the last message is displayed.

       xmotd defaults to text-only mode  (output  to  stdout  when  it  cannot
       connect  to  an  X  display. This mode is useful for running xmotd from
       user's ~/.login file in cases where they can also login via dialup.

       This version of xmotd cannot display messages marked-up with  HTML  and
       xpm   colour   pixmap  logos,  because  the  code  that  provided  that
       functionality does not comply with Debian Free Software Guidelines.


       xmotd is usually run from the system  Xsession  file  via  xdm(1),  CDE
       login  and/or  from the user's ~/.login file. At sites where xdm is not
       used, xmotd may be run from the user's ~/.xinitrc  where  a  (possibly)
       malicious  user  may  intentionally  or  accidently  remove  the  xmotd
       invocation from the file.

       When xmotd first runs, it creates a timestamp file (by  default  called
       .xmotd ) in the user's home-directory. On subsequent invocations, xmotd
       uses the date of this file to decide whether or not the message-of-the-
       day  (motd)  files  have  been updated. If the date of the motd file is
       later than the date on the ~/.xmotd file, then xmotd will  display  the
       motd  file; otherwise it will silently exit (if there are no more files
       to be displayed and  if  -wakeup  was  not  used).  When  invoked  with
       -wakeup,  xmotd  daemonizes  itself and goes to sleep for the specified
       sleep-period, periodically waking-up to see if the motds  have  changed
       and then displaying them.

       By  default, xmotd pops-down only when the "Dismiss" button is clicked;
       the rest  of  the  login-procedure  then  continues.  This  interactive
       behaviour  can  be  overridden  so  xmotd  will  pop-down  without user
       intervention, after a specified timeout period.


       All the standard X  options  are  valid.  In  addition,  the  following
       options,  which  may  also be set as resources in the app-defaults file
       (See RESOURCES), are available:


               overrides xmotd default behavior; the  ~/.xmotd  time-stamp  is
               ignored  and  the  message  (or  messages) is always displayed.
               Zero-length (empty) files are displayed  when  this  option  is

       -atom atom-name

               register  xmotd with name atom-name. By default, only one xmotd
               is allowed to run (per user). You can permit multiple instances
               of  xmotd to run by giving each instance an unique name.  xmotd
               will intern an atom with the X server, that combines the  atom-
               name  and  the  user's login-id (e.g. "xmotd.elf" ; the default
               atom name is "xmotd"); subsequent  invocations  of  xmotd  will
               check if this atom exists and exit if it does.

       -bitmaplogo bitmap-filename

               specifies that the bitmap bitmap-filename is to be displayed in
               place of the  default  bitmap,  the  "X"  logo.   Ideally,  the
               specified  bitmap should have a width and height of 100 pixels.
               If xpm support  is  compiled-in,  xpm  colour  pixmaps  may  be
               substituted instead. See NOTES for additional details.


               displays command-line options usage.


               (used    with   -warnfile)   displays   the   warning   message
               unconditionally at every login (even when there are no messages
               to be displayed).

       -popdown timeout

               exit  or  pop-down  without  user intervention, timeout seconds
               after being invoked. The user can dismiss  xmotd  at  any  time
               before  the  timeout, by clicking on the "Dismiss" button. This
               option is only valid at the initial login;  it  is  ignored  on
               subsequent pop-ups when xmotd is invoked with -wakeup.


               displays the filename of the file currently being viewed (as it
               appears on the command-line), alongside the date.

       -stampfile stamp-filename

               overrides the default timestamp filename,  ~/.xmotd,  and  uses
               stamp-filename instead.


               display  the  end of a file; the text is automatically scrolled
               so the end of the file is visible.


               uses local  domain-name  based  time-stamping  in  cases  where
               user's home-directories are shared (NFS mounted) across various
               domains.   Time-stamps   are   created   (and   checked)   with
               appropriate domain-names appended.

       -warnfile warning-filename

               specifies  a  file  containing  a standard message used to warn
               users of the  consequences  of  deviance  and  sundry  unlawful
               things  they  should  not  even think of doing on your network;
               your network's rules of use,  information  about  disk  quotas,
               modem   charges   and   printer   accounting  fees  (used  with

       -wakeup sleep-period

               causes xmotd to run in the background and  wakeup  periodically
               every  sleep-period  hours to check whether the files have been
               modified and therefore need to  be  (re-)displayed.  The  sleep
               period  is  specified  as  a  floating  point  number where the
               fractional  portion  indicates  the  number  of  minutes.   For
               example,  a  sleep-period  of  0.25  indicates  15 minutes (one
               quarter of an hour) and a sleep-period of 1.5 indicates one and
               one-half  hours;  the  minimum  (enforced)  sleep-period  is  1
               minute. The -wakeup option is useful at sites where users  with
               personal  workstations  never log-out. See NOTES for additional

       file [file2 ... ]

               one or more files to be displayed may be specified. The file(s)
               contain  the text of the message(s) of the day. If HTML support
               is compiled-in the motd files should be marked-up with HTML.


               Instead of supplying one or more  files  on  the  command-line,
               xmotd  may  be  supplied  a  directory containing file(s) to be
               displayed. xmotd will scan the directory and  display  all  the
               files  contained  therein,  that  need  to  be  displayed. This
               feature is useful when  used  with  the  -wakeup  option;  upon
               waking-up,  xmotd  will  re-scan  the  directory  for any files
               (including new files that have been  subsequently  added)  that
               need to be displayed.


       Give  xmotd  a geometry option to tell it to pop-up at a location other
       than  0,0  and   read-in   the   message-of-the-day   from   the   file

          xmotd -geometry +20+20 /usr/local/motd

       Use  a  bigger  window (900x600) and automatically position it (at top-
       left corner at 20,20), always pop-up xmotd displaying the  contents  of
       /usr/local/motd,  ignoring  the user's ~/.xmotd timestamp-file and pop-
       down after 20 seconds:

          xmotd -geom 900x600+20+20 -always -popdown 20 /usr/local/motd

       Use a custom bitmap in the file /usr/local/

          xmotd -geom +5+5 -bitmaplogo /usr/local/ /usr/local/motd

       In the following example, all the files in /usr/local/messages/ will be
       checked  for  modification  times  greater than the time-stamp and only
       those files will be displayed and every eight and a half  hours,  xmotd
       will  check  if  any files have changed (or new ones added) and display
       them if necessary:

          xmotd -geom +5+5 -wakeup 8.5 /usr/local/messages/

       To display a warning-message every time the user logs-in (even when  no
       messages  need  to  be  displayed), and to display the filenames of the
       files being viewed, use:

          xmotd -geom +5+5 -warnfile /usr/local/WARNING -paranoid \
             -showfilename /usr/local/motds/

       X resources may be changed from the command-line using the -xrm option.
       This  example  (typed  as  a  single line) illustrates how xmotd can be
       customized exclusively from the command-line:

           xmotd -always \
               -xrm "*title.label: Top 10 Disk Hogs
 As of midnight
 " \
               -xrm "*title.foreground: yellow" \
               -xrm "*form.background: red" \
               -xrm "*title.background: red" \
               -xrm "*logo.background: pink" \
               -xrm "*text*font: -adobe-times-bold-*-normal-*-*-180-*" \
               -geometry 500x650-1-1 \
               -bitmaplogo /usr/common/choke.xbm
               -popdown 10 \
               /usr/common/accounting/top &


       editres(1) may be used to edit resources. The application class-name is

       The  resource: XMotd*Always (set to either True or False) is equivalent
       to the -always command-line option.

       The resource: XMotd*Atom  (set  to  the  name  of  the  atom  xmotd  is
       registered with) is equivalent to the -atom command-line option.

       The  resource:  XMotd*BitmapLogo  (set  to the path and filename of the
       bitmap/pixmap-file)  is  equivalent  to  the  -bitmaplogo  command-line

       The  resource:  XMotd*Browser  (set  to  the  path  and filename of the
       browser to be used when users click on an URL (HTML version  only))  is
       equivalent to the -browser command-line option.

       The  resource:  XMotd*Paranoid (set to True/False) is equivalent to the
       -paranoid command-line option.

       The  resource:  XMotd*Popdown  (set  to  the  number  of  seconds)   is
       equivalent to the -popdown command-line option.

       The resource: XMotd*UseDomains (set to True/False) is equivalent to the
       -usedomains command-line option.

       The resource: XMotd*ShowFilename (set to True/False) is  equivalent  to
       the -showfilename command-line option.

       The  resource:  XMotd*Warnfile  (set  to  the  path and filename of the
       warning-file) is equivalent to the -warnfile command-line option.

       The resource: XMotd*Tail (set to True/False) is equivalent to the -tail
       command-line option.

       The   resource:   XMotd*Wakeup   (set   to   an  floating-point  number
       representing hours) is equivalent to the -wakeup command-line option.

       The resource: XMotd*title.label (set to a possibly  multi-line  string)
       may be used to customize the title.

       By  default,  the  title  is the single line:"Message Of The Day

       (the 2-character sequence, "
", indicates a carriage-return).

       For example, if you want a 2 line title that reads:

                This is the
             Message of the Day

       the resource can be specified as:

              *title.label: \       This is the
Message of the Day

       Note that the first backslash quotes the leading spaces that indent the
       words, "This is the".


       The widget hierarchy is as follows (Class-name & object-name):
       XMotd xmotd
               Form form
                   Label logo
                   Label title
                   Label hline
                   Label info
                   Command quit
                   Text text     OR      Html text



       (where $ProjectRoot is /usr/X11R6 or, perhaps /usr/X11).

       For   systems   running   CDE  put  a  script  that  invokes  xmotd  in

       $HOME/.xmotd (default timestamp filename)



       X(1), xdm(1), editres(1), login(1), xv(l), gimp(l), xpaint(l),  cat(1),


       The  -always  option  is  considered fascist; it is provided merely for
       completeness and for testing purposes.

       If xpm support  is  compiled-in,  xmotd  -help  will  print  the  words
       "bitmap/pixmap"   for  the  -bitmaplogo  description  instead  of  just

       Under dumb-terminal mode, all command-line options are ignored with the
       exception  of  -stampfile and -wakeup; the -always option is equivalent
       to cat'ing the motd from the ~/.login file; and -popdown is not  really
       relevant.   Both   -warnfile   and  -paranoid  may  be  simulated  with
       appropriate cat(1) and more(1) commands.

       xmotd processes invoked with -wakeup will continue sleeping, "S" in the
       ps(1)  status  field,  after  the  user  has logged-out until the sleep
       timeout expires. Only when xmotd wakes-up, will it detect that the user
       has logged-out and exit. xmotd's logout-detection routine relies on the
       xdm(1) support scripts GiveConsole (which chown's /dev/console  to  the
       user) and TakeConsole (which chown's /dev/console back to root) setting
       the correct permissions  and  ownership  on  /dev/console.  When  xmotd
       wakes-up, it attempts to open(2) /dev/console for reading; if this open
       fails, it is an  indication  that  the  user  has  logged  out  because
       TakeConsole has changed ownership of the console.


       There  are  no  provisions  for  displaying embedded images in the HTML
       version of xmotd (until a stable XmHTML widget is available, or perhaps
       when xmotd is ported to the GTK).

       At least one other.


                       ...and our lives are forever changed
                             we will never be the same
                       the more you change the less you feel

                      --Tonight, tonight,
                      "Mellon Collie And The Infinite Sadness"
                      Billy Corgan, The Smashing Pumpkins

                    Omnia mutantur, nos et mutamur in illis.
                 (All things change, and we change with them).

                      --Matthias Borbonius:
                      Deliciae Poetarum Germanorum, i. 685

                        To everything there is a season,
                   And a time to every purpose under heaven.

                      --Ecclesiastes 3:1-4


       Luis   Fernandes   <>   is   the  primary  author  and

       Richard Deal <>  contributed  the  directory-scanning

       Stuart  A.  Harvey  <>  contributed the URL support
       code for the HTML version.

       David  M.  Ronis  <>  contributed  code  to
       support xpm logos.


       Copyright 1993 (as xbanner, no public release)

       Copyright 1994-97, 1999,  2001, 2003 Luis A. Fernandes

       Permission  to  use,  copy,  hack, and distribute this software and its
       documentation for any  purpose  and  without  fee  is  hereby  granted,
       provided  that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that
       both that  copyright  notice  and  this  permission  notice  appear  in
       supporting documentation.

       This  application  is  presented  as  is without any implied or written

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under  the  terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
       Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at  your
       option) any later version.

       This  program  is  distributed  in the hope that it will be useful, but
       WITHOUT  ANY  WARRANTY;  without   even   the   implied   warranty   of
       General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

       The HTML widget Copyright 1993, Board of Trustees of the University  of
       Illinois.  See  the  file  libhtmlw/HTML.c for the complete text of the
       NCSA copyright.


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